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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, April 1, 2019

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(48 New)
 

Science News

01-Apr-2019


Juice Plant Pathogen Could Be Treated with Newly Identified Antibacterial Agent

There’s nothing like a glass of orange juice, but prices have soared as the Florida citrus industry fights a citrus greening disease epidemic that's been drying out oranges and reducing crop yield. There’s no cure, but researchers report they hav...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 01-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


‘Smart’ Pajamas Could Monitor and Help Improve Sleep (Video)

If you’ve ever dreamed about getting a good night’s sleep, your answer may someday lie in data generated by your sleepwear. Researchers have developed pajamas embedded with self-powered sensors that provide unobtrusive and continuous monitoring o...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 01-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET

includes video


Uncovering the Secrets of Ancient Rock Art Using ‘X-Ray Vision’

Prehistoric rock paintings are a source of fascination. Aside from their beauty, there’s deep meaning in these strokes, which depict ancient rituals and important symbols. Scientists now describe use of “X-ray vision” to gain brand-new insights...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 01-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Toward Novel Computing and Fraud Detection Technologies with on-Demand Polymers

Drawing inspiration from nature, researchers are making polymers with ever-more precise compositions on demand. Using multistep synthesis tools pulled from biology, a group is reporting that it is developing ultra-high precision synthetic polymers wi...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 01-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Depression, Obesity, Chronic Pain Could Be Treated by Targeting the Same Key Protein

Major depression, obesity and chronic pain are all linked to the effects of one protein, called FKBP51. Researchers have now developed a highly selective compound that can effectively block FKBP51 in mice, relieving chronic pain and having positive e...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 01-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Breakthrough Study of Cell Signaling Holds Promise for Immune Research and Beyond

For the first time ever, scientists have imaged the process by which an individual immune system molecule is switched on in response to a signal from the environment. The new work provides an enormous leap forward in our understanding of how T cells ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science


Putting a New Spin on Majorana Fermions

Scientists have proposed a new method for producing more robust Majorana fermions, a kind of quasiparticle that could act as stable bits of information in next-generation quantum computers.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Why Are Petroleum, Chromated Copper Arsenate and Radon Bad for the Soil?

Information to minimize risk from soil contaminants

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Champions in Science: Profile of Sam Elder, National Science Bowl® Champion 2007

Each year, the DOE Office of Science writes profiles on past NSB competitors. These features include memories of their high school adventures and information on their education and career accomplishments.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

31-Mar-2019


Liquid Crystals Could Help Deflect Laser Pointer Attacks on Aircraft

Aiming a laser beam at an aircraft isn’t a harmless prank: The sudden flash of bright light can incapacitate the pilot, risking the lives of passengers and crew. Today, researchers report liquid crystals that could someday be incorporated into airc...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 31-Mar-2019 at 05:00 ET


Fish Slime: An Untapped Source of Potential New Antibiotics

As current antibiotics dwindle in effectiveness against multidrug-resistant pathogens, researchers are seeking potential replacements in some unlikely places. Now a team has identified bacteria with promising antibiotic activity against known pathoge...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 31-Mar-2019 at 05:00 ET


Next-Generation Single-Dose Antidotes for Opioid Overdoses

Fentanyl’s powerful effects are long-lasting, and even tiny amounts of the drug can lead to an overdose. Antidotes, do not last long enough in the body to fully counter the drug, requiring repeated injections. Now, scientists report that they are d...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 31-Mar-2019 at 05:00 ET


Understanding What Makes Tennessee Whiskey Unique

Freshly distilled, un-aged whiskey is filtered over charcoal made from the sugar maple tree in a mysterious, but necessary step known as the Lincoln County Process. By law, a product cannot be called Tennessee whiskey without it. Researchers have clu...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring 2019 National Meeting & Exposition

Embargo expired on 31-Mar-2019 at 05:00 ET

29-Mar-2019


Men with Alcohol-related Cirrhosis are More Likely to Receive Alcohol Treatment than Women with the Disease

Alcohol-related cirrhosis of the liver is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Although patients with cirrhosis are routinely encouraged to stop drinking in order to reduce their mortality risk, many continue drinking and do not ava...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 29-Mar-2019 at 10:00 ET


Quantum Optical Cooling of Nanoparticles

Physicists develop new methodWhen a particle is completely isolated from its environment, the laws of quantum physics start to play a crucial role. One important requirement to see quantum effects is to remove all thermal energy from the particle mot...

– University of Vienna

Physical Review Letters


Sweeping Census Provides New Population Estimate For Western Chimpanzees

A sweeping new census published in the journal Environmental Research Letters estimates 52,800 western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) live in eight countries in western Africa, with most of them found outside of protected areas, some of which ar...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


New study models the proposed reintroduction of the Eurasian lynx to Scotland

Experts have used an innovative approach to model the proposed reintroduction of the Eurasian lynx to Scotland.

– University of Stirling

Biological Conservation


Making waves: Researchers shed light on how cilia work

An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the McKelvey School of Engineering and the School of Medicine have found the most efficient length for cilia, the tiny hair-like structures designed to sweep out the body's fluids, cells and microbes to s...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Biophysical Journal, April, 2019; CMMI-1633971


First-confirmed occurrence of a lambeosaurine dinosaur found on Alaska's North Slope

Paleontologists from Hokkaido University in Japan, in cooperation with paleontologists from the Perot Museum of Nature and Science in Dallas

– Perot Museum of Nature and Science

Scientific Reports


Amazon rainforest could become US-China trade war casualty, experts warn

Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest could accelerate as a result of the US-China trade war, researchers have warned.

– University of Edinburgh

Nature


Fungal disease threatens hundreds of amphibian species worldwide

A new international study is the first to determine the comprehensive global impact of the deadly fungal disease

– University of Maryland, College Park

Science


Engineering for High-Speed Devices

A research team from the University of Delaware has developed cutting-edge technology for photonics devices that could enable faster communications between phones and computers.

– University of Delaware

ACS Applied Electronic Materials


New Evidence of Deep Groundwater on Mars

Researchers at the USC Arid Climate and Water Research Center (AWARE) have published a study that suggests deep groundwater could still be active on Mars and could originate surface streams in some near-equatorial areas on Mars. The researchers at...

– University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering

Nature Geoscience; NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics award NNX15AV76G


Why Neuroengineering Is a Smart Career Choice

A new discipline sits at the intersection of neuroscience and engineering, where lessons learned from circuits, networks and chips are combined with the latest findings on brain circuitry.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


UF Expert: Help Prevent Cane Toads from Poisoning Your Pet

Although cane toads are more abundant in the spring and summer months, when there’s more rainfall, they can be found just about any time of the year in South Florida, said Steve Johnson, an associate professor of wildlife ecology and conservation a...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

28-Mar-2019


Cultured Stem Cells Reconstruct Sensory Nerve and Tissue Structure in the Nose

Researchers have developed a method to grow and maintain olfactory stem cells. The work is a launch pad for developing stem cell transplantation therapies or pharmacologic activation of a patient’s own dormant cells, to restore the sense of smell w...

– Tufts University

Stem Cell Reports, March 2019; R01DC002167; F31DC014637; F30DC013962; F31DC014398

Embargo expired on 28-Mar-2019 at 11:00 ET


Hubble Watches Spun-up Asteroid Coming Apart

Using the Hubble Space Telescope, all-sky surveys, and several other ground- and space-based telescopes, an international team of astronomers watching asteroid (6478) Gault say it has spun up so fast that its ejected dusty material formed two long, t...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Mar-2019


Ferromagnetic Nanoparticle Systems Show Promise for Ultrahigh-Speed Spintronics

In the future, ultrahigh-speed spintronics will require ultrafast coherent magnetization reversal within a picosecond -- one-trillionth of a second. While this may eventually be achieved via irradiation the small change of magnetization it generates ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Letters


Illuminating Water Filtration

UPTON, NY—For the first time, a team of researchers from Stony Brook University and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have revealed the molecular structure of membranes used in reverse osmosis. The research is rep...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

ACS Macro Letters


Same Microbe, Different Effect

The Weizmann Institute's Prof. Eran Segal and colleagues developed an algorithm that is helping sort through variations in gut microbes. The group found that the same microbes occur across diverse populations, yet can behave in different ways. Even t...

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Nature, March-2019


The bigger the evolutionary jump, the more lethal cross-species diseases could be

Some diseases which are fatal in one species can cause only mild discomfort in another--but it's hard for scientists to predict how lethal a disease will be if it leaps across species.

– University of British Columbia

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Scientists Discover Potential Sustainable Energy Technology for the Household Refrigerator

While many advancements have been in improving its efficiency, the refrigerator still consumes considerable amounts of energy each year. So researchers at the University of Science and Technology of China are working to minimize the cold loss that oc...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy


Cancer prevention drug also disables H. pylori bacterium

A medicine currently being tested as a chemoprevention agent for multiple types of cancer has more than one trick in its bag when it comes to preventing stomach cancer, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

CA190612, CA116087, CA028842, AT004821, AT006896


ORNL investigates complex uranium oxides with help from CADES resources

To accelerate the process of identifying novel uranium oxide phases, an ORNL team studied 4,600 different potential crystal structures of uranium oxide compositions on Metis, a CADES high-performance computing cluster. An improved understanding of ur...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Optical Materials, March-2019


Running Upright: The Minuscule Movements That Keep Us From Falling

Maybe running comes easy, each stride pleasant and light. Maybe it comes hard, each step a slog to the finish. Either way, the human body is constantly calibrating, making microscopic adjustments to keep us from falling as we weekend-warrior our way ...

– Ohio State University

eLife


Ice Sheet Modeling Probes Antarctic Vulnerabilities

The BISICLES ice sheet model uses high performance computing resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) to systematically examine where the Antarctic Ice Sheet is vulnerable and the resulting potential for large con...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Geophysical Research Letters

includes video


Cornell model helps dairy farms reduce nitrogen, save money

The Chesapeake Bay – about 235 miles down the Susquehanna River from New York’s Southern Tier – and other waterways might grow cleaner, thanks to new updates and improvements in a Cornell dairy nutrition model.

– Cornell University

Applied Animal Science, Feb.-2019


Synergy for Storage: Containing Nuclear Waste for Thousands of Years

The diverse team at the WastePD Energy Frontier Research Center is learning the secrets of storage materials to contain Cold War leftovers.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Argonne pioneers tools to help countries worldwide plan for power delivery

Power system analysis tools developed at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are being used in more than 40 countries around the world. One of these tools, the Generation and Transmission Maximization Model, or GTMax,...

– Argonne National Laboratory


Young Women’s Conference in STEM seeks to change the statistics one girl at a time

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory's Young Women's Conference in STEM aims to change the statistics on women in STEM by inspiring girls through a day of hands-on science activities with female engineers and scientists and talks by early-career ...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Sarcasm Detectors and the Drama of Global Warming: Halicioğlu Data Science Institute Awards Innovative Scholarships

Developing how the heart forms and brain works. How to analyze sarcasm computationally. Harnessing computers to develop campaign rhetoric that delivers voters across the spectrum. Halıcıoğlu Data Science Institute at UC San Diego announced innovat...

– University of California San Diego


Mobiliti: A Game Changer for Analyzing Traffic Congestion

Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a software tool that uses supercomputing resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center to accurately simulate traffic flow throughout the San Francisco Bay Area road networks and provide...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


A Mile-Long Graveyard of Jurassic Fossils Sparks a New International Science Collaboration

The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis announced plans this week for Mission Jurassic, a project that will support paleontological excavation of a fossil-rich plot of land in northern Wyoming. The project will bring together scientists from around t...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SciWire Announcements


Argonne scientist advances energy sciences through professional leadership

Ralph Muehleisen of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory was recently re-elected to the Board of Directors of IBPSA-USA, the U.S. affiliate of the International Building Performance Simulation Association. IBPSA is a g...

– Argonne National Laboratory


$2.9M grant to help extract clean irrigation water from fracking wastewater

Michigan State University will share almost $3 million to develop a freshwater recovery system to extract clean irrigation water from hydraulic fracturing wastewater. The reclaimed water could help dry western states that need water for crops and liv...

– Michigan State University


Two Los Alamos National Lab Researchers Win Women in Tech Awards

Two researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory were recognized with 2019 Women in Technology Awards by the New Mexico Technology Council. Janette Frigo, an electrical engineer with the Laboratory’s Intelligence and Space Research division, and...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


UAB aging and longevity researchers win international prize

UAB aging expert — and once-upon-a-time lion trainer — Steven Austad, Ph.D., and UAB postdoctoral fellow in longevity research Jessica Hoffman, Ph.D., have won the George C. Williams prize from the International Society for Evolution, Medicine an...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

SciWire Higher Education Events


Ocean Visions: Leading Institutions Come Together to Cultivate Innovative, Scalable, Science-Driven Solutions to Ocean Challenges

Leading ocean science and engineering institutions are joining forces to create Ocean Visions, an innovative scientist-driven ocean conservation venture that fosters collaboration between top researchers, conservationists and entrepreneurs committed ...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

OceanVisions2019 – Climate

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