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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, April 8, 2019

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(39 New)
 

Science News

08-Apr-2019


Researchers 3D print metamaterials with novel optical properties

Engineers developed 3D printed metamaterials with unique optical properties going beyond what is possible using conventional materials. The fabrication methods developed by the researchers demonstrate the potential, both present and future, of 3D pri...

– Tufts University

Microssystems & Nanoengineering, Apr 8, 2019; W911QY-15-2-0001; N0014-15-1-2550

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Are you with me? New model explains origins of empathy

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute and the Santa Fe Institute have developed a new model to explain the evolutionary origins of empathy and other related phenomena, such as emotional contagion and contagious yawning. The model suggests that the ...

– Santa Fe Institute

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Projection system to study insect vision could lead to new navigational aids

Development of a virtual reality-like projection system to study insect vision could eventually provide the U.S. Air Force with a new type of navigation system.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2019 at 09:00 ET


The future of plant disease management

CRISPR technique brings hope for greater food security

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

06-Apr-2019


New Insights on the Form and Function of the Dolphin Clitoris

For the first time, researchers offer an up-close look at the clitoris of female dolphins along with insights on the potential for the animals to experience sexual pleasure.

– Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

Experimental Biology 2019, April 6-9

Embargo expired on 06-Apr-2019 at 11:15 ET

05-Apr-2019


Scientists Develop Methods to Validate Gene Regulation Networks

A team of biologists and computer scientists has mapped out a network of interactions for how plant genes coordinate their response to nitrogen, a crucial nutrient and the main component of fertilizer.

– New York University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 05-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Cutting down but not out: Drink reduction is a viable goal in treatment for alcohol dependence

Drink reduction goals are achievable and sustainable for people seeking treatment for alcohol dependence, according to new study findings. Sustained abstinence has long been considered the optimal treatment outcome for those with a clinically diagnos...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 05-Apr-2019 at 10:00 ET


Tidying up: A new way to direct trash to autophagy

Marie Kondo herself couldn’t do it any better. Now researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have uncovered a previously unknown structural feature of living cells that is critical to tidying up.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Cell; National Institutes of Health, National Institute of General Medical Science; National Science Foundation, Plant Genome Research Program


Multiple Mechanisms Behind Disease Associated With Unexpected Heart Attacks

Research on three mutations associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy –a disease best known for revealing itself as an unexpected, fatal heart attack during strenuous exercise – found separate mechanisms at work at the molecular level.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Journal of Physiology; eLife


Synthetic DNA-encoded Antibodies Against Zika Virus Shown to be Effective in Preclinical Studies

New approach for delivery of DNA-encoded monoclonal antibodies (DMAbs) has been reported by Wistar scientists. This new technology allows direct production of monoclonal antibody-like molecules in living animals.

– Wistar Institute

Molecular Therapy


Squeezed nanocrystals: A new model predicts their shape when blanketed under graphene

In a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory and Northeastern University, scientists have developed a model for predicting the shape of metal nanocrystals or “islands” sandwiched between or below two-dimensional (2...

– Ames Laboratory

anoscale


Cities with Tree Protection Laws Show More Canopy Coverage, Savings

Andrew Koeser, a UF/IFAS assistant professor of environmental horticulture, led a newly completed study that looked at 43 cities in Florida. Researchers showed that Florida cities with tree ordinances that protect large trees have 6.7 percent more tr...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Landscape & Urban Planning


Current methods may inadequately measure human health impacts from oil and natural gas extraction

Measurements of hazardous air pollutant concentrations near operational sites have generally failed to capture levels above standard health benchmarks; yet, the majority of studies continue to find poor health outcomes increasing as distance from the...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Annual Review of Public Health


Samantha Nowak: From CFN User to CFN Postdoc

The chemist was a PhD student user of the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) and is now a CFN postdoc researching polymer self-assembly.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Geophysics Club Helps Solve Mysteries in a Historic Boise Cemetery

On a bright and chilly spring morning, the Boise State Geophysics Club was engaged in a rather somber task. They were using ground-penetrating radar, magnetometers and GPS to begin locating the graves of inmates buried in the cemetery at the former I...

– Boise State University


For UTEP Doctoral Student, Bumpy Paths Offer Trajectory to Success

Masum Bhuiyan, a doctoral candidate in The University of Texas at El Paso's computational science program, said he first became interested in using data culled from seismic activity after observing earthquakes in 2014 in Arizona and several stock mar...

– University of Texas at El Paso

AIMS Geosciences


From NYC to Buffalo, CCE sows seeds to grow NYS urban agriculture

From the rooftops of New York City to the sidewalks of inner-city Buffalo, urban farms are sprouting vegetables, fueling businesses and helping grow vibrant communities across the Empire State. Working these small plots are farmers young and old, fro...

– Cornell University

includes video

04-Apr-2019


Researchers study the role birds play in novel Hawaiian communities, native ecosystems

In the journal Science, Jeffrey Foster detailed his latest research on the relationship between bird and plant species on Oahu and how reliant the birds and plants are on each other, raising concerns about the ecological effects of continued extincti...

– Northern Arizona University

Science

Embargo expired on 04-Apr-2019 at 14:00 ET


Protect the land and jobs will grow, new study finds

In a first-of-its-kind analysis, Amherst College economics professor Katharine Sims and colleagues found that when land protection in New England increased, employment rates also rose modestly over the next five-year period even when controlling for ...

– Amherst College

Conservation Biology


Strange, Electricity-Conducting Bacteria Yield Secretto Tiny Batteries, Big Medical Advances

These strange bacteria conduct electricity through a structure never before seen in nature -- a structure scientists can co-opt to miniaturize electronics, create powerful-yet-tiny batteries, build pacemakers without wires and develop a host of other...

– University of Virginia Health System

Cell; R35GM122510; S10-RR025067; S10-OD018149


Microglia, cells thought restricted to central nervous system, are redefined in new study

Scientists at the University of Notre Dame discovered microglia actually squeeze through the spinal boundary, crossing into the peripheral nervous system in response to injury.

– University of Notre Dame

Public Library of Science (PLoS Biology)


Durability Vs. Recyclability: Dueling Goals in Making Electronics More Sustainable

Research released by a team at Georgia Institute of Technology, where researchers looked into the impact of government policies put in place to reduce the amount of electronics waste filling up landfills.

– Georgia Institute of Technology


Rusted root: Weedy rice repeatedly evolves ‘cheater’ root traits

Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center used a new imaging technique to reveal a takeover strategy that has worked for weedy rice over and over again: roots that minimize below-ground contact w...

– Washington University in St. Louis

New Phytologist; NSF Plant Genome Research Program; National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program


Snapshot: S&T Intensifies Work on African Swine Fever Vaccine and Diagnostics

S&T intensified vaccine research efforts in collaboration with the USDA in Nov. 2018. The African Swine Fever Task Force was born, based out of S&T’s Plum Island Animal Disease Center.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Robots reading our feelings in real-time

The latest social robots can "read" our emotions in real-time, setting up applications in health care, particularly mental health.

– Case Western Reserve University


Fields of gold

Sandia National Laboratories ecologist Jennifer Payne is one of two Certified Ecological Restoration Practitioners in New Mexico, a title held by only 150 people in the country. With an eye for vegetation, she helps protect lands and upholds labs com...

Expert Available

– Sandia National Laboratories

SciWire Announcements


Cybersecurity team testing ternary computing to secure blockchain technology for cryptocurrency and other applications

The team of Northern Arizona University researchers received a $125,000 grant from the U.S. Air Force Research Lab to study how to apply technology to secure blockchain networks, which attract terrorists, criminals and black market businesses who can...

– Northern Arizona University

Embargo expired on 08-Apr-2019 at 08:00 ET


Danforth Center Announces All-Star Board To Pick First IN2 Agtech Cohort

The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center announces the formation of an all-star line-up of agricultural experts to advise the Wells Fargo Innovation Incubator (IN2) as it deploys up to $2.25 million in technical assistance for agtech startup companie...

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center


Head of NSTX-U research is appointed deputy director for research at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Jon Menard, the head of research on the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory's National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade, has been named deputy director for research. Michael Zarnstorff, who held the position for 10 years, will become the chief chie...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Claire Xiong Awarded Grant to Research Lithium Ion Battery Performance

Micron School of Materials Science and Engineering Associate Professor Hui (Claire) Xiong recently was awarded a National Science Foundation grant of more than $300,000 to further her research on electrode materials used in lithium ion batteries.

– Boise State University


Students Earn National Awards for Nuclear Energy Related Research

Three Boise State students in the Micron School of Materials Science and Engineering have been awarded financial support for their nuclear energy research through the Department of Energy Integrated University Program.

– Boise State University


David Estrada Earns NSF CAREER Award

Assistant Professor David Estrada of the Micron School of Material Sciences and Engineering was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award for his work utilizing graphene as a bio-scaffold for musculoskeletal tissue engineering.

– Boise State University


Neuroscientist Receives Award to Investigate How the Sea Urchin “Sees” Without Eyes

Sea urchins have no eyes, yet they can respond to light and accurately react to visual stimuli by way of photoreceptor cells. To better understand this phenomenon, an international research team is creating a computational model of the decentralized,...

– Stony Brook University


NASA Awards 2019 Postdoctoral Fellowships

NASA has selected 24 new Fellows for its prestigious NASA Hubble Fellowship Program (NHFP). The program enables outstanding postdoctoral scientists to pursue independent research in any area of NASA Astrophysics, using theory, observation, experiment...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Lab’s National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center Observes 40th Anniversary Responding to Emergencies

An accident had occurred at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant on March 28, 1979 that led to a release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. This is how the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) was born.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory


Could a Vaccine Prevent Opioid Addiction?

A research team that includes Northern Arizona University chemistry professor Naomi Lee received an NIH grant to develop a vaccine that can blunt the effects of drugs by triggering the patient's immune system.

– Northern Arizona University


Nobel Laureate Konstantin Novoselov joins NUS

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Professor Sir Konstantin Novoselov FRS joins the National University of Singapore as Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering on 8 April 2019.

– National University of Singapore

SciWire Higher Education Events


Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology gets bronze medal at ICPC

The world finals of this year’s International Collegiate Programming Championship ended today in Porto, Portugal. MIPT team Shock Content featuring Andrey Sergunin, Ilya Stepanov, and Evgeny Belykh took 10th place and earned a bronze medal by solvi...

– Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)


Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology will host 2020 ICPC finals

Moscow has been selected as the venue for the International Collegiate Programming Contest in June 2020. ICPC is the oldest and most prestigious competitive programming event worldwide. Next year’s finals will be organized by the Moscow Institute o...

– Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Embargo expired on 04-Apr-2019 at 17:00 ET

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