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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, April 15, 2019

Public Edition | newswise.com

Science
(42 New)
 

Science News

15-Apr-2019


Developing a Vaccine Against Nipah Virus

Researchers developed a novel recombinant vaccine called NIPRAB that shows robust immunization against Nipah virus in animal models and may be effective against other viruses in the same family.

– Thomas Jefferson University

npj Vaccines

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


Hold the Mustard: What Makes Spiders Fussy Eaters

It might be one of nature’s most agile and calculating hunters, but the wolf spider won’t harm an insect that literally leaves a bad taste in its mouth, according to new research by a team of Wake Forest University sensory neuroscientists, includ...

– Wake Forest University

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 09:00 ET


How Much Compost Is Enough for My Garden?

Understanding the role of compost

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Cheap detectors keep the peace

Oregon State University’s Radiation Detection Group, headed by Abi Farsoni, associate professor of nuclear science and engineering, is designing and building more efficient and affordable radiation detection devices used to monitor nuclear weapon t...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

14-Apr-2019


‘Snowball Chamber’ Helps Researchers Use Supercooled Water to Search for Dark Matter

After watching YouTube videos of people supercooling water in a bottle and then triggering it to freeze by banging it, something about this concept solidified for Matthew M. Szydagis, an assistant professor of physics at the University at Albany, Sta...

– American Physical Society (APS)

APS April Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 14-Apr-2019 at 16:30 ET

includes video

13-Apr-2019


DIY Gravitational Waves with 'BlackHoles@Home'

Researchers hoping to better interpret data from the detection of gravitational waves generated by the collision of binary black holes are turning to the public for help. West Virginia University assistant professor Zachariah Etienne is leading what ...

– American Physical Society (APS)

APS April Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2019 at 15:30 ET


Travel Through Wormholes is Possible, But Slow

A Harvard physicist has shown that wormholes can exist: tunnels in curved space-time, connecting two distant places, through which travel is possible. But don’t pack your bags for a trip to other side of the galaxy yet; although it’s theoreticall...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APS April Meeting 2019

12-Apr-2019


SLAC develops novel compact antenna for communicating where radios fail

A new type of pocket-sized antenna, developed at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, could enable mobile communication in situations where conventional radios don’t work, such as under water, through the ground and o...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 12-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


New Molecular Blueprint Aids Study of Photosynthesis

Insights into how nature converts carbon dioxide into sugar could help scientists develop crops that produce fuels and other products.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 566, 411 (2019). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-0921-0]


We now know how insects and bacteria control ice

Nature has come up with ways to control the formation of ice, though, and in a paper published today in the Journal of the American Chemical Society University of Utah professor Valeria Molinero and her colleagues show how key proteins produced in ba...

– University of Utah

Journal of the American Chemical Society


Scientists Create a Model for the Neural Basis of Expectation

Researchers from the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior in the College of Arts and Sciences and the Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University have developed a theoretical model of how the primary gustatory cortex can mediate the e...

– Stony Brook University

Nature Neuroscience


Heads in the cloud: Scientists predict internet of thoughts 'within decades'

Imagine a future technology that would provide instant access to the world's knowledge and artificial intelligence, simply by thinking about a specific topic or question. Communications, education, work, and the world as we know it would be transform...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Neuroscience


Earliest life may have arisen in ponds, not oceans

Primitive ponds may have provided a suitable environment for brewing up Earth's first life forms, more so than oceans, a new MIT study finds.

– Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems


Professors Team with Students to Transform Cell Growth, Drug Testing

Dr. Leena Pattarkine and Dr. Shailaja Agrawal are partnering with students to design and fabricate a tool that will aid in the growth of cell cultures via a 3D platform. Launched this spring, the “Biopolymer Sponge Microfluidics for Continuous 3D ...

– Harrisburg University of Science and Technology


UF/IFAS Launches Gulf Marine Animal Tracking Website

The iTAG website will help researchers throughout the Gulf and in neighboring regions track their animals. Electronically tracking animals over large distances allows scientists to better understand biodiversity hotspots and ecosystem processes.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


VIDEO: The Making of the Largest 3D Map of the Universe

In this video, Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) project participants share their insight and excitement about the project and its potential for new and unexpected discoveries.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

includes video

11-Apr-2019


Biologists Uncover New Rules for Cellular Decision-Making in Genetics

A team of biologists has uncovered new rules that cells use in making decisions about which genes they activate and under what conditions, findings that add to our understanding of how gene variants affect human traits.

– New York University

Current Biology

Embargo expired on 11-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET

includes video


Not a Trace: Blackout Drinking Reduced by Brief Counseling

Drinking too much too quickly can have many harmful consequences, including alcohol-induced blackouts – where the individual continues to function and make decisions, but later has little or no memory of the events. Blackout drinking is associated ...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 11-Apr-2019 at 10:00 ET


NASA Twin Study Provides a Multi-omics View of the Human Body’s Response to a Year in Space

The NASA Twins Study is the most comprehensive integrated multi-omics, molecular, physiological, and behavioral analysis of how the human body responds to space flight to date. Study results were published in the April edition of Science.

– University of California San Diego Health

Science


Catching Fast Changes in Excited Molecules

Scientists observe and control molecular and atomic dynamics at the fastest timescales to date.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Faraday Discussions 212, 157 (2018). [DOI: 10.1039/c8fd00074c]


Rutgers Scientists Discover New Role for Sensory Signals in the Brain

Learning how to tie a shoe or shoot a basketball isn’t easy, but the brain somehow integrates sensory signals that are critical to coordinating movements so you can get it right. Now, Rutgers scientists have discovered that sensory signals in the b...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Current Biology; Rutgers Today


Researchers Discover an Economical Way to Produce High-Performance Thin Films for Electronics

Researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have found an unprecedented, economical method for creating high-performance inorganic thin films, or “epitaxial” films, used in the manufacture of semiconductors for flexible electroni...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

Science


Assistive robot learns to feed

A million Americans with injury or age-related disabilities need someone to help them eat. Now engineers have taught a robot to pick up food with a fork and gingerly deliver it to a person’s mouth.

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, April-2019; R01EB019335


The Golden Path towards New Two-Dimensional Semiconductors

Gold atoms ski along boron nitride nanotubes and stabilize in metallic monolayers. The resulting gold quantum dots could be a promising material for future electronics and quantum computing.

– Michigan Technological University

ACS Nano, April-2019; DOE DE-SC0012762

includes video


The Right Polymers for the Job

One of the most promising clean energy technologies just got even better. Researchers from the University of Delaware have developed the most powerful, durable hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cell components on record.

– University of Delaware

Nature Energy


Getting to the Root of Plant Simulations

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory developed a new algorithm to bolster what once were static models of root dynamics, providing researchers a clearer picture of what’s really happening beneath the so...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, January 28, 2019


Engineers tap DNA to create ‘lifelike’ machines

Tapping into the unique nature of DNA, Cornell engineers have created simple machines constructed of biomaterials with properties of living things.

– Cornell University

Science Robotics, April 2019


Study: How will tropical mammals react to rising temperatures?

How wildlife will react to climate change is an open question, but one of the first studies to compare the responses of tropical mammals to warmer habitats suggests the answer won't be as simple as "move to a cooler place."

– Rice University

Global Ecology and Biogeography


New microscopy method provides more details about nanocomposites

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory have developed a new microscopy approach for imaging gel nanocomposites in their natural state, which will reveal more useful information about their assembly and properties.

– Ames Laboratory

Micron

includes video


Scientists Say World’s Protected Areas Need a Re-Boot

An international study published today in the journal Science argues that the current international target for the protected area estate, accepted by over 190 nations, is failing. They propose a new measurable target based on the best scientific evid...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science


Researchers observe formation of a magnetar 6.5 billion light years away

A University of Arkansas researcher is part of a team of astronomers who have identified an outburst of X-ray emission from a galaxy approximately 6.5 billion light years away, which is consistent with the merger of two neutron stars to form a magnet...

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Nature


Oregon scientists drill into white graphene to create artificial atoms

By drilling holes into a thin two-dimensional sheet of hexagonal boron nitride with a gallium-focused ion beam, University of Oregon scientists have created artificial atoms that generate single photons.

– University of Oregon

Nano Letters


CRISPR-Cas3 Innovation Holds Promise for Disease Cures, Advancing Science

A Cornell researcher, who is a leader in developing a new type of gene editing CRISPR system, and colleagues have used the new method for the first time in human cells – a major advance in the field.

– Cornell University

Molecular Cell, April 2019


Wearable tech and runners, ACL Surgery and Long-Term Knee Health and More from the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Science®

If you're looking for health and fitness story ideas, view these research highlights from the November 2018 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ACSM’s flagship journal. ACSM is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organiza...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

SciWire Announcements


DHS S&T Awards $2.9M to ENSCO, Inc. for Additional Development of Integrated Sensor System

DHS S&T today announced a new 18-month, $2.9 million contract award to ENSCO, Inc. for continued work on SenseNet, an effort to develop a low-cost integrated sensor system that can detect biological health hazards in buildings and other high-occupanc...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


S&T Taps Open Innovation to Identify New Tools to Combat the Opioid Crisis

DHS S&T is prioritizing swift interventions to help address the opioid crisis, and using open innovation to expediently source new tools to counter the supply side of the crisis.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Innovative S&T Developed Training Transitioned to Border Patrol Results in Enhanced Tracking Skills

DHS S&T worked with United States Border Patrol (USBP) and FLETC to research and develop training content and methods to enable USBP agents to leverage knowledge, skills, and abilities of the expert trackers in their workforces.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


DOE’s Science Graduate Student Research Program Selects 70 Students to Pursue Research at DOE Laboratories

The Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Science has selected 70 graduate students from across the nation for its 2018 Solicitation 2 cycle for Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


David Thouless — Nobel Laureate and University of Washington Professor Emeritus — Dies at Age 84

David James Thouless, Nobel laureate and a professor emeritus at the University of Washington, died in Cambridge in the U.K. on April 6, 2019. He was 84 years old.

– University of Washington

Flickr album - David Thouless


Clarkson University, ESF to Partner in New Center of Excellence in Healthy Water Solutions

Clarkson University and SUNY ESF will launch New York State's new Center of Excellence in Healthy Water Solutions.

– Clarkson University


DHS S&T Awards $1.5M to Zeteo Tech to Develop and Test Real-Time Biological Threat Detection Technology

DHS S&T has awarded $1.5 million to Zeteo Tech to develop and test a new sensor technology prototype that combines trigger and detector functions and will enable real-time detection of aerosolized biological threat agents including bacteria, viruses,...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Clarkson University, ESF to Partner in New Center of Excellence in Healthy Water Solutions

Clarkson University and the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) have been recently designated to launch New York state’s new Center of Excellence (CoE) in Healthy Water Solutions.

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

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