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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Thursday, April 18, 2019

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Science News

18-Apr-2019


Study Links Fluorescent Lighting to Inflammation, Immune Response

Fluorescent lighting has become one of the most common artificial light sources in use today, but new research from Texas State University suggests there may be unexpected consequences at the genetic level.

– Texas State University

Genes

17-Apr-2019


Meet Gobihadros, a New Species of Mongolian Hadrosaur Known From a Virtually Complete Skeleton

The complete skeletal remains of a new species of Mongolian dinosaur fill in a gap in the evolution of hadrosaurs, according to a study released April 17, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Khishigjav Tsogtbataaar of the Mongolian Academy of...

– PLOS

PLOS One

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 14:00 ET


A Comprehensive Look at Cow’s Milk

Milk is a staple of the human diet, full of key nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins. Today, scientists report in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry a comprehensive, centralized database of all known bovine milk...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 08:00 ET


Parboiling Method Reduces Inorganic Arsenic in Rice

Contamination of rice with arsenic is a major problem in some regions of the world with high rice consumption.

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 08:00 ET


Fish that outlived dinosaurs reveals secrets of ancient skull evolution

A new study into one of the world’s oldest types of fish, Coelacanth, provides fresh insights into the development of the skull and brain of vertebrates and the evolution of lobe-finned fishes and land animals, as published in Nature.

– Flinders University

Nature

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 13:00 ET

includes video


Folding Revolution

Artificial intelligence approach predicts the 3D structure of proteins based on its amino acid sequence

– Harvard Medical School

Cell Systems ; P50GM107618; U54CA225088

Embargo expired on 17-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET


Fast-Moving Pairs May Solve 35-Year-Old Mystery

Physicists develop a universal mathematical description that suggests that proton-neutron pairs in a nucleus may explain why their associated quarks have lower average momenta than predicted.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 566, 354 (2019). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-0925-9]


Smart motor in handlebars prevents bicycles from falling over

TU Delft and the bicycle manufacturer Koninklijke Gazelle have developed a prototype of a bike with smart steering assistance that may help to reduce the number of falls with bicycles.

– Delft University of Technology

Science

includes video


New SmartSuit promises a better fit for astronauts

A new intelligent hybrid SmartSuit design proposed by Dr. Ana Diaz Artiles from Texas A&M University has the potential to solve some of the current design and health risks associated with the current spacesuit worn by astronauts.

– Texas A&M University


Turning (recycled) water into wine

To explore responses to water use in food production, researchers from the University of Delaware looked at consumers' willingness to pay for wine made from grapes irrigated with both conventional and recycled water.

– University of Delaware

Ecological Economics


Artificial intelligence accelerates efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy

Feature describes Nature paper on opening a new chapter in fusion research with artificial intelligence.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Nature magazine


Team measures puncture performance of viper fangs

A team that studies how biological structures such as cactus spines and mantis shrimp appendages puncture living tissue has turned its attention to viper fangs. Specifically

– University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Biology Letters


Anthropologists Use Ancient Skeletal Collection to Study Anemia and Frailty

A team of researchers, including a University of La Verne anthropologist, has developed a new methodology for investigating anemia and other diseases after studying a Portuguese skeletal collection dating back to the 19th and 20th centuries.

– University of La Verne

PLOS ONE, March 9, 2019


Morphing Origami Takes a New Shape, Expanding Use Possibilities

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created a new type of origami that can morph from one pattern into a different one, or even a hybrid of two patterns, instantly altering many of its structural characteristics.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Physical Review Letters; National Science Foundation, CMMI-1538830


U-M study: 'Induced' driving miles could overwhelm potential energy-saving benefits of self-driving cars

The benefits of self-driving cars will likely induce vehicle owners to drive more, and those extra miles could partially or completely offset the potential energy-saving benefits that automation may provide, according to a new University of Michigan ...

– University of Michigan

Applied Energy


Researchers improve method to recycle and renew used cathodes from lithium-ion batteries

UC San Diego researchers have improved their recycling process that regenerates degraded cathodes from spent lithium-ion batteries. The new process is safer and uses less energy than their previous method in restoring cathodes to their original capac...

– University of California San Diego

Advanced Energy Materials, Apr-2019; CBET-1805570


Texas State faculty member sheds light on groundbreaking black hole image

Dr. Blagoy Rangelov, assistant professor of physics at Texas State University, gives insight to the black hole image that captivated audiences around the world last week.

– Texas State University


Texas State Researchers See Landowners as Key to Saving the Houston Toad

Researchers in the Department of Biology at Texas State University have teamed with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to identify the most effective ways to recruit private landowners to save the critically endangered Houston toad, and b...

– Texas State University

16-Apr-2019


How to Defend the Earth from Asteroids

The Chelyabinsk meteor caused extensive ground damage and numerous injuries when it exploded on impact with Earth’s atmosphere in February 2013; to prevent another such impact, Amy Mainzer and colleagues use a simple yet ingenious way to spot these...

– American Physical Society (APS)

APS April Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 16-Apr-2019 at 12:30 ET


CubeSats Prove Their Worth for Scientific Missions

Only a few years ago, the astronomy and heliophysics communities were skeptical about whether CubeSats could reliably obtain scientific data. But these breadloaf-size satellites have proven their ability to return useful data. During the APS April Me...

– American Physical Society (APS)

APS April Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 16-Apr-2019 at 12:30 ET


New Research Identifies Microbes That May Reduce Allergy-Like Reactions to Some Ripened Cheeses

A small percentage of humans can suffer allergy-like reactions to certain varieties of ripened cheese due to histamine, a byproduct of the prolonged fermentation process. An ISU researcher is studying bacterial strains that could reduce histamine, al...

– Iowa State University

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 16-Apr-2019 at 05:00 ET


New study suggests college students end up in vicious cycle of substance abuse, poor academics and stress

One negative behavior such as substance abuse or heavy alcohol drinking can lead college students toward a vicious cycle of poor lifestyle choices, lack of sleep, mental distress and low grades, according to new research from Binghamton University, S...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Trends in Neuroscience and Education, March-2019


Quarks Under Pressure in the Proton

Pressure in the middle of a proton is about 10 times higher than in a neutron star.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 557, 396 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0060-z]


New Discovery Makes Fast-Charging, Better Performing Lithium-Ion Batteries Possible

Creating a lithium-ion battery that can charge in a matter of minutes but still operate at a high capacity is possible, according to research from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute just published in Nature Communications.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Communications


Climate change to blame for Hurricane Maria's extreme rainfall

Hurricane Maria dropped more rain on Puerto Rico than any storm to hit the island since 1956, a feat due mostly to the effects of human-caused climate warming

– American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Geophysical Research Letters


Team Takes Fluoride from Taps and Toothpaste to Batteries

With user facilities, researchers devise novel battery chemistries to help make fluoride batteries a reality.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 362, 6419 (2018). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7070]


At last, acknowledging royal women's political power

Across the globe in a variety of societies, royal women found ways to advance the issues they cared about and advocate for the people important to them as detailed in a recent paper published in the Journal of Archaeological Research.

– Santa Fe Institute

Journal of Archaeological Research


Astronomers discover third planet in the Kepler-47 circumbinary system

Astronomers have discovered a third planet in the Kepler-47 system, securing the system's title as the most interesting of the binary-star worlds.

– San Diego State University

Astronomical Journal


Honey, I ate the kids: The sweet side of filial cannibalism

As you bite into a chocolate bunny or egg this weekend, consider this: rabbits often eat their own young, and hens their own eggs.

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution


Deep Space X-Ray Burst Gives Astronomers New Signal to Detect Neutron Star Mergers

An international team of astronomers has discovered a new way to spot when collisions occur in distant galaxies between two neutron stars – incredibly dense, city-sized celestial bodies that possess the most powerful magnetic fields in the universe...

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Nature, April 11-2019


New Algorithm Allows for Faster, Animal-Free Chemical Toxicity Testing

The use of animals to test the toxicity of chemicals may one day become outdated thanks to a low-cost, high-speed algorithm developed by researchers at Rutgers and other universities.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Environmental Health Perspectives


Optimizing Network Software to Advance Scientific Discovery

A team optimized software for Intel’s high-speed communication network to accelerate particle physics and machine learning codes.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


The sticky science of underwater adhesives

Researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering have received funding to to engineer microbes that create an underwater adhesive based on, but stickier than, the natural adhesive made by mussels.

– Washington University in St. Louis

12751786

15-Apr-2019


Novel approach promises ready access to hard-to-study proteins

A novel strategy capable of extracting and driving hard-to-reach proteins into water solution where they can be effectively studied using mass spectrometry promises a trove of biological insights and, importantly, may help identify therapeutically re...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nature Methods April 15, 2019

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET


SLAC’s High-Speed ‘Electron Camera’ Films Molecular Movie in HD

With an extremely fast “electron camera” at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, researchers have made the first high-definition “movie” of ring-shaped molecules breaking open in response to light. The results co...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Chemistry

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET

includes video


Historic Logging Site Shows First Human-Caused Bedrock Erosion Along an Entire River

Studies of a river used in 20th-century logging shows that the bedrock has eroded to create a new channel. Such human-driven geology may be common worldwide.

– University of Washington

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 15-Apr-2019 at 15:00 ET


Magnetic Levitation of Ultracold Neutrons Yields New Measurement of the Neutron Lifetime

Storing extremely slow neutrons in a novel trap enables precise measurement of a basic property of particle physics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 360(6389), 627 (2018). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aan8895]


Scientists Use eBird Data to Propose Optimal Bird Conservation Plan

A new paper published today in the journal Nature Communications shows a blueprint for conserving enough habitat to protect the populations of almost one-third of the warblers, orioles, tanagers, and other birds that migrate among the Americas throug...

– Cornell University

Nature Communications


Entomologists uncover Florida fire ant matriarchy

Researchers at the University of Georgia have found colonies of tropical fire ants, native to Florida and coastal Georgia, that thrive with multiple queens and in close proximity to single-queen colonies of the same species.

– University of Georgia

Current Biology


Sizing Up a Starry Night

We gaze up at them, we wish upon them, we even sing about swinging on them. But the one thing we haven’t been able to do with stars is figure out how big they are…until now.

– University of Delaware

Nature Astronomy


Astronomers take first, high-resolution look at huge star-forming region of Milky Way

A team of astronomers used a newly commissioned radio telescope in South Korea to make the first high-resolution observations of the molecular clouds within a star-forming region of the Milky Way. The first good look at the region indicated large mol...

– Iowa State University

Astrophysical Journal


Could climate change cause infertility?

The scientific community has long held an understanding about the effect of temperature on sperm production in mammals, but this new study sheds light on how spermatogenesis in insects is hampered at extreme temperatures.

– University of Lincoln

Journal of Evolutionary Biology


Pollen Genes Mutate Naturally in Only Some Strains of Corn

Pollen genes mutate naturally in only some strains of corn, according to Rutgers-led research that helps explain the genetic instability in certain strains and may lead to better breeding of corn and other crops.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; Rutgers Today


Quantum simulation more stable than expected

Quantum computers promise to solve certain computational problems exponentially faster than any classical machine. "A particularly promising application is the solution of quantum many-body problems utilizing the concept of digital quantum simulation...

– University of Innsbruck

Science Advances


New evidence suggests volcanoes caused biggest mass extinction ever

Researchers say mercury buried in ancient rock provides the strongest evidence yet that volcanoes caused the biggest mass extinction in the history of the Earth.

– University of Cincinnati

Nature Communications


TESS finds its first Earth-sized planet

A nearby system hosts the first Earth-sized planet discovered by NASA's Transiting Exoplanets Survey Satellite, as well as a warm sub-Neptune-sized world, according to a new paper from a team of astronomers that includes Carnegie's Johanna Teske, Pau...

– Carnegie Institution for Science

Astrophysical Journal Letters


Solving the mystery of fertilizer loss from Midwest cropland

Farmers can’t predict their annual corn harvest with certainty, but with the help of new research from Michigan State University, they can now pinpoint specific parts of their fields that consistently produce either good or bad yields. Not only wil...

– Michigan State University

Scientific Reports


‘Magic Angle’ Offers New Way to Study Jelly States of Genes

Using liquid in a solid-state NMR experiment, UC San Diego researchers show which parts of a protein are involved in the formation of the jelly-like state and that other nuclear components can modulate the jelly state, providing a way to regulate how...

– University of California San Diego

Angewandte Chemie, International Edition; P41 EB002031; T32 GM008326; NINDS NS047101


Physicists Improve Understanding of Heat and Particle Flow in the Edge of a Fusion Device

PPPL physicists have discovered valuable information about how plasma flows at the edge inside doughnut-shaped fusion devices. The findings mark an encouraging sign for the development of machines to produce fusion energy for generating electricity w...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Physics of Plasmas, Jan-2019


Google Searches Reveal Popular Bird Species

Cross-referencing a decade of Google searches and citizen science observations, researchers have determined which of 621 North American bird species are currently the most popular and which characteristics of species drive human interest. Study findi...

– Cornell University

PNAS


A sex-determining gene might help guarantee better papaya production

A gene that dictates which of three sexes a papaya tree will become could spur a leap in the ultra-nutritious crop’s production.

– Texas A&M AgriLife

1546890


Meet Diane Hatton: Project Planning, Tracking, and Team Building—the Secrets to Success

Diane Hatton helped navigate the winding path to success for the National Synchrotron Light Source II project at Brookhaven Lab, and will bring her experience to new endeavors at the Lab.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


People and Projects Make a Difference in the Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System (GCOOS) recently wrapped up its spring meeting in New Orleans, which showcased news from the Gulf ocean observing community.

– Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System-Regional Association (GCOOS-RA)

SciWire Announcements


Future hypersonics could be artificially intelligent

Sandia announced today the formation of Autonomy New Mexico, a national academic research coalition whose mission is to create artificially intelligent aerospace systems.

– Sandia National Laboratories


Physicist David Vanderbilt Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

David Vanderbilt, Board of Governors Professor of Physics at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Vanderbilt joins more than 200 people elected to the academy this year as a result of thei...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Media Advisory: URI students depart April 18 for six-day oceanographic research expedition

Student research trip aboard R/V Endeavor, notice of media availability and remote interview capabilities

– University of Rhode Island


Francine Berman Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute computer scientist Francine Berman has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences along with luminaries including former First Lady Michele Obama, author Jonathan Franzen, and gender theorist Judith But...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Department of Energy Announces $20 Million for Artificial Intelligence Research

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced a total of $20 million in funding for innovative research and development in artificial intelligence (A.I.) and machine learning.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


International Phytobiomes Alliance Announces New Appointments to Board of Directors

The Phytobiomes Alliance announces the appointments of Emmanuelle Maguin (INRA, France) and Angela Sessitsch (AIT, Austria) to the Board of Directors.

– International Phytobiomes Alliance


Tim Knewitz named Argonne National Laboratory’s Chief Financial Officer

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory has named Tim Knewitz at its Chief Financial Officer.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Excavating a climate report from the past: Geology team joins multidisciplinary study to investigate ancient warming event

Northern Arizona University geology professor Michael Smith will map the layers of rock in the Green River Formation in Wyoming to learn about the climate and flooding events during a period 50 to 53 million years ago when the climate was much hotter...

– Northern Arizona University


DePaul University ecologist receives NSF CAREER grant to study dispersal of mycorrhizal fungi

Bala Chaudhary, an assistant professor of environmental science at DePaul University in Chicago, is embarking on a deep dive into mycorrhizal dispersal mechanisms with support from a NSF CAREER grant.

– DePaul University


Department of Energy Announces $95 Million for Small Business Research and Development Grants

U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry today announced that the Department of Energy will award 86 grants totaling $95 million to 74 small businesses in 21 states.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

SciWire Marketplace


Notre Dame Stories: Lunar Samples, Rome Studies 50th Anniversary

We chat with Notre Dame geologist and moon expert Clive Neal, who is part of a team that will examine previously sealed lunar samples obtained during the Apollo missions. In addition, we look at the School of Architecture's Rome Studies Program, as i...

– University of Notre Dame

includes video

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