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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, April 22, 2019

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(34 New)
 

Science News

22-Apr-2019


Those Home-Delivered Meal Kits Are Greener Than You Thought, New Study Concludes

Meal kit services, which deliver a box of pre-portioned ingredients and a chef-selected recipe to your door, are hugely popular but get a bad environmental rap due to perceived packaging waste.

– University of Michigan

Resources, Conservation and Recycling

Embargo expired on 22-Apr-2019 at 09:00 ET


Catalyst Renders Nerve Agents Harmless

A team of scientists including researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has studied a catalyst that decomposes nerve agents, eliminating their harmful and lethal effects. The research was published Friday,...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters


What are cover crops?

Cover crop investments protect environment

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Building a Printing Press for New Quantum Materials

Scientists at Brookhaven's Center for Functional Nanomaterials are building a robotic system to accelerate quantum materials discovery.

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

21-Apr-2019


Group decisions: When more information isn't necessarily better

Modular -- or cliquey -- group structure isolates the flow of communication between individuals, which might seem counterproductive to survival. But for some animal groups, more information isn't necessarily better, according to new SFI research publ...

– Santa Fe Institute

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

Embargo expired on 21-Apr-2019 at 20:05 ET

19-Apr-2019


Mysterious river dolphin helps crack the code of marine mammal communication

The Araguaian river dolphin of Brazil was thought to be solitary with little social structure that would require communication. But researchers from the University of Vermont and the University of St. Andrews have discovered the dolphins actually are...

– University of Vermont

PeerJ

Embargo expired on 19-Apr-2019 at 06:00 ET

includes video


Sea Quark Spin Surprise!

Antiquark spin contribution to proton spin depends on flavor, which could help unlock secrets about the nuclear structure of atoms that make up nearly all visible matter in our universe.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review D 99, 051102(R) (2019). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.051102]


Cassini’s last Titan flyby reveals deep methane lakes, Earth-like cycles

By examining data from the Cassini spacecraft’s last close encounter with Saturn’s moon Titan, scientists have found that its methane-filled lakes are up to 300 feet deep, much deeper than previously thought.

– Cornell University

Nature Astronomy, April 2019


Ocean Acidification a Challenge for Shellfish in Humboldt Bay

The “Burke-o-Lator,” set up at the Hog Island Oyster Company’s hatchery on Humboldt Bay, examines ways seawater chemistry is being affected by ocean acidification.

– Humboldt State University


Splitting Water Fast! Catalyst Works Faster than Mother Nature

Design principles lead to a catalyst that splits water in a low pH environment, vital for generating solar fuels.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

JACS 139(43), 15347 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06096]


Bacterial Therapy in a Dish

Biomedical engineers have developed a system that can study 10s to 100s of programmed bacteria within mini-tissues in a dish, condensing study time from months to days. The speed and high throughput of their technology allows for stable growth of bac...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

PNAS April 17 2019

includes video


Comic Series Brings Science to Life

A new series of comic books - in Spanish and English - helps kids understand complex scientific processes and ideas

– University of Georgia


Climate Change is a Major Concern for Rutgers Senior

Rutgers senior Lauren Rodgers once dreamed of becoming a fiction writer. But then she enrolled in a high school science and math program in her native Columbia, South Carolina, where she read an article that discussed the ocean’s critical role in a...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today


Champions in Science: Profile of Ilkay Can, 1993 National Science Bowl® Champion

Each year, the DOE Office of Science writes profiles on past NSB competitors. These features include memories of their high school adventures and information on their education and career accomplishments.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

18-Apr-2019


DISCOVERing Off-Target Effects for Safer Genome Editing

The CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing system cuts DNA at exactly where scientists specify, but sometimes it cuts at “off-target” sites too. In an upcoming Science paper, researchers reveal DISCOVER-Seq, an unbiased method that uses a DNA repair protein ...

– Innovative Genomics Institute

Science, April 2019

Embargo expired on 18-Apr-2019 at 14:00 ET


Hubble Celebrates 29th Anniversary with a Colorful Look at the Southern Crab Nebula

In celebration of the 29th anniversary of the launch of NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers captured this festive, colorful look at the tentacled Southern Crab Nebula.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

includes video


Newly proposed system of measurement could help determine community sustainability

A newly proposed system of measurement known as the community sustainability assessment system, or CSAS, could be used to define what it means to be a sustainable community as well as evaluate the impact of individual communities on global sustainabi...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Sustainability, April-2019


A Social Equation: Engineering Researcher Uses Network Science to Understand How Materials Work

Using network science — part of a larger mathematical field called graph theory — FAMU-FSU Professor of Mechanical Engineering William Oates, former graduate student Peter Woerner and Associate Professor Kunihiko “Sam” Taira mapped long range...

– Florida State University

PLOS One


CEBAF Turns on the Charm

The world’s most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of the atom's nucleus has just charmed physicists with a new capability. The production of charm quarks in J/ψ (J/psi) particles by CEBAF at the Department of En...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


Long-Leafed Indian Seagrass is Major Carbon Sink

The species can bury carbon in underwater sediments 40 times faster than tropical forests bury it in the soil.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Journal of Threatened Taxa


The Weak Side of the Proton

A precision measurement of the proton’s weak charge narrows the search for new physics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 557, 207 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0096-0]


Fossils found in museum drawer in Kenya belong to gigantic carnivore

Paleontologists at Ohio University have discovered a new species of meat-eating mammal larger than any big cat stalking the world today. Larger than a polar bear,

– Ohio University

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology


Electric Skyrmions Charge Ahead for Next-Generation Data Storage

A team of researchers led by Berkeley Lab has observed chirality for the first time in polar skyrmions in a material with reversible electrical properties – a combination that could lead to more powerful data storage devices that continue to hold i...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature


Data mining digs up hidden clues to major California earthquake triggers

A powerful computational study of southern California seismic records has revealed detailed information about a plethora of previously undetected small earthquakes, giving a more precise picture about stress in the earth’s crust.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Science


When the physics say 'don't follow your nose'

Engineers at Duke University are developing a smart robotic system for sniffing out pollution hotspots and sources of toxic leaks.

– Duke University


Project Sidewalk helps users map accessibility around Seattle, other cities

UW researchers have led the development of Project Sidewalk, an online crowdsourcing game that lets anyone with an internet connection use Google Street View to virtually explore neighborhoods and label curb ramps, missing or rough sidewalks, obstacl...

– University of Washington

2019 ACM CHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems


A “Jellyfish” Galaxy Swims Into View of NASA’s Upcoming Webb Telescope

As the spiral galaxy ESO 137-001 plunges into a galaxy cluster, gas is being pulled off of it as though it faced a cosmic headwind. Within that gas, stars are forming to create the appearance of giant, blue tentacle-like streamers. Astronomers, puzzl...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Snapshot: S&T-funded Innovation Enables Emergency Managers to Excel During 2018 Hurricane Season

DHS S&T's Web-based HURREVAC platform integrates forecast and planning data to provide emergency managers with decision support tools for use in advance of and during tropical weather.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Creating a cloak for grid data in the cloud

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory are working on ways to facilitate secure cloud computing for grid operations and planning. A framework currently under development at Argonne masks sensitive data, allo...

– Argonne National Laboratory

SciWire Announcements


Physical Optics Corporation's Technology Launched to the International Space Station

In Physical Optics Corporation's (POC) first endeavor into the space domain, an engineering prototype designed and built by our Applied Technologies Division rockets into orbit to meet the International Space Station (ISS). This NASA-sponsored advan...

– Physical Optics Corporation


SJU Biologist Earns NSF Grant to Study Mysteries of Sleep

Sustained by prestigious grants and a dozen-plus curious students in his lab, Matthew Nelson, Ph.D., uses roundworms to explore the behavioral genetics of sleep.

– Saint Joseph's University


UChicago Medicine receives $3.8 million, five-year grant to study stimulation and sedation in excessive drinkers

A leading clinical and research psychologist at the University of Chicago Medicine has been awarded a $3.8 million grant from the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) — a division of the National Institutes of Health — to un...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Three Faculty Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

UC San Francisco cancer biologist Alan Ashworth, PhD, structural biologist Yifan Cheng, PhD, and molecular physiologist Holly Ingraham, PhD, have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

– UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

SciWire Higher Education Events


Florida Tech to Host Space Technology Day May 23

The Florida Tech Office of Research in collaboration with NASA will host Space Technology Day on the university’s Melbourne campus Thursday, May 23. This free, daylong event will bring together professors, students, engineers, technologists and ...

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

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