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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, April 29, 2019

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(28 New)
 

Science News

26-Apr-2019


Creativity is not just for the young, study finds

If you believe that great scientists are most creative when they’re young, you are missing part of the story. A new study of winners of the Nobel Prize in economics finds that there are two different life cycles of creativity, one that hits some p...

– Ohio State University

De Economist

Embargo expired on 26-Apr-2019 at 00:00 ET


Scientists unlock new role for nervous system in regeneration

A computational model of flatworm regeneration starts to answer the question – what signals determine the rebuilding of specific anatomical structures in regeneration? The model predicts and confirms factors determining body pattern formation, and ...

– Tufts University

PLOS Computational Biology 26-Apr-2019; 12171; AR055993; AR061988; S10 OD021634; TFU141; CBET-0939511; 5903; TWCF0089/AB55

Embargo expired on 26-Apr-2019 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Defying the Laws of Physics? Columbia Engineers Demonstrate Bubbles of Sand

A recent discovery by Columbia Engineering researchers explains a new family of gravitational instabilities in granular particles of different densities that are driven by a gas-channeling mechanism not seen in fluids. The team observed an unexpected...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

PNAS April 22 2019

includes video


Hybrid Species Could Prevent Darwin’s Finches Falling Prey to Invasive Parasite

A hybrid bird species on the Galapagos Islands could help scientists find a way to stop an invasive fly which is killing off the hatchlings of famous Darwin’s finches at an alarming rate, according to new research. 10 related species of the ico...

– Flinders University

Royal Society Open Science

includes video


AI-generated profiles? Airbnb users prefer a human touch

With so much at stake, should Airbnb hosts rely on an algorithm to write their profiles for them? That depends, according to new research from Cornell and Stanford University. If everyone uses algorithmically generated profiles, users trust them. How...

– Cornell University

ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, May 2019


Mysterious volcanic ash layer from 29,000 years ago traced to volcano in Naples

Researchers from the University of Oxford have traced the origin of a pre-historic eruption that blanketed the Mediterranean region in ash 29,000 years ago

– University of Oxford

Geology


Studies link earthquakes to fracking in the central and eastern US

Small earthquakes in Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Oklahoma and Texas can be linked to hydraulic fracturing wells

– Seismological Society of America (SSA)

2019 Seismological Society of America Annual Meeting


Ocean acidification 'could have consequences for millions'

Ocean acidification could have serious consequences for the millions of people globally whose lives depend on coastal protection

– University of Plymouth

Emerging Topics in Life Sciences


Study: Deep-ocean creatures living a 'feast-or-famine' existence because of energy fluxes

Scientists for the first time have tracked how much energy from plants and animals at the surface of the open ocean survives as particles drop to the seafloor

– Oregon State University

Nature Communications


This Tree Has a Tale to Tell

On April 24, a group of students, faculty, and staff gathered on the ground floor of the Hunsaker Library for a ceremony to dedicate a new display. The exhibit showcases a large cross-section of an oak tree that stood watch over the University of Red...

– University of Redlands

25-Apr-2019


Researchers Detail Marine Viruses From Pole to Pole

New research provides the most complete account to date of the viruses that impact the world’s oceans, increasing the number of known virus populations tenfold. This new study brings the total known marine viral populations within the ocean close t...

– Ohio State University

Cell

Embargo expired on 25-Apr-2019 at 11:00 ET

includes video


New Hubble Measurements Confirm Universe Is Outpacing All Expectations of its Expansion Rate

New measurements from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope confirm that the Universe is expanding about 9% faster than expected based on its trajectory seen shortly after the big bang, astronomers say.

– Johns Hopkins University

Astrophysical Journal, April-2019

Embargo expired on 25-Apr-2019 at 10:00 ET


Slow Charge Generation Plays Big Role in Model Material for Solar Cells

Insight about energy flow in copper-based material could aid in creating efficient molecular electronics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review B 99, 020303(R) (2019). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.020303]


Mystery of the Universe's Expansion Rate Widens with New Hubble Data

Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope say they have crossed an important threshold in revealing a discrepancy between the two key techniques for measuring the universe's expansion rate. The recent study strengthens the case that new theorie...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal, Apr-2019; Preprint on arXiv.org


New Lens System for Brighter, Sharper Diffraction Images

To design and improve energy storage materials, smart devices, and many more technologies, researchers need to understand their hidden structure and chemistry. Advanced research techniques, such as ultra-fast electron diffraction imaging can reveal t...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Scientific Reports


Cool Tool Could Enable Quantum Computers to Tackle More Complex Applications

In a paper published in Nature Scientific Reports, APL researchers describe a way to manipulate the critical elements of a quantum computer and their control components that will be an important piece of scaling quantum computer systems to the larger...

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

Scientific Reportsvolume 9, Article number: 4630 (2019), 15 March 2019


Study: Microbes could influence Earth's geological processes as much as volcanoes

By acting as gatekeepers, microbes can affect geological processes that move carbon from the earth's surface into its deep interior

– University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Nature


Study reveals vast diversity of ocean microbes

Advanced molecular techniques have revealed the diversity of a little-understood group of ocean microbes called protists

– Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Scientific Reports


New Method Proposed for Studying Hydrodynamic Behavior of Electrons in Graphene

By studying how electrons in two-dimensional graphene can literally act like a liquid, researchers have paved the way for further research into a material that has the potential to enable future electronic computing devices that outpace silicon trans...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Physical Review B


Bridge Over Coupled Waters: Scientists 3D-Print All-Liquid ‘Lab on a Chip’

Researchers at DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have 3D-printed an all-liquid device that, with the click of a button, can be repeatedly reconfigured on demand to serve a wide range of applications – from making battery ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications


Filling in the Gaps of Connected Car Data Helps Transportation Planners

A Michigan Tech engineer has created a method to fill in the gaps of available connected vehicle data, which will give transportation planners a more accurate picture of traffic in their cities. It is also a more cost-effective data gathering system ...

– Michigan Technological University

Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, April-2019; NSF CMMI-CIS-1538105


The Spin Doctors: Researchers Discover Surprising Quantum Effect in Hard Disk Drive Material

Argonne scientists have further explored a new effect that enhances their ability to control the direction of electron spin in certain materials. Their discovery may lead to more powerful and energy-efficient materials for information storage.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters


Scientists Observe Rare Decay Process in the Universe

An international team of scientists, including researchers from the University of California San Diego, observed radioactive decay that is the rarest process ever observed in a detector and the slowest ever directly measured.

– University of California San Diego

Nature

SciWire Announcements


Data scientists mapped supply chains of every U.S. city. What they found is bigger than just where your food comes from.

Northern Arizona University Ben Ruddell led a team of scientists to create a map, based on real data, that shows where food, water and energy originate in the United State, how they get to their destination and the untapped potential for cooperation ...

– Northern Arizona University

FEW-View™

Embargo expired on 29-Apr-2019 at 08:00 ET


RPB Career Development Awards Deliver Billion Dollar Promise

Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) announces the 30th anniversary of one of its flagship grant programs: the RPB Career Development Award (CDA).

– Research to Prevent Blindness


New STEM Resources Added to Materials Explorers™ Program

The materials science and engineering outreach program focused on high school interactions has expanded its topic areas through the support of the Arconic Foundation.

– TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society)


News Release: DHS S&T Awards $1.6M to Improve X-ray Scanning Capabilities

DHS S&T has awarded $1,656,206.00 to Halo X-ray Technologies Ltd (HXT) in Nottingham, UK, to develop and implement an automatic threat resolution system for use with X-ray imaging of carry-on and checked baggage.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate


Peter Trapa selected as new dean of the College of Science

University of Utah Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs Dan Reed announced that Peter Trapa has accepted an offer to serve as the next dean of the College of Science. Trapa is currently chair of the university’s Department of Physics & Astron...

– University of Utah

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