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Newswise SciWire - Science News for Journalists
Newswise SciWire
Monday, May 13, 2019

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(37 New)
 

Science News

13-May-2019


Locating a Shooter from the First Shot via Cellphone

Militaries have worked hard to develop technologies that simultaneously protect soldiers' hearing and aid in battlefield communication. However, these don’t help if a soldier takes it off to assess the location of incoming gunfire. A French researc...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 13-May-2019 at 09:00 ET


How Acoustics Detected Artillery in WWI

During WWI, William Lawrence Bragg led the development of an acoustic method to locate enemy artillery, work that was so successful that it was soon used widely throughout the British army. The method, known as sound ranging, was also adopted by the ...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 13-May-2019 at 08:30 ET


Quieter Intensive Care Units May Translate to Better Outcomes for Infants in New Study

Excessive noise is widely known to have negative effects on health, and children in neonatal intensive care units are among the most vulnerable. Researchers have conducted one of the first studies linking the quiet time soundscape inside NICUs with i...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 13-May-2019 at 09:00 ET


Socializing Robots

Oregon State University roboticist Heather Knight programs her robots with artificial social intelligence to help them interpret and mimic human cues — like body language, gaze direction, movement patterns, and facial expressions — to make them m...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Protecting Buildings From Earthquakes

Externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymer composite retrofits are a promising, relatively inexpensive technology that can strengthen buildings, bridges and other existing structures made of reinforced concrete. Seeing how these retrofits responded t...

– University of Delaware

10-May-2019


GRACE Mission Data Contributes to Our Understanding of Climate Change

The University of Texas at Austin team that led a twin satellite system launched in 2002 to take detailed measurements of the Earth, called the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Nature Climate Change


Better Microring Sensors for Optical Applications

Tweaking the design of microring sensors enhances their sensitivity without adding more implementation complexity.

– Michigan Technological University

Physical Review Letters


2D insulators with ferromagnetic properties are rare; researchers just identified a new one

Collaborating scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Princeton University have discovered a new layered ferromagnetic semiconductor, a rare type of material that holds great promise for ne...

– Ames Laboratory

Advanced Materials


Secrets of fluorescent microalgae could lead to super-efficient solar cells

Tiny light-emitting microalgae, found in the ocean, could hold the secret to the next generation of organic solar cells, according to new research carried out at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht.

– University of Birmingham

Chem


Hummingbird robot uses AI to soon go where drones can't

Your friendly neighborhood hummingbirds. If drones had this combo, they would be able to maneuver better through collapsed buildings and other cluttered spaces to find trapped victims.

– Purdue University

2019 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation

includes video

09-May-2019


Peering into the past, scientists discover bacteria transformed a viral threat to survive

A study led by Indiana University researchers reports the first evidence of bacteria stealing genetic material from their own worst enemy, bacteriophages, and transforming it to survive.

– Indiana University

Current Biology; 2R01GM051986; R35GM122556; F32GM112362

Embargo expired on 09-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


New HIV vaccine strategy “pumps” the immune system

A new HIV vaccine delivery strategy appears to enhance the protective immune response in a preclinical model. Scientists at the La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) have discovered that delivering an HIV vaccine in small doses over a series of day...

– La Jolla Institute for Immunology

Cell; AI125068; Al100663; RR00165/OD011132; AI124436; AI136621; F31Al131873

Embargo expired on 09-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


Scientists Locate Brain Area Where Value Decisions Are Made

Neurobiologists have located the brain area responsible for value decisions. Data from thousands of neurons revealed an area of the brain called the retrosplenial cortex, previously not known for “value-based decision-making,” a behavior that is ...

– University of California San Diego

Cell, May-2019

Embargo expired on 09-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

includes video


How Sea Level Rise Affects Birds in Coastal Forests

Saltwater intrusion changes coastal vegetation that provides bird habitat. Researchers found that the transition from forests to marshes along the North Carolina coast due to climate change could benefit some bird species of concern for conservation....

– North Carolina State University

Ecosystems; Ecosphere; PLOS ONE, 10.1371/journal.pone.0216540

Embargo expired on 09-May-2019 at 14:00 ET


Substrate Defects Key to Growth of 2D Materials

Researchers at Penn State have discovered a method for improving the quality of a large class of two-dimensional materials with potential for wafer-scale growth.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

ACS Nano Mar-2019, Physical Review B May-2019


Learning Language

When it comes to learning a language, the left side of the brain has traditionally been considered the hub of language processing. But new research from the University of Delaware shows the right brain plays a critical early role in helping learners ...

– University of Delaware

NeuroImage


VORTEX-SE delivers tornado formation research

Scientists at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) are publishing research about tornado formation resulting from the multiyear Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment Southeast (VORTEX-SE) program.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Researchers Discover “Daywake,” a Siesta-Suppressing Gene

Rutgers researchers have identified a siesta-suppressing gene in fruit flies, which sheds light on the biology that helps many creatures, including humans, balance the benefits of a good nap against those of getting important activities done during t...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Current Biology, 9 May 2019


Probing battery hotspots for safer energy storage

For the first time, a team of researchers has studied the effects of tiny areas within lithium metal batteries that are much hotter than their surroundings. These hotspots, the researchers find, can make batteries grow spiky tumors of metal called de...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Yangying Zhu et al., Nature Communications, 6 May 2019 (10.1038/s41467-019-09924-1)


Assessing battery performance: Compared to what?

A team from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, University of Warwick, OVO Energy, Hawaii National Energy Institute, and Jaguar Land Rover reviewed the literature on the various methods used around the world to charac...

– Argonne National Laboratory

ScienceDirect, May-2019


Tsunami signals to measure glacier calving in Greenland

In recent years, glaciers near the North and South poles, as well as in mountainous areas, have been shrinking due to the effect of global warming, becoming a significant contributor to the recent sea level rise.

– Hokkaido University

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

includes video


Research reveals surprisingly powerful bite of tiny early tetrapod

Micro-CT scanning of a tiny snake-like fossil discovered in Scotland has shed new light on the elusive creature,

– University of Lincoln

Royal Society Open Science


Study questions current regulations on light pollution and calls for paradigm shift

An international study involving researchers from the University of Granada (UGR), Spain, and the University of Krakow (Poland) has found that Spain's current regulations on light pollution are inadequate

– University of Granada

LEUKOS


Fragmented Turtles

WCS 3-Sentence Science: Scientists looked at how fragmentation is affecting critically endangered Dahl’s toad headed turtle (Mesoclemmys dahli) a forest-stream specialist found only in Colombia.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Molecular Ecology


Biodiversity and Carbon: Perfect Together

WCS 3-Sentence Science: Biodiversity conservation is often considered to be a co-benefit of protecting carbon sinks such as intact forests to help mitigate climate change.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


Predicting Disease Transmission from Bushmeat

WCS 3-Sentence Science: Trade of bushmeat and other wildlife for human consumption presents a unique set of challenges to policymakers who are confronted with multiple trade-offs between conservation, food security, food safety, culture, and traditio...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science of The Total


When People Get Along, Fish Thrive

WCS 3-Sentence Science: Complex social-ecological interactions underpin many environmental problems.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Nature Communications


Solar-powered hydrogen fuels a step closer

A cheaper, cleaner and more sustainable way of making hydrogen fuel from water using sunlight is step closer thanks to new research from the University of Bath's Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies.

– University of Bath

Nature Communications


New clues about how ancient galaxies lit up the universe

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed that some of the Universe's earliest galaxies were brighter than expected.

– Royal Astronomical Society

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society


Gravitational Waves Leave a Detectable Mark, Physicists Say

New research shows gravitational waves leave behind plenty of “memories” that could help detect them even after they’ve passed.

– Cornell University

Physical Review, April 2019


Superfacility Framework Advances Photosynthesis Research

For more than a decade, a team of international researchers led by Berkeley Lab bioscientists has been studying Photosystem II, a protein complex in green plants, algae, and cyanobacteria that plays a crucial role in photosynthesis. They’re now mov...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory


Q&A: SLAC/Stanford researchers prepare for a new quantum revolution

The tech world is abuzz about quantum information science (QIS). This emerging technology explores bizarre quantum effects that occur on the smallest scales of matter and could potentially revolutionize the way we live.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SciWire Announcements


Schedule for the Acoustical Society of America Press Conferences with Live Webcasts from Louisville

Press conferences for the 177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America will be held Tuesday, May 14 in the Laffoon Room at the Galt House. The morning and afternoon press conferences will focus on research into human sounds and language learnin...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America


Stony Brook University Launches New Institute for Artificial Intelligence Discovery

Today, Stony Brook University officially launched the new Institute for AI-Driven Discovery and Innovation to advance AI research and apply the transformative power of innovation driven by AI across disciplines. The AI Institute will focus on four gr...

– Stony Brook University


Genetics Society of America Awards 2019 GSA Medal to Anne Villeneuve

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Anne Villeneuve, PhD, of Stanford University is the recipient of the 2019 Genetics Society of America Medal. Villeneuve is recognized for her research on the mechanisms governing chrom...

– Genetics Society of America

2019 Genetics Society of America Medal


Veterinary students’ AR app sparks new level of learning

Cornell University veterinary students can now get a leg up in learning equine anatomy, thanks to a custom-designed app created at the college.

– Cornell University

SciWire Marketplace


THz on Sale! Unprecedented price of $29,950!

Bakman Technologies becomes the first in the world to sell a portable, turn-key Terahertz spectrometer for under $30,000!

– Bakman Technologies

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