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Newswise SciWire
Monday, November 25, 2019

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Science News

25-Nov-2019


Injection of Magnetizable Fluid Could Extend Trauma Patients’ Survival Time

Inspired by their use in mechanical systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers are testing a magnetically-actuated fluidic valve to use in trauma patients suffering from hemorrhage.

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Embargo expired on 25-Nov-2019 at 08:30 ET


AI, explain yourself

Can we trust artificial intelligence to make good decisions? The answer is a resounding maybe. More and more, society and individuals are entrusting AI to make potentially life-changing decisions. Rather than putting blind trust in the judgment of th...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering

24-Nov-2019


Not All Changeups Are Created Equal; Seam Shifted Wake Baffles Hitters

While changing the rotation rate/axis of a thrown baseball has long been a weapon in a pitcher’s arsenal, some pitchers manipulate the baseball’s wake to create unexpected movement from a familiar delivery of his changeup.

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics 72nd Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 24-Nov-2019 at 12:30 ET


Communities must band together to protect against bushfires

As Australia confronts devastating bushfire conditions, people across the nation are doing all they can to ensure the safety of their homes, property and loved ones. But while many individuals are responding well to bushfire risks, a lack of preparat...

– University of South Australia

Geoforum

23-Nov-2019


Heating Techniques Could Improve Treatment of Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is the primary cause of central vision loss and results in the center of the visual field being blurred or fully blacked out. Though treatable, some methods can be ineffective or cause unwanted side effects. Jinglin ...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics 72nd Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 23-Nov-2019 at 19:30 ET


Optimal Archery Feather Design Depends On Environmental Conditions

When it comes to archery, choosing the right feathers for an arrow is the key to winning. This necessity for precision makes it crucial to understand how environment and design effect arrows in flight.

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics 72nd Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 23-Nov-2019 at 19:00 ET

22-Nov-2019


United in musical diversity

Two articles in the most recent issue of Science support the idea that music all around the globe shares important commonalities, despite many differences. Cognitive biologists Tecumseh Fitch and Tudor Popescu of the University of Vienna suggest that...

– University of Vienna

Science


Study: Wildfires in Oregon's blue mountains to become more frequent, severe due to climate change

Under a warming climate, wildfires in Oregon's southern Blue Mountains will become more frequent, more extensive and more severe, according to a new Portland State University-led study.

– Portland State University

Ecosphere


Endangered Whales React to Environmental Changes

The highly endangered North Atlantic right whale is rapidly altering its use of important habitat areas off the New England coast, signaling disruptive changes in the marine environment.

– Cornell University

Global Change Biology; MMC14-207


El Nino Swings More Violently in the Industrial Age, Compelling Evidence Says

Enough physical evidence spanning millennia has now come together to allow researchers to say definitively that: El Ninos, La Ninas, and the climate phenomenon that drives them have become more extreme in the times of human-induced climate change.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

41888101; Geophysical Review Letters; 1502832; 1446343; 1029020; 1349599; 1535007


New material captures and converts toxic air pollutant into industrial chemical

A team led by the University of Manchester has developed a metal-organic framework material providing a selective, reversible and repeatable capability to capture a toxic air pollutant, nitrogen dioxide, which is produced by combusting fossil fuels. ...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Chemistry


Researchers begin major study aimed at improving health equity in New Jersey

The New Jersey Population Health Cohort Study, now in the design phase, will collect biometrics, survey responses and other granular data over time on major outcomes such as stress, resilience, trauma and cognitive function from a broad cross-section...

– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

76850


DHS P25 CAP Expands Program to Include ISSI/CSSI Equipment

DHS S&T Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP) has been expanded to include ISSI/CSSI equipment testing and is working to get laboratories accredited to conduct this testing.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

21-Nov-2019


Science underestimated dangerous effects of sleep deprivation

Michigan State University’s Sleep and Learning Lab has conducted one of the largest sleep studies to date, revealing that sleep deprivation affects us much more than prior theories have suggested.

– Michigan State University

Experimental Psychology

Embargo expired on 21-Nov-2019 at 17:00 ET


Theorists probe the relationship between ‘strange metals’ and high-temperature superconductors

SLAC theorists have observed strange metallicity in a well-known model for simulating and describing the behavior of materials with strongly correlated electrons, which join forces to produce unexpected phenomena rather than acting independently.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Science


Sugar delivered to Earth from space

Researchers from Tohoku University, Hokkaido University, JAMSTEC, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center investigated meteorites and found ribose and other sugars.

– Tohoku University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Bone breakthrough may lead to more durable airplane wings

Cornell researchers have made a new discovery about how seemingly minor aspects of the internal structure of bone can be strengthened to withstand repeated wear and tear, a finding that could help treat patients suffering from osteoporosis. It could ...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Nov. 2019


Breaking (and Restoring) Graphene’s Symmetry in a Twistable Electronics Device

A recent Columbia Engineering study demonstrates a new way to tune the properties of 2D materials simply by adjusting the twist angle between them. The researchers built devices consisting of monolayer graphene encapsulated between two crystals of bo...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Nature Nanotechnology November 2019


Cohesin - a molecular motor that folds our genome

New insights into the process of DNA-looping change our view of how the genome is organised within cells. The discoveries by IMP-researchers elucidate a fundamental mechanism of life and settle a decade long scientific dispute.

– IMP - Research Institute of Molecular Pathology

Science


Breaking Down Biodegradable: UF Scientist Creates Guide to Bioplastics

“Bioplastics—a better option for the environment?” is a compilation of information about bioplastics. These alternative plastics have become more popular, and as it turns out, they’re effectively still the same as petroleum-based plastic, acc...

Expert Available

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Bioplastics—a better option for the environment?

SciWire Announcement


Nanotechnology could provide the breakthrough for pre-eclampsia which kills 500,000 babies each year

University of South Australia biomedical engineer Dr Marnie Winter has been awarded US$100,000 from the world’s largest private foundation to help better understand and tackle a condition which kills 76,000 women and 500,000 babies each year.

– University of South Australia


UA Little Rock announces $750,000 grant for groundbreaking bone regeneration technology

The University of Arkansas at Little Rock announced a $750,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Defense to support the development of potentially life-saving bone regeneration technology during a Nov. 15 visit from Sen. John Boozman. The visit celeb...

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock


PPPL is recognized for being green

The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory was recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for its green practices in reducing waste, energy, and water, and transportation, and for green purchasing and electronics ...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Schedule for the APS DFD Press Conferences with Live Webcasts from Seattle

Press conferences for the 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics in Seattle will be held Monday, Nov. 25, at the Washington State Convention Center. The conferences, which will be webcast, will focus on resear...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics


Warwick physicists among UK researchers awarded £30m investment in global science project

The University of Warwick has received over £900,000 to provide essential contributions to the international DUNE experiment, which aims to answer fundamental questions about our universe.

– University of Warwick

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