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Thursday, December 5, 2019

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A Robot and Software Make it Easier to Create Advanced Materials

A Rutgers-led team of engineers has developed an automated way to produce polymers, making it much easier to create advanced materials aimed at improving human health. The innovation is a critical step in pushing the limits for researchers who want t...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Advanced Intelligent Systems; Rutgers Today

Rural decline not driven by water recovery

New research from the University of Adelaide has shown that climate and economic factors are the main drivers of farmers leaving their properties in the Murray-Darling Basin, not reduced water for irrigation as commonly claimed.

– University of Adelaide

Climatic Change

First field measurements of laughing gas isotopes

Thanks to a newly developed laser spectrometer, Empa researchers can for the first time show which processes in grassland lead to nitrous oxide emissions. The aim is to reduce emissions of this potent greenhouse gas by gaining a better understanding ...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Biogeosciences, 16, 3247–3266, 2019

What Does DNA’s Repair Shop Look Like? New Research Identifies the Tools

A team of scientists has identified how damaged DNA molecules are repaired inside the human genome, a discovery that offers new insights into how the body works to ensure its health and how it responds to diseases that stem from impaired DNA.

– New York University

Biophysical Journal; R00-GM104152; CAREER PHY-1554880, CMMI-1762506

High-speed fire footage reveals key insights for power plant safety

Fire protection and optical engineers at Sandia National Laboratories are using high-speed cameras and advanced algorithms, imaging and analytic methods to understand these dangerous arc faults between two conductors, such as the high-voltage bus bar...

– Sandia National Laboratories

includes video

New record set for cracking encryption keys

An international team of computer scientists had set a new record for two of the most important computational problems that are the basis for nearly all of the public-key cryptography that is currently used in the real world.

– University of California San Diego


Deployable Human-Scale Immersive Virtual Environments?

Combined with networks of sensors and controllers, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Collaborative Research Augmented Immersive Virtual Environment Laboratory Lab provides its users new modes of interactions between humans and virtual worlds, with...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

178th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 17:30 ET

National Park Service Scientists: Does Aircraft Noise Make Birds More Vocal?

National Park Service scientists analyzed nearly 1 million 10-second audio recording samples from national parks across the country and discovered a small increase in bird sound detection when an aircraft sound is also detected. During the 178th ASA ...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

178th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America,Dec. 2-6

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 12:15 ET

ASA, CDC Plan Revamp of Sound-Related Wikipedia Pages for International Year of Sound 2020

As harmful effects of noise are becoming more widely known, popular internet websites are increasingly being used as resources of information. For the International Year of Sound 2020 (#IYS2020), the Acoustical Society of America and the National Ins...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

178th Meeting of ASA Dec. 2-6, Hotel del Coronado San Diego

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 11:30 ET

A Cancer Drug Trial For Dogs Presented At The RSNA Annual Meeting

What do you do when your best friend is diagnosed with a cancer that kills most of its patients within a few months? A few brave dog owners turned to Johns Hopkins, where veterinarians, radiologists and physicists have teamed up to conduct an experim...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

RSNA Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 16:00 ET

Permanent hair dye and straighteners may increase breast cancer risk

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health found that women who use permanent hair dye and chemical hair straighteners have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than women who don’t use these products. The study suggests that breast cance...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

International Journal of Cancer; Z01ES044005

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 00:05 ET

Long-Distance Timber Trade Underpinned the Roman Empire’s Construction

The ancient Romans relied on long-distance timber trading to construct their empire, according to a study published December 4, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Mauro Bernabei from the National Research Council, Italy, and colleagues.



Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 14:00 ET

First Parker Solar Probe scientificpapers publish in Nature

The first published science from the Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons (SWEAP) instruments aboard NASA’s Parker Solar Probe (PSP) poses a major challenge to our understanding of the dynamics of the near-sun solar wind.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Nature; Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series

Embargo expired on 04-Dec-2019 at 13:00 ET

Water management grows farm profits

Study investigates effects of irrigation management on yield and profit

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

2019 ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting

Freeze Frame: Scientists Capture Atomic-Scale Snapshots of Artificial Proteins

Scientists at Berkeley Lab are the first to use cryo-EM (cryogenic electron microscopy), a Nobel Prize-winning technique originally designed to image proteins in solution, to image atomic changes in a synthetic soft material.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Oct-21-2019

Differences in replacement level fertility point to inequalities

The percentage of the world’s population that is above or below the ‘replacement level of fertility’ has long been used as a measure of demographic development. A new study revisited how this metric is calculated and how useful it really is in ...

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


Better wildfire and smoke predictions with new vegetation database

Researchers have created the first comprehensive database of all the wildfire fuels that have been measured across North America. Ultimately, it can help scientists make more informed decisions about fire and smoke situations.

– University of Washington

Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, Dec-2019

Solving the Mystery of Carbon on Ocean Floor

Little bits of black carbon littering the ocean floor, separate and distinct from the organic carbon believed to come from the ocean’s surface. The source of that strange, and older, carbon has now been identified by UD researchers. The discovery i...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications

Birds are shrinking as the climate warms

Every day in the spring and fall since 1978, scientists and volunteers at Chicago's Field Museum have gotten up as early as 3:30 in the morning to collect fallen birds that have crashed into nearby buildings' windows.

– Field Museum

Ecology Letters

Common Diabetes Medications Tested for Anti-Aging Effects

Two drugs already on the market to treat type two diabetes are being tested in nonhuman primates to see if they can impact the aging process. Researchers dosed marmosets with Metformin and Acarbose and found no adverse side effects

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

P30 AG044271; P30 AG013319; R01 AG050797; R01 AG057431; P51OD011133; Pathobiology of Aging and Age-related Diseases

Rutgers Researchers Teach Lessons on Extraterrestrial Life in Local Elementary Schools

Each week, researchers with Rutgers ENIGMA teach astrobiology lessons to children in grades four through eight at McKinley Community School and Greater New Brunswick Charter School. Astrobiology is a relatively new interdisciplinary field that seeks ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

WFIRM Scientists Push Bioprinting Capability Forward

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) scientists are the first to report using bioprinting to print a tracheal tissue construct comprised of multiple different functional materials.

– Wake Forest Baptist Health


Signs of life: New field guide aids astronomers’ search

A Cornell University senior has come up with a way to discern life on exoplanets loitering in other cosmic neighborhoods: a spectral field guide.

– Cornell University

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Nov. 2019

Warmer temperatures will increase arsenic levels in rice, study shows

University of Washington researchers have found that warmer temperatures, at levels expected under most climate change projections, can lead to higher concentrations of arsenic in rice grains.

– University of Washington

American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting

Scientists Detail how Chromosomes Reorganize after Cell Division

Researchers have discovered key mechanisms and structural details of a fundamental biological process—how a cell nucleus and its chromosomal material reorganizes itself after cell division. The new findings in chromosomal architecture and function ...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Nature; DK058044, DK106766, HL129998A, MH11024701

Articles on Chronic Hexavalent Chromium Exposure, Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, and Bisphenol A Featured in December 2019 Toxicological Sciences

The December 2019 issue of Toxicological Sciences features research on the leading edge of toxicology, including in the areas of carcinogenesis, developmental and reproductive toxicology, and more.

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences

Top 5 ways we can support soil

Join in celebrating World Soil Day on December 5th

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

UAB tops $600 million in research funding for first time

One year after surpassing $500 million in research grant and award funding, University of Alabama at Birmingham faculty, staff and administration have hit another institutional milestone for the first time in its 50-year history — exceeding more th...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

S&T and CBP Host the Havre Sector Field Experiment

As part of the HSE’s ongoing efforts to address vulnerabilities, DHS S&T and USBP conducted a field test at USBP Havre Sector.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

Early-career engineers learn about the wide variety of tasks in PPPL program

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory's new rotational engineering program allows early-career engineers to receive a variety of training as they rotate through four different engineering areas during the two-year program.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Environmental intelligence to better understand the changing Arctic

Selected talks and posters presented by Arctic researchers from Sandia National Laboratories at the American Geophysical Union annual meeting on Monday, Dec. 9, 2019.

– Sandia National Laboratories

The Big Questions: José Rodriguez on Catalysts

The Big Questions series features perspectives from the five recipients of the Department of Energy Office of Science’s 2019 Distinguished Scientists Fellows Award describing their research and what they plan to do with the award. José Rodriguez i...

Expert Available

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


Characterizing Whale Vocalization Can Help Map Migration

Killer whale pods each have their own set of calls they use to communicate, sometimes referred to as the pod’s “dialect.” By characterizing a pod’s calls, researchers can track its seasonal movements, gaining a better understanding of the wha...

– Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

178th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Dec. 2-6 Hotel del Coronado San Diego

Embargo expired on 03-Dec-2019 at 13:00 ET

Siting Cell Towers Needs Careful Planning

The health impacts of radio-frequency radiation (RFR) are still inconclusive, but the data to date warrants more caution in placing cell towers. An engineering team from Michigan Tech considers the current understanding of health impacts and possible...

– Michigan Technological University

Environmental Research, Nov-2019

includes video

Study Sheds Light on the Really Peculiar ‘Normal’ Phase of High-Temperature Superconductors

Experiments at SLAC and Stanford probe the normal state more accurately than ever before and discover an abrupt shift in the behavior of electrons in which they suddenly give up their individuality and behave like an electron soup.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Science, 29 November 2019 (10.1126/science.aaw8850)

Bending an Organic Semiconductor Can Boost Electrical Flow

Slightly bending semiconductors made of organic materials can roughly double the speed of electricity flowing through them and could benefit next-generation electronics such as sensors and solar cells, according to Rutgers-led research. The study is ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Advanced Science; Rutgers Today

Five Things Nobel Laureate Gregg Semenza Wishes Everyone Knew About Science

On Dec. 10, Johns Hopkins scientist Gregg Semenza, M.D., Ph.D., along with William Kaelin Jr., M.D., and Peter Ratcliffe, M.D., will accept the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden, for the groundbreaking discovery of the g...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Sustaining simulation education requires evidence of effectiveness

Simulation education has evolved significantly over the years and has become essential to preparing nurses for clinical practice, but sustaining its evolution will require greater evidence of its effectiveness, according to a summary of Columbia Univ...

– Columbia University Irving Medical Center

Clinical Simulation in Nursing

Meteorite-Loving Microorganism

The archaeon Metallosphaera sedula can uptake and process extraterrestrial material. This is shown by an international team led by astrobiologist Tetyana Milojevic, who examines microbial fingerprints on meteorite materials. The researchers also conc...

– University of Vienna

Chemical Reviews

Scientists devise catalyst that uses light to turn carbon dioxide to fuel

In a recent study from Argonne, scientists have used sunlight and a catalyst largely made of copper to transform carbon dioxide to methanol.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Nature Energy

Global climate trend since Dec. 1 1978: +0.13 C per decade

Global Temperature Report: November 2019

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Argonne Collaboration Shows Benefits of Better Corn Residue Management Strategies

Sustainable corn stover removal can maintain soil carbon stock, according a new Argonne-led study.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Global Change Biology, Bioenergy, Oct-2019

UT Dallas Team Demonstrates Renewable Power of Liquid Metal

University of Texas at Dallas researchers have developed a generator prototype that uses liquid metal to convert waste heat from sources such as electric cars or data centers into clean electricity.

– University of Texas at Dallas

Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, October 2019

Young tree swallows carry environmental stress into adulthood

Cornell University researchers have found that colder temperatures during tree swallows' development stage has an effect on swallows later in life.

– Cornell University

For some corals, meals can come with a side of microplastics

A new experiment by the University of Washington has found that some corals are more likely to eat microplastics when they are consuming other food, yet microplastics alone are undesirable.

– University of Washington

Scientific Reports, Dec-2019

How the Nation’s Hydrogen Bomb Secrets Disappeared

Given a choice of items to lose on a train, a top-secret document detailing the newly developed hydrogen bomb should be on the bottom of the list. In January 1953, amid the Red Scare and the Korean War, that’s exactly what physicist John Archibald ...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Physics Today

New expert findings seek to protect national parks from invasive animal species

More than half of America’s national parks are facing a grave and immediate threat: the ongoing presence and spread of invasive animal species. The National Park Service has taken the first step in combatting this invasion by asking a group of expe...

– Virginia Tech

Biological Invasions

A common drug could help restore limb function after spinal cord injury

Long-term treatment with gabapentin, a commonly prescribed drug for nerve pain, could help restore upper limb function after a spinal cord injury, new research in mice suggests.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Clinical Investigation

Meet Alessandra Colli: Engineering Improvements in 3-D-printed Metals

Alessandra Colli wants airplane engines to function flawlessly and rockets to be reliable. She's developing a strategy to leverage Brookhaven Lab’s materials-science capabilities to improve the structure and function of the many metallic components...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Interest in UF/IFAS Hops Experiment Grows

Tampa Bay microbreweries have a hankering for hops, and some see a University of Florida experimental farm as a source for the crop that will help quench their customers’ thirsts.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


SLAC scientists invent a way to see attosecond electron motions with an X-ray laser

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have invented a way to observe the movements of electrons with powerful X-ray laser bursts just 280 attoseconds, or billionths of a billionth of a second, long.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Joseph Duris, Siqi Li et al., Nature Photonics, 2 December 2019 (10.1038/s41566-019-0549-5)

Embargo expired on 02-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET

Scientist Leads International Team to Crack 60-Year-Old Mystery of Sun’s Magnetic Waves

A Queen’s University Belfast scientist has led an international team to the ground-breaking discovery of why the Sun’s magnetic waves strengthen and grow as they emerge from its surface, which could help to solve the mystery of how the corona of ...

– Queen's University Belfast

Nature Astronomy

Embargo expired on 02-Dec-2019 at 11:00 ET

Astronomers Propose a Novel Method of Finding Atmospheres on Rocky Worlds

A team of astronomers proposes a new method of using Webb to determine whether a rocky exoplanet has an atmosphere. The technique, which involves measuring the planet’s temperature as it passes behind its star and then comes back into view, is sign...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astrophysical Journal

Car batteries can be frozen for safer transportation

Currently damaged and defective lithium ion car batteries are hard to transport as legislation dictates they have to be placed within an explosion proof box which costs thousands of pounds to be transported.

– University of Warwick

Journal of Energy Storage

Bank on it: Gains in one type of force produced by fusion disruptions are offset by losses in another

Simulations show that halo currents can serve as a proxy for the total force produced by vertical disruptions.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Nuclear Fusion

Science Snapshots - microbiome matchmakers, solid-liquid interfaces, undersea earthquakes

Science Snapshots from Berkeley Lab

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nano Letters

Malaria deaths could be reduced thanks to Warwick engineers

The resurgence of Malaria in high-risk areas calls for new methods to combat the potentially dangerous situation. A collaboration between researchers at the University of Warwick and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine have found adding a barrier a...

– University of Warwick

Nature Microbiology

Gallery of Fluid Motion: Capturing Liquids and Gases in Action

Tears stream down your face. A beer flows down the side of a pint glass. Fluid mechanics is central to understanding the world around us. The beauty of fluid motion was on display last week in Seattle, where more than 3,000 scientists gathered for th...

– American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

72nd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics

SinuSonic Clinical Trial Data Shows Safety and Efficacy for a Novel, Nonpharmacologic Device for Nasal Congestion Relief

Healthy Humming, LLC is pleased to announce positive topline data from a prospective outcomes study, which assessed the safety and efficacy of the SinuSonic, a nasal congestion treatment device that combines nasal acoustic vibration with oscillating ...

– SinuSonic

Carpentry Compiler helps woodworkers design objects that they can actually make

UW researchers have created Carpentry Compiler, a digital tool that allows users to design woodworking projects. Once a project is designed, the tool creates optimized fabrication instructions based on the materials and equipment a user has available...

– University of Washington

ACM Transactions on Graphics; SIGGRAPH Asia

Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2019

An additively manufactured polymer layer applied to specialized plastic proved effective to protect aircraft from lightning strikes in lab test; injecting shattered argon pellets into a super-hot plasma, when needed, could protect a fusion reactor’...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

includes video

7 Tips to Keep Hackers, Crooks and Scammers Out of Your Smartphone

Hackers can exploit network vulnerabilities to steal passwords without being detected or use malicious media files disguised in photos or videos to access messages on unpatched phones.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Cori Bargmann: Reshaping science to save lives

This story is part of a series, called Georgia Groundbreakers, that celebrates innovative and visionary faculty, students, alumni and leaders throughout the history of the University of Georgia – and their profound, enduring impact on our state, ou...

– University of Georgia

Neutrons probe ultra-cold condensate for insight into quantum matter

Colorado State researchers used neutron scattering at ORNL to study an ytterbium silicate material that exhibits a Bose-Einstein condensate, an unusual quantum phase of matter that may help better understand similar phenomena in other quantum materia...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters

SciWire Policy and Public Affairs

This World AIDS Day Finds Us at a Crossroads

This World AIDS Day marks a promising and unprecedented point in a quest begun nearly four decades ago to end the global public health threat of HIV through science and solidarity. Increasingly, effective and essential technologies, medicines and me...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

SciWire Announcement

GAIUS Networks, A Start-Up Co-Founded by NYU, NYU Abu Dhabi Researchers Chosen for Facebook Accelerator Program

GAIUS Networks, co-founded by researchers at New York University and NYU Abu Dhabi, has been selected for Facebook Accelerator London’s program—a 12-week session that pairs start-ups with the team at Facebook’s London lab.

– New York University

Highlights for reporters from the 2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting

Check out this day-by-day rundown of events and sessions of interest to media at the 2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting taking place Dec. 7-11 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, DC.

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting

NYU’s Grier, Creator of Tractor Beam, Named Fellow of National Academy of Inventors

New York University Professor David Grier, who has pioneered technologies for organizing and probing matter with computational holography, has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors.

– New York University

Ge Wang Named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors

Ge Wang, the Clark and Crossan Endowed Chair of biomedical engineering and director of the Biomedical Imaging Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been named a fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI).

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Machine Learning for Tomographic Imaging

UD engineering professor honored by National Academy of Inventors

Kristi Kiick, Blue and Gold Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Delaware, has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI), the organization announced today.

– University of Delaware

GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer Announces Young Innovators Team Award Recipients

GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer announced the recipients of the 2019 Young Innovators Team Awards (YITA) today. Two teams of researchers received grants totaling $500,000 for their work developing novel strategies to treat KRAS-mutant non-small cell ...

– GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer

Connecting Scientists and Ideas: Why the 2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting is must-do

The American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) and the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) once again have teamed up to produce the largest gathering of cell scientists in the world. The 2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting takes place Dec. 7-11, in Washi...

– American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB)

2019 ASCB|EMBO Meeting

Late Florida Sea Grant Director’s Art to Support Students and Research

Karl Havens was a leading international expert on aquatic research, management, education and outreach. Now, his art will support those who carry on his life’s work, with bidding underway for a selection of his original artwork. Funds raised will b...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Winning Opioid Detection Technologies to be Announced, Demonstrated

DHS S&T in partnership with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the White House ONDCP, and USPIS will announce the winning technologies in the Opioid Detection Challenge at 11:00 a.m., Thursday, December 12, 2019 at the DHS TSL in Egg Harbor Town...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate





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