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Newswise SciWire
Monday, December 16, 2019

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(31 New)
 

Science News

16-Dec-2019


New CRISPR-based System Targets Amplified Antibiotic-resistant Genes

Researchers have developed a new CRISPR-based gene-drive system that more efficiently inactivates a gene rendering bacteria antibiotic-resistant. The new system leverages technology developed by UC San Diego biologists in insects and mammals that bia...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications, Dec-2019

Embargo expired on 16-Dec-2019 at 05:00 ET


Engineers developing machine-learning tools to quickly, cheaply design better solar cells

Iowa State engineers are working with collaborators to develop machine learning theories and software tools that can quickly and cheaply design better solar cells. Those theories and tools could also be applied to the rapid design of all kinds of new...

– Iowa State University

DOE ARPA-E DIFFERENTIATE grant


20th Year of Particle Smashups Underway at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The 20th year of particle collisions is underway at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility for nuclear physics research at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The particle smashups will con...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

13-Dec-2019


A self-cleaning surface that repels even the deadliest superbugs

A team of researchers at McMaster University has developed a self-cleaning surface that can repel all forms of bacteria, preventing the transfer of antibiotic-resistant superbugs and other dangerous bacteria in settings ranging from hospitals to kitc...

– McMaster University

ACS Nano

Embargo expired on 13-Dec-2019 at 12:00 ET


Wetlands, crops can mitigate storm damageto coastal cities, study led by UAH finds

Coastal cities can be spared some wind destruction from intensifying hurricanes or tropical storm systems if they have functional wetland ecosystems and agricultural croplands in the area, according to new computer modeling.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Scientific Reports Nov. 2019


Batten down the hatches: Preventing heat leaks to help create a star on Earth

PPPL physicists have identified a method by which instabilities can be tamed and heat can be prevented from leaking from fusion plasma, giving scientists a better grasp on how to optimize conditions for fusion in devices known as tokamaks.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Physics of Plasmas, Dec-2019


Following the lizard lung labyrinth

Mammals inhale oxygen-rich air and they exhale depleted air, exhibiting a so-called tidal flow pattern. In contrast, bird breath travels through part of the respiratory system, but in a one-way loop throughout most of the lung. Biologists have discov...

– University of Utah

The Anatomical Record Dec-2019

12-Dec-2019


Tiny Quantum Sensors Watch Materials Transform Under Pressure

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a diamond anvil sensor that could lead to a new generation of smart, designer materials, as well as the synthesis of new chemical compounds, atomically fine-tuned by pressure.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Science, Dec-2019

Embargo expired on 12-Dec-2019 at 14:00 ET


Daylight saving time does not misalign human cycles

Professor José María Martín-Olalla, from the University of Seville, has published a new report where the impact of seasonal clock-changing in daily life is analyzed from time use surveys in United States, Spain, Italy,

– University of Seville

Scientfic Reports


UCI-led team releases high-precision map of Antarctic ice sheet bed topography

Irvine, Calif., Dec. 12, 2019 – A University of California, Irvine-led team of glaciologists has unveiled the most accurate portrait yet of the contours of the land beneath Antarctica’s ice sheet – and, by doing so, has helped identify which re...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Geoscience


It's time to explain country in indigenous terms

It's time to write about Indigenous Australian place relationships in a new way - in a language that speaks in Indigenous terms first, to convey a rich meaning of Country and best identify its deep ecological and social relevance to Aboriginal people...

– Flinders University

Oceania


Research group confirm planet-mass objects in extragalactic systems

A University of Oklahoma research group is reporting the detection of extragalactic planet-mass objects in a second and third galaxy beyond the Milky Way after the first detection in 2018.

– University of Oklahoma

Astrophysical Journal


Can artificial intelligence help prevent suicides?

According to the CDC, the suicide rate for individuals 10-24 years old has increased 56% between 2007 and 2017. In comparison to the general population, more than half of people experiencing homelessness have had thoughts of suicide or have attempted...

– University of Southern California (USC)


Simulations Attempt to Reconstruct One of the Most Explosive Events in the Universe: A Neutron Star Merger

A team led by scientists that included Berkeley Lab researchers has simulated the formation of a disc of matter, a giant burst of ejected matter, and the startup of energetic jets in the aftermath of a merger by two neutron stars.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, September 16, 2019


Quenching Water Scarcity with a Good Pore

Researchers at UC San Diego and MIT linked theory and experiment to move closer to developing materials that address global water scarcity.

– University of California San Diego

Nature Communications; DMR-1452612; DE-SC0019333; ACI-1053575 ; FA9550-16-1-0327

includes video


An Urbanized Florida Means More Stormwater Ponds, Invasive Plants

In their first attempt to quantify stormwater ponds, researchers with the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences found about 76,000 such ponds statewide. Many master-planned communities, especially in Florida, rely on stormwater ponds for flo...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Science of the Total Environment


Interstellar Comet 2I/Borisov Swings Past the Sun

Hubble captured interstellar comet 2I/Borisov streaking past the Sun in a pair of images taken on November 16 and December 9. It is the first confirmed interstellar comet known to have passed through the solar system.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


ORNL, industry collaborate to advance building equipment efficiency, develop new refrigerants

Oak Ridge National Laboratory and five leading building equipment industries will collaborate to improve the energy performance of heating, air conditioning and ventilation systems and investigate climate-friendly alternative refrigerants.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Engineering research project studies active shooter situations in schools

Researchers at Iowa State University are creating a system that will provide students, teachers, police officers and others with accurate, real-time information in the event of an active shooter in a school.

– Iowa State University

NSF 1932033


A Galactic Dance

Galaxies lead a graceful existence on cosmic timescales. Over millions of years, they can engage in elaborate dances that produce some of Nature’s most exquisite and striking grand designs. Few are as captivating as the galactic duo known as NGC 53...

– NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

includes video


Watch on Live Camera As a Baby Albatross Grows Up

Millions of people from around the world can now witness a rare sight in real time: a Northern Royal Albatross pair nesting and raising their chick. The live views originate from a coastal albatross colony in Otago, on South Island, New Zealand, and ...

– Cornell University

includes video


UW scientist to lead NASA field study of East Coast snowstorms

To better understand large, disruptive snowstorms, a University of Washington atmospheric scientist will lead a NASA field campaign this winter to fly through major snowstorms along the East Coast. The multi-institutional team will observe snow as i...

– University of Washington


Barrels of ancient Antarctic air aim to track history of rare gas

An Antarctic field campaign last winter led by the U.S. and Australia has successfully extracted some of the largest samples of air dating from the 1870s until today. Researchers will use the samples to look for changes in the molecules that scrub th...

– University of Washington

includes video

SciWire Announcement


Scientists at the Forefront of Disease Etiology, Endocrine Disruption, Risk Assessment, and More Recognized with 2020 SOT Awards

The Society of Toxicology (SOT) is pleased to announce the 2020 SOT award recipients. This year’s honorees come from a variety of backgrounds, educational experiences, and career paths and are recognized for their immense contributions to toxicolog...

– Society of Toxicology


American College of Sports Medicine Announces Kristin Belleson as new Chief Executive Officer

Belleson joins ACSM from the American Osteopathic Association, where she served as interim chief operating officer and vice president of affiliate affairs and membership services. In her new role at ACSM, Belleson will lead the largest sports medicin...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)


Case School of Engineering creates new Computer & Data Sciences Department

Case Western Reserve University has launched a new Computer & Data Sciences Department in the Case School of Engineering (CSE) and announced the Kevin J. Kranzusch Professorship, which will be held by the future chair of the new department. The n...

– Case Western Reserve University


URI chemistry professor wins innovation award for ‘game-changing’ work on single-molecule sensing

Jason Dwyer, associate professor of chemistry at the University of Rhode Island, has won an internationally recognized Innovation Award for his advancements in single-molecule nanopore sensing from the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectrosc...

– University of Rhode Island


FSU researchers use mechanical engineering, scientific computing and forestry to better understand prescribed burns

In the effort to mitigate destructive wildfires, wildland managers often fight those uncontrolled fires with prescribed fire — carefully controlled burns to safely eliminate the vegetation that piles up on forest floors and adds to potential fuel. ...

– Florida State University


eChallenge winner streamlines honey harvest

An innovative way of pinpointing when honey will be ready to harvest has won top awards at this year’s Australian eChallenge awards. The wining concept, named Beecognition, has won its creators $16,000 in prize money plus over $5,000 worth of exper...

– University of Adelaide

SciWire Research Alert


India Welcomes a New Frog Species

– Wildlife Conservation Society

 "A new species of Polypedates Tschudi, 1838 (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from West Bengal State, Eastern India"


Diving Deep with Camera Traps

– Wildlife Conservation Society

 "A standardized assessment of forest mammal communities reveals consistent functional composition and vulnerability across the

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