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Newswise SciWire
Monday, January 6, 2020

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(17 New)
 

Science News

06-Jan-2020


Polluted Wastewater in the Forecast? Try A Solar Umbrella

Evaporation ponds, commonly used in many industries to manage wastewater, can occupy a large footprint and often pose risks to birds and other wildlife, yet they’re an economical way to deal with contaminated water. Now researchers at Berkeley Lab ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Sustainability

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2020 at 08:00 ET


Researchers Create Nanoscale Sensors to Better See How High Pressure Affects Materials

Researchers have developed new nanoscale technology to image and measure more of the stresses and strains on materials under high pressures.

– Iowa State University

Science, Dec. 13, 2019; Science, Nov. 29, 2019; Army Research Office, grant W911NF-17-1-0225 National Science Foundation, grants CMMI-1536925, DMR-1904830


Laser Pulse Creates Frequency Doubling in Amorphous Dielectric Material

Researchers have demonstrated a new all-optical technique for creating robust second-order nonlinear effects in materials that don’t normally support them. Using a laser pulse fired at an array of gold triangles on a titanium dioxide (TiO2) slab, t...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Physical Review Letters; ECCS-1542174; N00014-17-1-2555; DE-FG02-12ER16347

05-Jan-2020


Astronomers Find Wandering Massive Black Holes in Dwarf Galaxies

Studies with the VLA indicate that roughly half of the massive black holes in dwarf galaxies are not in the centers of those galaxies. This gives astronomers new insights into the conditions in which similar black holes formed and grew in the early h...

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2020 at 15:15 ET


Task Force Recommendations Outline Changes Needed to Increase African American Physics and Astronomy Students

Due to long-term and systemic issues leading to the consistent exclusion of African Americans in physics and astronomy, a task force is recommending sweeping changes and calling for awareness into the number and experiences of African American studen...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Time Is Now: Systemic Changes to Increase African Americans with Bachelor’s Degrees in Physics and Astronomy

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2020 at 18:00 ET


Simulated Image Demonstrates the Power of NASA’s Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope

NASA’s upcoming Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST), scheduled for launch in the mid-2020s, will have the power to survey the sky 1,000 times faster than the Hubble Space Telescope, with Hubble-quality detail, in the near-infrared.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

American Astronomical Society Meeting


NASA's Hubble Surveys Gigantic Galaxy

Hubble has photographed a majestic spiral galaxy, UGC 2885, located 232 million light-years away. The galaxy is 2.5 times wider than our Milky Way and contains 10 times as many stars. Astronomers want to know how it got so big.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

235th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society

includes video


NASA's Great Observatories Help Astronomers Build a 3D Visualization of Exploded Star

Astronomers and visualization specialists have combined the visible, infrared and X-ray vision of NASA's Great Observatories to create a 3D representation of the dynamic Crab Nebula—the tattered remains of an exploded star.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

235th Meeting of the American Astronomical Society, Jan-2020

includes video


The Turbulent Life of Two Supermassive Black Holes Caught in a Galaxy Crash

An international team of astronomers used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to create the most detailed image yet of the gas surrounding two supermassive black holes in a merging galaxy.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Astrophysical Journal; Astrophysical Journal Letters; 235th meeting of the American Astronomical Society

includes video

02-Jan-2020


Researchers learn more about teen-age T.Rex

Without a doubt, Tyrannosaurus rex is the most famous dinosaur in the world. The 40-foot-long predator with bone crushing teeth inside a five-foot long head are the stuff of legend.

– Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences

Science Advances


Taking the measure of glycans

Glycans on antibody drugs can significantly affect their safety and efficacy. A study conducted by NIST investigates how well pharmaceutical and research labs are equipped to measure this important post-translational modification.

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Molecular & Cellular Proteomics


New study estimates the global extent of river ice loss as Earth warms

More than half of Earth's rivers freeze over every year. These frozen rivers support important transportation networks for communities and industries located at high latitudes.

– University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Nature


Tests Measure Solar Panel Performance Beyond Established Standards

In testing solar panels, the sun’s intensity, the spectral composition and the angle of light are important factors in understanding why certain panels are successful and others degrade more quickly. To address the knowledge gap in degradation mech...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy


ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a quantum chemistry simulation benchmark to evaluate the performance of quantum devices and guide the development of applications for future quantum compu...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

npj Quantum Information


BP Looks to ORNL, ADIOS to Help Rein in Data

British Petroleum researchers invited ORNL data scientists to give the company’s high-performance computing team a tutorial of the laboratory’s ADIOS I/O middleware. ADIOS has helped researchers achieve scientific breakthroughs by providing a sim...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Ten not-to-be-missed PPPL stories from 2019 — plus a triple bonus!

Arms control robots, a new national facility, and accelerating the drive to bring the fusion energy that powers the stars to Earth: Ten (and a triple bonus!) Must-Read Stories of 2019 from PPPL

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

SciWire Announcement


ECS Journal Services Now Provided Through New Partner, IOP Publishing

The Electrochemical Society (ECS) announces that as of January 2, 2020, ECS journals are published and available through IOP Publishing (IOPP), the publishing company of the Institute of Physics.

– The Electrochemical Society

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2020 at 16:00 ET

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