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Newswise SciWire
Monday, January 13, 2020

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Science News

13-Jan-2020


Engineers develop “chameleon metals” that change surfaces in response to heat

Martin Thuo and his research group have found a way to use heat to predictably and precisely change the surface structure of a particle of liquid metal. It's like a chameleon changing skin color in response to its environment. And so Thuo and his tea...

– Iowa State University

Angewandte Chemie


Dehydrated, low on sugar or at risk of skin infection? Wearable sensor made by NUS researchers can tell from your sweat

A team of NUS researchers have come up with the pH Watch, an ‘add-on’ to a wearable health monitoring gadget that can tell users about the condition of their health from their sweat pH.

– National University of Singapore


Artificial Intelligence (AI) can detect low-glucose levels via ECG without fingerpick test

Tracking sugar in the blood is crucial for both healthy individuals and diabetic patients. Current methods to measure glucose requires needles and repeated fingerpicks over the day. Fingerpicks can often be painful, deterring patient compliance

– University of Warwick

Scientific Reports


McMaster chemists find new way to break down old tires into material for new ones

A team of chemists at McMaster University has discovered an innovative way to break down and dissolve the rubber used in automobile tires, a process which could lead to new recycling methods that have so far proven to be expensive, difficult and larg...

– McMaster University

Green Chemistry

includes video


And on that farm, he had a robot

Will robots someday replace farm workers? Do we want them to? Oregon State University College of Engineering agricultural robotics expert Joe Davidson talks about the potential benefits of using robots in agriculture, and what goes into designing the...

– Oregon State University, College of Engineering


Mindfulness needed when salting sidewalks, roads

Alternative methods have safer environmental impact

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

12-Jan-2020


Climate change unlikely to drive sugar maples north

Sugar maples won’t be heading north anytime soon, despite climate change, according to a new study published in the Journal of Ecology.

– Universite de Montreal

Journal of Ecology, Jannuary 13, 2020; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Embargo expired on 12-Jan-2020 at 19:05 ET

10-Jan-2020


Scientists Transform a BBQ Lighter Into a High-Tech Lab Device

Researchers have devised a straightforward technique for building a laboratory device known as an electroporator – which applies a jolt of electricity to temporarily open cell walls – from inexpensive components, including a piezoelectric crystal...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

PLOS Biology; 1817334; R01-EB022592

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 12:00 ET


Maturing Out of Alcohol Use in Young Adulthood

Rates of heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder peak in the late adolescent and early adult age-group (19-25 years), before decreasing from around age 26. This supports the notion that many young people ‘mature out’ of heavier drinking behavior....

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 10:00 ET


Satellite constellations harvest energy for near-total global coverage

A National Science Foundation-sponsored collaboration led by Patrick Reed, the Joseph C. Ford Professor of Engineering at Cornell University, has discovered the right combination of factors to make a four-satellite constellation possible, which could...

– Cornell University

Nature Communications, Jan. 2020

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 05:00 ET


Plants Found to Speak Roundworm’s Language

Nematodes are tiny, ubiquitous roundworms that infect plant roots, causing more than $100 billion in crop damage worldwide each year.

– Boyce Thompson Institute

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 17:00 ET


Cracks in Arctic Sea Ice Turn Low Clouds on and Off


The prevailing view has been that more leads are associated with more low-level clouds during winter. But University of Utah atmospheric scientists noticed something strange in their study of these leads: when lead occurrence was greater, there were...

– University of Utah

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2020 at 05:00 ET


Team led by NUS avian researcher discovered 10 new bird taxa in little-explored islands of Wallacea

...

– National University of Singapore

Science


'Bilingual' molecule connects two basic codes for life

The nucleic acids of DNA encode genetic information, while the amino acids of proteins contain the code to turn that information into structures and functions. Together, they provide the two fundamental codes underlying all of life.

– Emory Health Sciences

Journal of the American Chemical Society


New study shows dominance of local air pollution sources in Delhi

The University of Surrey has revealed results from a new, comprehensive study that suggests that activities such as construction and vehicle traffic contribute significantly to the Delhi National Capital Region's high concentrations of harmful air po...

– University of Surrey

Sustainable Cities and Society


Scientists use ancient marine fossils to unravel long-standing climate puzzle

Cardiff University scientists have shed new light on the Earth's climate behaviour during the last known period of global warming over 14 million years ago.

– Cardiff University

Nature Communications


Moffitt Researchers Identify Molecular Characteristics of Leptomeningeal Melanoma Metastases

Very little information is known about the molecular development of leptomeningeal melanoma metastases (LMM), making it difficult to develop effective therapies. Researchers in Moffitt Cancer Center’s Donald A. Adam Melanoma and Skin Cancer Center...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Clinical Cancer Research, Jan-2020


New computer code could reach fusion faster

Scientists often make progress by coming up with new ways to look at old problems. That has happened at PPPL, where physicists have used a simple insight to capture the complex effects of many high-frequency waves in a fusion plasma.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Physics of Plasmas, July-2019


Study puts the 'Carib' in 'Caribbean,' boosting credibility of Columbus' cannibal claims

Christopher Columbus' accounts of the Caribbean include harrowing descriptions of fierce raiders who abducted women and cannibalized men - stories long dismissed as myths.

– Florida Museum of Natural History

Scientific Reports


Unused stockpiles of nuclear waste could be more useful than we might think

Chemists have found a new use for the waste product of nuclear power - transforming an unused stockpile into a versatile compound which could be used to create valuable commodity chemicals as well as new energy sources.

– University of Sussex

Journal of the American Chemical Society


Supercomputer Simulations Showcase Novel Planet Formation Models

Scientists at the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) used SDSC’s Comet supercomputer to help model the formation of terrestrial planets such as Mercury, Venus, and Mars in a quest to explore if there are Earth-like planets outside our solar system...

– University of California San Diego

NNA14AB03A; Icarus Journal


An 18-carat gold nugget made of plastic

Lovers of gold watches and heavy jewellery will be thrilled. The objects of their desire may someday become much lighter, but without losing any of their glitter. Especially with watches, a small amount of weight can make all the difference.

– ETH Zürich

Advanced Functional Materials


Scientists Find Oldest-Known Fossilized Digestive Tract -- 550 Million Years

A 550 million-year-old fossilized digestive tract found in the Nevada desert could be a key find in understanding the early history of animals on Earth.

– University of Missouri, Columbia

Nature Communications


Hummingbirds' rainbow colors come from pancake-shaped structures in their feathers

Hummingbirds are some of the most brightly-colored things in the entire world.

– Field Museum

Evolution


Beyond the Bushfires, What Can Teachers Do to Help Their Kids?

In a little over two weeks, more than three million Australian students will return to school, ready to start a new year. But, amid the packed lunches and book bags, many may also be returning with a sense of anxiety and confusion in the aftermath of...

– University of South Australia


New quantum loop provides long national testbed for quantum communication technology

Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago launched a new testbed for quantum communication experiments from Argonne last week.

– Argonne National Laboratory


Cornell develops educational toolkit for testing e-cigarettes

To complement the wide range of information on the potential dangers of vaping, the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine has developed a new learning module for high school classrooms that encourages students to directly test the effects...

– Cornell University


Department of Energy Selects Site for Electron-Ion Collider

UPTON, NY— Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) named Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island in New York as the site for building an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), a one-of-a-kind nuclear physics research facility. This announcement,...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


SuperTIGER on its second prowl — 130,000 feet above Antarctica

A balloon-borne scientific instrument designed to study the origin of cosmic rays is taking its second turn high above the continent of Antarctica three and a half weeks after its launch. SuperTIGER (Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder) is des...

– Washington University in St. Louis

09-Jan-2020


The CUORE Underground Experiment Narrows the Search for Rare Particle Process

The largest set of data yet from an underground experiment called CUORE sets more stringent limits on a theoretical ultra-rare particle process known as neutrinoless double-beta decay that could help to explain the abundance of matter over antimatter...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2020 at 11:00 ET


Scientists observe ultrafast birth of radicals

An international team of researchers have, for the first time, glimpsed the ultrafast process of proton transfer following ionization of liquid water, shedding light on how radical cations separate from their electron partners, neutralize and subsequ...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Science

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2020 at 14:00 ET


Study: How U.S. sewage plants can remove medicines from wastewater

A study of seven wastewater treatment plants points to two treatment methods — granular activated carbon and ozonation — as being particularly promising for reducing the concentration of pharmaceuticals including certain antidepressants and antib...

– University at Buffalo

Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology


Toward a smarter way of recharging the aquifer

Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis have solved a mystery: How did arsenic show up in aquifer water that had been triple purified? Dissolved organic compounds.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Environmental Science and Technology, Oct, 2019; DE-AC02-06CH11357; EAR-1424927


LANL News: Scientists image heart RNA structure for the first time

Scientists at Los Alamos and international partners have created the first 3-D images of a special type of RNA molecule that is critical for stem cell programming and known as the “dark matter” of the genome.

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nature Communications

includes video


Study finds salt nanoparticles are toxic to cancer cells

A new study at the University of Georgia has found a way to attack cancer cells that is potentially less harmful to the patient.

– University of Georgia

Advanced Materials


Growing strained crystals could improve performance of perovskite electronics

A new method could enable researchers to build more efficient, longer lasting perovskite solar cells and LEDs. By growing thin perovskite films on different substrates, UC San Diego engineers invented a way of fabricating perovskite single crystals w...

– University of California San Diego

Nature, Jan-2020


The Wild World of Microbe-Made Products – Skis Now Included

Biomanufacturing – harnessing biological processes in cells and microbes to design and manufacture products – is revolutionizing how we make everything from futuristic consumer goods to sustainable fuels to breakthrough medicines. Every biomanufa...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

includes video


Investigating the Ocean’s Influence on Australia’s Drought

To understand how the relentless heat, blazing wild fires, and bone-dry conditions have reached such extremes, scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) are looking to the ocean.

Expert Available

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

SciWire Announcement


New Program Supports Machine Learning in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering

The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation announces the establishment of a new program for Machine Learning in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering. The goal of this program is to further the understanding and applications of machine learning through...

– Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation


Los Alamos National Laboratory joins IBM Q Network to explore quantum computing algorithms and education outreach

Los Alamos National Laboratory announced today at CES 2020 that it is joining the cloud-based IBM Q Network as part of the Laboratory’s research initiative into quantum computing, including developing quantum computing algorithms, conducting resear...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory


Christopher Kochanek Awarded 2020 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics Contributions

The Heineman Foundation, AIP and AAS announce today the 2020 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics is awarded to Christopher Kochanek, professor at Ohio State University, "who has combined observations and theory to make outstanding contributions to...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)


Jefferson Lab to be Major Partner in Electron Ion Collider Project

The Department of Energy announced that it has taken the next step toward construction of an Electron Ion Collider (EIC) in the United States. DOE announced on Thursday that the collider will be sited at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upto...

– Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility


CPU2AL Accepting Plasma Physics Internship Applications

Applications for internship programs are now being accepted by the National Science Foundation funded EPSCoR Project Connecting the Plasma Universe to Plasma Technology in Alabama (CPU2AL), which is headquartered at The University of Alabama in Hunts...

– University of Alabama Huntsville

SciWire Research Alert


Gorilla in mourning

– Wildlife Conservation Society

African Journal of Ecology


The Secret Lives of Sulawesi’s Civets

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Oryx


Marine scientists examine impacts of different fishing gear on coral reefs

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Journal of Applied Ecology


Study Finds Beluga Calls Drop When Boat Traffic Increases

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Arctic


The challenge of conserving “scary” species

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Science Communication


When Snakes Cannibalize

– Wildlife Conservation Society

African Journal of Ecology


Planning for change on Colombia’s savannahs

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Environmental Research Letters


Mercury in Northern Ontario Fish

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecosystems

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