Newswise — Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection that typically causes swelling of the lymph nodes. It usually results from the scratch, lick, or bite of a cat. In the United States, about 22,000 cases are diagnosed annually, most of them in people under the age of 21. For most children, this bacterial infection will either resolve on its own or be treated like a general infection by a pediatrician.

But a new study presented at the 2007 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO indicates that some children suffering from CSD may require surgical intervention. The retrospective study reviewed case histories of nine patients diagnosed with CSD who were initially treated with antibiotic therapy. Six of the nine patients did not respond appropriately to the antibiotic therapy and required surgery; however, no patients exhibited a recurrence or major complication after surgical intervention.

The results of the study provide additional insight for ENT physicians and referring pediatricians caring for children with CSD. Surgical drainage and removal of the lymph nodes can confirm the diagnosis of CSD and provide tissue to rule out other diseases. The study concluded the approach is safe and well tolerated by patients, with minimal complications.

Title: Cat Scratch Disease Management in the Pediatric PopulationAuthors: Patrick D. Munson, MD, Laura J Orvidas, MD,Thomas G Boyce, MDDate: Wednesday, Sep 19, 8:54 am - 9:02 am

Information for the Media The AAO-HNS Annual Meeting newsroom will be located in Registration East, Street Level of the Washington, D.C. Convention Center. Hours of operation: Saturday, September 15, 12 p.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday - Tuesday, September 16 -18, 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.; and Wednesday, September 19, 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. The newsroom serves as a work space for credentialed members of the media and credentialed public relations staff. The newsroom is managed and staffed by the AAO-HNS Communications Unit. Please see the AAO-HNS website for media credentialing requirements for the event -

About the AAO-HNSThe American Academy of Otolaryngology " Head and Neck Surgery (, one of the oldest medical associations in the nation, represents more than 12,000 physicians and allied health professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck. The Academy serves its members by facilitating the advancement of the science and art of medicine related to otolaryngology and by representing the specialty in governmental and socioeconomic issues. The organization's mission: "Working for the Best Ear, Nose, and Throat Care."

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2007 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO