Certain Factors Linked with Kidney Function Recovery in Children on Dialysis


Highlights

  • Among children on dialysis for end-stage kidney failure, patients with vasculitis, ischemic kidney failure, and hemolytic uremic syndrome were most likely to regain kidney function and no longer need dialysis.
  • Younger age and initiation on hemodialysis instead of peritoneal dialysis were also associated with recovery of kidney function.

Washington, DC (September 20, 2018) — Children with kidney failure due to certain diseases may regain kidney function and therefore no longer need dialysis, and kidney transplantation might be postponed. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), may help clinicians better allocate scarce donor kidneys to pediatric patients.

Although kidney failure is often irreversible, a small percentage of patients who need dialysis to stay alive regain kidney function. To study this issue in children, Marjolein Bonthuis, PhD (ESPN/ERA-EDTA Registry, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, in the Netherlands) and her colleagues analyzed data for 6574 patients from 36 European countries who started dialysis before the age of 15 years between 1990 and 2014.

Within two years after dialysis initiation, 130 patients (2%) experienced enough recovery of their kidney function to stop dialysis, and the median time to such recovery was 5 months. Compared with patients with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, recovery more often occurred in patients with vasculitis, ischemic kidney failure, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Younger age and initiation on hemodialysis instead of peritoneal dialysis were also associated with recovery. For 42 patients (32%), recovery was transient, as they returned to dialysis or underwent kidney transplantation after a median recovery period of 19.7 months.

“Kidney transplantation is regarded the optimal treatment for children with end-stage kidney disease and pediatric nephrologists try to reduce the time on dialysis and schedule kidney transplantation as early as possible. However, we found that in children on dialysis with specific kidney diseases, as well as in very young children, recovery of the native kidney function was much more likely,” said Dr. Bonthuis. “Therefore, the opportunity of recovery should be considered when planning early kidney transplantation in these children. Transplantation might be postponed in these children and scarce donor kidneys could be saved for later times or for other recipients.”

Study co-authors include Jérôme Harambat, MD,PhD; Etienne Bérard, MD; Karlien Cransberg, MD, PhD; Ali Duzova, MD; Liliana Garneata, MD, PhD; Maria Herthelius, MD, PhD; Adrian C Lungu, MD; Timo Jahnukainen, MD, PhD; Lukas Kaltenegger, MD; Gema Ariceta, MD; Elisabeth Maurer, DVM; Runolfur Palsson, MD; Manish D Sinha, MD, PhD; Sara Testa, MD; Jaap W Groothoff, MD, PhD; and Kitty J Jager, MD, PhD.

Disclosures: The authors reported no financial disclosures.

The article, entitled “Recovery of Kidney Function in Children Treated with Maintenance Dialysis,” will appear online at http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/ on September 20, 2018.

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Since 1966, ASN has been leading the fight to prevent, treat, and cure kidney diseases throughout the world by educating health professionals and scientists, advancing research and innovation, communicating new knowledge, and advocating for the highest quality care for patients. ASN has more than 18,000 members representing 124 countries. For more information, please visit www.asn-online.org or contact the society at 202-640-4660.

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