Feature Channels: Autism

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Newswise: Siblings with autism share more of dad’s genome, not mom’s
Released: 22-May-2023 8:40 PM EDT
Siblings with autism share more of dad’s genome, not mom’s
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) researchers have flipped the script on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) genetics.

Newswise: New study sheds light on complex genetics of autism in East African families
Released: 22-May-2023 12:25 PM EDT
New study sheds light on complex genetics of autism in East African families
UT Southwestern Medical Center

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified hundreds of genomic variants associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in East African families who have a markedly higher prevalence of the neurodevelopmental condition than other populations worldwide. The study, published in Cell Genomics, is the first to investigate the genetics of ASD in an African population, an important step toward decreasing racial and ethnic health disparities for this condition, the authors said.

Released: 19-May-2023 7:50 PM EDT
New study finds common autism screening tool is effective but has limitations
UC Davis MIND Institute

A UC Davis MIND Institute analysis of 13 studies finds that a common autism screening tool is useful, but a clinician’s judgment is still needed.

Newswise: Study first to examine how early memory changes as we age at a cellular level
Released: 16-May-2023 8:00 PM EDT
Study first to examine how early memory changes as we age at a cellular level
The Hospital for Sick Children

How do our brains become capable of creating specific memories? In one of the first preclinical studies to examine memory development in youth, a research team at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) may have identified a molecular cause for memory changes in early childhood.

Released: 15-May-2023 7:15 PM EDT
'Love hormone' guides young songbirds in choice of 'voice coach'
Emory University

Oxytocin, the so-called “love hormone,” plays a key role in the process of how a young zebra finch learns to sing by imitating its elders, suggests a new study by neuroscientists at Emory University. Scientific Reports published the findings, which add to the understanding of the neurochemistry of social learning.

   
Released: 15-May-2023 1:00 PM EDT
Clinically relevant deficiency of the “bonding hormone” oxytocin demonstrated
University of Basel

The hormone oxytocin is important for social interaction and to control emotions. A deficiency of this hormone has previously been assumed in various diseases such as autism, but has never been proven.

Newswise: The Acute Problem of Chronic Disease
Released: 10-May-2023 1:05 PM EDT
The Acute Problem of Chronic Disease
University of California San Diego

In medicine and science, the term “pathogenesis” describes the origin and development of disease. There is not, however, a broadly accepted term to describe the other half of the equation: the process of healing and recovery.

Released: 8-May-2023 12:25 PM EDT
How interleukin-6 helps prevent allergic asthma and atopy by suppressing interleukin-2 signaling
University of Alabama at Birmingham

The immune system has a biological telecommunications system — small proteins known as interleukins that send signals among the leukocyte white blood cells to control their defense against infections or nascent cancer.

Newswise: Scientists discover how mutations in a language gene produce speech deficits
Released: 4-May-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Scientists discover how mutations in a language gene produce speech deficits
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Mutations of a gene called Foxp2 have been linked to a type of speech disorder called apraxia that makes it difficult to produce sequences of sound.

Released: 4-May-2023 11:15 AM EDT
Jumpstarting to Independence: A creative solution to improve equity in Applied Behavior Analysis therapy for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
University of Chicago Medical Center

Children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) benefit from a type of therapy called Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). ABA can help patients with common challenges of ASD, such as noise sensitivity, communication, attention and daily activities. ABA therapy is generally delivered in a one-on-one setting -- typically in the family home, an ABA therapy center or school - to support children with ASD and help work through challenges.

Newswise: Changes in Father’s Sperm Linked to Autistic Traits in Their Children, Small Preliminary Study Suggests
Released: 27-Apr-2023 10:00 AM EDT
Changes in Father’s Sperm Linked to Autistic Traits in Their Children, Small Preliminary Study Suggests
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Among families with children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, Johns Hopkins University researchers say they have found a link between chemical “marks” on DNA in the sperm of fathers and autistic traits in their 3-year-old children.

Newswise:Video Embedded unisa-health-students-ahead-when-it-comes-to-autism
VIDEO
Released: 26-Apr-2023 3:05 AM EDT
UniSA health students ahead when it comes to autism
University of South Australia

UniSA’s allied health students will be the first in Australia to learn how to implement the National Guideline for the Assessment and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders, as the University becomes the first hosting partner of Autism CRC’s tailored undergraduate eLearning lecture and activity.

   
Newswise: Research links common insecticide to neurodevelopmental disorders
Released: 25-Apr-2023 2:55 PM EDT
Research links common insecticide to neurodevelopmental disorders
University of Toledo

A new study from The University of Toledo suggests early exposure to a common class of insecticides called pyrethroids may increase the risk of autism and other developmental disorders, even at levels currently recognized as safe by federal regulators.

Newswise:Video Embedded live-event-for-april-21-sleeping-pill-reduces-levels-of-alzheimer-s-proteins
VIDEO
Released: 21-Apr-2023 3:10 PM EDT
TRANSCRIPT AND VIDEO AVAILABLE Live Event for April 21: Sleeping pill reduces levels of Alzheimer’s proteins
Newswise

Researcher will discuss the study which involved a sleeping aid known as suvorexant that is already approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for insomnia, hints at the potential of sleep medications to slow or stop the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

       
Newswise: An extra gene increases inhibitory signaling in the brain of the Down syndrome mouse
13-Apr-2023 2:10 PM EDT
An extra gene increases inhibitory signaling in the brain of the Down syndrome mouse
PLOS

An extra copy of a gene that controls synapse formation in the cortex causes excessive inhibitory signaling and may contribute to Down syndrome, according to a new study publishing April 20th in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Bing Ye of the University of Michigan, US, and colleagues.

   
Released: 13-Apr-2023 12:00 PM EDT
Researchers Find Earlier Intervention Leads to Greater Improvements in Young Children on the Autism Spectrum
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Researchers have demonstrated that starting intervention coaching parents of autistic toddlers as early as 18 months leads to better gains in language, social communication, and daily living skills.

Released: 12-Apr-2023 7:10 PM EDT
Innovative healthcare extension project enables community-based physicians to diagnose autism in young children
University of Missouri, Columbia

As the number of children in need of access to timely evaluation and intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to rise, new research is showing how barriers to diagnoses and treatment can be reduced through an innovative training program first developed at the University of Missouri.

Newswise: amanda-buch_nature-neuroscience-2023_small-edit.png?itok=I-z4A5jy&c=08cb6c5c203cde577cc7a25bd855a18f
Released: 7-Apr-2023 7:55 PM EDT
Four different autism subtypes identified in brain study
Weill Cornell Medicine

People with autism spectrum disorder can be classified into four distinct subtypes based on their brain activity and behavior, according to a study from Weill Cornell Medicine investigators.

Newswise: Therapy for babies with signs of autism cuts long-term disability costs
4-Apr-2023 11:00 AM EDT
Therapy for babies with signs of autism cuts long-term disability costs
University of South Australia

New research evaluating the potential cost savings of a therapy for babies displaying early autism signs has predicted a three dollar return to Australia’s National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) for every dollar invested in therapy.

Newswise: How an autism gene contributes to infertility
Released: 4-Apr-2023 4:40 PM EDT
How an autism gene contributes to infertility
University of California, Riverside

A University of California, Riverside, study has identified the biological underpinnings of a reproductive disorder caused by the mutation of a gene.

30-Mar-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Higher lithium levels in drinking water may raise autism risk
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Pregnant women whose household tap water had higher levels of lithium had a moderately higher risk of their offspring being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, researchers reported in JAMA Pediatrics.

Newswise: Learning to love music
Released: 29-Mar-2023 1:10 PM EDT
Learning to love music
University of Delaware

Cross-college innovation helps children with autism while providing high-impact learning experience

Released: 28-Mar-2023 2:20 PM EDT
From the doctor's office to the operating room: Keep up with the latest in healthcare here
Newswise

From septic shock to sticker shock. Keep up with this ever-growing, changing sector. Below are some of the latest stories on healthcare on Newswise.

Newswise: Utah Findings Show Shifting Demographics of Children Identified with Autism
Released: 23-Mar-2023 4:35 PM EDT
Utah Findings Show Shifting Demographics of Children Identified with Autism
University of Utah Health

For the first time, a new analysis found that among Utah children aged 8 years old, rates of autism were equal in White children and children from historically underserved populations, including Hispanic and Pacific Islanders.

Newswise: Autism Rates Continue to Rise in California
Released: 23-Mar-2023 2:00 PM EDT
Autism Rates Continue to Rise in California
University of California San Diego

Autism rates are on the rise in the United States, and especially in California. UC San Diego researchers link changing rates and demographics to increased early-detection.

Released: 23-Mar-2023 1:55 PM EDT
CDC Report Shows Overall and Maryland Autism Rate Increase Among 8-Year-Olds
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that found a continued rise in the overall prevalence of autism among 8-year-olds in 2020, the year the data was collected, as well as notable sex and racial/ethnic trends.

23-Mar-2023 10:50 AM EDT
Rates of Autism Climb to New Highs in the U.S., With California Setting Record Numbers
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

New federal studies coauthored by autism experts at Rutgers found that more children have been diagnosed with autism than at any time since monitoring began more than two decades ago. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 4 percent of 8-year-old boys and 1 percent of 8-year-old girls, have autism in the U.S. These estimates are the highest since the CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network was created in 2000.

10-Mar-2023 4:55 PM EST
Researchers Identify Novel Genes That May Increase Risk For Schizophrenia
Mount Sinai Health System

Researchers have identified two previously unknown genes linked to schizophrenia and newly implicated a third gene as carrying risk for both schizophrenia and autism. Led by the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the multi-center study further demonstrated that the schizophrenia risk conferred by these rare damaging variants is conserved across ethnicities. The study may also point to new therapeutics. The findings were published in the March 13 online issue of Nature Genetics.

Newswise: Ancient virus genome drives autism?
Released: 10-Mar-2023 1:05 PM EST
Ancient virus genome drives autism?
Kobe University

Although autism is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, the multiple factors behind its onset are still not fully understood.

Released: 7-Mar-2023 1:15 PM EST
Children at Risk for Autism Struggle to Notice Mismatched Audio and Video
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers research that may eventually enable far earlier autism diagnoses shows that typically developing infants perceive audio-video synchrony better than high-risk for autism infants.

Newswise: UC Davis study uncovers age-related brain differences in autistic individuals
3-Mar-2023 10:05 AM EST
UC Davis study uncovers age-related brain differences in autistic individuals
UC Davis Health (Defunct)

Differences in genes involved in inflammation, immunity response and neural transmissions begin in childhood and evolve across the lifespan in brains of people with autism, a UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

Released: 28-Feb-2023 6:05 PM EST
How does wildfire smoke affect pregnancy and children?
UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis researchers have been awarded $1.35 million from the Environmental Protection Agency to study the health impacts of wildfire smoke on pregnant people and children.

Released: 24-Feb-2023 10:55 AM EST
The far-reaching consequences of child abuse
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Maltreatment during childhood is an especially serious risk factor for health problems in the exposed individual, as it brings a host of lifelong consequences.

   
Newswise: A giant step forward in understanding autism
14-Feb-2023 4:55 PM EST
A giant step forward in understanding autism
Universite de Montreal

Canadian researchers show that in Fragile X syndrome, the most common cause of autism, sensory signals from the outside world are underrepresented by cortical pyramidal neurons in the brain. This phenomenon could provide important clues to the underlying cause of the syndrome's symptoms.

Newswise: New Study May Help to Explain Smell Challenges in Individuals with Autism
Released: 13-Feb-2023 10:05 AM EST
New Study May Help to Explain Smell Challenges in Individuals with Autism
New York Institute of Technology, New York Tech

A new study could help explain how the sense of smell is impacted in individuals with autism.

     
Newswise: Toddlers’ Attention to 'Motherese' Speech May Be Used to Diagnose Autism
6-Feb-2023 11:00 AM EST
Toddlers’ Attention to 'Motherese' Speech May Be Used to Diagnose Autism
University of California San Diego

Toddlers’ level of attention to "motherese" speech can be used as a biomarker for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). UC San Diego scientists developed a new eye-tracking test to measure it, which can accurately identify toddlers with a subtype of ASD.

Released: 31-Jan-2023 8:10 PM EST
IQ changes over time may help track development, guide intervention in autistic youth
UC Davis MIND Institute

A new study by UC Davis MIND Institute researchers finds that changes in the IQ level of autistic youth may help predict their developmental path as adolescents.

Released: 26-Jan-2023 4:15 PM EST
Tweets reveal where in cities people express different emotions and other behavioral studies in the Behavioral Science channel
Newswise

Below are some of the latest articles that have been added to the Behavioral Science channel on Newswise, a free source for journalists.

       
Newswise: Why are human brains so powerful? University of Kentucky, Hebrew University partner to find out
Released: 26-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Why are human brains so powerful? University of Kentucky, Hebrew University partner to find out
University of Kentucky

Researchers at the University of Kentucky and Hebrew University in Jerusalem are partnering to study the complexity of the human brain. Specifically, researchers will test whether new, so-far unknown proteins exist in the brain.Labs from the two institutions have obtained a joint grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF) to study new aspects of RNA biology.

Newswise: Researchers Unveil New Collection of Human Brain Atlases that Charts the Early Developing Brain in Fine Detail
Released: 26-Jan-2023 10:35 AM EST
Researchers Unveil New Collection of Human Brain Atlases that Charts the Early Developing Brain in Fine Detail
University of North Carolina Health Care System

Human brain atlases can be used by medical professionals to track normative trends over time and to pinpoint crucial aspects of early brain development. By using these atlases, they are able to see what typical structural and functional development looks like, making it easier for them to spot the symptoms of abnormal development, such as attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, and cerebral palsy.

18-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Study Logs Five-Fold Increase in Autism in New York-New Jersey Region
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Documented cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the New York–New Jersey metro region increased by as much as 500 percent between 2000 and 2016, with the highest increase among children without intellectual disabilities, according to a Rutgers study.

Newswise: Federally funded studies into treatment for chronic conditions overlook efficacy in adults with autism, analysis finds
Released: 17-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Federally funded studies into treatment for chronic conditions overlook efficacy in adults with autism, analysis finds
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Physical health disparity conditions in autistic adults have not been the focus of any research funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the last four decades, an analysis of a federal database found.

Released: 16-Jan-2023 4:35 PM EST
The link between mental health and ADHD is strong – so why aren’t we paying attention?
University of Bath

Adults with high levels of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are more likely to experience anxiety and depression than adults with high levels of autistic traits, according to new research led by psychologists at the University of Bath in the UK.

Newswise: A novel, powerful tool to unveil the communication between gut microbes and the brain
Released: 13-Jan-2023 4:50 PM EST
A novel, powerful tool to unveil the communication between gut microbes and the brain
Baylor College of Medicine

In the past decade, researchers have begun to appreciate the importance of a two-way communication that occurs between microbes in the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, known as the gut–brain axis.

Released: 11-Jan-2023 1:20 PM EST
Free symptom questionnaire may help indicate whether a child has autism
Wiley

Investigators have developed a freely available measure of autism symptoms that can help to screen for autism and monitor changes over time in symptoms.

Newswise: Model explains how autism arises
Released: 29-Dec-2022 2:10 PM EST
Model explains how autism arises
University of Gothenburg

The development of autism may now become easier to understand, thanks to an explanatory model presented in a thesis from University of Gothenburg, Sweden.



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