Feature Channels: Behavioral Science

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Released: 13-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Cigarette sales declining by 20 million a month after advent of standardized packaging
University of Bath

The introduction of standardised packaging for cigarettes in the UK, combined with stricter taxation measures on cheaper cigarettes, has led to a significant fall in sales for cigarettes, according to new analysis from researchers at the University of Bath.

Released: 13-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Study links attraction to 'tyrannical' leaders to dysfunctional family dynamics
San Francisco State University

Ever wonder how some leaders in business or politics who appear selfish, manipulative and domineering still manage to amass a following?

Released: 13-Jul-2020 10:40 AM EDT
Dream on
Washington University in St. Louis

Daydreaming and wandering thoughts can be a significant asset for employees in the workplace, depending upon certain attributes of the wanderer — specifically, if they are engaged in their profession or organization.

Newswise: Monell Scientist Receives 2020 Klingenstein-Simons Fellowship Award in Neuroscience
Released: 13-Jul-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Monell Scientist Receives 2020 Klingenstein-Simons Fellowship Award in Neuroscience
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Amber Alhadeff, PhD, the newest faculty member at the Monell Chemical Senses Center, has been awarded a 2020 Klingenstein-Simons Fellowship Award in Neurosciences, totaling $225,000 over three years.

Newswise: Perceiving the Flavor of Fat: Monell Center Twins Study Finds Genetic Variation Shapes Individual Perception of Fatty Foods
Released: 13-Jul-2020 8:50 AM EDT
Perceiving the Flavor of Fat: Monell Center Twins Study Finds Genetic Variation Shapes Individual Perception of Fatty Foods
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Liking of fatty food is more complex than its fat content alone – it could also be related to inborn genetic traits of the consumer related to fat perception.

Released: 10-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Our itch to share helps spread COVID-19 misinformation
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

To stay current about the Covid-19 pandemic, people need to process health information when they read the news. Inevitably, that means people will be exposed to health misinformation, too, in the form of false content, often found online, about the illness.

Newswise: When child care meets aged care, worlds align
Released: 9-Jul-2020 9:05 PM EDT
When child care meets aged care, worlds align
University of South Australia

While our oldest and youngest generations may seem worlds apart, a new ageing well initiative will bring them together in an innovative intergenerational education and development program that will connect children with older people in a structured way.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Psychologists pinpoint psychological factors of refugee integration
University of Münster

Due to border closures in the wake of the corona crisis, the arrival of refugees in Europe has temporarily dipped.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Parents' smartphone use does not harm parent/child relationships
Edith Cowan University

Contrary to popular views, parental smartphone use is rarely associated with poor parenting, and more often than not, tends to be associated with warm and attached parenting.

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Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:15 PM EDT
How vaping companies are using Instagram to market to young people
Aalto University

E-cigarettes are highly addictive nicotine products with unclear health impacts, particularly on young people. Instagram is a visual social media platform which is wildly popular, particularly with young people

Newswise: Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:00 PM EDT
Research News Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medicine

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Johns Hopkins Medicine Media Relations is focused on disseminating current, accurate and useful information to the public via the media. As part of that effort, we are distributing our “COVID-19 Tip Sheet: Story Ideas from Johns Hopkins” every Tuesday throughout the duration of the outbreak.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 11:25 AM EDT
Desert island discs: Music listened to in younger years defines us forever, research finds
SAGE Publications UK

Researchers at the University of Westminster and City University of London analysing the music record choices of guests on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs programme has found that the music we listen to between the age of 10 and 30 define us for the rest of our lives.

Released: 9-Jul-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Distorted Passage of Time During the Covid-19 Lockdown
PLOS

A survey conducted in the U.K. suggests that social and physical distancing measures put in place during the Covid-19 pandemic significantly impacted people’s perception of how quickly time passed compared to their pre-lockdown perceptions.

Released: 8-Jul-2020 2:00 PM EDT
UChicago study shows "Bystander Effect" not exclusive to humans
University of Chicago Medical Center

A rat is less likely to help a trapped companion if it is with other rats that aren’t helping, according to new research from the University of Chicago that showed the social psychological theory of the “bystander effect” in humans is present in these long-tailed rodents.

Released: 8-Jul-2020 1:25 PM EDT
New study reveals people more likely to donate when reminded of own mortality
University of British Columbia

New research from the UBC Sauder School of Business shows that people are 30 per cent more likely to donate their assets when faced with their own mortality.

Released: 8-Jul-2020 12:10 PM EDT
Early childhood education centers can boost parents' engagement at home
University of Arizona

COVID-19 has temporarily shuttered many early childhood education centers across the country, shifting full-time child care and teaching responsibilities largely to parents.

Newswise:Video Embedded time-to-get-real-on-the-power-of-positive-thinking-new-study
VIDEO
Released: 7-Jul-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Time to get real on the power of positive thinking -- new study
University of Bath

Positive thinking has long been extolled as the route to happiness, but it might be time to ditch the self-help books after a new study shows that realists enjoy a greater sense of long-term wellbeing than optimists.

Released: 7-Jul-2020 1:40 PM EDT
COVID-related discrimination disproportionately impacts racial minorities, study shows
University of Southern California (USC)

Discrimination against people thought to be infected with coronavirus was experienced by a rising number of United States residents, particularly racial minorities, in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study from the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences.

Released: 6-Jul-2020 5:10 PM EDT
Pet dogs may improve social-emotional development in young children
Springer

Young children from dog-owning households have better social and emotional wellbeing than children from households who do not own a dog, suggests research published in the journal Pediatric Research.

Released: 6-Jul-2020 2:10 PM EDT
What If People Use Autonomous Vehicles To Do Bad Things?
North Carolina State University

There’s a fairly large flaw in the way that programmers are currently addressing ethical concerns related to artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicles (AVs). Namely, existing approaches don’t account for the fact that people might try to use the AVs to do something bad.

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Released: 6-Jul-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Owner behavior affects effort and accuracy in dogs' communications
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Human communication has evolved mechanisms that can be observed across all cultures and languages, including the use of communication history and the principle of least effort

Released: 2-Jul-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Collectivism drives efforts to reduce the spread of COVID-19
University of Kent

Research from the University of Kent has found that people who adopt a collectivist mindset are more likely to comply with social distancing and hygiene practices to help reduce the spread of COVID-19.

29-Jun-2020 7:10 AM EDT
Men More Likely than Women to be Seen as Brilliant
New York University

Men are more likely than are women to be seen as “brilliant,” finds a new study measuring global perceptions linked to gender. The work concludes that these stereotyped views are an instance of implicit bias, revealing automatic associations that people cannot, or at least do not, report holding when asked directly.

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Released: 1-Jul-2020 2:45 PM EDT
How to bring conservation messaging into wildlife-based tourism
University of Helsinki

The study states that failing to encourage tourists to do more on behalf of wildlife represents a missed opportunity for conservation.

Released: 1-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
Surveys Reveal Significant Shifts in Consumer Behavior During Pandemic
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly altered how people shop, how much they buy, the trips they take outside their homes, and the number of tele-activities — like work, medicine, and education — that have become commonplace. These changes were rapid and have tremendously impacted the economy, supply chains, and the environment. Two sets of surveys were conducted by researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in an effort to quantify and understand these unprecedented shifts — and evaluate the likelihood they may last after the pandemic has ended.

Released: 1-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
School absenteeism has surprising consequences for adults
Ohio State University

Kids who miss a lot of school from kindergarten to eighth grade may suffer unexpected costs as young adults, a new study finds. Researchers found that those who were more regularly absent in these early years of school were less likely to vote and reported more economic difficulties when they were 22-23 years old.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Even when women outnumber men, gender bias persists among science undergrads
Colorado State University

Increasing gender diversity has been a long-sought goal across many of the sciences, and interventions and programs to attract more women into fields like physics and math often happen at the undergraduate level.

Newswise: Residents of some cities unwilling to comply with COVID-19 prevention behaviors
Released: 30-Jun-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Residents of some cities unwilling to comply with COVID-19 prevention behaviors
Penn State College of Medicine

Several U.S. cities may be at increased risk of surges in COVID-19 cases as they reopen their economies because their residents are unwilling to follow practices that reduce the spread of the disease, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 10:35 AM EDT
Nearly half of US youth have been stalked/harassed by partners
Boston University School of Medicine

A new, first-of-its-kind Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study finds that 48% of 12-18-year-olds who have been in a relationship have been stalked or harassed by a partner, and 42% have stalked or harassed a partner.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Older adults share fewer memories as they age
University of Arizona

By the time people reach a certain age, they've accumulated enough life experience to have plenty of stories to tell about life "back in their day."

Released: 30-Jun-2020 10:10 AM EDT
Study: New leaders emerge as organizations go to virtual work spaces
Brigham Young University

When work meetings shifted online this spring, some may have noticed new standouts among their colleagues. According to new research, members of virtual teams identify leaders in significantly different ways compared to members of in-person teams.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 10:10 AM EDT
The price of taking a stance: How corporate sociopolitical activism impacts bottom line
University of Arizona

As the political climate in the United States becomes increasingly charged, some businesses are looking to have their voices heard on controversial issues.

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Released: 29-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Native Amazonians, Americans and monkeys show similar thinking patterns
University of California, Berkeley

Humans and monkeys may not speak the same lingo, but our ways of thinking are a lot more similar than previously thought, according to new research from UC Berkeley, Harvard University and Carnegie Mellon University.

Released: 29-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
Coronavirus: Social distancing accepted when people understand exponential growth
University of Cologne

Researchers from the Social Cognition Center Cologne at the University of Cologne and from the University of Bremen report that participants in three experiments, each involving more than 500 adults in the United States, tended to assume the number of COVID-19 cases grew linearly with time, rather than exponentially.

Newswise: People Feel More Grateful for a ‘Special Favor’ — One Only for Themselves — Than They Do for a Group Benefit
Released: 29-Jun-2020 2:20 PM EDT
People Feel More Grateful for a ‘Special Favor’ — One Only for Themselves — Than They Do for a Group Benefit
Baylor University

People felt less gratitude when they read about receiving a favor along with many other individuals, as opposed to a favor that was only given to themselves, according to a Baylor University study. This is because people tend to think that benefactors who help them as individuals care more about them, specifically, compared to benefactors who help them in a group.

Released: 29-Jun-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Supporting LGBTQ+ youth who are Black, Indigenous and people of color
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Youth who are Black, Indigenous and people of color (BIPOC) that also identify as LGBTQ+ representation of sexual orientations and gender identities experience higher rates of social discrimination and isolation, including bullying, family rejection and a lack of social support. Here are ways that family and friends can support them.

Released: 26-Jun-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Helping consumers in a crisis
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

A new study shows that the central bank tool known as quantitative easing helped consumers substantially during the last big economic downturn -- a finding with clear relevance for today's pandemic-hit economy.

Released: 26-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
How conspiracy theories emerge -- and how their storylines fall apart
University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

A new study by UCLA professors offers a new way to understand how unfounded conspiracy theories emerge online.

Released: 25-Jun-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Better sleep with a partner
Frontiers

In many countries, sharing a bed with a partner is common practice. Yet, research investigating the relationship between bed sharing and sleep quality is both scarce and contradictory.

Released: 25-Jun-2020 12:35 PM EDT
Confrontation May Reduce White Prejudices, Rutgers Study Finds
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Confronting a white person who makes a racist or sexist statement can make them reflect on their words and avoid making biased statements about race or gender in the future, Rutgers researchers find.

Newswise: Uganda’s Ik are not Unbelievably Selfish and Mean
Released: 25-Jun-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Uganda’s Ik are not Unbelievably Selfish and Mean
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The Ik, a small ethnic group in Uganda, are not incredibly selfish and mean as portrayed in a 1972 book by a prominent anthropologist, according to a Rutgers-led study. Instead, the Ik are quite cooperative and generous with one another, and their culture features many traits that encourage generosity.

Released: 25-Jun-2020 1:10 AM EDT
Are you a hugger? It might be hereditary
University of Arizona

A new study of twins finds that genetics play a significant role in how affectionate women are, but the same can't be said for men.

Released: 24-Jun-2020 3:55 PM EDT
Unexpected Mental Illnesses Found in a Spectrum of a Rare Genetic Disorder
UC Davis Health

UC Davis MIND Institute researchers found an unexpected spectrum of mental illnesses in patients with a rare gene mutation. These patients had a “double hit” condition that combined features and symptoms of fragile X syndrome and premutation disorder, in addition to a range of psychiatric symptoms. The findings revealed the need for clinicians to consider the complexities of the co-existing conditions of patients with both psychological and fragile X associated disorders.

Newswise: Unfounded fear helps fuel police violence
Released: 24-Jun-2020 11:05 AM EDT
Unfounded fear helps fuel police violence
Furman University

Research shows that policing is a relatively safe job, but fear stoked by and among officers put black lives in danger.

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Released: 23-Jun-2020 2:10 PM EDT
'Game changer' for reporters: 2016 US presidential election coverage
University of Missouri, Columbia

The 2016 U.S. presidential election is considered a "game changer" for journalists covering the U.S. presidential elections by causing them to dramatically reconsider how they view their role -- either as neutral disseminators of information or impassioned advocates for the truth -- according to researchers at the University of Missouri's School of Journalism.

Released: 22-Jun-2020 3:15 PM EDT
Talking With Children About Race and Racism—an Age-by-Age Guide
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Talking to children about racism can be daunting. How much should you discuss? How young is too young? What if you don’t have all the answers? Pediatrician and health policy researcher Ashaunta Anderson, MD, MPH, MSHS, FAAP, is a Fellow with the American Academy of Pediatrics who has served as a member of organization’s Task Force on Addressing Bias and Discrimination. She says it’s never too early to talk to kids about race.

Released: 22-Jun-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Challenging yet positive parenting style benefits children's development
University of Michigan

When one talks about parenting, an image of the sensitive, caring mother—but not father—responding to a young child's emotional needs often comes to mind.

Released: 22-Jun-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Economic and social consequences of human mobility restrictions under COVID-19
Politecnico di Milano

The lockdown measures introduced in Italy to deal with COVID-19 have produced a mobility contraction which is not homogeneously distributed across Italian municipalities and regions.


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