Feature Channels: Behavioral Science

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Newswise: New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Released: 10-Aug-2020 4:10 PM EDT
New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart
Santa Fe Institute

If voters gravitate toward the center of the political spectrum, why are the parties drifting farther apart? A new model reveals a mechanism for increased polarization in U.S. politics, guided by the idea of "satisficing"-- that people will settle for a candidate who is "good enough."

Released: 10-Aug-2020 10:15 AM EDT
Fighting like cats and dogs?
University of Lincoln

Animal behaviour scientists from the University of Lincoln, UK, have discovered that filling your home with appeasing pheromones could be the key to a happy household where both dogs and cats are living under the same roof.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 7:25 AM EDT
GI symptoms linked to behavioral problems in children, especially those with autism
UC Davis Health

A new UC Davis Health study found that common gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation and bloating are linked to troubling sleep problems, self-harm and physical complaints in preschool children. According to the study, published Aug. 6 in Autism Research, these GI symptoms are much more common and potentially disruptive in young kids with autism.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:45 AM EDT
Study finds parents can help kids eat healthier by knowing their own sense of self-control
University of Oregon

Young children naturally like sugar and salt in food and develop food preferences based on what their parents serve them, but new research suggests that how parents view self-regulation also is a contributing factor.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

Newswise: Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Two-Thirds of Adults Support Vaccination, National Survey Says
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

When a COVID-19 vaccine becomes available, 66 percent of adults are likely to get vaccinated, and have their children vaccinated as well, according to a new nationwide survey led by researchers from Rutgers University–New Brunswick, Northeastern, Harvard, and Northwestern universities.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:20 PM EDT
Problem gambling and crime appear co-symptomatic, not causal
University at Buffalo

New research from a University at Buffalo sociologist is providing valuable insight into better understanding the association between criminal behaviors and problem gambling. “We’re finding that it’s not so much that problem gambling causes crime, but rather that the same background characteristics that contribute to predicting the likelihood of someone being a problem gambler also predict that they’ll engage in crime,” says Christopher Dennison, an assistant professor of sociology at UB.

Released: 4-Aug-2020 7:05 PM EDT
Lockdown study reports surge in health anxieties
University of Bath

New research into people's coping strategies faced with COVID-19 highlights the mental health toll for those shielding

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Racial discrimination linked to suicide
University of Houston

In this age of racial reckoning, new research findings indicate that racial discrimination is so painful that it is linked to the ability to die by suicide, a presumed prerequisite for being able to take one's own life.

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Released: 4-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Consumers don’t fully trust smart home technologies
University of Warwick

Smart home technologies are an emerging market, with some households installing voice controlled appliances and smart security

Newswise: Strong relationships in adulthood won’t ‘fix’ effects of early childhood adversity
Released: 3-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Strong relationships in adulthood won’t ‘fix’ effects of early childhood adversity
University of Notre Dame

Harsh conditions in early life are a fundamental cause of adult stress, and according to new research from the University of Notre Dame on wild baboons, this effect is not explained by a lack of social support in adulthood.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Consumer Behavior Has Shifted Significantly During Pandemic, Survey Reveals
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about an increase in telework and online commerce, and a significant decrease in the number of personal trips people are making. Understanding the effects of these rapid changes on the economy, supply chains, and the environment will be essential, as some of these behaviors will continue even after the pandemic has ended. Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute recently presented the results of two sets of surveys they conducted in an effort to quantify and understand these unprecedented shifts.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Caregiver-Reported Child Sleep Problems Associated with Impaired Academic and Psychosocial Functioning in Middle Childhood
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Whether children have ongoing sleep problems from birth through childhood or do not develop sleep problems until they begin school, a new study by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has found that sleep disturbances at any age are associated with diminished well-being by the time the children are 10 or 11 years old. The findings, which were published in The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, suggest health care providers should screen children for sleep problems at every age and intervene early when a sleep problem is identified.

Newswise:Video Embedded survey-finds-american-s-social-media-habits-changing-as-national-tensions-rise
30-Jul-2020 7:30 PM EDT
Survey Finds American's Social Media Habits Changing As National Tensions Rise
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

As national tensions rise, a new national survey of 2,000 people commissioned by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center finds more Americans are adjusting how they use social media platforms.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Looking up to the Joneses: Consequences of the perceptions of white wealth
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Before the era of COVID-19, research suggested that premature deaths among white Americans were rising. Even before the era of COVID-19, these findings were surprising.

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Released: 31-Jul-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Pandemic leads to higher depression, anxiety and fear, studies show
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The COVID-19 pandemic led to higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among American adults during the early months of its spread, according to three new studies published by University of Arkansas sociologists.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 7:10 PM EDT
Laughter acts as a stress buffer -- and even smiling helps
University of Basel

People who laugh frequently in their everyday lives may be better equipped to deal with stressful events - although this does not seem to apply to the intensity of laughter.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 6:05 PM EDT
How women and men forgive infidelity
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Infidelity is one of the most common reasons that heterosexual couples break up. Researchers who have studied 160 different cultures find this to be true worldwide.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 5:55 PM EDT
COVID-19: Social media users more likely to believe false information
McGill University

A new study led by researchers at McGill University finds that people who get their news from social media are more likely to have misperceptions about COVID-19.

Newswise: Climate change-influenced refugee crisis may lead to long-term settlement issues
Released: 30-Jul-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Climate change-influenced refugee crisis may lead to long-term settlement issues
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

While many models suggest that climate change will prompt a substantial number of people to leave their homes, not all research so clearly finds this is the case. Investigating cases where computer models seemed to indicate only limited impacts of climate change on people leaving rural areas, a team of researchers now suggest that the models may reveal a more nuanced circular migration pattern in areas stricken by climate change impacts.

Newswise: Medical Minute: What to look for in a student athlete sidelined by injury
Released: 29-Jul-2020 12:00 PM EDT
Medical Minute: What to look for in a student athlete sidelined by injury
Penn State Health

Parents and coaches are well-versed in recognizing headaches as a sign of concussion in student athletes. However, the symptoms of mood and emotional disturbance are more difficult to identify and harder for teens and those around them to understand.

Released: 29-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Negotiating with Your Kids
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The co-author of Negotiating at Home: Essential Steps for Reaching Agreement with Your Kid shares tips for managing tough conversations with children while at home during the coronavirus pandemic.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 4:10 PM EDT
Text messaging: The next gen of therapy in mental health
Dartmouth College

In the U.S., it is estimated that approximately 19 percent of all adults have a diagnosable mental illness.

Newswise: Psychology of Masking: Why Some People Don’t Cover Up
Released: 28-Jul-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Psychology of Masking: Why Some People Don’t Cover Up
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Although discomfort, confusion and even political affiliation are often cited as reasons that make people less likely to wear a mask in public, the psychological traits that shape a person’s behavioral choices may also factor into the decision.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 3:40 PM EDT
Your brain on birth control
University of Ottawa

They are used by 150 million women worldwide and have been around for over 60 years. Oral contraceptives - like birth control pills - are part of many women's lives, often starting during puberty and early adolescence.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 12:25 PM EDT
Owe the IRS? No problem, some Americans say
Ohio State University

A new study shows the surprising way that many American taxpayers adjust their standard of living when they owe money to the IRS versus when they receive tax refunds.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Survey results: Having a higher purpose promotes happiness, lowers stress
Washington University in St. Louis

When a company commits in writing to a statement of higher purpose, a new survey shows that it promotes the employees' well-being, more happiness and even lower stress from the COVID-19 pandemic. And when the workers write their own, the effects are even more substantial.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Increased attention to sad faces predicts depression risk in teenagers
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Teenagers who tend to pay more attention to sad faces are more likely to develop depression, but specifically within the context of stress, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 8:25 AM EDT
Therapy Helps Children with Food Allergies Manage Severe Anxiety
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has launched the Food Allergy Bravery (FAB) Clinic to help children with a phobia of anaphylaxis. This revolutionary clinic, housed within the Food Allergy Center, is the first in the world to bring together psychologists and food allergy experts to treat food allergic children with severe phobia of anaphylaxis.

Newswise: Tendency to select targeted retirement fund ending in zero may impact wealth
Released: 27-Jul-2020 6:20 PM EDT
Tendency to select targeted retirement fund ending in zero may impact wealth
Iowa State University

A "zero bias" or tendency for individuals to select targeted retirement funds ending in zero can affect the amount people contribute to retirement savings and leads to an investment portfolio with an incompatible level of risk, according to new research.

23-Jul-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Brain Cell Types Identified That May Push Males to Fight and Have Sex
NYU Langone Health

Two groups of nerve cells may serve as “on-off switches” for male mating and aggression, suggests a new study in rodents.

Newswise:Video Embedded men-are-more-likely-than-women-to-endorse-covid-19-conspiracy-theories
Released: 27-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Men are more likely than women to endorse COVID-19 conspiracy theories
University of Delaware

In a new study, men were more likely than women to endorse conspiracy theories connected to COVID-19. This important research will help debunk potentially dangerous falsehoods regarding the pandemic and enhance public health practices.

24-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Existing Evidence Suggests Face Coverings Do Not Lead to False Sense of Security
University of Cambridge

Existing limited evidence suggests that wearing face coverings to protect against COVID-19 does not lead to a false sense of security and is unlikely to increase the risk of infection through wearers foregoing other behaviours such as good hand hygiene, say researchers from the University of Cambridge and King’s College London.

Released: 24-Jul-2020 3:00 PM EDT
Sci-fi foretold social media, Uber and Augmented Reality, offers insights into the future
Lancaster University

Science fiction authors foresaw augmented reality video games, the rise of social media and trends of hyper-consumption, and can help predict future consumer patterns.

Released: 23-Jul-2020 2:25 PM EDT
The best players are passionate about football
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

The best footballers (soccer players) have a high degree of passion and grit.

Released: 23-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Humanizing hotel brands during COVID-19 could encourage tourists to return
University of East Anglia

Hotels should build an emotional attachment with tourists when communicating during crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic if they are to encourage them to return, according to new research.

Released: 22-Jul-2020 3:55 PM EDT
Health and Happiness Depend on Each Other, Psychological Science Says
Association for Psychological Science

New research adds to the growing body of evidence that happiness not only feels good, it is good for your physical health, too.

Released: 22-Jul-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Concussions are associated with cognitive, behavioral, and emotional health consequences for student athletes
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Concussions can have a compounding effect on children, leading to long-term cognitive, behavioral, and emotional health consequences, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), who published their findings in the American Journal of Sports Medicine.

Released: 22-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Even if you want to, you can’t ignore how people look or sound
Ohio State University

Can you ignore how someone looks or how they sound if you’re told it is not relevant? Probably not, at least in most cases, a new study found.

Newswise: Can Social Unrest, Riot Dynamics Be Modeled?
20-Jul-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Can Social Unrest, Riot Dynamics Be Modeled?
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Episodes of social unrest rippled throughout Chile in 2019. Researchers specializing in economics, mathematics and physics in Chile and the U.K. banded together to explore the surprising social dynamics people were experiencing. In the journal Chaos, the team reports that social media is changing the rules of the game, and previously applied epidemic-like models, on their own, may no longer be enough to explain current rioting dynamics.

Released: 20-Jul-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Legal marijuana may be slowing reductions in teen marijuana use, study says
University of Washington

A longitudinal study of more than 230 teens and young adults in Washington state finds that teens may be more likely to use marijuana following legalization – with the proliferation of stores and increasing adult use of the drug -- than they otherwise would have been.

Released: 20-Jul-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Can't get off of Snapchat or Facebook? Research reveals differences between platforms
Michigan State University

Researchers from Michigan State University and California State University-Fullerton conducted the first study comparing problematic use between Facebook and Snapchat — while also uncovering surprising findings about users' personality traits.

Newswise: Traditional PTSD Therapy Doesn't Trigger Drug Relapse
Released: 20-Jul-2020 8:45 AM EDT
Traditional PTSD Therapy Doesn't Trigger Drug Relapse
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins researchers have demonstrated that behavior therapy that exposes people to memories of their trauma doesn’t cause relapses of opioid or other drug use, and that PTSD severity and emotional problems have decreased after the first therapy session.

Released: 17-Jul-2020 8:45 PM EDT
Increased psychological well-being after the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic
Aarhus University

Concern over the risk of infection and financial strain. More people will develop stress, irritability, anxiety and depression...

Released: 17-Jul-2020 5:30 PM EDT
Study shows how traumatic experiences can leave their mark on a person's eyes
Swansea University

New research by Welsh academics shows that a patient's pupils can reveal if they have suffered a traumatic experience in the past.

Newswise: 50+ and Healthy: Loyola Psychiatrist Authors New Book on Mental Health and Aging
Released: 17-Jul-2020 12:30 PM EDT
50+ and Healthy: Loyola Psychiatrist Authors New Book on Mental Health and Aging
Loyola Medicine

A new book by Loyola Medicine psychiatrist Murali Rao, MD, provides a road map for understanding and preventing depression and other mental illness as we age, and when and how to seek help, when necessary.

Newswise: Self-regulation prime reason for slowed mobility during coronavirus lockdown, experts say
Released: 16-Jul-2020 8:35 AM EDT
Self-regulation prime reason for slowed mobility during coronavirus lockdown, experts say
University of Notre Dame

To get a clearer picture of people’s mobility in the U.S. during the lockdown period, Notre Dame researchers gathered and analyzed all U.S. coronavirus-related state and local orders and compared them with geolocation data collected across 40 million cellular devices that have opted-in to location sharing services.

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