Feature Channels: Behavioral Science

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Newswise: New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Released: 7-May-2021 3:20 PM EDT
New study examines neighborhood and social network's relation to binge drinking among adults
Indiana University

Study examines how neighborhood and social network characteristics relate to adult binge drinking.

Released: 7-May-2021 1:20 PM EDT
Head to toe: study reveals brain activity behind missed penalty kicks
Frontiers

Are penalty shots a soccer player's dream or nightmare? What should be an easy shot can become a mammoth task when the hopes and fears of an entire nation rest on a player's shoulders, leading them to choke under pressure.

Released: 7-May-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Online learning doesn't improve student sleep habits, research suggests
Simon Fraser University

New research from Simon Fraser University suggests that students learning remotely become night owls but do not sleep more despite the time saved commuting, working or attending social events.

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Released: 6-May-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Many consumers misinterpret food date labels, yet use them with confidence
Elsevier

Misunderstanding food date labeling is common and educational communications are needed to improve consumer understanding, according to a new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier.

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Released: 6-May-2021 12:35 PM EDT
Fear of losing health insurance keeps 1 in 6 workers in their jobs
West Health Institute

One out of every six adult workers (16%) in the United States are staying in jobs they might otherwise leave out of fear of losing their employer-sponsored health insurance, according to a new West Health-Gallup survey of more than 3,800 U.S. adults.

Newswise: Researchers Find Association Between Financial Strain Due to COVID-19 and Depression
Released: 6-May-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Researchers Find Association Between Financial Strain Due to COVID-19 and Depression
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Researchers have found an independent association between COVID-19-related income loss and financial strain and depression, according to the latest study from the COVID-19 Resilience Project, run by the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBI) of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Penn Medicine. This association was found in two separate cohorts – one primarily in the United States and one in Israel – and the depressive symptoms worsened over time in participants who were hit financially, above and beyond pandemic-related anxiety. The findings were published today in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

Newswise: Peers Who Boost Marginalized Voices Help Others, and Themselves, Study Shows
Released: 5-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Peers Who Boost Marginalized Voices Help Others, and Themselves, Study Shows
University of Notre Dame

For organizations to reach their potential, they must leverage the expertise of their employees. However, research demonstrates that lower-status employees may not be heard because their “voices” are more likely to be ignored. New research from the University of Notre Dame is the first to show that peers can help boost marginalized voices, and at the same time benefit their own status, all while helping their organization realize the potential of its employees’ diverse perspectives.

Released: 5-May-2021 9:50 AM EDT
Seeing Others’ Big Triumphs, We May Feel More Motivated than Usual to Succeed
Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

When we perceive that a peer’s accomplishment has risen above the usual standard of “good work” and can be rated an “exceptional” success, our motivation to learn is enhanced, according to a new study in Academy of Management Discoveries.

Released: 5-May-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Myths About Workplace Negotiations
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

In organizational hiring, negotiating and efforts to foster creativity, there often is a tendency to see things as “either-or” or “winner vs. losers.” Such zero-sum mindset tends to lead to errors and biases, says Maryland Smith’s Rellie Derfler-Rozin, whose recent research explores this dynamic and its implications.

Released: 4-May-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Examining the ‘service cliff’ for youth with autism and their family caregivers
Case Western Reserve University

A team of researchers from the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences interviewed 174 families to examine the use of health, medical and social services for youth with autism

Newswise: An Epidemic of Community Violence
Released: 3-May-2021 4:15 PM EDT
An Epidemic of Community Violence
Hackensack Meridian Health

Project HEAL (“Help, Empower, and Lead”), a hospital-based violence intervention program working in coordination with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health at Hackensack Meridian Jersey Shore University Medical Center, opened its doors this month with the mission to address community, domestic, and gang-related violence in Monmouth County.

Released: 3-May-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Hackensack Meridian Children’s Health to Host 38th Annual Advances in Developmental Pediatrics Conference
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack Meridian Children’s Health will host the 38th annual Advances in Developmental Pediatrics Conference on May 24 to 26, 2021.

Released: 3-May-2021 3:20 PM EDT
COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs increased among users of conservative and social media
Annenberg Public Policy Center

Belief in conspiracies about the COVID-19 pandemic increased through the early months of the U.S. outbreak among people who reported being heavy users of conservative and social media, a study by Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) researchers has found.

Released: 3-May-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Stress and mental health problems during first COVID-19-lockdown
University of Zurich

Many people in Switzerland experienced considerable psychological distress during the first COVID-19 lockdown from mid-March to the end of April 2020.

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Released: 3-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
WashU Expert: FDA menthol ban would benefit Black, younger Americans
Washington University in St. Louis

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s proposed ban on menthol-flavored cigarettes and all flavored cigars could be particularly beneficial for Black and young people, says an expert on tobacco control at Washington University in St. Louis.“Around 80% of adult Black smokers and more than half of people age 18-34 use menthol brands,” said Todd Combs, research assistant professor at the Brown School who works on the Advancing Science & Practice in the Retail Environment (ASPiRE) project, which uses agent-based modeling to test the potential impact of retail tobacco policies.

Released: 3-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Need to vent? Turn to real-life support, not social media
Michigan State University

Social media may make it easier for people to engage online, but I does not provide certain benefits of real-life human interactions, says a Michigan State University researcher.

Newswise: Large Study Analyzes Two Different Classes of ADHD Drugs in Preschool-Age Children
3-May-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Large Study Analyzes Two Different Classes of ADHD Drugs in Preschool-Age Children
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

In a multi-institutional study, researchers in the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network (DBPNet), led by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), have conducted the first and largest analysis to date comparing the effectiveness and side effects of stimulants like methylphenidate (Ritalin) and alpha-adrenergic agonists like guanfacine (Tenex) in preschool-age children. The researchers found that both classes of drugs have benefits, with differing side effects, suggesting that decisions on which class of drugs to prescribe should be made based on individual patient factors. The retrospective study was published today in JAMA.

Released: 3-May-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Dogs' aggressive behavior towards humans is often caused by fear
University of Helsinki

A study encompassing some 9,000 dogs conducted at the University of Helsinki demonstrated that fearfulness, age, breed, the company of other members of the same species and the owner's previous experience of dogs were associated with aggressive behaviour towards humans.

Released: 3-May-2021 12:45 PM EDT
Human behavior must be factored into climate change analyses
Cornell University

A new Cornell University-led study examines how temperature affects fishing behavior and catches among inland fisher households in Cambodia, with important implications for understanding climate change.

Newswise: Rutgers Champion of Student Health and Wellness is Retiring
Released: 3-May-2021 9:45 AM EDT
Rutgers Champion of Student Health and Wellness is Retiring
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

When Melodee Lasky joined Rutgers University 19 years ago, behavioral and mental health services were scattered across the individual colleges with little coordination. Psychiatry and the Alcohol and Other Drug Assistance Program were part of student health, but counseling services were separated and college-affiliated. Lasky, a physician who recognized the connection between physical and emotional wellness, recommended that mental and behavioral health be integrated within the framework of student health. That led to the creation of CAPS – Counseling, Alcohol and Other Drug Assistance Program & Psychiatric Services – a program that helps about 4,500 students each year.

Newswise: “Colorblindness” Complicates Race-related Conversations between White Parents and Preadolescent Children, Study Finds
30-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
“Colorblindness” Complicates Race-related Conversations between White Parents and Preadolescent Children, Study Finds
University of Vermont

When talking to their children about race, white parents' use of phrases like "I don't see race" can send mixed messages to their children about racial socialization and racial ideology.

Released: 29-Apr-2021 4:45 PM EDT
Expressing variety of emotions earns entrepreneurs funding
Washington State University

Putting on a happy face might not be enough for entrepreneurs to win over potential investors.

Released: 29-Apr-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Study finds US Twitter users have strongly supported face coverings amid the pandemic
University of Oregon

An analysis of Twitter activity between March 1 and Aug. 1, 2020, found strong support by U.S. users for wearing face coverings and that a media focus on anti-mask opinions fueled the rhetoric of those opposed, report University of Oregon researchers.

Released: 29-Apr-2021 12:20 PM EDT
When does the green monster of jealousy wake up in people?
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Adult heterosexual women and men are often jealous about completely different threats to their relationship.

Newswise: Adulting 101 Course Helps Teens Transition to a Successful Future
Released: 29-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Adulting 101 Course Helps Teens Transition to a Successful Future
University of Kentucky

The University of Kentucky is offering a web-based course this summer to help students hone important life skills to make the transition to adulthood easier. Adulting 101 is an eight-week summer course beginning on June 15 and meeting every Tuesday through Zoom. Organized by the UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment and the UK Cooperative Extension Service, the course is open to teenagers nationwide, no matter their goals. Adulting 101 originated as a county-based family and consumer sciences extension program piloted in Central Kentucky.

Newswise: Republicans Became More Vaccine Hesitant as the Coronavirus Pandemic Unfolded
Released: 28-Apr-2021 9:05 PM EDT
Republicans Became More Vaccine Hesitant as the Coronavirus Pandemic Unfolded
University of California San Diego

Individuals who self-identify as Republicans became more skeptical of a potential COVID-19 vaccine and other inoculations, such as the flu shot, over the course of the pandemic, reveals a new study by the University of California San Diego’s Rady School of Management.

Newswise: Older adults use social media to compensate for fewer in-person interactions, UAH study says
Released: 28-Apr-2021 10:10 AM EDT
Older adults use social media to compensate for fewer in-person interactions, UAH study says
University of Alabama Huntsville

A lack of in-person interactions is a primary driver for older people to use social media, according to a first of its kind study of older users by a researcher at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), a part of the University of Alabama System.

Released: 27-Apr-2021 3:45 PM EDT
Men's loneliness linked to an increased risk of cancer
University of Eastern Finland

A recent study by the University of Eastern Finland shows that loneliness among middle-aged men is associated with an increased risk of cancer.

Released: 27-Apr-2021 2:15 PM EDT
Impact of COVID-19 on racial-ethnic minorities among persons with opioid use disorder
University of Connecticut

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted health disparities for people of color, who have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 1:30 PM EDT
Women with gynecologic cancer and low income report increased financial stress and anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic
Wiley

A recent study provides insights on the COVID-19 pandemic's effects on employment, anxiety, and financial distress among women who have gynecologic cancer and low income.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 12:20 PM EDT
‘Rational Rules’ book examines how we learn morals
Cornell University

In his new book, “Rational Rules: Towards a Theory of Moral Learning,” Nichols argues that, contrary to previous theories, we can explain many of the features of moral systems and how humans form them in terms of rational learning from evidence. In other words, he said, a moral sense is neither hardwired nor totally emotional.

Newswise: What Spurs People to Save the Planet? Stories or Facts?
Released: 26-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
What Spurs People to Save the Planet? Stories or Facts?
Johns Hopkins University

With climate change looming, what must people hear to convince them to change their ways to stop harming the environment? A new Johns Hopkins University study finds stories to be significantly more motivating than scientific facts— at least for some people.

Newswise: First Australian populations followed footpath ‘superhighways’ across the continent
26-Apr-2021 10:45 AM EDT
First Australian populations followed footpath ‘superhighways’ across the continent
Santa Fe Institute

By simulating the physiology and decisions of early way-finders, an international team of archaeologists, geographers, ecologists, and computer scientists has mapped the probable “superhighways” that led to the first peopling of the Australian continent some 50,000-70,000 years ago.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
More than Half of Generation Z Gay, Bisexual Teenage Boys Report Being Out to Parents
American Psychological Association (APA)

A majority of gay and bisexual Generation Z teenage boys report being out to their parents, part of an uptick in coming out among young people that researchers have noted in recent decades, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. However, stigma and religious beliefs still prevent some young people from disclosing their sexual identity.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 3:55 PM EDT
UIC students breaking down stereotypes about young Black men
University of Illinois at Chicago

A group at the University of Illinois Chicago is on a mission to break down stereotypes of who young Black men are and what they’re capable of. We Are Men (WAM) is a program at UIC’s Jane Addams College of Social Work.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 12:00 PM EDT
Why climate change is driving some to skip having kids
University of Arizona

When deciding whether to have children, there are many factors to consider: finances, support systems, personal values. For a growing number of people, climate change is also being added to the list of considerations, says a University of Arizona researcher.

Newswise: Study finds shifting mindset increases managers’ willingness to invest in new technology
Released: 21-Apr-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Study finds shifting mindset increases managers’ willingness to invest in new technology
Washington University in St. Louis

When faced with a cutting-edge technological idea, business leaders who approach the idea in more concrete terms are more likely to recognize its utility, which increases their propensity to invest, according to new research from the Olin Business School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Newswise: Consumers make decisions based on how and why products are recommended online
Released: 21-Apr-2021 9:40 AM EDT
Consumers make decisions based on how and why products are recommended online
Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences

As more people go online for shopping, understanding how they rely on e-commerce recommendation systems to make purchases is increasingly important. Penn State researchers now suggest that it’s not just what is recommended, but how and why it’s recommended, that helps to shape consumers’ opinions.

Released: 20-Apr-2021 9:50 AM EDT
How more alcohol availability hurts finances for some people
Ohio State University

A new study provides the best evidence to date that an increase in the availability of alcohol is linked to more financial troubles among the disadvantaged.

Newswise: New Research Focuses on a Growing Pandemic Problem — “Zoom Dysmorphia”
19-Apr-2021 10:05 AM EDT
New Research Focuses on a Growing Pandemic Problem — “Zoom Dysmorphia”
American Academy of Dermatology

During the pandemic, there was a shift to remote work, and demand for video conferencing increased. Zoom estimates daily meeting participants grew from approximately 10 million in December 2019 to more than 300 million in April 2020. Board-certified dermatologists also reported a change with this increased use of video calls: a rise in the number of patients they’re seeing with negative self-perceptions.

Newswise: Arguing on the internet: UW researchers studying how to make online arguments productive
Released: 19-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
Arguing on the internet: UW researchers studying how to make online arguments productive
University of Washington

University of Washington researchers worked with almost 260 people to understand online disagreements and to develop potential design interventions that could make these discussions more productive and centered around relationship-building.

Released: 16-Apr-2021 2:45 PM EDT
Research shows to disrupt online extremism freewill is key
University of Texas at San Antonio

Douglas Wilbur '14, a visiting Ph.D. scholar in the Department of Communication at UTSA, has published a study that shows how researchers can craft message campaigns to protect individuals from adopting extremist views.

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Released: 16-Apr-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Virtual humans are equal to real ones in helping people practice new leadership skills
Frontiers

A virtual human can be as good as a flesh-and-blood one when it comes to helping people practice new leadership skills.

Released: 16-Apr-2021 11:45 AM EDT
Older Adults More Likely to Make the Effort to Help Others
Association for Psychological Science

Does getting older impact our willingness to offer a helping hand, or does being older simply mean we have more resources and therefore more capacity to offer help when needed? New research suggests that, all things being equal, older adults are more likely to offer help than younger adults.

Released: 15-Apr-2021 1:20 PM EDT
How to gain a sense of well-being, free and online
Yale University

In 2018, when Professor Laurie Santos introduced her course "Psychology and the Good Life," a class on the science of happiness, it became the most popular in the history of Yale, attracting more than 1,200 undergraduate enrollees that first semester.

Released: 15-Apr-2021 1:15 PM EDT
For veterans, a hidden side effect of COVID: Feelings of personal growth
Yale University

The U.S. military veteran population is known to have abnormally high rates of suicide, so health officials have been concerned that the COVID-19 pandemic might elevate risk of psychiatric disorders, particularly among those suffering from post-traumatic stress and related disorders.

Released: 14-Apr-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Most young people eager for COVID-19 vaccine, poll shows
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

As older teens and young adults become eligible for COVID-19 vaccination across the country, and younger teens await their turn, new survey data suggest a strong readiness that has grown since fall. But just as with older generations, a shrinking but still sizable minority of people age 14 to 24 say they’re not willing to get vaccinated, or that their decision will depend on safety.

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Released: 14-Apr-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Scientists put the stopwatch on cannabis intoxication
University of Sydney

A comprehensive analysis of 80 scientific studies has identified a 'window of impairment' of between three and 10 hours caused by moderate to high doses of the intoxicating component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).


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