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Released: 27-Jan-2023 1:45 PM EST
Brookhaven Lab Battery Scientist, Hydrogeologist, and DOE Site Office Manager Among Secretary of Energy's 2022 Honorees
Brookhaven National Laboratory

U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm honored 44 teams with the Secretary of Energy Achievement Award and five individuals for their work. Among the recipients are Distinguished Professor Esther Takeuchi, a battery researcher with a joint appointment at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University; Douglas Paquette, a hydrogeologist in Brookhaven Lab's Environmental Protection Division; and Robert Gordon, manager of the DOE-Brookhaven Site Office that oversees operations at Brookhaven Lab.

Newswise: New hybrid catalyst could help decarbonization and make ethylene production more sustainable
Released: 27-Jan-2023 11:20 AM EST
New hybrid catalyst could help decarbonization and make ethylene production more sustainable
Ames Laboratory

A new hybrid catalyst converts carbon dioxide into ethylene in one pot. The catalyst was developed by scientists from Ames National Laboratory, Iowa State University, University of Virginia, and Columbia University.

Released: 26-Jan-2023 6:50 PM EST
Study finds most U.S. children use potentially toxic makeup products, often during play
Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health

A study by scientists at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Earthjustice found that most children in the United States use makeup and body products that may contain carcinogens and other toxic chemicals.

Released: 26-Jan-2023 5:45 PM EST
“Dark” side of air pollution across China poses potential health threat
University of Birmingham

China is a night-time ‘hot-spot’ for the production of nitrate radicals (PNO3) that could have a major impact on health-threatening ozone and fine particulates (PM2.5) in the atmosphere, a new study reveals.

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Released: 26-Jan-2023 1:10 PM EST
Research reveals protein plaques associated with disease are stickier than thought
Rice University

Scientists from Rice University are using fluorescence lifetime to shed new light on a peptide associated with Alzheimer’s disease, which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates will affect nearly 14 million people in the U.S. by 2060.

Newswise: Argonne Distinguished Fellow Linda Young to receive honorary doctorate
Released: 26-Jan-2023 12:05 PM EST
Argonne Distinguished Fellow Linda Young to receive honorary doctorate
Argonne National Laboratory

Linda Young, an Argonne Distinguished Fellow in the Chemical Sciences and Engineering division will receive an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University in Sweden on Jan. 27.

Newswise: Sunlight creates biodegradable plastic via artificial photosynthesis
Released: 25-Jan-2023 3:05 PM EST
Sunlight creates biodegradable plastic via artificial photosynthesis
Osaka Metropolitan University

Global warming causes more environment issues, due to greenhouse gases like CO2. In natural photosynthesis, CO2 turns into organic compounds like glucose or starch.

Released: 24-Jan-2023 4:20 PM EST
‘Friend or foe’ bacteria kill their algal hosts when coexisting is no longer beneficial
eLife

Scientists have detailed a lifestyle switch that occurs in marine bacteria, where they change from coexisting with algae hosts in a mutually beneficial interaction to suddenly killing them. The results are published today in eLife.

Newswise: Online Tool Can Help Researchers Synthesize Millions of Molecules
Released: 24-Jan-2023 3:20 PM EST
Online Tool Can Help Researchers Synthesize Millions of Molecules
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The enzymes polyketide synthases and nonribosomal peptide synthetases can shuffle their parts, allowing them to produce new chemicals. To help scientists design these enzymes, researchers have improved ClusterCAD. This tool helps users modify these enzymes for synthetic biology applications. New improvements include an expanded database, powerful search tools, and helpful new features within the interface.

Newswise: New enzyme could mean better drugs
Released: 23-Jan-2023 2:45 PM EST
New enzyme could mean better drugs
Rice University

Just as a choreographer’s notation tells a dancer to strike a particular pose, an enzyme newly discovered by Rice University scientists is able to tell specific molecules precisely how to arrange themselves, down to the angle of single hydrogen bonds.

Released: 23-Jan-2023 2:45 PM EST
A winding road: Mapping how singlet oxygen molecules travel along DNA strands
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Nucleic acid-targeting photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising type of targeted therapy that is being actively researched. This treatment relies on special photosensitizers, a type of drug that binds at specific locations in a cell’s DNA.

Newswise: Why the order in which we eat food can be decisive about taste
Released: 23-Jan-2023 1:15 PM EST
Why the order in which we eat food can be decisive about taste
Leibniz-Institut für Lebensmittel-Systembiologie an der Technischen Universität München

The composition of foodstuffs, but also the sequence of dishes, is important for the perfect taste experience of a menu. This insight, based on experience, is well known.

Newswise: Webb Unveils Dark Side of Pre-stellar Ice Chemistry
Released: 23-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Webb Unveils Dark Side of Pre-stellar Ice Chemistry
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The discovery of diverse ices in the darkest regions of a cold molecular cloud measured to date has been announced by an international team of astronomers using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. This result allows astronomers to examine the simple icy molecules that will be incorporated into future exoplanets, while opening a new window on the origin of more complex molecules that are the first step in the creation of the building blocks of life.

Newswise: Incorporation of water molecules into layered materials impacts ion storage capability
Released: 20-Jan-2023 6:35 PM EST
Incorporation of water molecules into layered materials impacts ion storage capability
Shinshu University

Investigating the interplay between the structure of water molecules that have been incorporated into layered materials such as clays and the configuration of ions in such materials has long proved a great experimental challenge.

Newswise: Vertical electrochemical transistor pushes wearable electronics forward
Released: 19-Jan-2023 7:20 PM EST
Vertical electrochemical transistor pushes wearable electronics forward
Northwestern University

A transdisciplinary Northwestern University research team has developed a revolutionary transistor that is expected be ideal for lightweight, flexible, high-performance bioelectronics.

Newswise: Turning a poison into food
Released: 19-Jan-2023 7:05 PM EST
Turning a poison into food
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology

Methanogens are microorganisms that produce methane when little or no oxygen is present in their surroundings.

Newswise: KRISS Develops Dried Blood Spot Certified Reference Materials for Newborn Screening
Released: 18-Jan-2023 12:00 AM EST
KRISS Develops Dried Blood Spot Certified Reference Materials for Newborn Screening
National Research Council of Science and Technology

KRISS has developed Certified Reference Materials (CRMs)* that can enhance the reliability of using dried blood spot testing for newborn screening.

   
Newswise: Using fungi, researchers convert ocean plastic into ingredients for drug industry
Released: 17-Jan-2023 4:35 PM EST
Using fungi, researchers convert ocean plastic into ingredients for drug industry
University of Kansas

Research on fungi underway at the University of Kansas has helped transform tough-to-recycle plastic waste from the Pacific Ocean into key components for making pharmaceuticals.

   
Newswise: Chemists design brand-new kind of nanomaterial
Released: 17-Jan-2023 12:30 PM EST
Chemists design brand-new kind of nanomaterial
University of Oregon

Scientists developed a way to make carbon-based molecules with a unique structural feature: interlocking rings.

Newswise: Ming Ye: Then and Now / 2012 Early Career Award Winner
Released: 17-Jan-2023 10:05 AM EST
Ming Ye: Then and Now / 2012 Early Career Award Winner
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The DOE Early Career Research Program Award allowed Ming Ye at Florida State University to develop interdisciplinary approaches to quantify and reduce uncertainty in environmental studies.

Released: 17-Jan-2023 10:05 AM EST
Study shows advantages of charging electric heavy-duty vehicles with small modular nuclear reactors
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)

Nuclear and hydrogen could be the ideal fuel for recharging electric trucks, opening potential markets for developers of small modular nuclear reactors (SMRs).

Newswise: Robust and flexible to synthetic methane
Released: 17-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
Robust and flexible to synthetic methane
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Synthetic energy carriers are carbon-neutral and make renewable energy transportable and storable in the long term. Synthetically produced methane is one of them. The problem: The production involves rather high energy losses; moreover, existing processes require the methane to be purified. To change this, Empa researchers have developed a new, optimized reactor concept for methanation.

Newswise: Lubrication science: why does chocolate make you feel so good
Released: 16-Jan-2023 12:50 PM EST
Lubrication science: why does chocolate make you feel so good
University of Leeds

Scientists have decoded the physical process that takes place in the mouth when a piece of chocolate is eaten, as it changes from a solid into a smooth emulsion that many people find totally irresistible.

   
Newswise: Biologists have found a new pathogen fungus dangerous for potatoes
Released: 16-Jan-2023 5:05 AM EST
Biologists have found a new pathogen fungus dangerous for potatoes
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University biologists have discovered a new type of pathogenic fungus that infects potatoes and leads to massive crop loss. Fungi in this genus were previously known to be harmful to potatoes and other plants, but this species was considered harmless.

Newswise: RUDN scientists predict the properties of metallic complexes of drugs
Released: 16-Jan-2023 5:05 AM EST
RUDN scientists predict the properties of metallic complexes of drugs
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University chemists, biologists and physicians have found a simple way to predict the properties of compounds of drugs with metals. This can be done using topological indices - numbers that describe the structure of the molecule. The results will help finding new metal complexes that will improve the activity of existing drugs.

Newswise: Researchers Create Smaller, Cheaper Flow Batteries for Clean Energy
Released: 13-Jan-2023 1:10 PM EST
Researchers Create Smaller, Cheaper Flow Batteries for Clean Energy
Georgia Institute of Technology

Flow batteries offer a solution. Electrolytes flow through electrochemical cells from storage tanks in this rechargeable battery. The existing flow battery technologies cost more than $200/kilowatt hour and are too expensive for practical application, but Liu’s lab in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (ChBE) developed a more compact flow battery cell configuration that reduces the size of the cell by 75%, and correspondingly reduces the size and cost of the entire flow battery. The work could revolutionize how everything from major commercial buildings to residential homes are powered.

Released: 12-Jan-2023 10:00 AM EST
Press registration open for the hybrid ACS Spring 2023 meeting
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journalists who register for the spring meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS) will have access to more than 10,000 presentations on topics. ACS Spring 2023 is a hybrid meeting being held virtually and in-person in Indianapolis on March 26-30 with the theme “Crossroads of Chemistry.”

   
Released: 11-Jan-2023 2:30 PM EST
How UCI saved the ozone layer
University of California, Irvine

On Jan. 9, a United Nations-backed panel of experts announced that Earth’s protective ozone layer is on track to recover within four decades, closing an ozone hole over the Antarctic that was first noticed in the 1980s. But it was research conducted at the University of California, Irvine in the 1970s that made this good new possible.

9-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Study Identifies New Levers for Controlling Plant Biochemistry
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Plant biochemists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new level of regulation in the biochemical “machinery” that plants use to convert organic carbon derived from photosynthesis into a range of ring-shaped aromatic molecules. The research suggests new strategies for controlling plant biochemistry for agricultural and industrial applications.

Newswise: Recent discoveries in phases of uranium oxide advance nuclear nonproliferation
Released: 11-Jan-2023 1:25 PM EST
Recent discoveries in phases of uranium oxide advance nuclear nonproliferation
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The word “exotic” may not spark thoughts of uranium, but Tyler Spano’s investigations of exotic phases of uranium are bringing new knowledge to the nuclear nonproliferation industry. Spano, a nuclear security scientist at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and her colleagues examined four previously understudied phases of uranium oxide: beta (β-), delta (δ-), epsilon UO3 (ε-UO3) and beta U3O8 (β-U3O8).

Newswise: Scientists combined natural and artificial polymers to create materials with high biocompatibility
Released: 11-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
Scientists combined natural and artificial polymers to create materials with high biocompatibility
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University researchers combined the advantages of artificial and natural polymers when creating nonwoven materials for use in medicine.

Newswise: Novel synthesis process for a sustainable use of small molecules
Released: 10-Jan-2023 1:05 PM EST
Novel synthesis process for a sustainable use of small molecules
Ruhr-Universität Bochum

Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, have discovered a new synthetic pathway with which they can produce a specific organic compound from the simple molecule carbon monoxide (CO), namely anionic ketenes.

Released: 10-Jan-2023 10:05 AM EST
Shift to ultraviolet-driven chemistry in planet-forming disks marks beginning of late-stage planet formation
University of Michigan

The chemistry of planet formation has fascinated researchers for decades because the chemical reservoir in protoplanetary discs—the dust and gas from which planets form—directly impacts planet composition and potential for life.

Released: 10-Jan-2023 9:00 AM EST
Press passes available for Discover BMB
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Complimentary press passes are now available for Discover BMB, the annual meeting of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, to be held March 25–28 in Seattle.

   
Newswise: RUDN University agronomist checked whether hydrogels can save agriculture from water shortage
Released: 10-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
RUDN University agronomist checked whether hydrogels can save agriculture from water shortage
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University agronomists have studied the thermodynamics of hydrogels, which must absorb water from the air and hold it in the ground to prevent evaporation. It turned out that this approach is unlikely to help save agriculture from drought - hydrogels retain water too well and give it poorly.

Newswise: RUDN chemists describe a simple method for obtaining analogues of natural alkaloids
Released: 10-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
RUDN chemists describe a simple method for obtaining analogues of natural alkaloids
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University chemists have found a new method that makes it possible to obtain key fragments of alkaloids under mild conditions. These substances are in demand in the pharmaceutical industry. The new approach works on the principle of dominoes - reactions automatically occur one after another.

Newswise: RUDN ecologists discover bacteria that decompose toxic substances in urban environment
Released: 10-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
RUDN ecologists discover bacteria that decompose toxic substances in urban environment
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN ecologists, together with colleagues from the Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, have discovered bacteria that can decompose toxic substances in urban dust. The activity of these bacteria can be used to judge the ecological situation in the city.

Newswise: RUDN microbiologists obtained antimicrobial drugs from the bark of an African tree
Released: 10-Jan-2023 4:05 AM EST
RUDN microbiologists obtained antimicrobial drugs from the bark of an African tree
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

For the first time, microbiologists from RUDN University have fully studied the composition of Enantia chlorantha bark extract, an African tree which is used in folk medicine in Cameroon and some other African countries. Moreover, with the help of the extract and using an eco-friendly, one-step and cost-effective method, they obtained silver nanoparticles with desirable characteristics.

   
Newswise: RUDN environmentalists named the most efficient way to obtain fuel from algae
Released: 10-Jan-2023 3:05 AM EST
RUDN environmentalists named the most efficient way to obtain fuel from algae
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN ecologists compared the main methods for obtaining biofuel from microalgae and named the most effective one. Chemists took into account both the process of preparing raw materials, the yield of the final product, and the energy costs of synthesis.

Newswise: ‘Smart’ coating can be precisely applied to make fabric into protective gear
Released: 9-Jan-2023 5:30 PM EST
‘Smart’ coating can be precisely applied to make fabric into protective gear
Dartmouth College

A durable copper-based coating developed by Dartmouth College researchers can be precisely integrated into fabric to create responsive and reusable materials such as protective equipment, environmental sensors, and smart filters, according to a recent study.

Released: 9-Jan-2023 12:40 PM EST
Jet engine lubrication oils are a major source of ultrafine particles
Goethe University Frankfurt

Ultrafine particles form during combustion processes, for example when wood or biomass is burned, as well as in power and industrial plants.

Newswise: Chemical researchers discover catalyst to make renewable paints, coatings, and diapers
Released: 9-Jan-2023 10:30 AM EST
Chemical researchers discover catalyst to make renewable paints, coatings, and diapers
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

A team led by University of Minnesota Twin Cities researchers has invented a groundbreaking new catalyst technology that converts renewable materials like trees and corn to the key chemicals, acrylic acid, and acrylates used in paints, coatings, and superabsorbent polymers.

Newswise: Catalyst for more efficient chemical production on the horizon
Released: 8-Jan-2023 8:05 PM EST
Catalyst for more efficient chemical production on the horizon
University of Adelaide

An innovative technique is being developed by scientists that could allow Australia to lead the way in more sustainable manufacturing of fuels and chemicals.

Newswise: Lab lights way to simple chemical synthesis
Released: 6-Jan-2023 5:55 PM EST
Lab lights way to simple chemical synthesis
Rice University

Inexpensive iron salts are a key to simplifying the manufacture of essential precursors for drugs and other chemicals, according to scientists at Rice University.

Newswise: Nanoplastics unexpectedly produce reactive oxidizing species when exposed to light
Released: 6-Jan-2023 12:55 PM EST
Nanoplastics unexpectedly produce reactive oxidizing species when exposed to light
Washington University in St. Louis

A team of researchers led by Young-Shin Jun at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis found that nanoplastics facilitate formation of manganese oxide on polystyrene nanoparticles.

Released: 6-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Could washing our clothes without detergent become a thing of the past?
Malmö University

Could washing our clothes without detergent become a thing of the past? Even though the research is in its early stages, an investigation as to whether washing or cleaning can be done with purified water instead of detergent solution looks promising.

Newswise: In an Advance for Solar Fuels, Hybrid Materials Improve Photocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Released: 5-Jan-2023 5:10 PM EST
In an Advance for Solar Fuels, Hybrid Materials Improve Photocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists are working to transform carbon dioxide into chemical solar fuels. To advance this process, researchers have identified a new hybrid material that consists of a light-absorbing semiconductor and a cobalt catalyst. The research extends scientific efforts to identify new ways to store energy and to efforts to understand how light-absorbing hybrid systems can drive the catalytic production of chemical fuels using solar energy.

Released: 5-Jan-2023 1:40 PM EST
Electrochemistry converts carbon to useful molecules
Cornell University

A chemistry collaboration led to a creative way to put carbon dioxide to good – and even healthy – use: by incorporating it, via electrosynthesis, into a series of organic molecules that are vital to pharmaceutical development.

Released: 4-Jan-2023 5:45 PM EST
UC Irvine scientists create new chemical imaging method
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Jan. 4, 2023 – A new visualization technology that captures spectral images of materials in the mid-infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum has been developed by scientists at the University of California, Irvine. The discovery, which was recently featured on the cover of the journal Science Advances, promises to help researchers and industries across many fields, including medical and tech, quickly visualize the chemical composition of various materials or tissues.


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