Feature Channels: Emergency Medicine

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Released: 1-Jun-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Head Injury and Concussion in Toddlers: Early Detection of Symptoms Is Vital
CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center

Concussions can have serious consequences for toddlers. A Canadian research team has developed a tool to detect them in children who do not yet speak or have a limited vocabulary.

Released: 12-May-2021 3:50 PM EDT
UNH Research Estimates 1.4 Million Children Have Yearly Violence-Related Medical Visits
University of New Hampshire

A national report from the University of New Hampshire shows close to one and a half million children each year visit a doctor, emergency room or medical facility as a result of an assault, abuse, crime or other form of violence. This is four times higher than previous estimates based only on data from U.S. emergency rooms for violence-related treatment.

Newswise: Raritan Bay Medical Center Foundation Raises Nearly $150,000 at Golf Outing
Released: 6-May-2021 2:25 PM EDT
Raritan Bay Medical Center Foundation Raises Nearly $150,000 at Golf Outing
Hackensack Meridian Health

On May 3, Hackensack Meridian Raritan Bay Medical Center Foundation raised nearly $150,000 at a golf outing that took place at Manasquan River Golf Club in Brielle in support of the Emergency Department expansion project taking place at Hackensack Meridian Raritan Bay Medical Center. Nearly 100 golfers participated in the event, which followed all CDC, state and local safety guidelines.

Released: 6-May-2021 11:10 AM EDT
UChicago Medicine's emergency department maintains HIV screening despite pandemic interruptions
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new report in JAMA Internal Medicine demonstrates how incorporating blood tests for HIV into standard COVID-19 screening in the emergency department allowed UChicago Medicine to maintain HIV screening volume during the pandemic.

Released: 5-May-2021 11:15 AM EDT
New Emergency Department Program Enables Patients to Recover at Home Safely
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Program established at Penn Medicine to improve support for patients after emergency department visits, helping them recover at home instead of the hospital

Released: 4-May-2021 10:35 AM EDT
People with disabilities faced pandemic triage biases
University of Georgia

A new paper from the University of Georgia suggests that unconscious biases in the health care system may have influenced how individuals with intellectual disabilities were categorized in emergency triage protocols.

Newswise: An Epidemic of Community Violence
Released: 3-May-2021 4:15 PM EDT
An Epidemic of Community Violence
Hackensack Meridian Health

Project HEAL (“Help, Empower, and Lead”), a hospital-based violence intervention program working in coordination with the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health at Hackensack Meridian Jersey Shore University Medical Center, opened its doors this month with the mission to address community, domestic, and gang-related violence in Monmouth County.

Newswise: Patients in Early ICU Aftercare Remain Vulnerable
27-Apr-2021 9:40 AM EDT
Patients in Early ICU Aftercare Remain Vulnerable
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

An analysis of patient and clinical factors associated with poor short-term hospital outcomes for ICU survivors during the vulnerable time after the ICU and before their discharge from the hospital is one of the first studies to characterize early ICU aftercare.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 11:40 AM EDT
Cell adaptation in critically ill could be difference between life and death
University of Plymouth

Creating the best conditions for cells to make energy and survive critical illness is a challenge little understood in modern medicine.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 9:40 AM EDT
Wolters Kluwer to publish two open access journals in collaboration with Shandong University
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Wolters Kluwer, Health announced today the addition of two fully open access journals to the Lippincott® portfolio as part of a shared mission with Shandong University to expand the reach of healthcare discoveries globally with the publication of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine and Current Urology. The new open access titles publish original research in their respective medical specialties.

Newswise:Video Embedded increased-tourniquet-use-has-saved-lives-in-los-angeles-county
Released: 22-Apr-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Increased tourniquet use has saved lives in Los Angeles County
American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Tourniquet use has been consistently increasing in Los Angeles County since 2015 and is significantly associated with improved patient survival.

Released: 22-Apr-2021 11:15 AM EDT
Burns victims struggling to pay
Flinders University

Living away from community and country, Aboriginal families of children with severe burns also face critical financial stress to cover the associated costs of health care and treatment, a new study shows.

Newswise: The Medical Minute: When to head for urgent care instead of the hospital emergency room
Released: 21-Apr-2021 2:15 PM EDT
The Medical Minute: When to head for urgent care instead of the hospital emergency room
Penn State Health

Urgent care or emergency room? A certified nurse practitioner discusses how to choose what’s right for your crisis in this week’s Medical Minute.

Newswise: Report shows mental health concerns rising among children and teens during the pandemic
Released: 19-Apr-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Report shows mental health concerns rising among children and teens during the pandemic
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

In addition to the physical health problems caused by the pandemic, there has been a heavy mental health toll from months of lockdown and upheaval - particularly for children and teens.

Newswise: Sweat sensor could alert doctors, patients to looming COVID cytokine storm (video)
30-Mar-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Sweat sensor could alert doctors, patients to looming COVID cytokine storm (video)
American Chemical Society (ACS)

A “cytokine storm” can worsen the prognosis of COVID-19 and other illnesses. Now, scientists report a sweat sensor that acts as an early warning system for an impending cytokine storm, which could help doctors more effectively treat patients. They will present their results at ACS Spring 2021.

Released: 15-Apr-2021 8:45 PM EDT
Beyond Boundaries: R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center Celebrates Heroes
University of Maryland Medical Center

More than 65 first responders and top trauma medicine professionals who saved the lives of two critically ill patients were honored tonight at the 31st annual R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Celebration of Heroes. Funds raised by the virtual event will support the Center for Critical Care and Trauma Education.

Newswise: Latest COVID Wave Fills Beds, Hammers Michigan ER Workers
Released: 15-Apr-2021 11:30 AM EDT
Latest COVID Wave Fills Beds, Hammers Michigan ER Workers
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Michigan Medicine's adult and pediatric emergency rooms are experiencing a surge in positive COVID cases and hospitalizations. Younger patients are being admitted and Michigan is seeing a spread of the B.1.1.7 variant. Physicians are again asking the public for help to save lives and keep the ICUs from hitting capacity.

Released: 15-Apr-2021 9:05 AM EDT
Visio-Vestibular Examination is a Critical Component of Diagnosing Concussion in Young Athletes, Feasible Across Multiple Care Settings
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Early and accurate diagnosis leads to optimal recovery from concussion. Over the past year across a series of studies, the Minds Matter Concussion Program research team at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) has systematically evaluated the use of the visio-vestibular examination (VVE) and its ability to enhance concussion diagnosis and management.

Released: 12-Apr-2021 9:00 AM EDT
New Biosealant Can Stabilize Cartilage, Promote Healing After Injury
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn Medicine researchers showed that a new hyaluronic acid hydrogel system can reinforce and seal areas of injured cartilage in animal studies

1-Apr-2021 3:10 PM EDT
Urgent Care Centers Deter Some Emergency Department Visits, But Costs Remain High
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A study published today in Health Affairs documents for the first time that urgent care centers are associated with increased spending for lower-acuity visits across EDs and urgent care centers. Urgent care centers increase the number of people seeking care. For every 37 urgent care visits, one fewer lower acuity ED visit occurs. Urgent care centers increase access, but pose risks for health insurers and patients who must pay these increased costs.

Released: 22-Mar-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Black and Latinx Children Less Likely to Get Diagnostic Imaging During Emergency Visits to Children’s Hospitals
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

The first large study of more than 13 million visits to 44 pediatric Emergency Departments (ED) found that Black and Latinx children were less likely to receive x-rays, CT, ultrasound, and MRI compared with white children. These findings, published in JAMA Network Open, were consistent across most diagnostic groups and persisted when stratified by public or private insurance type.

Newswise: Survey of Hospital Surge Capacity Years Before COVID-19 Gives Insight into Pandemic Preparedness
17-Mar-2021 1:00 PM EDT
Survey of Hospital Surge Capacity Years Before COVID-19 Gives Insight into Pandemic Preparedness
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

A new survey of dozens of surge capacity managers at hospitals nationwide captures the U.S. health care system’s pandemic preparedness status in the months before the first COVID-19 cases were identified in China.

Newswise: ‘Time lost is brain lost’
17-Mar-2021 11:45 AM EDT
‘Time lost is brain lost’
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A new study involving UCLA researchers finds that mobile stroke units (MSUs) – state-of-the-art ambulances built to provide stroke patients with emergency neurological diagnosis and treatment prior to hospital arrival -- improve patient outcomes and lessen the chance for disability by delivering care faster than standard stroke care.

Released: 17-Mar-2021 11:55 AM EDT
Aspirin Use May Decrease Ventilation, ICU admission and Death in COVID-19 Patients
George Washington University

George Washington University researchers found low dose aspirin may reduce the need for mechanical ventilation, ICU admission and in-hospital mortality in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Final results indicating the lung protective effects of aspirin were published today in Anesthesia & Analgesia.

Released: 15-Mar-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Calls to Poison Centers about High-Powered Magnets Increased by 444% after Ban Lifted
Nationwide Children's Hospital

A recent study led by researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy, Emergency Medicine, and the Central Ohio Poison Center at Nationwide Children’s Hospital along with the Children’s Hospital at Montefiore (CHAM) analyzed calls to U.S. poison centers for magnet exposures in children age 19 years and younger from 2008 through October 2019 to determine the impact of the CPSC rule and the subsequent lift of the ban.

Newswise: Study Finds Lower Dose of Ketamine Equally Effective in Reducing Pain
Released: 10-Mar-2021 1:05 PM EST
Study Finds Lower Dose of Ketamine Equally Effective in Reducing Pain
Loyola Medicine

A new Loyola Medicine study found that reducing the standard dose of IV-administered ketamine in half is as effective as the larger, standard dose in reducing pain in adults.

4-Mar-2021 1:10 PM EST
New Study Looks at Effect of COVID-19-Related Social Distancing Policies on Motor Vehicle Crashes and Traffic Volume in Ohio
Nationwide Children's Hospital

To minimize transmission of COVID-19, in spring 2020, most U.S. states passed policies promoting social distancing through stay-at-home orders prohibiting non-essential travel. Vehicle-miles traveled in the U.S. decreased by 41% in April 2020 compared to 2019. A new study led by researchers at the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital estimated associations between COVID-19-related social-distancing policies, traffic volume, and motor vehicle crash-related outcomes in Ohio.

Newswise: Updates on the Baylor Cranial Gunshot Wound Prognosis Score
2-Mar-2021 2:10 PM EST
Updates on the Baylor Cranial Gunshot Wound Prognosis Score
Journal of Neurosurgery

Two papers by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center that extend our understanding of the Baylor GSWH scoring system and its application, externally validating it in a different group of patients presenting during a more recent time period in which better acute management techniques are available.

Released: 4-Mar-2021 3:40 PM EST
Administering zinc to covid-19 patients could help towards their recovery
IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute)

Administering zinc supplements to covid-19 patients with low levels of this element may be a strategy to reduce mortality and recovery time. At the same time, it could help to prevent risk groups, like the elderly, from suffering the worst effects of the disease.

Newswise:Video Embedded yearofcovid-resilience-on-the-front-lines
Released: 4-Mar-2021 1:05 PM EST
#YearofCOVID: Resilience on the Front Lines

Vibeke Hirsch, RN, a nurse at Cedars-Sinai Marina del Rey Hospital, vividly remembers the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic when she had more questions than answers and returned home depleted after 12-hour shifts in her COVID-19 unit—longing only to take her dog, Dozer, for a quick walk and then go to sleep.

26-Feb-2021 12:30 PM EST
Geriatric Emergency Departments Associated with Lower Medicare Expenditures
Northwestern Medicine

As the U.S. population ages, more hospitals are implementing geriatric emergency department (GED) programs with specialized staff focused on transitional care for older adults. A new study finds that providing specialized geriatric emergency care results in lower Medicare expenditures up to $3,200 per beneficiary.

Released: 1-Mar-2021 12:00 AM EST
Financial Incentives for Hospitals Boost Rapid Changes to Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

In a study at Penn researchers found that Pennsylvania’s financial incentive policy encouraged hospitals to enact rapid changes to support treatment for opioid use disorder for patients visiting the ED, and evaluates the efficacy of the Opioid Hospital Quality Improvement Program.

15-Feb-2021 11:55 AM EST
High Patient Uptake for Text Message System Monitoring Opioid Use in Real-Time
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Among the orthopaedic surgery patients in a study using text messaging to monitor opioid use, 61 percent of their tablets were found to be left over

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Released: 16-Feb-2021 11:05 AM EST
COVID-19 linked to potentially dangerous eye abnormalities
Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)

Researchers using MRI have found significant abnormalities in the eyes of some people with severe COVID-19, according to a study published in the journal Radiology.

Released: 10-Feb-2021 2:45 PM EST
Difficulties to care for ICU patients caused by COVID-19
University of Seville

Researchers from the University of Seville's Nursing Department, with the collaboration of professionals from the ICU at Virgen Macarena University Hospital in Seville, have analysed the key factors in caring for critical COVID-19 patients during the first wave of the pandemic.

Newswise: Pauses During CPR, Compression Quality Impact Survival Rates
Released: 10-Feb-2021 5:00 AM EST
Pauses During CPR, Compression Quality Impact Survival Rates
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

An analysis of CPR interventions after in-hospital cardiac arrests found that the number of pauses in chest compressions greater than 10 seconds consistently impacted survival rates. The study appears to be the first to assess participants at four milestones during their hospital stay.

Released: 5-Feb-2021 1:50 PM EST
Raised mortality from cardiac arrest in people with COVID-19
University of Gothenburg

Sudden cardiac arrest is more often fatal in people with COVID-19, a new study shows. Those responsible for the research see the results as a wake-up call for the public and care providers alike.

Released: 4-Feb-2021 3:10 PM EST
Making the ClotChip military ready
Case Western Reserve University

Case Western Reserve University researchers who developed a portable sensor to assess the clotting ability of a person’s blood are working with the U.S. Navy to develop a rugged version of the device to detect problems with blood coagulation in cases of traumatic injury and preserve critical blood supplies.

Released: 4-Feb-2021 3:05 PM EST
Dialysis patients have 4-fold greater risk of dying from COVID-19
Canadian Medical Association (CMA)

People undergoing long-term dialysis are almost 4 times more likely to die from COVID-19 and should be prioritized for vaccination, found a new Ontario study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

25-Jan-2021 1:05 PM EST
Hormonal IUDs Are a Viable and Underutilized Method for Emergency Contraception
University of Utah Health

in a first-of-its-kind study, University of Utah Health scientists found that hormonal IUDs were comparable to copper IUDs for use as emergency contraceptives. The researchers say the finding supports adding hormonal IUDs to current emergency contraception options.

Released: 25-Jan-2021 12:35 PM EST
Nearly One in Four Families Hesitant to Seek Emergency Care for Their Child During COVID-19 Pandemic
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, nearly one in four families responded that they would be unlikely to bring their child to the Emergency Department if they had an emergency condition, according to a survey from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago published in the journal Academic Emergency Medicine. Greater hesitancy to seek emergency care was found in families living in under-resourced communities, those who rely on public insurance and in families who are Black, Latinx or Asian.

Newswise: LifeBridge Health Opens Brand-New Emergency Department and Specialty Clinics at Grace Medical Center in West Baltimore
Released: 21-Jan-2021 8:05 AM EST
LifeBridge Health Opens Brand-New Emergency Department and Specialty Clinics at Grace Medical Center in West Baltimore
LifeBridge Health

Fourteen months after acquiring the former Bon Secours Baltimore Hospital, LifeBridge Health today debuts a brand-new emergency department (ED) as well as renovated primary care/specialty care clinics and surgery suite at Grace Medical Center in West Baltimore.

Released: 7-Jan-2021 11:35 AM EST
Significant number of patients with sudden loss of consciousness need pre-hospital critical care
University of Surrey

Research from life-saving charity Air Ambulance Kent Surrey Sussex (KSS) in partnership with the University of Surrey has shown the benefits of dispatching HEMS to patients with a sudden, unexplained LOC of medical origin and a high prevalence of acute neurological pathology.

Released: 5-Jan-2021 1:50 PM EST
Due to the COVID surge, ambulances in the Los Angeles area are refusing to transfer patients with no chance of survival

As the surge of COVID-19 cases increase exponentially across the U.S., the hospitals in the Los Angeles metro area have been particularly hit hard. There are now more than 7,600 people hospitalized with COVID-19 in Los Angeles County. Ambulance crews in the area have been advised to cut back on their use of oxygen and to not bring to hospitals patients who have virtually no chance of survival in order to increase capacity and triage care to focus on the sickest patients.

Newswise: 252586_web.jpg
Released: 5-Jan-2021 11:35 AM EST
UC-MSC infusion helps repair COVID-19 damage in severe cases
The Cure Alliance

Dr. Camilo Ricordi, director of the Diabetes Research Institute (DRI) and Cell Transplant Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and his team of international collaborators are reporting the results of a groundbreaking randomized controlled trial showing umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) infusions safely reduce risk of death and quicken time to recovery for the most severe COVID-19 patients.

Released: 31-Dec-2020 1:30 PM EST
Transfusions with higher red blood cell levels do not improve preterm baby outcomes
George Mason University

Very low birthweight infants are at a high risk for anemia and often need blood transfusions to survive.

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Released: 30-Dec-2020 10:15 AM EST
Imaging of ballistic wounds, bullet composition and implications for MRI safety
American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS)

According to an article in ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), because patients with ballistic embedded fragments are frequently denied MRI (due to indeterminate bullet composition sans shell casings), radiography and CT can be used to identify nonferromagnetic projectiles that are safe for MRI.

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