Feature Channels: Environmental Health

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Newswise: Coronavirus transmission risk increases along wildlife supply chains
Released: 10-Aug-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Coronavirus transmission risk increases along wildlife supply chains
PLOS

oronaviruses were detected in a high proportion of bats and rodents in Viet Nam from 2013 to 2014, with an increasing proportion of positive samples found along the wildlife supply chain from traders to large markets to restaurants, according to a study published August 10 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Amanda Fine of the Wildlife Conservation Society and colleagues.

Released: 10-Aug-2020 1:35 PM EDT
NAU scientists contribute to critical global study showing ‘best of the last’ tropical forests urgently need protection to mitigate climate change, safeguard human well-being
Northern Arizona University

Professor Scott Goetz, research professor Patrick Jantz and research associate Pat Burns of Northern Arizona University contributed to the study, published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, that found world’s “best of the last” tropical forests are at significant risk of being lost,

Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Inconsistent EPA regulations increase lead poisoning risk to kids, study finds
Brown University

Two federal environmental standards regulating lead hazards in homes and child care facilities have different maximum thresholds, a discrepancy putting more than 35,000 kids in the United States at increased risk of lead poisoning.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
COVID recovery choices shape future climate
University of Leeds

A post-lockdown economic recovery plan that incorporates and emphasises climate-friendly choices could help significantly in the battle against global warming, according to a new study.

Newswise: New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers formulated polyurethane foams, made from algae oil, to meet commercial specifications for midsole shoes and the foot-bed of flip-flops. Their latest result, in a series of recent research publications, offers a complete solution to the plastics problem—at least for polyurethanes.

Newswise: New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in  ocean
6-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number of storage tanks on land surrounding the power plant that hold contaminated wastewater.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 10:05 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19. A research team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty has been awarded a contract to study connections between air pollution and the COVID-19 pandemic, officials said.

Newswise: How Climate Change Affects Allergies, Immune Response and Autism
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
How Climate Change Affects Allergies, Immune Response and Autism
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The changes in the environment and biodiversity brought on by climate change could be responsible for increases in allergies, autoimmune diseases and autism, according to a Rutgers researcher

Newswise:Video Embedded newswise-expert-panels-on-covid-19-pandemic-notable-excerpts-quotes-and-videos-available
VIDEO
Released: 31-Jul-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Newswise Expert Panels on COVID-19 Pandemic: Notable excerpts, quotes and videos available
Newswise

Newswise is hosting a series of Expert Panels discussion on unique aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This tip sheet includes some notable quotes from the panelists.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 5:55 PM EDT
COVID-19: Social media users more likely to believe false information
McGill University

A new study led by researchers at McGill University finds that people who get their news from social media are more likely to have misperceptions about COVID-19.

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Released: 30-Jul-2020 5:15 PM EDT
US should consider 'stay-at-home' cooling options during pandemic
University of Sydney

A new study from Australian scientists at the forefront of climate and health modelling suggests electric fans and water dousing could be a viable stay-at-home cooling strategy as the United States (US) anticipates extreme heat.

Released: 29-Jul-2020 6:20 PM EDT
In HEPA we trust: making the indoors safer during COVID
Syracuse University

As schools prepare to reopen and more people are heading back to their offices and shared work spaces, Syracuse University Professor Jianshun "Jensen" Zhang offers a three-step plan to improve indoor air quality (IAQ) and help prevent the spread of COVID indoors.

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Released: 29-Jul-2020 5:30 PM EDT
Social distancing varies by income in US
University of California, Davis

Wealthier communities went from being the most mobile before the COVID-19 pandemic to the least mobile, while poorer areas have gone from the least mobile to the most mobile, according to a study by the University of California, Davis.

Newswise: Newer PFAS compound detected for first time in Arctic seawater
24-Jul-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Newer PFAS compound detected for first time in Arctic seawater
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Researchers reporting in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology have studied the transport of 29 PFAS into and out of the Arctic Ocean, detecting a newer compound for the first time in Arctic seawater.

24-Jul-2020 10:30 AM EDT
Estimating bisphenol exposures in the Australian population
American Chemical Society (ACS)

By analyzing urine samples and wastewater, researchers report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology how human exposure to bisphenols has changed over time in an Australian population.

Newswise: NYU School of Global Public Health Creates COVID-19 Safety Training for Rideshare Drivers
Released: 28-Jul-2020 3:05 PM EDT
NYU School of Global Public Health Creates COVID-19 Safety Training for Rideshare Drivers
New York University

New York University’s School of Global Public Health is teaming up with the Independent Drivers Guild (IDG) to increase the safety of rideshare drivers and passengers during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Newswise: BGSU’s Davis named to global steering committee for harmful algal blooms
Released: 27-Jul-2020 8:55 AM EDT
BGSU’s Davis named to global steering committee for harmful algal blooms
Bowling Green State University

Dr. Timothy Davis, the Patrick L. & Debra (Scheetz) Ryan Endowed Professor at BGSU, was one of nine international researchers recently named to the Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) for GlobalHAB, an international program that is jointly sponsored by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO.

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Released: 22-Jul-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Dragonflies reveal mercury pollution levels across US national parks
Dartmouth College

A citizen science program that began over a decade ago has confirmed the use of dragonflies to measure mercury pollution, according to a study in Environmental Science & Technology.

21-Jul-2020 6:35 PM EDT
Jet Aircraft Exhaust Linked to Preterm Births
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

Researchers from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health have found that pregnant women exposed to high levels of ultrafine particles from jet airplane exhaust are 14% more likely to have a preterm birth than those exposed to lower levels.

16-Jul-2020 11:30 AM EDT
As Evidence of “Hormone Disruptor” Chemical Threats Grows, Experts Call for Stricter Regulation
NYU Langone Health

A growing number of chemicals in pesticides, flame retardants, and certain plastics have been linked to widespread health problems including infertility, diabetes, and impaired brain development, a set of reviews of hundreds of studies concludes.

Released: 20-Jul-2020 2:10 PM EDT
Ames Lab-led research team wins a $12.8M boost from the Department of Energy to tackle plastic upcycling science
Ames Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory will lead the Institute for Cooperative Upcycling of Plastics (iCOUP) Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC), with $12.8 million in funding over four years.

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Released: 17-Jul-2020 1:35 PM EDT
Pesticides speed the spread of deadly waterborne pathogens
University of California, Berkeley

Widespread use of pesticides and other agrochemicals can speed the transmission of the debilitating disease schistosomiasis, while also upsetting the ecological balances in aquatic environments that prevent infections, finds a new study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.

10-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Air Pollution From Wildfires Linked to Higher Death Rates in Patients with Kidney Failure
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• Exposure to higher amounts of fine particulate air pollution was associated with higher death rates among patients with kidney failure.

Released: 16-Jul-2020 2:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 and Air Quality: Another Perspective
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Researchers at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) discovered the air quality in New York City did not improve during the New York on PAUSE order. While other studies have suggested that the levels of nitrogen dioxide and other air particles decreased during the pandemic in cities such as New Delhi and industrialized parts of northern China, the ESF team found the opposite in the Big Apple.

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Released: 16-Jul-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Fish reef domes a boon for environment, recreational fishing
University of New South Wales

In a boost for both recreational fishing and the environment, new UNSW research shows that artificial reefs can increase fish abundance in estuaries with little natural reef.

Released: 16-Jul-2020 1:45 PM EDT
COVID-19 lockdown reduced dangerous air pollutants in five Indian cities by up to 54 percent
University of Surrey

A team of 10 interdisciplinary researchers from the University of Surrey's renowned Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE), including PhD students and post-doctoral researchers, have united to develop a rapid assessment of the impact COVID-19 has had on air quality.

Newswise: Urban Future Lab, Greentown Labs, and the Fraunhofer USA TechBridge Program announce the Carbon to Value Initiative
Released: 16-Jul-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Urban Future Lab, Greentown Labs, and the Fraunhofer USA TechBridge Program announce the Carbon to Value Initiative
New York University

The Urban Future Lab at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, Greentown Labs, and the Fraunhofer USA TechBridge Program launch the Carbon to Value Initiative (C2V Initiative), a partnership driving the creation of a thriving innovation ecosystem for the commercialization of carbontech

Released: 15-Jul-2020 3:00 PM EDT
Survey: Most Ophthalmologists Support Efforts to Reduce Medicine’s Big Carbon Footprint
American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and ASCRS

A just published survey of more than 1,300 U.S. cataract surgeons and nurses shows 93 percent believe that something needs to be done to reduce the excessive amount of waste produced by surgery.

Newswise: Study of Natural Gas Flaring Finds High Risks to Babies
13-Jul-2020 5:45 PM EDT
Study of Natural Gas Flaring Finds High Risks to Babies
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

UCLA & USC study of natural gas flaring finds high risks to babies; researchers found exposure was associated with 50% higher odds of preterm birth compared with no exposure.

Newswise: Arlington, Va., Named ‘Fittest City’ 
in 2020 American Fitness Index Ranking of Top 100
Released: 14-Jul-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Arlington, Va., Named ‘Fittest City’ in 2020 American Fitness Index Ranking of Top 100
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM and the Anthem Foundation release the 2020 American Fitness Index, ranking America’s 100 largest cities on health behaviors, chronic disease and community infrastructure indicators. Arlington, Va. earned the title of “America’s Fittest City.” Seattle, Wash.; Minneapolis, Minn.; Madison, Wis.; San Francisco, Calif.; Washington, D.C.; Irvine, Calif.; Denver, Colo.; Boise, Idaho; and Boston, Mass., round out the top 10 fittest cities.

Newswise: Study finds less impact from wildfire smoke on climate
Released: 9-Jul-2020 4:55 PM EDT
Study finds less impact from wildfire smoke on climate
Los Alamos National Laboratory

New research revealed that tiny, sunlight-absorbing particles in wildfire smoke may have less impact on climate than widely hypothesized because reactions as the plume mixes with clean air reduce its absorbing power and climate-warming effect.

Newswise: Quenching the need for water quality data in West Virginia
Released: 9-Jul-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Quenching the need for water quality data in West Virginia
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

A new portal is increasing access to surface and groundwater water quality data from shale gas regions around the state to inform stakeholders about trends in water quality.

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Released: 7-Jul-2020 1:10 PM EDT
A chemical cocktail of air pollution in Beijing, China during COVID-19 outbreak
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spreads rapidly around the world, and has limited people's outdoor activities substantially.

Newswise: Plant-Based Diets Support Healthy Testosterone Levels
Released: 7-Jul-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Plant-Based Diets Support Healthy Testosterone Levels
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

Men who follow plant-based diets have testosterone levels that are basically the same as the levels in men who eat meat, a study shows. This finding dispels a widespread notion that men need large amounts of animal protein in order to support healthy levels of this hormone.

Newswise: Improving wildfire emissions model
Released: 6-Jul-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Improving wildfire emissions model
South Dakota State University

New satellite instrumentation will help researchers estimate fire emissions every half hour for the United States.

3-Jul-2020 9:55 AM EDT
Nitrogen Pollution Policies Around the World Lag Behind Scientific Knowledge, New Analysis Finds
New York University

National and regional policies aimed at addressing pollution fueled by nitrogen lag behind scientific knowledge of the problem, finds a new analysis by an international team of researchers.

24-Jun-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Common Fireworks Release Toxic Metals Into the Air
NYU Langone Health

Some of America’s favorite Independence Day fireworks emit lead, copper, and other toxins, a new study suggests. These metals, which are used to give fireworks their vibrant color, also damage human cells and animal lungs.

Newswise: Researchers tracking COVID-19 in wastewater to join forces on framework for translating data into a public health response
Released: 1-Jul-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Researchers tracking COVID-19 in wastewater to join forces on framework for translating data into a public health response
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Researchers from four institutions will create a "startup blueprint" that cities can use to implement SARS-CoV-2 surveillance at their area's wastewater treatment plants. Funded by the Sloan Foundation, the action plan they develop could be used to monitor COVID-19 and other pathogens.

Newswise: Understanding Molecular Mechanisms of Air Pollution’s Impact on Interstitial Lung Disease is Critical to Minimizing its Effects
Released: 1-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Understanding Molecular Mechanisms of Air Pollution’s Impact on Interstitial Lung Disease is Critical to Minimizing its Effects
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

More research must be done to investigate the role of air pollution on the epigenome in patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), in order to develop strategies that minimize the effects of these pollutants, according to a new article published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 11:50 AM EDT
For Cardiac Rehab Patients, In-Home Portable Air Cleaners Lower Fine-Particle Pollutant Exposure
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Using an in-home portable air cleaner (PAC) can significantly reduce exposure to fine-particle air pollutants – a major risk factor for cardiovascular events in people with pre-existing heart disease, reports a pilot study in the July issue of Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Raw milk may do more harm than good
University of California, Davis

Raw or unpasteurized cows' milk from U.S. retail stores can hold a huge amount of antimicrobial-resistant genes if left at room temperature, according to a new study from researchers at the University of California, Davis.

Released: 30-Jun-2020 9:35 AM EDT
NSF Grant Supports Search for Plastic Polymer That Can Be Broken Down and Reused
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

With the support of a grant from the National Science Foundation, chemical engineers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute aim to develop a new polymer that can replace polystyrene, a commonly used plastic that is inexpensive and easy to make — but is difficult to break down into its original components for reuse, a process called depolymerization.

Released: 29-Jun-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Atmospheric processes likely caused puzzling haze over China during COVID-19 shutdown
Wiley

New research indicates that significant enhancement of secondary aerosol formed in the atmosphere via gas-to-particle conversion, together with long-lasting regional transport, may be the cause of severe haze over China despite a dramatic reduction in emissions during the COVID-19 shutdown.

Newswise: Ancient Maya Reservoirs Contained Toxic Pollution
Released: 29-Jun-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Ancient Maya Reservoirs Contained Toxic Pollution
University of Cincinnati

Mercury, algae made water undrinkable in heart of city

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Released: 25-Jun-2020 2:55 PM EDT
Global pollution estimates reveal surprises, opportunity
Washington University in St. Louis

Using recent satellite observations, ground monitoring and computational modeling, researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis have released a survey of global pollution rates. There are a couple of surprises, for worse, but also, for better.

Newswise: Steep NYC traffic toll would reduce gridlock, pollution
Released: 24-Jun-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Steep NYC traffic toll would reduce gridlock, pollution
Cornell University

Cornell University and the City College of New York research shows that by creating steep tolls for cars to enter Manhattan, traffic congestion and greenhouse gas emissions could be reduced.


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