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Released: 12-Jun-2020 9:05 AM EDT
Celebrating 20 Years of Smashing Success at RHIC
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Let’s wind back the clock and take a look at the lead-up to RHIC’s first collisions with these excerpts from the Brookhaven Bulletin. As you’ll see, getting a complicated particle collider up and running takes a lot of teamwork and coordinated effort. And it isn’t always a straight-line path!

Newswise: PPPL ramps up activities for diagnostics for ITER fusion experiment
Released: 11-Jun-2020 4:05 PM EDT
PPPL ramps up activities for diagnostics for ITER fusion experiment
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Laboratory's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory will lead the design and construction of several diagnostics for ITER, the international fusion experiment. At the same time, engineers are completing design work on a microwave reflectometer diagnostic called a low field side reflectometer.

Newswise:Video Embedded could-these-salt-loving-edible-sea-vegetables-be-the-new-kale
VIDEO
Released: 11-Jun-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Could These ‘Salt-loving’ Edible Sea Vegetables be the New Kale?
Florida Atlantic University

Skip the salt! Three species of sea vegetables could just be the new kale with the added benefit of a salty flavor. The 10-week study was designed to determine the optimal growing conditions for these sea vegetables that could soon be a great addition to salads, soups, pasta, rice and other dishes in the continental U.S. These nutritious plants for human consumption do not require fresh water and instead are grown in salt water.

Newswise: Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Released: 11-Jun-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new computational approach developed by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory offers a high-tech yet simple method for estimating groundwater: it pairs high-resolution images derived by satellite with advanced computer modeling to estimate aquifer volume change from observed ground deformation.

Newswise: How Stimulus Dollars are Spent will Affect Emissions for Decades
Released: 10-Jun-2020 4:50 PM EDT
How Stimulus Dollars are Spent will Affect Emissions for Decades
University of California San Diego

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns have led to a record crash in emissions. But it will be emission levels during the recovery—in the months and years after the pandemic recedes—that matter most for how global warming plays out

Newswise: Ancient Rocks Provide Clues About Earth's Early History
Released: 25-Feb-2019 12:05 PM EST
Ancient Rocks Provide Clues About Earth's Early History
Florida State University

Researchers discovered that Earth's oceans started becoming oxygenated millions of years earlier than previously recognized.

14-Jan-2019 4:05 PM EST
Greenland Ice Melting Four Times Faster Than in 2003, Study Finds
Ohio State University

Greenland is melting faster than scientists previously thought—and will likely lead to faster sea level rise—thanks to the continued, accelerating warming of the Earth’s atmosphere, a new study has found.

Newswise: Body-Painting Protects Against Bloodsucking Insects
Released: 18-Jan-2019 11:10 AM EST
Body-Painting Protects Against Bloodsucking Insects
Lund University

A study by researchers from Sweden and Hungary shows that white, painted stripes on the body protect skin from insect bites. It is the first time researchers have successfully shown that body-painting has this effect. Among indigenous peoples who wear body-paint, the markings thus provide a certain protection against insect-borne diseases.

Released: 9-Jan-2019 4:00 PM EST
How Fast Fashion Hurts Environment, Workers, Society
Washington University in St. Louis

The overabundance of fast fashion — readily available, inexpensively made clothing — has created an environmental and social justice crisis, claims a new paper from an expert on environmental health at Washington University in St. Louis.“From the growth of water-intensive cotton, to the release of untreated dyes into local water sources, to worker’s low wages and poor working conditions, the environmental and social costs involved in textile manufacturing are widespread,” said Christine Ekenga, assistant professor at the Brown School and co-author of the paper “The Global Environmental Injustice of Fast Fashion,” published in the journal Environmental Health.

Newswise: Ancient DNA Analysis Yields Unexpected Insights About Peoples of Central, South America
5-Nov-2018 4:00 PM EST
Ancient DNA Analysis Yields Unexpected Insights About Peoples of Central, South America
Harvard Medical School

The first high-quality ancient DNA data from Central and South America reveals two previously unknown genetic exchanges between North and South America, one representing a continent-wide population turnover Findings link the oldestCentral and South American samples with the Clovis culture, the first widespread archaeological culture of North America; however, this lineage disappeared within the last 9,000 years Analyses show shared ancestry between ancient Californians from the Channel Islands and groups that became widespread in the southern Peruvian Andes by at least 4,200 years ago

Newswise:Video Embedded how-beatboxers-produce-sound:-using-real-time-mri-to-understand
VIDEO
1-Nov-2018 10:05 AM EDT
How Beatboxers Produce Sound: Using Real-Time MRI to Understand
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Beatboxing is a musical art form in which performers use their vocal tract to create percussive sounds, and a team of researchers is using real-time MRI to study the production of beatboxing sounds. Timothy Greer will describe their work showing how real-time MRI can characterize different beatboxing styles and how video signal processing can demystify the mechanics of artistic style. Greer will present the study at the Acoustical Society of America's 176th Meeting, Nov. 5-9.

Newswise: Archaeologists Identify Ancient North American Mounds Using New Image Analysis Technique
Released: 23-Jul-2018 8:05 AM EDT
Archaeologists Identify Ancient North American Mounds Using New Image Analysis Technique
Binghamton University, State University of New York

Researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York have used a new image-based analysis technique to identify once-hidden North American mounds, which could reveal valuable information about pre-contact Native Americans.

Newswise: Human Influence Detected in Changing Seasonal Cycles
19-Jul-2018 2:05 PM EDT
Human Influence Detected in Changing Seasonal Cycles
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

For the first time, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and five other organizations have shown that human influences significantly impact the size of the seasonal cycle of temperature in the lowest layer of the atmosphere.

Newswise: Newly Discovered Armored Dinosaur From Utah Reveals Intriguing Family History
17-Jul-2018 12:30 PM EDT
Newly Discovered Armored Dinosaur From Utah Reveals Intriguing Family History
University of Utah

Fossils of a new genus and species of an ankylosaurid dinosaur—Akainacephalus johnsoni-- have been unearthed in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah, U.S.A., and are revealing new details about the diversity and evolution of this group of armored dinosaurs.

Newswise: In the Ocean's Twilight Zone, Tiny Organisms May Have Giant Effect on Earth's Carbon Cycle
Released: 18-Jul-2018 3:40 PM EDT
In the Ocean's Twilight Zone, Tiny Organisms May Have Giant Effect on Earth's Carbon Cycle
Florida State University

In a study that challenges scientists preconceptions about the global carbon cycle, researchers find that tiny organisms deep in the ocean's twilight zone may play an outsize part in the circulation of carbon.

Newswise: Farming Fish Alter ‘Cropping’ Strategies Under High CO2
8-Jul-2018 8:05 PM EDT
Farming Fish Alter ‘Cropping’ Strategies Under High CO2
University of Adelaide

Fish that ‘farm’ their own patches of seaweed alter their ‘cropping’ practices under high CO2 conditions, researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia have found.

25-Jun-2018 8:05 AM EDT
What Makes Dogs Man’s Best Friend?
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Using ancient dog DNA and DNA from modern village dogs, University of Michigan researchers find new genetic sites that may be responsible for important domestication traits--sites that are also connected to rare genetic syndromes in people.

Released: 25-Jun-2018 5:05 PM EDT
Team's E-Whiskers May Be a Touchstone for Future of Electronic Skin
University of Texas at Dallas

Those cute little whiskers you see on your pet do more than just twitch adorably. Intrigued by the hairs’ versatility, University of Texas at Dallas researchers used shape-memory polymers to create artificial, electronic versions called e-whiskers, which mimic the properties of the real thing.

Newswise: Ocean Warming, 'Junk-Food' Prey Cause of Massive Seabird Die-Off, Study Finds
Released: 5-Jun-2018 3:30 PM EDT
Ocean Warming, 'Junk-Food' Prey Cause of Massive Seabird Die-Off, Study Finds
University of Washington

A new University of Washington-led paper pinpoints starvation as the cause of death for hundreds of thousands of Cassin's auklet seabirds in late 2014 to early 2015.

31-May-2018 12:00 PM EDT
Thank the Moon for Earth’s Lengthening Day
University of Wisconsin-Madison

A new study that reconstructs the deep history of our planet’s relationship to the moon shows that 1.4 billion years ago, a day on Earth lasted just over 18 hours. This is at least in part because the moon was closer and changed the way the Earth spun around its axis.

Newswise: New Theory Finds “Traffic Jams” in Jet Stream Cause Abnormal Weather Patterns
22-May-2018 3:30 PM EDT
New Theory Finds “Traffic Jams” in Jet Stream Cause Abnormal Weather Patterns
University of Chicago

A study in Science offers an explanation for a mysterious and sometimes deadly weather pattern in which the jet stream, the global air currents that circle the Earth, stalls out over a region. Much like highways, the jet stream has a capacity, researchers said, and when it’s exceeded, blockages form that are remarkably similar to traffic jams—and climate forecasters can use the same math to model them both.

Newswise: Research Suggests Sweet Potatoes Didn't Originate in the Americas
Released: 21-May-2018 4:30 PM EDT
Research Suggests Sweet Potatoes Didn't Originate in the Americas
Indiana University

Sweet potatoes may seem as American as Thanksgiving, but scientists have long debated whether their plant family originated in the Old or New World. New research by an Indiana University paleobotanist suggests it originated in Asia, and much earlier than previously known.

Newswise: LLNL-Led Team Expands Forensic Method to Identify People Using Proteins From Bones
Released: 21-May-2018 6:05 AM EDT
LLNL-Led Team Expands Forensic Method to Identify People Using Proteins From Bones
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

A team of researchers led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed a second way to use protein markers from human tissue to identify people – this time from human bones.

Newswise: Scientists Analyze First Ancient Human DNA From Southeast Asia
16-May-2018 10:35 AM EDT
Scientists Analyze First Ancient Human DNA From Southeast Asia
Harvard Medical School

Harvard Medical School researchers lead the first whole-genome analysis of ancient human DNA from Southeast Asia Study identifies at least three major waves of human migration into the region over the last 50,000 years, each shaping the genetics of Southeast Asia “to a remarkable extent” Findings reveal a complex interplay among archaeology, genetics and language

Newswise: Clarkson Chem-E-Car Speed Team Takes 1st in Regional Competition
Released: 11-May-2018 3:05 PM EDT
Clarkson Chem-E-Car Speed Team Takes 1st in Regional Competition
Clarkson University

The Clarkson Student Projects for Engineering Experience and Design Team won 1st place in a regional competition.

Newswise: Cloaking Devices -- It’s Not Just ‘Star Trek’ Anymore
30-Apr-2018 1:05 PM EDT
Cloaking Devices -- It’s Not Just ‘Star Trek’ Anymore
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Scientists are now working to take cloaking devices from the dramatic realm of science fiction and make them real. Amanda D. Hanford, at Pennsylvania State University, is taking the introductory steps to make acoustic ground cloaks. These materials redirect approaching waves around an object without scattering the wave energy, concealing the object from the sound waves. During the 175th ASA Meeting, Hanford will describe the physics behind an underwater acoustic shield designed in her lab.

Newswise: Scientists Use Quantum “Spooky Action” to Entangle Objects You Can Actually See
20-Apr-2018 4:00 PM EDT
Scientists Use Quantum “Spooky Action” to Entangle Objects You Can Actually See
University of Chicago

A group of researchers announced April 26 in Nature that they had managed to entangle perhaps the largest items yet, at a whopping 20 microns across—about the diameter of a single human hair.

Newswise: Nanoparticle Breakthrough Could Capture Unseen Light for Solar Energy Conversion
19-Apr-2018 4:00 PM EDT
Nanoparticle Breakthrough Could Capture Unseen Light for Solar Energy Conversion
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

An international team, led by Berkeley Lab scientists, has demonstrated a breakthrough in the design and function of nanoparticles that could make solar panels more efficient by converting light usually missed by solar cells into usable energy.

Newswise: DHS S&T Helps Solve Mystery of 4,000-Year-Old Mummy
Released: 12-Apr-2018 10:05 AM EDT
DHS S&T Helps Solve Mystery of 4,000-Year-Old Mummy
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T recently used advanced DNA sequencing to determine the identity of a 4,000-year-old mummy head found in 1915, when American explorers entered an ancient tomb cut in the parched limestone cliffs of the eastern bank of the Nile River, 155 miles south of Cairo.

Newswise: Decades of Research Identify Source of Galaxy-Sized Stream of Gas
Released: 23-Mar-2018 10:05 AM EDT
Decades of Research Identify Source of Galaxy-Sized Stream of Gas
University of Wisconsin-Madison

A cloud of gas 300,000 light-years long is arching around the Milky Way, shunted away from two dwarf galaxies orbiting our own. For decades, astronomers have wanted to know which of the two galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, is the source of the gas that has been expelled as the two galaxies gravitationally pull at one another. The answer will help astronomers understand how galaxies form and change over time.

Newswise: Why Aren't Humans ‘Knuckle-Walkers’?
Released: 20-Mar-2018 9:30 AM EDT
Why Aren't Humans ‘Knuckle-Walkers’?
Case Western Reserve University

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have cracked the evolutionary mystery of why chimpanzees and gorillas walk on their knuckles: The short explanation is that these African apes climb trees and they are mobile on the ground.

Newswise: Scientists Design Conceptual Asteroid Deflector and Evaluate It Against Massive Potential Threat
Released: 14-Mar-2018 5:05 PM EDT
Scientists Design Conceptual Asteroid Deflector and Evaluate It Against Massive Potential Threat
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Scientists have designed a conceptual spacecraft to deflect Earth-bound asteroids and evaluated whether it would be able to nudge a massive asteroid – which has a remote chance to hitting Earth in 2135 – off course.

Newswise: Humans Flourished Through Super Volcano 74,000 Years Ago
Released: 14-Mar-2018 12:05 PM EDT
Humans Flourished Through Super Volcano 74,000 Years Ago
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Humans not only survived a massive volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago, they flourished during the resulting climate change that occurred, a new study by UNLV geoscientist Eugene Smith and colleagues found.

Newswise: What Zombie Ants Are Teaching Us About Fungal Infections: Q & A with Entomologists David Hughes and Maridel Fredericksen
Released: 1-Mar-2018 10:00 AM EST
What Zombie Ants Are Teaching Us About Fungal Infections: Q & A with Entomologists David Hughes and Maridel Fredericksen
NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)

I can still remember that giddy feeling I had seven years ago, when I first read about the “zombie ant.” The story was gruesome and fascinating

Newswise: Brain Size of Human Ancestors Evolved Gradually Over 3 Million Years
20-Feb-2018 1:45 PM EST
Brain Size of Human Ancestors Evolved Gradually Over 3 Million Years
University of Chicago Medical Center

Modern humans have brains that are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos. Scientists don't agree on when and how this dramatic increase took place, but new analysis of 94 hominin fossils shows that average brain size increased gradually and consistently over the past three million years.

Newswise: Astronomers Reveal Secrets of Most Distant Supernova Ever Detected
19-Feb-2018 8:05 AM EST
Astronomers Reveal Secrets of Most Distant Supernova Ever Detected
University of Southampton

An international team of astronomers led by the University of Southampton has confirmed the discovery of the most distant supernova ever detected – a huge cosmic explosion that took place 10.5 billion years ago, or three-quarters the age of the Universe itself.

Newswise:Video Embedded even-small-changes-within-an-ecosystem-can-have-detrimental-effects
VIDEO
Released: 1-Feb-2018 3:40 PM EST
Even Small Changes Within an Ecosystem Can Have Detrimental Effects
Binghamton University, State University of New York

A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system. New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York reveals that interactions between relatively small organisms are crucial to mutualistic relationships in an ecosystem dominated by much larger organisms, including trees and elephants.

Newswise: Coastal Water Absorbing More Carbon Dioxide
Released: 31-Jan-2018 4:55 PM EST
Coastal Water Absorbing More Carbon Dioxide
University of Delaware

New research by the University of Delaware and other institutions reveals that water over continental shelves is shouldering more atmospheric carbon dioxide, which may have implications for scientists studying how much carbon dioxide can be released into the atmosphere while keeping warming limited.

Newswise: Mammals Moving Less in Human Landscapes May Upset Ecology
25-Jan-2018 1:05 PM EST
Mammals Moving Less in Human Landscapes May Upset Ecology
Stony Brook University

Could baboons and other mammals worldwide soon need pedometers? Not likely, but a new study to be published in Science reveals that on average, mammals move distances two to three times shorter in human-modified landscapes than they do in the wild.

Newswise:Video Embedded tiny-particles-have-outsize-impact-on-storm-clouds,-precipitation
VIDEO
22-Jan-2018 9:00 AM EST
Tiny Particles Have Outsize Impact on Storm Clouds, Precipitation
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Tiny particles fuel powerful storms and influence weather much more than has been appreciated, according to a study in the Jan. 26 issue of the journal Science. The tiny pollutants – long considered too small to have much impact on droplet formation – are, in effect, diminutive downpour-makers.

Newswise: A New 'Atmospheric Disequilibrium' Could Help Detect Life on Other Planets
23-Jan-2018 3:00 PM EST
A New 'Atmospheric Disequilibrium' Could Help Detect Life on Other Planets
University of Washington

A University of Washington study has found a simple approach to look for life that might be more promising than just looking for oxygen.

17-Jan-2018 3:00 PM EST
Climate Change and Snowmelt - Turn Up the Heat, but What About Humidity?
University of Utah

changes in humidity may determine how the contribution of snowpack to streams, lakes and groundwater changes as the climate warms. Surprisingly, cloudy, gray and humid winter days can actually cause the snowpack to warm faster, increasing the likelihood of melt during winter months when the snowpack should be growing, the authors report. In contrast, under clear skies and low humidity the snow can become colder than the air, preserving the snowpack until spring.

Newswise: Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth
9-Jan-2018 5:05 PM EST
Ingredients for Life Revealed in Meteorites That Fell to Earth
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A detailed study of blue salt crystals found in two meteorites that crashed to Earth – which included X-ray experiments at Berkeley Lab – found that they contain both liquid water and a mix of complex organic compounds including hydrocarbons and amino acids.

Newswise: New Discovery Could Improve Brain-Like Memory and Computing
Released: 9-Jan-2018 2:55 PM EST
New Discovery Could Improve Brain-Like Memory and Computing
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

A new discovery, led by researchers at the University of Minnesota, demonstrates the existence of a new kind of magnetoresistance involving topological insulators that could result in improvements in future computing and computer storage.

Newswise: Chemists Discover Plausible Recipe for Early Life on Earth
5-Jan-2018 5:05 PM EST
Chemists Discover Plausible Recipe for Early Life on Earth
Scripps Research Institute

Following the chemistry, scientists develop fascinating new theory for how life on Earth may have begun.

Newswise: DNA Analysis of Ancient Mummy, Thought to Have Smallpox, Points to Hepatitis B Infection Instead
3-Jan-2018 10:05 AM EST
DNA Analysis of Ancient Mummy, Thought to Have Smallpox, Points to Hepatitis B Infection Instead
McMaster University

Scientists have sequenced the complete genome of an ancient strain of Hepatitis B, shedding new light on a pathogen that today kills nearly one million people every year. The findings, based on data extracted from the mummified remains of a small child buried in Naples, Italy, confirm the idea that HBV has existed in humans for centuries.

Newswise:Video Embedded nasa-selects-johns-hopkins-apl-led-mission-to-titan-for-further-development
VIDEO
Released: 2-Jan-2018 1:05 PM EST
NASA Selects Johns Hopkins APL-Led Mission to Titan for Further Development
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

NASA has selected an APL proposal to send an innovative, instrumented rotorcraft to Saturn's largest moon for further development.

Newswise:Video Embedded star-mergers:-a-new-test-of-gravity,-dark-energy-theories
VIDEO
Released: 18-Dec-2017 2:35 PM EST
Star Mergers: A New Test of Gravity, Dark Energy Theories
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Observations and measurements of a neutron star merger have largely ruled out some theories relating to gravity and dark energy, and challenged a large class of cosmological theories.

Newswise:Video Embedded the-force-is-strong-amputee-controls-individual-prosthetic-fingers
VIDEO
Released: 11-Dec-2017 11:05 AM EST
The Force Is Strong: Amputee Controls Individual Prosthetic Fingers
Georgia Institute of Technology

Luke Skywalker’s bionic hand is a step closer to reality for amputees in this galaxy. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created an ultrasonic sensor that allows amputees to control each of their prosthetic fingers individually. It provides fine motor hand gestures that aren’t possible with current commercially available devices.

Newswise: Uncovering Varied Pathways to Agriculture
Released: 6-Dec-2017 3:30 PM EST
Uncovering Varied Pathways to Agriculture
Weizmann Institute of Science

Weizmann Institute and colleagues at the University of Copenhagen identify new dates for a 15,000-year-old site in Jordan, challenging some prevailing assumptions about the beginnings of permanent settlements


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