Feature Channels: Geology

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT
New Zealand's Southern Alps glacier melt has doubled
University of Leeds

Glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand have lost more ice mass since pre-industrial times than remains today, according to a new study.

Newswise: Geothermal Brines Could Propel California’s Green Economy
Released: 5-Aug-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Geothermal Brines Could Propel California’s Green Economy
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Deep beneath the surface of the Salton Sea, a shallow lake in California’s Imperial County, sits an immense reserve of critical metals that, if unlocked, could power the state’s green economy for years to come. These naturally occurring metals are dissolved in geothermal brine, a byproduct of geothermal energy production. Now the race is on to develop technology to efficiently extract one of the most valuable metals from the brine produced by the geothermal plants near the Salton Sea: lithium.

Released: 4-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT
FSU geologists publish new findings on carbonate melts in Earth’s mantle
Florida State University

Geologists from Florida State University’s Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science have discovered how carbon-rich molten rock in the Earth’s upper mantle might affect the movement of seismic waves.

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Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Tiny plants crucial for sustaining dwindling water supplies: Global analysis
University of New South Wales

A global meta-analysis led by UNSW scientists shows tiny organisms that cover desert soils - so-called biocrusts - are critically important for supporting the world's shrinking water supplies.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 5:50 PM EDT
Study sheds light on the evolution of the earliest dinosaurs
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

The classic dinosaur family tree has two subdivisions of early dinosaurs at its base: the Ornithischians, or bird-hipped dinosaurs, which include the later Triceratops and Stegosaurus; and the Saurischians, or lizard-hipped dinosaurs, such as Brontosaurus and Tyrannosaurus.

Released: 30-Jul-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Rutgers’ Eagleton Institute of Politics Announces 2020-2021 Science and Politics Fellows
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers’ Eagleton Institute of Politics announced that seven scientists have been selected for the 2020-2021 cohort of Eagleton Science and Politics Fellows. Over the next year, the Eagleton Science Fellows will serve as full-time science advisors in New Jersey state government and will assist in the development and implementation of state policy for issues ranging from COVID-19 response, clean energy, education, mental health, and others.

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Released: 27-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
FSU expert available for context on NASA Perseverance mission
Florida State University

By: Bill Wellock | Published: July 27, 2020 | 2:27 pm | SHARE: This summer, NASA’s Perseverance rover mission will begin its exploration of Mars, gathering valuable data that will help scientists understand our neighboring planet.Once on Mars, the rover will search for signs of ancient microscopic life and collect data about the planet’s geology and climate.

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Released: 24-Jul-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Ocean features and changes in the past are explored to anticipate future climate
University of the Basque Country

The climate represents the set of atmospheric conditions that characterize a region. Yet these conditions are the result of global interaction between dry land, vegetation, ice, atmosphere and ocean.

Newswise: Predicting the spread of COVID-19 infection
Released: 23-Jul-2020 10:45 AM EDT
Predicting the spread of COVID-19 infection
Indiana University

IUPUI’s Daniel Johnson is working to develop a predictive model of COVID-19 based on the physical environment, social environment and cases of infection.

Newswise: What Happens in Vegas, May Come From the Arctic?
Released: 22-Jul-2020 12:50 PM EDT
What Happens in Vegas, May Come From the Arctic?
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Climate records from a cave in the southern Great Basin show that Nevada was even hotter and drier in the past than it is today, and that one 4,000-year period in particular may represent a true, “worst-case” scenario for the Southwest and the Colorado River Basin — and the millions of people who rely on its water supply.

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Released: 20-Jul-2020 7:25 PM EDT
A new idea on how Earth's outer shell first broke into tectonic plates
University of Hong Kong

The activity of the solid Earth - for example, volcanoes in Java, earthquakes in Japan, etc - is well understood within the context of the ~50-year-old theory of plate tectonics.

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Released: 20-Jul-2020 5:45 PM EDT
Native bushland's fertility secret
Flinders University

In hotter, dryer conditions with climate change, a secret agent for more sustainable agricultural production could lie in harvesting the diverse beneficial soil microbiome in native bushland settings, scientists say. New research from CSIRO, Flinders University and La Trobe University highlights the importance of soil biological health and further potential to use organic rather than chemical farm inputs for crop production. "We know antibiotics are very useful in pharmaceuticals, and actinobacteria found plentifully and in balance in various natural environments play a vital role in the plant world," says lead author Dr Ricardo Araujo, a visiting Flinders University researcher from the University of Porto in Portugal. "These actinobacterial communities contribute to global carbon cycling by helping to decompose soil nutrients, increase plant productivity, regulate climate support ecosystems - and are found in abundance in warm, dry soil conditions common in Australia." A n

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Released: 17-Jul-2020 4:45 PM EDT
FSU biologist part of team that discovered new record for highest-living mammal
Florida State University

It was a surprising thing to see on the otherwise lifeless peak of a South American volcano — a mouse, specifically a yellow-rumped leaf-eared mouse, or Phyllotis xanthopygus, scurrying among the rocks on the summit.The find was especially startling because the mouse was living at an elevation of 22,100 feet, a higher elevation than scientists had ever observed mammals living at previously.

Newswise: Colleen Iversen on Belowground Ecology
Released: 13-Jul-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Colleen Iversen on Belowground Ecology
Department of Energy, Office of Science

After working on a climate change experiment that showed plants adapt to additional carbon dioxide by putting extra carbon into their roots, Colleen Iverson has been on a mission to understand the role of roots in the environment, especially the tundra.

Newswise: Insights into climate change during origin of dinosaurs
Released: 13-Jul-2020 6:05 AM EDT
Insights into climate change during origin of dinosaurs
University of Utah

In a new study in the journal Gondwana Research demonstrated that the Carnian Pluvial Episode affected the southern hemisphere, specifically South America, which strengthens the case that it was a global climate event.

Newswise: Quenching the need for water quality data in West Virginia
Released: 9-Jul-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Quenching the need for water quality data in West Virginia
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

A new portal is increasing access to surface and groundwater water quality data from shale gas regions around the state to inform stakeholders about trends in water quality.

Released: 6-Jul-2020 2:20 PM EDT
Simulations shows magnetic field can change 10 times faster than previously thought
University of Leeds

A new study by the University of Leeds and University of California at San Diego reveals that changes in the direction of the Earth's magnetic field may take place 10 times faster than previously thought.

Released: 2-Jul-2020 2:40 PM EDT
Geoscientists Create Deeper Look at Processes Below Earth’s Surface with 3D Images
University of Texas at Dallas

Geoscientists at The University of Texas at Dallas recently used supercomputers to analyze massive amounts of earthquake data to generate high-resolution, 3D images of the dynamic geological processes taking place far below the Earth’s surface.

Released: 2-Jul-2020 2:20 PM EDT
In the Arctic, spring snowmelt triggers fresh CO2 production
San Diego State University

Studies have shown the Arctic is warming roughly twice as fast as the rest of the world, and its soil holds twice the amount of carbon dioxide as the atmosphere. New research from San Diego State University finds that water from spring snowmelt infiltrates the soil and triggers fresh carbon dioxide production at higher rates than previously assumed.

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Released: 2-Jul-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Arctic plants may not provide predicted carbon sequestration potential
University of Stirling

The environmental benefits of taller, shrubbier tundra plants in the Arctic may be overstated, according to new research involving the University of Stirling.

Newswise: The fossil detective
Released: 1-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
The fossil detective
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Uncovering what drives the evolution of new animals is key for understanding the history of life on Earth. Geologist James Lamsdell is embarking on this exploration as a recipient of the National Science Foundation’s CAREER award.

Released: 29-Jun-2020 1:40 PM EDT
How volcanoes explode in the deep sea
University of Würzburg

Most volcanic eruptions take place unseen at the bottom of the world's oceans. In recent years, oceanography has shown that this submarine volcanism not only deposits lava but also ejects large amounts of volcanic ash.

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Released: 26-Jun-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Tiny Japanese dinosaur eggs help unscramble Cretaceous ecosystem
University of Tsukuba

When most of us think of dinosaurs, we envision large, lumbering beasts, but these giants shared their ecosystems with much smaller dinosaurs, the smaller skeletons of which were generally less likely to be preserved.

Newswise: Carbon Cycling in Wet Soils
Released: 25-Jun-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Carbon Cycling in Wet Soils
American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Testing microbial activity in soil columns helps researchers understand how carbon is stored in soils that are periodically waterlogged.

Newswise: Crews create a blast to take the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment to the next stage
Released: 24-Jun-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Crews create a blast to take the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment to the next stage
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Construction workers have carried out the first underground blasting for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility, which will provide the space, infrastructure and particle beam for the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment. This prep work paves the way for removing more than 800,000 tons of rock to make space for the gigantic DUNE detectors a mile underground.

Newswise: Tropical Forest Loss
Released: 23-Jun-2020 10:35 AM EDT
Tropical Forest Loss
University of Delaware

A new study from the University of Delaware finds that tropical forest loss is increased by large-scale land acquisitions and that certain kind investment projects—including tree plantations and plantations for producing palm oil and wood fiber—are “consistently associated with increased forest loss.”

Newswise: Stocks of vulnerable carbon twice as high where permafrost subsidence is factored in, new research finds
Released: 17-Jun-2020 5:25 PM EDT
Stocks of vulnerable carbon twice as high where permafrost subsidence is factored in, new research finds
Northern Arizona University

Northern Arizona University researchers Elaine Pegoraro, Christina Schädel, Emily Romano, Meghan Taylor and Ted Schuur collaborated on the study, which suggests that traditional methods of permafrost thaw measurement underestimate the amount of previously-frozen carbon unlocked from warming permafrost by more than 100 percent.

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Released: 16-Jun-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Mangroves at risk of collapse if emissions not reduced by 2050, international scientists predict
University of Hong Kong

An international research team comprising scientists from the University of Hong Kong, the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore), Macquarie University and the University of Wollongong (Australia) as well as Rutgers University (USA) has predicted that mangroves will not be able to survive with rising sea-level rates reached by 2050, if emissions are not reduced.

Released: 15-Jun-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Carbon emission from permafrost soils underestimated by 14%
University of Michigan

Picture 500 million cars stacked in rows. That's how much carbon—about 1,000 petagrams, or one billion metric tons—is locked away in Arctic permafrost.

Newswise: Looking Up to the Stars Can Reveal What’s Deep Below
9-Jun-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Looking Up to the Stars Can Reveal What’s Deep Below
Johns Hopkins University

Using a new technique originally designed to explore the cosmos, scientists have unveiled structures deep inside the Earth, paving the way towards a new map revealing what Earth’s interior looks like.

Newswise:Video Embedded utah-s-arches-continue-to-whisper-their-secrets
Released: 11-Jun-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Utah’s Arches Continue to Whisper Their Secrets
University of Utah

Two new studies from University of Utah researchers show what can be learned from a short seismic checkup of natural rock arches and how erosion sculpts some arches—like the iconic Delicate Arch—into shapes that lend added strength.

Newswise: Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Released: 11-Jun-2020 7:00 AM EDT
Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new computational approach developed by scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory offers a high-tech yet simple method for estimating groundwater: it pairs high-resolution images derived by satellite with advanced computer modeling to estimate aquifer volume change from observed ground deformation.

Newswise: Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
Released: 9-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Volcanic Activity and Changes in Earth’s Mantle Were Key to Rise of Atmospheric Oxygen
University of Washington

Evidence from rocks billions of years old suggest that volcanoes played a key role in the rise of oxygen in the atmosphere of the early Earth.

Newswise: First Global Map of Rockfalls on the Moon
Released: 8-Jun-2020 12:35 PM EDT
First Global Map of Rockfalls on the Moon
ETH Zürich

In October 2015, a spectacular rockfall occurred in the Swiss Alps: in the late morning hours, a large, snow-covered block with a volume of more than 1500 cubic meters suddenly detached from the summit of Mel de la Niva. It fell apart on its way downslope, but a number of boulders continued their journey into the valley.

Newswise: Study shows diamonds aren't forever
Released: 4-Jun-2020 5:50 PM EDT
Study shows diamonds aren't forever
Tulane University

The study, published in Nature, was conducted by a team of international resources, including two from Tulane University.

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Released: 4-Jun-2020 11:30 AM EDT
Australia's ancient geology controls the pathways of modern earthquakes
University of Melbourne

Seismological and geological studies led by University of Melbourne researchers show the 2016 magnitude 6.0 Petermann earthquake produced a landscape-shifting 21 km surface rupture.

Released: 2-Jun-2020 5:05 PM EDT
New discovery could highlight areas where earthquakes are less likely to occur
Cardiff University

Scientists from Cardiff University have discovered specific conditions that occur along the ocean floor where two tectonic plates are more likely to slowly creep past one another as opposed to drastically slipping and creating catastrophic earthquakes.

Newswise: What’s being done to restore wetlands?
Released: 1-Jun-2020 8:00 AM EDT
What’s being done to restore wetlands?
American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Restoration projects bring back the ecological and societal benefits of wetland ecosystems

Newswise: Gap between rich, poor neighborhoods growing in some cities
Released: 28-May-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Gap between rich, poor neighborhoods growing in some cities
Ohio State University

New research provides insight into how housing prices and neighborhood values have become polarized in some urban areas, with the rich getting richer and the poor becoming poorer.

Newswise: New technique separates industrial noise from natural seismic signals
Released: 19-May-2020 12:55 PM EDT
New technique separates industrial noise from natural seismic signals
Los Alamos National Laboratory

For the first time, seismologists can characterize signals as a result of some industrial human activity on a continent-wide scale using cloud computing. In two recently published papers in Seismological Research Letters, scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory demonstrate how previously characterized “noise” can now be viewed as a specific signal in a large geographical area thanks to an innovative approach to seismic data analyses.

Released: 19-May-2020 12:50 PM EDT
Researchers go cuckoo: Antarctic penguins release an extreme amount of laughing gas
University of Copenhagen

More than 1600 kilometers east of the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica lies the Atlantic island of South Georgia.

Newswise: FSU Researcher Detects Unknown Submarine Landslides in Gulf of Mexico
Released: 18-May-2020 3:40 PM EDT
FSU Researcher Detects Unknown Submarine Landslides in Gulf of Mexico
Florida State University

A Florida State University researcher has used new detection methods to identify 85 previously unknown submarine landslides that occurred in the Gulf of Mexico between 2008 and 2015, leading to questions about the stability of oil rigs and other structures, such as pipelines built in the region.

Newswise: To decipher Earth’s evolutionary tale, researchers probe materials at deep-Earth conditions
Released: 18-May-2020 1:35 PM EDT
To decipher Earth’s evolutionary tale, researchers probe materials at deep-Earth conditions
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Scientists have developed a way to study liquid silicates at the extreme conditions found in the core-mantle boundary. This could lead to a better understanding of the Earth’s early molten days, which could even extend to other rocky planets.

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Released: 15-May-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Researchers reveal largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth
University of Hawaii at Manoa

In a recently published study, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology revealed the largest and hottest shield volcano on Earth.

Newswise: 050720-ber-soils-viruses.jpg?itok=F8K81K3b
Released: 8-May-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Soils Viruses: A Rich Reservoir of Diversity
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists have limited knowledge of the role of viruses in soils. New research found that soils can contain many kinds of RNA viruses. Most likely infect fungi, but they could also infect bacteria, plants, and animals. The study found that soil viral populations change quickly, possibly in response to the environment.

Released: 8-May-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Sea level could rise by more than 1 meter by 2100 if emission targets are not met
Nanyang Technological University

An international study led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) scientists found that the global mean sea-level rise could exceed 1 metre by 2100 and 5 metres by 2300 if global targets on emissions are not achieved.

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