Feature Channels: High Energy Physics

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Newswise: Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better
Released: 3-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers discovered that people with an inactive RNA-editing enzyme respond better to cancer immunotherapy, and inhibitors of the enzyme help mice with difficult-to-treat cancers live longer.

Released: 8-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Late-Breaking Science Announced for TVT Connect
Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) announced that TVT Connect will feature eight studies as Late-Breaking Clinical Science. They will be presented during episodes moderated by the editors of Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions and JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. Each late-breaking science episode will host a live wrap-up and Q&A session afterwards.

Newswise: Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Released: 14-Jan-2020 10:40 AM EST
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nine sources of extremely high-energy gamma rays comprise a new catalog compiled by researchers with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory.

Newswise: Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth
Released: 9-Jan-2020 6:05 AM EST
Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

If copper was found in the core of Saturn it would have the same crystalline structure as the copper pipes found in many homes, according to new research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Johns Hopkins University. In a paper published today by Physical Review Letters, the research team reveals that copper maintains its crystalline structure at pressures ranging from one atmosphere (room pressure) to more than 30 million atmospheres.

Newswise: Top-10 Science and Technology Achievements of 2019
Released: 7-Jan-2020 9:45 AM EST
Top-10 Science and Technology Achievements of 2019
Brookhaven National Laboratory

In 2019, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory dove deeper into proton spin, took a leap in quantum communication, and uncovered new details of plant biochemistry, battery cathodes, catalysts, superconductors, and more. Here, in no particular order, are the biggest advances of the year.

Newswise: ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers
Released: 2-Jan-2020 4:25 PM EST
ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a quantum chemistry simulation benchmark to evaluate the performance of quantum devices and guide the development of applications for future quantum computers.

Newswise: Tiny Quantum Sensors Watch Materials Transform Under Pressure
12-Dec-2019 1:55 PM EST
Tiny Quantum Sensors Watch Materials Transform Under Pressure
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a diamond anvil sensor that could lead to a new generation of smart, designer materials, as well as the synthesis of new chemical compounds, atomically fine-tuned by pressure.

Newswise:Video Embedded story-tips-from-the-department-of-energy-s-oak-ridge-national-laboratory-december-2019
VIDEO
Released: 2-Dec-2019 10:15 AM EST
Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2019
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

An additively manufactured polymer layer applied to specialized plastic proved effective to protect aircraft from lightning strikes in lab test; injecting shattered argon pellets into a super-hot plasma, when needed, could protect a fusion reactor’s interior wall from runaway electrons; ORNL will celebrate the life and legacy of Dr. Liane Russell on December 20.

Newswise: Researchers Discover Highest-Energy Light From a Gamma-ray Burst
Released: 20-Nov-2019 1:15 PM EST
Researchers Discover Highest-Energy Light From a Gamma-ray Burst
George Washington University

An international team of researchers, including two astrophysicists from the George Washington University, has observed a gamma-ray burst with an afterglow that featured the highest energy photons—a trillion times more energetic than visible light—ever detected in a burst.

Newswise: Hubble Studies Gamma-Ray Burst with the Highest Energy Ever Seen
Released: 20-Nov-2019 1:00 PM EST
Hubble Studies Gamma-Ray Burst with the Highest Energy Ever Seen
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has given astronomers a peek at the location of the most energetic outburst ever seen in the universe—a blast of gamma-rays a trillion times more powerful than visible light. That’s because in a few seconds the gamma-ray burst (GRB) emitted more energy than the Sun will provide over its entire 10-billion year life.

Newswise: 3D-Printed Plastics With High Performance Electrical Circuits
Released: 5-Nov-2019 6:00 AM EST
3D-Printed Plastics With High Performance Electrical Circuits
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers engineers have embedded high performance electrical circuits inside 3D-printed plastics, which could lead to smaller and versatile drones and better-performing small satellites, biomedical implants and smart structures. They used pulses of high-energy light to fuse tiny silver wires, resulting in circuits that conduct 10 times more electricity than the state of the art, according to a study in the journal Additive Manufacturing. By increasing conductivity 10-fold, the engineers can reduce energy use, extend the life of devices and increase their performance.

Released: 4-Nov-2019 12:05 PM EST
Zinc-anode batteries prove their mettle
Cornell University

Researchers working with Lynden Archer, Cornell’s James A. Friend Family Distinguished Professor of Engineering, have found a way to build a zinc-anode battery that not only has a high energy density, but is low cost, robust and stable, and has a life cycle that can be significantly prolonged.

Newswise: New technique lets researchers map strain in next-gen solar cells
Released: 31-Oct-2019 3:15 PM EDT
New technique lets researchers map strain in next-gen solar cells
University of Washington

Researchers can now map strain in lead halide perovskite solar cells. Their approach shows that misorientation between perovskite crystals is the primary contributor to the buildup of strain within the solar cell, creating defects in grain structure, interrupting electron transport and causing heat loss.

Newswise:Video Embedded brookhaven-lab-hosts-third-gpu-hackathon
VIDEO
Released: 28-Oct-2019 5:00 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab Hosts Third GPU Hackathon
Brookhaven National Laboratory

At Brookhaven's Lab third graphics processing unit (GPU) hackathon, participants accelerated applications spanning particle physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, machine learning, and geoscience.

Newswise: Big Improvements in Thin-film Solar Cell Efficiency Now Possible
Released: 17-Oct-2019 3:35 PM EDT
Big Improvements in Thin-film Solar Cell Efficiency Now Possible
Penn State Materials Research Institute

Researchers at Penn State and Delaware have developed a theoretical method to improve the efficiency of thin-film solar cells by up to 33 percent. Flexible thin-film solar cells are needed to supply electrical power to fabrics, clothing, back packs and anywhere that a local autonomous power supply is required.

Newswise: Denisov Leads High Energy Physics at Brookhaven
Released: 11-Oct-2019 5:00 AM EDT
Denisov Leads High Energy Physics at Brookhaven
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Dmitri Denisov, a leading physicist and spokesperson of the DZero experiment, has been named Deputy Associate Lab Director for High Energy Physics at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Newswise: Light My Fire: How to Startup Fusion Devices Every Time
Released: 9-Oct-2019 4:55 PM EDT
Light My Fire: How to Startup Fusion Devices Every Time
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Researchers have constructed a framework for starting and raising a fusion plasma to temperatures rivaling the sun in hundreds of milliseconds.

Newswise: Argonne Receives More Than $1 Million for Quantum Information Science
Released: 2-Oct-2019 3:05 PM EDT
Argonne Receives More Than $1 Million for Quantum Information Science
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne scientists receive $1.19 million from DOE for quantum research.

Released: 1-Oct-2019 2:35 PM EDT
Department of Energy Office of Science and NNSA Award $3.5 Million for High Energy Density Plasma Research
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Science and DOE’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have awarded eight research grants totaling $3.5 million to support work related to High-Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas (HEDLP).

Newswise: U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade Completed
Released: 27-Sep-2019 9:00 AM EDT
U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade Completed
Brookhaven National Laboratory

The ATLAS experiment at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is ready to begin another chapter in its search for new physics. A significant upgrade to the experiment, called the U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade, has received Critical Decision-4 approval from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), signifying the completion of the project and a transition to operations.

Newswise: Scientists Seek to Harness the Power of Accelerators for Environmental Remediation
Released: 13-Sep-2019 2:10 PM EDT
Scientists Seek to Harness the Power of Accelerators for Environmental Remediation
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Two Jefferson Lab accelerator scientists have received funding to design accelerators that could be used for wastewater treatment, flue-gas cleanup and beyond.

Newswise: Breakthrough Foundation honors UW researcher studying ‘exotic’ states of matter
Released: 9-Sep-2019 6:05 PM EDT
Breakthrough Foundation honors UW researcher studying ‘exotic’ states of matter
University of Washington

Lukasz Fidkowski, an assistant professor of physics at the University of Washington, is one of the winners of a 2020 New Horizons in Physics Prize from the Breakthrough Foundation "for incisive contributions to the understanding of topological states of matter and the relationships between them."

Newswise: Fermilab achieves world-record field strength for accelerator magnet
Released: 9-Sep-2019 11:05 AM EDT
Fermilab achieves world-record field strength for accelerator magnet
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Fermilab have announced that they achieved the highest magnetic field strength ever recorded for an accelerator steering magnet, setting a world record of 14.1 teslas, with the magnet cooled to 4.5 kelvins or minus 450 degrees Fahrenheit.

Newswise: Particle Accelerators Drive Decades of Discoveries at Berkeley Lab and Beyond
26-Aug-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Particle Accelerators Drive Decades of Discoveries at Berkeley Lab and Beyond
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This article and accompanying video highlight the decades of discoveries, achievements and progress in particle accelerator R&D at Berkeley Lab. These accelerators have enabled new explorations of the atomic nucleus; the production and discovery of new elements and isotopes, and of subatomic particles

Newswise: Laser-Produced Uranium Plasma Evolves into More Complex Species
Released: 21-Aug-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Laser-Produced Uranium Plasma Evolves into More Complex Species
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

When energy is added to uranium under pressure, it creates a shock wave, and even a tiny sample will be vaporized like a small explosion. By using smaller, controlled explosions, physicists can test on a microscale what could previously be tested only in larger, more dangerous experiments. In a recent experiment, scientists used a laser to ablate atomic uranium while recording chemical reactions as the plasma cooled, oxidized and formed species of more complex uranium. They discuss their work in this week’s Physics of Plasmas.

Newswise:Video Embedded argonne-delivers-first-cryomodule-for-fermilab-neutrino-experiment-accelerator
VIDEO
Released: 19-Aug-2019 3:40 PM EDT
Argonne Delivers First Cryomodule for Fermilab Neutrino Experiment Accelerator
Argonne National Laboratory

Through a collaboration with DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Argonne is supplying the first eight of 116 superconducting cavities that will create a stream of neutrinos for Fermilab’s Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE).

Newswise: National Ignition Facility Celebrates 10 Years of Operation
Released: 13-Aug-2019 12:05 PM EDT
National Ignition Facility Celebrates 10 Years of Operation
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

In the decade since Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s National Ignition Facility began operations, NIF has routinely heated and compressed matter to some of the most extreme temperatures and pressures ever obtained on Earth – temperatures of 100 million degrees and pressures 100 billion times that of the Earth’s atmosphere. More than 2,700 experiments have helped to ensure the current and future nuclear stockpile is safe, secure and effective; made significant progress toward fusion ignition; and yielded new insights about the stars and the universe while revealing phenomena like the metallization of hydrogen and the interiors of distant planets.

Newswise: Improving the Magnetic Bottle That Controls Fusion Power on Earth
Released: 5-Aug-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Improving the Magnetic Bottle That Controls Fusion Power on Earth
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The exhaustive detection method that discovered the error field in the initial run of the NSTX-U tokamak could serve as a model for error-field detection in future tokamaks.

Newswise: A sharper focus: New computational technique resolves compressed X-ray data
Released: 18-Jul-2019 10:05 AM EDT
A sharper focus: New computational technique resolves compressed X-ray data
Argonne National Laboratory

With high-energy X-rays, such as those that will be produced by the upgrade to Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source comes a potential hitch — the more penetrating the X-rays are, the higher a likelihood that researchers could run into problems with the image data. In a new study, researchers at Argonne have found a novel way to combat this image degradation.

Released: 8-Jul-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Augustana University Professor’s Research Leads to Surprising Mating Decision in Butterfly Species
Augustana University, South Dakota

The males of one species of butterfly are more attracted to females that are active, not necessarily what they look like, according to a recent research conducted at Augustana University.The paper, “Behaviour before beauty: Signal weighting during mate selection in the butterfly Papilio polytes,” found that males of the species noticed the activity levels of potential female mates, not their markings.

Newswise: A Trojan Horse for Fusion Disruptions
Released: 19-Jun-2019 3:05 PM EDT
A Trojan Horse for Fusion Disruptions
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Thin-walled diamond shells carry payloads of boron dust; the dust mitigates destructive plasma disruptions in fusion confinement systems.

Newswise: A day in the life of an accelerator designer
Released: 18-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
A day in the life of an accelerator designer
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Physicist Tor Raubenheimer explores the world by climbing rocks and designing particle accelerators.

Released: 4-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $75 Million for High Energy Physics Research
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $75 million in funding for 66 university research awards on a range of topics in high energy physics to advance knowledge of how the universe works at its most fundamental level.

Newswise:Video Embedded brookhaven-lab-and-the-belle-ii-experiment
VIDEO
Released: 7-May-2019 10:15 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab and the Belle II Experiment
Brookhaven National Laboratory

The Belle II experiment at Japan’s SuperKEKB particle accelerator started its first physics run in late March. But a key part of the experiment is taking place half a world away, using computing resources and expertise at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the lead laboratory for U.S. collaborators on Belle II.

Newswise: The ‘Little’ Computer Cluster That Could
Released: 1-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT
The ‘Little’ Computer Cluster That Could
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A computer cluster, which switched off April 1, had a storied history in serving high-energy physics and nuclear physics experiments.

Newswise: A Breakthrough in the Study of Laser/Plasma Interactions
Released: 24-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT
A Breakthrough in the Study of Laser/Plasma Interactions
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new 3D particle-in-cell simulation tool developed by researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and CEA Saclay is enabling cutting-edge simulations of laser/plasma coupling mechanisms. More detailed understanding of these mechanisms is critical to the development of ultra-compact particle accelerators and light sources.

Newswise: Tied in Knots: New Insights Into Plasma Behavior Focus on Twists and Turns
Released: 12-Mar-2019 11:05 AM EDT
Tied in Knots: New Insights Into Plasma Behavior Focus on Twists and Turns
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Findings from an international team of scientists show that twisted magnetic fields can evolve in only so many ways, with the plasma inside them following a general rule.

Newswise: Missouri S&T joins LIGO Scientific Collaboration and world-class astrophysics research
Released: 26-Feb-2019 7:05 PM EST
Missouri S&T joins LIGO Scientific Collaboration and world-class astrophysics research
Missouri University of Science and Technology

This spring semester, Missouri University of Science and Technology became the state’s only institution to join the worldwide LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) Scientific Collaboration (LSC) of researchers committed to detecting cosmic gravitational waves. This research explores the fundamental physics of gravity using the emerging field of gravitational wave science as a tool for astronomical discovery.

Newswise:Video Embedded laser-drill-sets-a-new-world-record-in-laser-driven-electron-acceleration
VIDEO
22-Feb-2019 3:00 PM EST
Laser ‘Drill’ Sets a New World Record in Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Combining a first laser pulse to heat up and “drill” through a plasma, and another to accelerate electrons to incredibly high energies in just tens of centimeters, scientists have nearly doubled the previous record for laser-driven particle acceleration at Berkeley Lab’s BELLA Center.

Newswise: Novel Experiment Validates a Widely Speculated and Important Mechanism During the Formation of Stars and Planets
Released: 5-Feb-2019 2:05 PM EST
Novel Experiment Validates a Widely Speculated and Important Mechanism During the Formation of Stars and Planets
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Feature describes use of Magnetorotational Instability Experiment at PPPL to confirm an important mechanism involved in star formation.

Newswise: CSI: Neutrinos Cast No Shadows
Released: 1-Feb-2019 2:55 PM EST
CSI: Neutrinos Cast No Shadows
Department of Energy, Office of Science

New crime scene investigation technique offers a hard look at the traces that particles leave before fleeing the scene.

Newswise: MicroBooNE, Machine Learning, and Liquid Argon
Released: 31-Jan-2019 11:05 AM EST
MicroBooNE, Machine Learning, and Liquid Argon
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The MicroBooNE experiment demonstrates the use of machine learning to interpret images made by a liquid-argon particle detector.

Newswise: ArgoNeuT Hits a Home Run with Measurements of Neutrinos in Liquid Argon
Released: 30-Jan-2019 3:05 PM EST
ArgoNeuT Hits a Home Run with Measurements of Neutrinos in Liquid Argon
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists developed a method to better distinguish the tracks that particles leave behind in liquid argon.

Newswise: Team Led by PPPL Wins Time on Three Supercomputers to Study the Complex Edge of Fusion Plasmas
Released: 14-Dec-2018 4:55 PM EST
Team Led by PPPL Wins Time on Three Supercomputers to Study the Complex Edge of Fusion Plasmas
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Article describes INCITE award of major time on three supercomputers to PPPL-let team to study the complex edge of fusion plasmas.

Newswise:Video Embedded accelerated-computing-hackathon-returns-for-second-year
VIDEO
Released: 14-Dec-2018 8:05 AM EST
Accelerated Computing Hackathon Returns for Second Year
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Brookhaven Lab's Computational Science Initiative hosted its second hackathon on graphics processing units for accelerating scientific discovery.

Released: 7-Nov-2018 2:05 PM EST
Major Meeting on Fluid Dynamics This Month in Atlanta, Georgia
American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics

The American Physical Society’s Division of Fluid Dynamics 71st Annual Meeting will take place Nov. 18-20 at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta, Georgia. It will be one of the largest conferences in fluid dynamics this year, with more than 3,000 attendees expected from around the world. Journalists are invited to attend the meeting for free. Press registration may be obtained by emailing the American Institute of Physics' Media Line at media@aip.org.

2-Nov-2018 3:30 PM EDT
Magnetic Pumping Pushes Plasma Particles to High Energies
American Physical Society Division of Plasma Physics

As you walk away from a campfire on a cool autumn night, you quickly feel colder. The same thing happens in outer space. As it spins, the sun continuously flings hot material into space, out to the furthest reaches of our solar system.

Newswise: Cryocooler Cools an Accelerator Cavity
Released: 20-Oct-2018 9:05 AM EDT
Cryocooler Cools an Accelerator Cavity
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Researchers demonstrated cryogen-free operation of a superconducting radio-frequency cavity that might ease barriers to its use in societal applications.

Newswise: Newly Detected Microquasar Gamma-Rays ‘Call for New Ideas’
Released: 4-Oct-2018 10:05 AM EDT
Newly Detected Microquasar Gamma-Rays ‘Call for New Ideas’
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The first-ever detection of highly energetic radiation from a microquasar has astrophysicists scrambling for new theories to explain the extreme particle acceleration. A microquasar is a black hole that gobbles up debris from a nearby companion star and blasts out powerful jets of material.

Newswise: No Longer Whistling in the Dark: Scientists Uncover a Little-Understood Source of Waves Generated Throughout the Universe
Released: 25-Sep-2018 4:30 PM EDT
No Longer Whistling in the Dark: Scientists Uncover a Little-Understood Source of Waves Generated Throughout the Universe
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and other laboratories, using data from a NASA four-satellite mission that is studying reconnection, have developed a method for identifying the source of waves that help satellites determine their location in space.


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