Feature Channels: High Energy Physics

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Released: 10-Jun-2021 1:50 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $3.5 Million for U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research in High Energy Physics
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $3.5 million for 23 collaborative research projects in high energy physics that involve substantial collaboration with Japanese investigators.

Newswise: Scientists create unique instrument to probe the most extreme matter on Earth
Released: 8-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Scientists create unique instrument to probe the most extreme matter on Earth
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

PPPL develops novel X-ray crystal spectrometer to measure high energy density plasmas in the National Ignition Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Newswise: Smashing gold with finesse: Shockless compression experiments at the National Ignition Facility establish new terapascal pressure scales
Released: 3-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT
Smashing gold with finesse: Shockless compression experiments at the National Ignition Facility establish new terapascal pressure scales
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

An international team of researchers, including scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories and the University of Hyogo, have used the world’s most energetic laser – LLNL’s National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, California – and the world’s most powerful pulsed-power facility – Sandia’s Z Machine in Albuquerque, New Mexico – to compress gold and platinum compress to 1 terapascal, deriving new pressure scales.

Newswise: DOE names six Argonne scientists to receive Early Career Research Program awards
Released: 27-May-2021 1:40 PM EDT
DOE names six Argonne scientists to receive Early Career Research Program awards
Argonne National Laboratory

Six Argonne scientists receive Department of Energy’s Early Career Research Program Awards.

Newswise: Experiments validate the possibility of helium rain in Jupiter and Saturn
Released: 26-May-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Experiments validate the possibility of helium rain in Jupiter and Saturn
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

An international team of researchers, including scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, the University of Rochester and the University of California, Berkeley, detail experimental evidence validating the existence of helium rain inside of planets like Jupiter and Saturn, supporting a nearly 40-year-old hypothesis.

Newswise: Wayne State graduate student selected for DOE’s Office of Science Graduate Student Research Program
Released: 12-May-2021 11:10 AM EDT
Wayne State graduate student selected for DOE’s Office of Science Graduate Student Research Program
Wayne State University Division of Research

A Wayne State University graduate student was one of 78 recipients of the Department of Energy's Office of Science Graduate Student Research program's 2020 Solicitation 2 cycle for his project, "Experimental Research in High Energy Physics."

Newswise: Ultra-high-energy gamma rays originate from pulsar nebulae
Released: 22-Apr-2021 8:10 AM EDT
Ultra-high-energy gamma rays originate from pulsar nebulae
Los Alamos National Laboratory

The discovery that the nebulae surrounding the most powerful pulsars are pumping out ultra-high-energy gamma rays could rewrite the book about the rays’ galactic origins. Pulsars are rapidly rotating, highly magnetized collapsed stars surrounded by nebulae powered by winds generated inside the pulsars.

Newswise: Katrin Heitmann elected spokesperson for LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration
Released: 20-Apr-2021 10:30 AM EDT
Katrin Heitmann elected spokesperson for LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne’s Katrin Heitmann has been elected the scientific spokesperson for the LSST Dark Energy Science Collaboration. This collaboration will address fundamental questions about the evolution of the universe with data from the Rubin Observatory.

Newswise:Video Embedded field-guides-argonne-scientists-bolster-evidence-of-undiscovered-particles-or-forces-in-muon-g-2-experiment
VIDEO
Released: 7-Apr-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Field guides: Argonne scientists bolster evidence of undiscovered particles or forces in Muon g-2 experiment
Argonne National Laboratory

The first result from the Muon g-2 experiment points to the existence of undiscovered particles or forces. These findings could have major implications for future particle physics experiments and could lead to greater understanding of how the universe works.

Released: 2-Apr-2021 2:20 PM EDT
Department of Energy to Provide $5 Million to Advance Workforce Development for High Energy Physics Instrumentation
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced plans to provide $5 million to support a DOE traineeship program to address workforce needs in high energy physics instrumentation.

8-Mar-2021 5:35 PM EST
IceCube detection of high-energy particle proves 60-year-old physics theory
University of Wisconsin-Madison

With this detection, scientists provided another confirmation of the Standard Model of particle physics. It also further demonstrated the ability of IceCube, which detects nearly massless particles called neutrinos using thousands of sensors embedded in the Antarctic ice, to do fundamental physics. The result was published March 10 in Nature.

Released: 1-Mar-2021 8:35 AM EST
Scientists claim that all high-energy cosmic neutrinos are born by quasars
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

Scientists of the P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (LPI RAS), the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Institute for Nuclear Research of RAS (INR RAS) studied the arrival directions of astrophysical neutrinos with energies more than a trillion electronvolts (TeV) and came to an unexpected conclusion: all of them are born near black holes in the centers of distant active galaxies powerful radio sources.

Newswise: A look into the mysteries of proton structure and the dynamics of antiquarks and gluons
Released: 25-Feb-2021 11:45 AM EST
A look into the mysteries of proton structure and the dynamics of antiquarks and gluons
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A complex high-energy nuclear physics experiment, aiming to measure the contributions of antiquarks to the structure of the proton and neutron, has produced results that are the opposite of what had previously been understood about proton structure and the dynamics of strong interacting antiquarks and gluons.

Newswise: After 20 years, physicists find a way to keep track of lost accelerator particles
Released: 23-Feb-2021 11:45 AM EST
After 20 years, physicists find a way to keep track of lost accelerator particles
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Physicists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a measurement technique to better understand beam loss—stray particles that travel outside the confinement fields of a particle accelerator. Mitigating beam loss is paramount to realizing more powerful accelerators at smaller scales and lower costs.

Newswise: Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better
Released: 3-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Inhibiting Enzyme Helps Cancer Immunotherapy Work Better
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers discovered that people with an inactive RNA-editing enzyme respond better to cancer immunotherapy, and inhibitors of the enzyme help mice with difficult-to-treat cancers live longer.

Released: 8-Jun-2020 12:05 PM EDT
Late-Breaking Science Announced for TVT Connect
Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) announced that TVT Connect will feature eight studies as Late-Breaking Clinical Science. They will be presented during episodes moderated by the editors of Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions and JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. Each late-breaking science episode will host a live wrap-up and Q&A session afterwards.

Newswise: Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Released: 14-Jan-2020 10:40 AM EST
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Nine sources of extremely high-energy gamma rays comprise a new catalog compiled by researchers with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory.

Newswise: Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth
Released: 9-Jan-2020 6:05 AM EST
Under pressure: Researchers compress copper, creating the densest object on Earth
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

If copper was found in the core of Saturn it would have the same crystalline structure as the copper pipes found in many homes, according to new research from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Johns Hopkins University. In a paper published today by Physical Review Letters, the research team reveals that copper maintains its crystalline structure at pressures ranging from one atmosphere (room pressure) to more than 30 million atmospheres.

Newswise: Top-10 Science and Technology Achievements of 2019
Released: 7-Jan-2020 9:45 AM EST
Top-10 Science and Technology Achievements of 2019
Brookhaven National Laboratory

In 2019, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory dove deeper into proton spin, took a leap in quantum communication, and uncovered new details of plant biochemistry, battery cathodes, catalysts, superconductors, and more. Here, in no particular order, are the biggest advances of the year.

Newswise: ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers
Released: 2-Jan-2020 4:25 PM EST
ORNL researchers advance performance benchmark for quantum computers
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a quantum chemistry simulation benchmark to evaluate the performance of quantum devices and guide the development of applications for future quantum computers.

Newswise: Tiny Quantum Sensors Watch Materials Transform Under Pressure
12-Dec-2019 1:55 PM EST
Tiny Quantum Sensors Watch Materials Transform Under Pressure
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a diamond anvil sensor that could lead to a new generation of smart, designer materials, as well as the synthesis of new chemical compounds, atomically fine-tuned by pressure.

Newswise:Video Embedded story-tips-from-the-department-of-energy-s-oak-ridge-national-laboratory-december-2019
VIDEO
Released: 2-Dec-2019 10:15 AM EST
Story Tips from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2019
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

An additively manufactured polymer layer applied to specialized plastic proved effective to protect aircraft from lightning strikes in lab test; injecting shattered argon pellets into a super-hot plasma, when needed, could protect a fusion reactor’s interior wall from runaway electrons; ORNL will celebrate the life and legacy of Dr. Liane Russell on December 20.

Newswise: Researchers Discover Highest-Energy Light From a Gamma-ray Burst
Released: 20-Nov-2019 1:15 PM EST
Researchers Discover Highest-Energy Light From a Gamma-ray Burst
George Washington University

An international team of researchers, including two astrophysicists from the George Washington University, has observed a gamma-ray burst with an afterglow that featured the highest energy photons—a trillion times more energetic than visible light—ever detected in a burst.

Newswise: Hubble Studies Gamma-Ray Burst with the Highest Energy Ever Seen
Released: 20-Nov-2019 1:00 PM EST
Hubble Studies Gamma-Ray Burst with the Highest Energy Ever Seen
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has given astronomers a peek at the location of the most energetic outburst ever seen in the universe—a blast of gamma-rays a trillion times more powerful than visible light. That’s because in a few seconds the gamma-ray burst (GRB) emitted more energy than the Sun will provide over its entire 10-billion year life.

Newswise: 3D-Printed Plastics With High Performance Electrical Circuits
Released: 5-Nov-2019 6:00 AM EST
3D-Printed Plastics With High Performance Electrical Circuits
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers engineers have embedded high performance electrical circuits inside 3D-printed plastics, which could lead to smaller and versatile drones and better-performing small satellites, biomedical implants and smart structures. They used pulses of high-energy light to fuse tiny silver wires, resulting in circuits that conduct 10 times more electricity than the state of the art, according to a study in the journal Additive Manufacturing. By increasing conductivity 10-fold, the engineers can reduce energy use, extend the life of devices and increase their performance.

Released: 4-Nov-2019 12:05 PM EST
Zinc-anode batteries prove their mettle
Cornell University

Researchers working with Lynden Archer, Cornell’s James A. Friend Family Distinguished Professor of Engineering, have found a way to build a zinc-anode battery that not only has a high energy density, but is low cost, robust and stable, and has a life cycle that can be significantly prolonged.

Newswise: New technique lets researchers map strain in next-gen solar cells
Released: 31-Oct-2019 3:15 PM EDT
New technique lets researchers map strain in next-gen solar cells
University of Washington

Researchers can now map strain in lead halide perovskite solar cells. Their approach shows that misorientation between perovskite crystals is the primary contributor to the buildup of strain within the solar cell, creating defects in grain structure, interrupting electron transport and causing heat loss.

Newswise:Video Embedded brookhaven-lab-hosts-third-gpu-hackathon
VIDEO
Released: 28-Oct-2019 5:00 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab Hosts Third GPU Hackathon
Brookhaven National Laboratory

At Brookhaven's Lab third graphics processing unit (GPU) hackathon, participants accelerated applications spanning particle physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, machine learning, and geoscience.

Newswise: Big Improvements in Thin-film Solar Cell Efficiency Now Possible
Released: 17-Oct-2019 3:35 PM EDT
Big Improvements in Thin-film Solar Cell Efficiency Now Possible
Penn State Materials Research Institute

Researchers at Penn State and Delaware have developed a theoretical method to improve the efficiency of thin-film solar cells by up to 33 percent. Flexible thin-film solar cells are needed to supply electrical power to fabrics, clothing, back packs and anywhere that a local autonomous power supply is required.

Newswise: Denisov Leads High Energy Physics at Brookhaven
Released: 11-Oct-2019 5:00 AM EDT
Denisov Leads High Energy Physics at Brookhaven
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Dmitri Denisov, a leading physicist and spokesperson of the DZero experiment, has been named Deputy Associate Lab Director for High Energy Physics at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Newswise: Light My Fire: How to Startup Fusion Devices Every Time
Released: 9-Oct-2019 4:55 PM EDT
Light My Fire: How to Startup Fusion Devices Every Time
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Researchers have constructed a framework for starting and raising a fusion plasma to temperatures rivaling the sun in hundreds of milliseconds.

Newswise: Argonne Receives More Than $1 Million for Quantum Information Science
Released: 2-Oct-2019 3:05 PM EDT
Argonne Receives More Than $1 Million for Quantum Information Science
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne scientists receive $1.19 million from DOE for quantum research.

Released: 1-Oct-2019 2:35 PM EDT
Department of Energy Office of Science and NNSA Award $3.5 Million for High Energy Density Plasma Research
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Science and DOE’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have awarded eight research grants totaling $3.5 million to support work related to High-Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas (HEDLP).

Newswise: U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade Completed
Released: 27-Sep-2019 9:00 AM EDT
U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade Completed
Brookhaven National Laboratory

The ATLAS experiment at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is ready to begin another chapter in its search for new physics. A significant upgrade to the experiment, called the U.S. ATLAS Phase I Upgrade, has received Critical Decision-4 approval from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), signifying the completion of the project and a transition to operations.

Newswise: Scientists Seek to Harness the Power of Accelerators for Environmental Remediation
Released: 13-Sep-2019 2:10 PM EDT
Scientists Seek to Harness the Power of Accelerators for Environmental Remediation
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Two Jefferson Lab accelerator scientists have received funding to design accelerators that could be used for wastewater treatment, flue-gas cleanup and beyond.

Newswise: Breakthrough Foundation honors UW researcher studying ‘exotic’ states of matter
Released: 9-Sep-2019 6:05 PM EDT
Breakthrough Foundation honors UW researcher studying ‘exotic’ states of matter
University of Washington

Lukasz Fidkowski, an assistant professor of physics at the University of Washington, is one of the winners of a 2020 New Horizons in Physics Prize from the Breakthrough Foundation "for incisive contributions to the understanding of topological states of matter and the relationships between them."

Newswise: Fermilab achieves world-record field strength for accelerator magnet
Released: 9-Sep-2019 11:05 AM EDT
Fermilab achieves world-record field strength for accelerator magnet
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Fermilab have announced that they achieved the highest magnetic field strength ever recorded for an accelerator steering magnet, setting a world record of 14.1 teslas, with the magnet cooled to 4.5 kelvins or minus 450 degrees Fahrenheit.

Newswise: Particle Accelerators Drive Decades of Discoveries at Berkeley Lab and Beyond
26-Aug-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Particle Accelerators Drive Decades of Discoveries at Berkeley Lab and Beyond
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This article and accompanying video highlight the decades of discoveries, achievements and progress in particle accelerator R&D at Berkeley Lab. These accelerators have enabled new explorations of the atomic nucleus; the production and discovery of new elements and isotopes, and of subatomic particles

Newswise: Laser-Produced Uranium Plasma Evolves into More Complex Species
Released: 21-Aug-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Laser-Produced Uranium Plasma Evolves into More Complex Species
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

When energy is added to uranium under pressure, it creates a shock wave, and even a tiny sample will be vaporized like a small explosion. By using smaller, controlled explosions, physicists can test on a microscale what could previously be tested only in larger, more dangerous experiments. In a recent experiment, scientists used a laser to ablate atomic uranium while recording chemical reactions as the plasma cooled, oxidized and formed species of more complex uranium. They discuss their work in this week’s Physics of Plasmas.

Newswise:Video Embedded argonne-delivers-first-cryomodule-for-fermilab-neutrino-experiment-accelerator
VIDEO
Released: 19-Aug-2019 3:40 PM EDT
Argonne Delivers First Cryomodule for Fermilab Neutrino Experiment Accelerator
Argonne National Laboratory

Through a collaboration with DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Argonne is supplying the first eight of 116 superconducting cavities that will create a stream of neutrinos for Fermilab’s Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE).

Newswise: National Ignition Facility Celebrates 10 Years of Operation
Released: 13-Aug-2019 12:05 PM EDT
National Ignition Facility Celebrates 10 Years of Operation
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

In the decade since Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s National Ignition Facility began operations, NIF has routinely heated and compressed matter to some of the most extreme temperatures and pressures ever obtained on Earth – temperatures of 100 million degrees and pressures 100 billion times that of the Earth’s atmosphere. More than 2,700 experiments have helped to ensure the current and future nuclear stockpile is safe, secure and effective; made significant progress toward fusion ignition; and yielded new insights about the stars and the universe while revealing phenomena like the metallization of hydrogen and the interiors of distant planets.

Newswise: Improving the Magnetic Bottle That Controls Fusion Power on Earth
Released: 5-Aug-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Improving the Magnetic Bottle That Controls Fusion Power on Earth
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

The exhaustive detection method that discovered the error field in the initial run of the NSTX-U tokamak could serve as a model for error-field detection in future tokamaks.

Newswise: A sharper focus: New computational technique resolves compressed X-ray data
Released: 18-Jul-2019 10:05 AM EDT
A sharper focus: New computational technique resolves compressed X-ray data
Argonne National Laboratory

With high-energy X-rays, such as those that will be produced by the upgrade to Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source comes a potential hitch — the more penetrating the X-rays are, the higher a likelihood that researchers could run into problems with the image data. In a new study, researchers at Argonne have found a novel way to combat this image degradation.

Released: 8-Jul-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Augustana University Professor’s Research Leads to Surprising Mating Decision in Butterfly Species
Augustana University, South Dakota

The males of one species of butterfly are more attracted to females that are active, not necessarily what they look like, according to a recent research conducted at Augustana University.The paper, “Behaviour before beauty: Signal weighting during mate selection in the butterfly Papilio polytes,” found that males of the species noticed the activity levels of potential female mates, not their markings.

Newswise: A Trojan Horse for Fusion Disruptions
Released: 19-Jun-2019 3:05 PM EDT
A Trojan Horse for Fusion Disruptions
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Thin-walled diamond shells carry payloads of boron dust; the dust mitigates destructive plasma disruptions in fusion confinement systems.

Newswise: A day in the life of an accelerator designer
Released: 18-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
A day in the life of an accelerator designer
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Physicist Tor Raubenheimer explores the world by climbing rocks and designing particle accelerators.

Released: 4-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $75 Million for High Energy Physics Research
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $75 million in funding for 66 university research awards on a range of topics in high energy physics to advance knowledge of how the universe works at its most fundamental level.

Newswise:Video Embedded brookhaven-lab-and-the-belle-ii-experiment
VIDEO
Released: 7-May-2019 10:15 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab and the Belle II Experiment
Brookhaven National Laboratory

The Belle II experiment at Japan’s SuperKEKB particle accelerator started its first physics run in late March. But a key part of the experiment is taking place half a world away, using computing resources and expertise at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the lead laboratory for U.S. collaborators on Belle II.

Newswise: The ‘Little’ Computer Cluster That Could
Released: 1-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT
The ‘Little’ Computer Cluster That Could
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A computer cluster, which switched off April 1, had a storied history in serving high-energy physics and nuclear physics experiments.

Newswise: A Breakthrough in the Study of Laser/Plasma Interactions
Released: 24-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT
A Breakthrough in the Study of Laser/Plasma Interactions
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A new 3D particle-in-cell simulation tool developed by researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and CEA Saclay is enabling cutting-edge simulations of laser/plasma coupling mechanisms. More detailed understanding of these mechanisms is critical to the development of ultra-compact particle accelerators and light sources.


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