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Released: 18-May-2022 11:00 AM EDT
MD Anderson Research Highlights for May 18, 2022
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Current discoveries include a novel target for mutant colorectal cancers, advances in breast cancer metastases to the brain and bone, a new understanding for secondary leukemias, biomarkers for myelofibrosis treatment response, a computational tool for combining single-cell datasets, unique immune features of pre-cancerous pancreatic cysts, encouraging clinical results for Ewing sarcoma and a new protein critical for T cells to mount an anti-tumor immune response.

Newswise: New Weight-Loss Intervention Targets Instinctive Desire to Eat
17-May-2022 1:35 PM EDT
New Weight-Loss Intervention Targets Instinctive Desire to Eat
University of California San Diego

People who are highly responsive to food lost more weight and kept it off using a new weight loss program that targets internal hunger cues and the ability to resist food, reports University of California San Diego Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science.

Newswise: Study: Deaths from Alcohol Use Disorder Surged During Pandemic
Released: 16-May-2022 8:05 PM EDT
Study: Deaths from Alcohol Use Disorder Surged During Pandemic
Cedars-Sinai

Deaths involving alcohol use disorder increased dramatically during the pandemic, according to a new study by Cedars-Sinai investigators. The study also found that young adults 25 to 44 years old experienced the steepest upward trend in alcohol use disorder mortality.

Newswise: Suicide Prediction Method Combines AI and Face-to-Face Screening
Released: 16-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Suicide Prediction Method Combines AI and Face-to-Face Screening
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

A new observational study from Vanderbilt University Medical Center points to solutions for efficient clinical prediction of suicide attempt or suicidal thinking in adults. Reported May 13 in JAMA Open by Drew Wilimitis, Colin Walsh, MD, MA, and colleagues, the study compares an artificial intelligence algorithm with face-to-face screening.

12-May-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Federal Subsidies Kept COVID-Strapped Hospitals Financially Stable In 2020, First Year of Pandemic
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The study found that in pre-pandemic period, hospitals overall lost an average of $1 for every $100 earned from patient care activities, leading to an operating margin of negative 1 percent.

Newswise: First Mutation-Targeted Bladder Cancer Drug May Be Under-Used
Released: 12-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
First Mutation-Targeted Bladder Cancer Drug May Be Under-Used
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

The first bladder cancer drug targeting a cancer-driving gene mutation has been used relatively little despite its clear efficacy in a clinical trial, suggests a JAMA Oncology study led by the University of Pennsylvania. Researchers analyzed a large, nationwide database of cancer cases and found that bladder cancer patients potentially eligible for erdafitinib (Balversa) treatment, fewer than half had a record of being tested for the relevant gene mutation. Of those who were tested and found to have the mutation, fewer than half received the treatment.

Newswise: Terrin_Michael.jpg
Released: 11-May-2022 2:10 PM EDT
UM School of Medicine Researchers Participate in Big Ten Health Registry to Study Heart Inflammation in Athletes Recovering from COVID-19
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have been collaborating on an extensive heart registry that includes student-athletes in the Big Ten athletic conference, to learn more about cardiac issues in those who have recovered from a COVID-19 infection.

Newswise: COVID-19 Vaccine Effective in People Receiving Cancer Treatment, Study Finds
Released: 11-May-2022 12:15 PM EDT
COVID-19 Vaccine Effective in People Receiving Cancer Treatment, Study Finds
University of Kansas Cancer Center

About 95% of participants achieved a measurable immune response after vaccination, according to study published in JAMA Oncology.

Newswise:Video Embedded mental-health-assessments-often-fail-to-identify-suicidal-ideation-with-gun-owners
VIDEO
11-May-2022 9:15 AM EDT
Mental Health Assessments Often Fail to Identify Suicidal Ideation with Gun Owners
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

More people are willing to talk about their mental health struggles, including thoughts of suicide. Now, a new study by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine aims to ensure medical professionals are asking the right questions to prevent a tragedy.

Released: 10-May-2022 11:30 AM EDT
Mental Health and Substance Use Among Adolescents Experiencing Homelessness in the United States
Beth Israel Lahey Health

In a new paper published in JAMA, researchers evaluated mental health and substance use among homeless and housed high school students surveyed voluntarily and anonymously in 2019.

Newswise: Medication that lowers risk of overdose underused
9-May-2022 4:30 PM EDT
Medication that lowers risk of overdose underused
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Saint Louis University found that less than half of Americans who received treatment for opioid use disorder over a five-year period were offered a potentially lifesaving medication. The numbers were even lower for those with what’s known as polysubstance use disorder — when opioid users also misuse other substances.

Newswise: How do Patients Feel about Using AI in Healthcare?
Released: 10-May-2022 9:35 AM EDT
How do Patients Feel about Using AI in Healthcare?
Yale Cancer Center

New research from Yale Cancer Center provides a new understanding of patients’ views of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care. W

5-May-2022 1:00 PM EDT
“New and Improved” Supermarkets Trim Childhood Obesity in NYC
NYU Langone Health

Access to newer supermarkets that offer fresh foods in some of New York City’s poorest neighborhoods was linked to a 1% decline in obesity rates among public school students living nearby, a new study shows. The modernized markets were also tied to reductions of between 4% and 10% in the average student BMI-z score, a measure of body weight based on height for each age group by gender.

Released: 6-May-2022 4:50 PM EDT
Almost 1 in 4 physicians experience workplace mistreatment, mostly from patients and visitors
Boston Medical Center

According to new research from Boston Medical Center and Stanford University School of Medicine, almost a quarter of physicians who responded to a survey at Stanford Medicine experienced workplace mistreatment, with patients and visitors being the most common source.

5-May-2022 7:00 AM EDT
Prescription Drug Spending per Covered Member Grew Much Faster in Individual Health Plans than Large Group Plans
Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

Prescription drug spending per member covered—both before and after manufacturer rebates—grew much faster for those enrolled in individual health insurance plans compared to those enrolled in large group plans, according to new research.

4-May-2022 3:15 PM EDT
Program Issuing Mailed Kits Doubles Rate of Leftover Opioids Disposal
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Study finds that patients of orthopaedic and urologic procedures were more likely to dispose of their extra opioid tablets when they received kits in the mail to do so

Released: 2-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Many pathologists agree overdiagnosis of skin cancer happens, but don’t change diagnosis behavior
University of Washington

Recent studies finding that there is an overdiagnosis of melanoma are a significant cause for concern. However, while many pathologists agree overdiagnosis of skin cancer happens, they don’t change diagnosis behavior.

Released: 2-May-2022 3:30 PM EDT
Study: Use of school mental health services rose just before the pandemic
Emory Health Sciences

Months after the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) declared a national emergency in child and mental health, Emory University researchers have found that use of school of mental health services went up among key adolescent groups in the year before COVID-19 struck compared to previous years in the U.S.

Newswise: Hospitals Can Reduce Antibiotic Overuse by Avoiding Unnecessary Blood Draws in Critically Ill Children, Study Shows
Released: 2-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Hospitals Can Reduce Antibiotic Overuse by Avoiding Unnecessary Blood Draws in Critically Ill Children, Study Shows
Johns Hopkins Medicine

A Johns Hopkins Children’s Center-led national quality improvement collaborative highlights a “less is more” method that may prevent antibiotic overprescribing

Released: 29-Apr-2022 3:45 PM EDT
Stress, Anxiety and Depression During Pregnancy May Hinder Toddler’s Cognitive Development
Children's National Hospital

Women’s elevated anxiety, depression and stress during pregnancy altered key features of the fetal brain, which subsequently decreased their offspring’s cognitive development at 18 months.

Newswise: Inflammation, Rather Than Virus Provoking It, May Be Key to COVID-19 Loss of Smell
Released: 29-Apr-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Inflammation, Rather Than Virus Provoking It, May Be Key to COVID-19 Loss of Smell
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins Medicine-led study finds inflammation-caused nerve damage weakens odor signals to the brain

Newswise: Study: Unprecedented Increase in Number of Border Wall Falls and Trauma
Released: 29-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Study: Unprecedented Increase in Number of Border Wall Falls and Trauma
University of California San Diego Health

Trauma physicians at UC San Diego Health attribute the rise in injuries to a height increase of the border wall at U.S.-Mexico border.

Released: 29-Apr-2022 11:00 AM EDT
New Studies Show Special Mental Health Risks for Certain Groups of New Doctors
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

First-year surgery residents, and first-year medical residents in all fields who are members of sexual minorities such as LGBTQ, are more likely than others to develop depression during the stressful training period.

Newswise: New Study Shows How Historical Redlining Policies Impacts Access to Behavioral Health Services
Released: 28-Apr-2022 1:50 PM EDT
New Study Shows How Historical Redlining Policies Impacts Access to Behavioral Health Services
George Washington University

Researchers at George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health found that the structurally racist policy of redlining in the past, is associated with current disparities in the availability of behavioral health clinicians in those same areas.

Newswise: Studies Find Increase in Use of Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Care and Increase in Racial Disparities
Released: 27-Apr-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Studies Find Increase in Use of Proton Beam Therapy for Cancer Care and Increase in Racial Disparities
American Cancer Society (ACS)

Two new large studies led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS) show an increase in the use of proton beam therapy (PBT) for patients with cancer in the United States during the past decade.

Released: 27-Apr-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Study of Privately Insured Patients Finds Short-Term Telehealth Follow-Up Comparable to Most In-Person Care During First Year of COVID-19 Pandemic
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

More patients with upper respiratory symptoms who started with telehealth consults required follows-ups, likely for COVID-19 assessment

Released: 25-Apr-2022 12:00 PM EDT
In a New JAMA Paper, AACC Experts Demonstrate Crucial Gap in Children’s Medical Testing
American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

A groundbreaking study published today in JAMA demonstrates significant inconsistencies with pediatric reference intervals, which are essential to high quality pediatric medical testing. Completed by AACC’s laboratory medicine experts, this study identifies some of the most pressing issues in this area, thereby paving the way for the medical community to develop more reliable pediatric reference intervals and vastly improve children’s medical care.

Newswise: New Research Highlights Racial Disparities in Genomic Profiling
Released: 25-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
New Research Highlights Racial Disparities in Genomic Profiling
Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center

Inadequate genomic data on Black women with metastatic breast cancer reduces their access to targeted therapies

Newswise: Omicron prompted spike in COVID cases in pregnant women, but fewer hospitalizations
Released: 25-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Omicron prompted spike in COVID cases in pregnant women, but fewer hospitalizations
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Women who were pregnant during the recent Omicron surge were diagnosed with COVID-19 at a much higher rate than during previous phases of the pandemic, but were less likely to develop severe illness, a study by UT Southwestern and Parkland Health scientists found. The research, reported in JAMA, is the first published evidence documenting how the boom in COVID-19 cases late last year and early this year impacted the health of pregnant women.

21-Apr-2022 9:45 AM EDT
Study Suggests Policy, Education and Training Make Youngest Novice Drivers Better Prepared for License Exam, Less Likely to Crash
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Researchers found that new drivers licensed before age 18 who are subject to mandatory driver education, including behind-the-wheel training and Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) restrictions, were less likely to crash than drivers licensed at age 18 who are exempt from these requirements.

Released: 22-Apr-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Postpartum insurance loss decreased during COVID-19 pandemic, study finds
Brown University

It’s been the case for decades — high numbers of U.S. women who give birth lose or face changes to their health insurance afterward.

19-Apr-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Tongue Stimulation Device Reduces Sleep Apnea in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
Massachusetts Eye and Ear

A surgically implanted device that moves the tongue forward during sleep was found to safely and effectively reduce sleep apnea in adolescents with Down syndrome, according to a new study published April 21 in JAMA Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery.

Released: 19-Apr-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Disasters could disrupt care for opioid use disorder in most vulnerable communities
Yale University

he COVID-19 pandemic has spiked the overdose death rate from opioid use. For people who rely on medications (buprenorphine, methadone, and extended-release naltrexone) to treat opioid use disorders, the pandemic and such natural disasters as tornados, hurricanes, and wildfires can disrupt access to medications.

13-Apr-2022 4:25 PM EDT
What drives racial and ethnic gaps in Medicare’s quality program?
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

The improvements in care for older adults from the Accountable Care Organization movement haven’t reached all older Americans equally. ACOs that include a higher percentage of patients who are Black, Hispanic, Native American or Asian have lagged behind those with higher percentage of white patients in providing preventive care and keeping patients out of the hospital. Now, a new study shows that some of this inequity stems from how an ACO’s patients get their primary care.

13-Apr-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Many Physicians Have Misconceptions About E-Cigarettes
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Many physicians incorrectly believe all tobacco products are equally harmful and thus are less likely to recommend e-cigarettes for people seeking to quit smoking or those being treated for a tobacco-caused disease, according to a Rutgers study.

Released: 13-Apr-2022 11:45 AM EDT
MD Anderson Research Highlights for April 13, 2022
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center’s Research Highlights provides a glimpse into recently published studies in basic, translational and clinical cancer research from MD Anderson experts. Current studies include clinical advances with immunotherapy combinations and quality of life for breast cancer patients plus molecular subtypes for liver cancer, new treatment targets in bladder cancer, mechanisms driving immune-related side effects, and the effects of specific gene mutations on p53 activity.

13-Apr-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Structural Racism and Pandemic Stressors Associated with Postpartum Depression and Anxiety Among Black Individuals
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

The combined effects of systemic and interpersonal racism layered on top of negative experiences within the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with depression and anxiety among Black people in the postpartum period, according to a new study by researchers in The Intergenerational Exposome Program (IGNITE) of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The findings were published today in JAMA Psychiatry.

Newswise: Poverty, crime linked to differences in newborns’ brains
12-Apr-2022 7:30 AM EDT
Poverty, crime linked to differences in newborns’ brains
Washington University in St. Louis

Scanning the brains of newborns, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that maternal exposure to poverty and crime can influence the structure and function of young brains even before babies make their entrances into the world.

8-Apr-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Adolescent drug overdose deaths rose exponentially for the first time in history during the COVID pandemic
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

The rate of overdose deaths among U.S. teenagers nearly doubled in 2020, the first year of the COVID pandemic, and rose another 20% in the first half of 2021 compared with the 10 years before the pandemic, even as drug use remained generally stable during the same period.

Released: 12-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
‘Live’ Polio Vaccine Fires Up Immune System Providing Protection From Sars-Cov-2 Infection
Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine’s Institute of Human Virology contributes to Global Virus Network studies suggesting that the oral polio vaccine can protect people in developing nations that do not yet have access to COVID vaccines

Newswise: COVID-19 vaccine not associated with birth defects detectable on ultrasound
Released: 4-Apr-2022 2:15 PM EDT
COVID-19 vaccine not associated with birth defects detectable on ultrasound
Northwestern University

Scientists analyzed ultrasounds for a wide range of birth defects from life-long and severe to short-term and mild

Released: 4-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Researchers Find Patterns of Handgun Carrying Among Youth in Rural Areas, Building Foundation for Injury Prevention
University of Washington

The first results of research led by the University of Washington into handgun carrying by young people growing up in rural areas has found six distinct patterns for when and how often these individuals carry a handgun.

Newswise: Yale Cancer Center Study Reports Racial Disparities for Gastrointestinal Surgery
Released: 4-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Yale Cancer Center Study Reports Racial Disparities for Gastrointestinal Surgery
Yale Cancer Center

African-American adult patients are more likely than white patients to receive substandard gastrointestinal cancer surgery, according a large study led by researchers at Yale Cancer Center. The findings are reported today in the journal JAMA Network Open.

31-Mar-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Hospitals Rapidly Translated Evidence into Practice during the Pandemic
Thomas Jefferson University

The largest survey to date shows that rapid information sharing, multi-disciplinary teams and novel communication methods enabled remarkable consistency of care across U.S. hospitals.

Released: 1-Apr-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Omicron ‘less severe’ than Delta for children ages 4 and younger, study suggests
Case Western Reserve University

New research from the Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) School of Medicine suggests that the children younger than age 5 who are infected with the COVID-19 Omicron variant have less risk of severe health outcomes than those infected with the Delta variant.


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