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Newswise: It’s National Farmers Market Week, and Washington, D.C. Ranks #1
Released: 6-Aug-2019 3:05 PM EDT
It’s National Farmers Market Week, and Washington, D.C. Ranks #1
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

National Farmers Market Week is being celebrated across the United States this week, and Washington, D.C. ranks number one for farmers markets among the 100 largest U.S. cities, according to the 2019 American Fitness Index® rankings published by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the Anthem Foundation.

25-Feb-2019 3:55 PM EST
Academy for Eating Disorders Announces 2019 Class of Fellows
Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

Academy for Eating Disorders Announces 2019 Class of Fellows

Newswise: To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants
Released: 12-Mar-2019 2:55 PM EDT
To Grow or Not to Grow? That Is the Question for Plants
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists show metabolic tradeoffs result from a specific change to the grow-defend balance.

Newswise: Forming the Ion that Made the Universe
Released: 8-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EST
Forming the Ion that Made the Universe
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Research offers details on the chemistry of trihydrogen ion.

1-Mar-2019 9:50 AM EST
Experimental Drug Lowers Serum Phosphate in Phase 3 Trial of Hemodialysis Patients
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• In a phase 3 clinical trial, tenapanor significantly lowered elevated blood phosphate in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis, resulting in an average reduction of 1.0–1.2 mg/dL over 8 weeks. • Side effects were largely limited to softening of stool and more frequent bowel movements.

1-Mar-2019 9:50 AM EST
Secondhand Smoke Linked with Higher Kidney Disease Risk
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• Exposure to secondhand smoke was linked with a higher prevalence of kidney disease, as well as development of incident kidney disease. • This association was present even at low levels of exposure.

Newswise:Video Embedded mathematics-of-sea-slug-movement-points-to-future-robots
VIDEO
21-Feb-2019 2:05 PM EST
Mathematics of Sea Slug Movement Points to Future Robots
American Physical Society (APS)

Mathematician Shankar Venkataramani’s research group recently discovered a lot of new, powerful geometries involved in frilly surfaces, which he will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting. For mathematicians, frilly is plain language for an inflected nonsmooth surface -- one that changes the direction in which it bends, such as with kale or coral. Venkataramani’s group developed the mathematics to describe these surfaces, and the combination of new geometry insights and age-old slugs might just be the right combination for a new generation of flexible, energy-efficient soft-bodied robots.

Newswise: New Report on Industrial Physics and its Role in the US Economy
22-Feb-2019 10:05 AM EST
New Report on Industrial Physics and its Role in the US Economy
American Physical Society (APS)

A new APS report, “The Impact of Industrial Physics on the U.S. Economy,” shows the significant role of physics, which contributed an estimated $2.3 trillion (12.6 percent of U.S. GDP) in 2016 alone. Industrial physics encompasses the application of physics knowledge and principles to the design and manufacture of products and services. Many people working within this field have job titles other than physicist, so this report includes all aspects of industrial physics contributions.

Newswise:Video Embedded new-cell-sized-micro-robots-might-make-incredible-journeys
VIDEO
25-Feb-2019 3:05 PM EST
New Cell-Sized Micro Robots Might Make Incredible Journeys
American Physical Society (APS)

Researchers have created tiny functional, remote-powered, walking robots, developing a multistep nanofabrication technique that turns a 4-inch specialized silicon wafer into a million microscopic robots in just weeks. Each one of a robot’s four legs is just under 100-atoms-thick, but powered by laser light hitting the robots’ solar panels, they propel the tiny robots. The researchers are now working on smart versions of the robots that could potentially make incredible journeys in the human body.

Newswise: Water: Lead, Follow, or Get Out of the Way
Released: 7-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EST
Water: Lead, Follow, or Get Out of the Way
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Elegant theory shows how water helps separate ions involved in material synthesis and manufacturing.

25-Feb-2019 3:40 PM EST
The Treatment Plenary at the International Conference on Eating Disorders to Address the Evidence for Short-Term Treatments for Eating Disorders
Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

The Treatment Plenary at the International Conference on Eating Disorders to address the evidence for short-term treatments for eating disorders

Newswise: Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale
Released: 6-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EST
Seeing Coherent Patterns at the Microscopic Scale
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Review highlights insights into coherence, which could help overcome roadblocks in next-generation energy systems.

Newswise: A Simplified Way to Predict the Function of Microbial Communities
Released: 6-Mar-2019 2:55 PM EST
A Simplified Way to Predict the Function of Microbial Communities
Department of Energy, Office of Science

A pioneering study offers an easier approach to study how microbes work and could help scientists advance models of the cycling of elements and nutrients in frequently flooded soils.

Newswise: Squeezed Quantum Dots Produce More Stable Light
Released: 6-Mar-2019 2:55 PM EST
Squeezed Quantum Dots Produce More Stable Light
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Exploiting a strain-engineering approach could provide nanoscale light sources with a nonfluctuating emission wavelength for use in sensors, quantum communication, and imaging.

22-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
New Surprises from Jupiter and Saturn
American Physical Society (APS)

The latest data from the giant planets has sent researchers back to the drawing board. Cassini orbited Saturn for 13 years before its dramatic final dive into the planet’s interior, while Juno has been orbiting Jupiter for two and a half years; the data collected has been “invaluable but also confounding,” said David Stevenson from Caltech, who will present an update of both missions at the 2019 APS March Meeting in Boston. Innovative design that protected the instruments from fierce radiation and powered the mission on solar energy alone has reaped plenty of surprises.

Newswise: Improving Solar Cell Efficiency with a Bucket of Water
22-Feb-2019 10:05 AM EST
Improving Solar Cell Efficiency with a Bucket of Water
American Physical Society (APS)

Solar cells offer a clean source of energy, but the efficiency of a fixed solar system is limited: The sun moves, but solar cells do not. Beth Parks has devised an astonishingly simple way to overcome this limitation -- a bucket of water. As she will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting, she developed a frame that holds the solar cell with a bucket suspended on either end. By controlling the leak of water from one of the buckets, the solar cell shifts, tracking the arc of the sun throughout the day.

Released: 6-Mar-2019 9:05 AM EST
The Decline of Radiology Trainee Exposure to Invasive Procedures
Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

As interventional radiology (IR) evolves as a distinct specialty from diagnostic radiology (DR), the central and ongoing role of diagnostic radiologists in performing certain invasive radiological procedures could have important patient access implications.

Newswise: The Science of Knitting, Unpicked
22-Feb-2019 2:05 PM EST
The Science of Knitting, Unpicked
American Physical Society (APS)

Knitting may be an ancient manufacturing method, but Elisabetta Matsumoto believes that understanding how different stitch types determine shape and mechanical strength will be invaluable for designing materials for future technologies, and a more detailed understanding of the knitting “code” could benefit manufacturers around the world. Members of the Matsumoto group are delving through the surprisingly complex mathematics that underlies tangles of yarn -- work Matsumoto will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting.

Newswise: Unexpected Complexity: A 3D Look into Plant Root Relationships with Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria
Released: 5-Mar-2019 3:10 PM EST
Unexpected Complexity: A 3D Look into Plant Root Relationships with Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists develop a molecular map of metabolic products of bacteria in root nodules to aid sustainable agriculture.

Newswise: Maximizing Ozone Signals
Released: 5-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EST
Maximizing Ozone Signals
Department of Energy, Office of Science

New technique enables more efficient and precise estimates of trends in ozone and other atmospheric constituents within selected geographical regions and timeframes.

Newswise: Sacrificing Accuracy to See the Big Picture
22-Feb-2019 12:05 PM EST
Sacrificing Accuracy to See the Big Picture
American Physical Society (APS)

Humans have a knack for finding patterns in the world around them. Researchers are building a model that shows how this ability might work, which they will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting. The brain does more than just process incoming information, the researchers say. It constantly tries to predict what’s coming next. The new model attempts to explain how people can make such predictions.

Newswise: Kepler’s Final Exoplanet Discovery Revealed
5-Mar-2019 9:00 AM EST
Kepler’s Final Exoplanet Discovery Revealed
University of Sydney

Just months after its mission ended and a decade after its launch, glimmers of data detected by NASA’s Kepler space telescope in 2009 have been confirmed as evidence for a large, hot-Jupiter-like planet orbiting a star 2600 light years from Earth.

Released: 5-Mar-2019 9:05 AM EST
Increased Utilization of ED Chest Imaging from 1994 – 2015
Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

A new Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute study assesses national and state-specific changes in emergency department (ED) chest imaging utilization from 1994 to 2015. The new research is published online in the Journal of American College of Radiology (JACR).

Newswise: Suzanne O’Handley Selected as 2019 CUR-Goldwater Scholars Faculty Mentor Awardee
Released: 5-Mar-2019 8:05 AM EST
Suzanne O’Handley Selected as 2019 CUR-Goldwater Scholars Faculty Mentor Awardee
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

Suzanne O’Handley, associate professor in the School of Chemistry and Materials Science at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), has been selected as the 2019 CUR-Goldwater Scholars Faculty Mentor Awardee.

Released: 4-Mar-2019 4:50 PM EST
Statement from the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) President Mark E. Rosenberg, MD, FASN, on Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Azar’s Remarks on Efforts to Improve Care for Kidney Patients
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

On behalf of the 40 million Americans living with kidney diseases and their families and the more than 20,000 ASN members who are physicians, scientists, nurses, and health professionals, ASN applauds the bold vision and leadership of HHS Secretary Alex M. Azar II in establishing an HHS-wide comprehensive kidney strategy and wholeheartedly agree that “we’ve waited long enough. We just need renewed ambition and the right policies.

Released: 4-Mar-2019 4:00 PM EST
Bundle Payment Model Analysis of Emerging Breast Cancer Screening
Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

Bundled payments have been touted as mechanisms to optimize quality and costs. A prior feasibility study evaluating bundled payments for screening mammography episodes predated widespread adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT).

Newswise: Transforming Magnetic Storage Might Stem from the Vision of Quantum
22-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
Transforming Magnetic Storage Might Stem from the Vision of Quantum
American Physical Society (APS)

A new frontier in the study of magnetic materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies. Now, researchers report a tabletop method to characterize such a faster magnetic storage using high-harmonic generation of laser light in iron thin films. Their work, which Guoping Zhang will present at the 2019 APS March Meeting, has the same vision as quantum technology.

Newswise: How Much Water Does the World Use?
Released: 4-Mar-2019 3:05 PM EST
How Much Water Does the World Use?
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Global data set shows monthly water use by irrigation, manufacturing, and other uses, helping researchers to analyze water use by region and season.

Newswise: Uncovering the Microbial Food Web in Thawing Permafrost
Released: 4-Mar-2019 1:05 PM EST
Uncovering the Microbial Food Web in Thawing Permafrost
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Recovery of more than 1500 microbial genomes shines light on how carbon is metabolized as permafrost thaws.

Newswise: A New Approach to an Old Question: How Do We Actually Cooperate?
22-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
A New Approach to an Old Question: How Do We Actually Cooperate?
American Physical Society (APS)

Princeton researchers are exploring how cooperation arises in human societies, where people tend to cluster into various group types -- political, religious, familial, professional, etc. -- which they will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting. Within such groups, people can cooperate or “defect” and receive payoffs based on those exchanges. Cooperation, they observed, is most favored when allowing for the existence of “loners” -- people who are temporarily not members of any group.

Newswise: The First Look at How Hacked Self-Driving Cars Would Affect New York City Traffic
25-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
The First Look at How Hacked Self-Driving Cars Would Affect New York City Traffic
American Physical Society (APS)

Researchers have analyzed the real-time effect of a large-scale hack on automobiles in a major urban environment. Using percolation theory, they analyzed how a large, disseminated hack on automobiles would affect traffic flow in New York City, and they found that it could create citywide gridlock. However, based on these findings the team also developed a risk-mitigation strategy to prevent mass urban disruption -- work they will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting.

Newswise: Superconductivity is Heating Up
25-Feb-2019 1:05 PM EST
Superconductivity is Heating Up
American Physical Society (APS)

Theory suggests that metallic hydrogen should be a superconductor at room temperature; however, this material has yet to be produced in the lab. Metal superhydrides are packed with hydrogen atoms in a configuration similar to the structure of metallic hydrogen. Models predict they should behave similarly. Samples of superhydrides of lanthanum have been made and tested, and at the 2019 APS March Meeting in Boston, Russell Hemley will describe his group’s work studying the material.

22-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
Imaging Technique Lets Ordinary Cameras Capture High-Speed Images of Crack Formation
American Physical Society (APS)

Because cracks propagate quickly, studying the fracturing process -- which can tell us a lot about the materials and the physics involved -- currently requires expensive high-speed cameras. A new imaging method known as the virtual frame technique allows ordinary digital cameras to capture millions of frames per second for several seconds, requiring only a short and intense pulse of light. At the 2019 APS March Meeting, researchers will describe how the virtual frame technique would allow direct imaging of fracturing and other material surface processes.

Newswise: Applying a Network Perspective to Human Physiology
22-Feb-2019 1:40 PM EST
Applying a Network Perspective to Human Physiology
American Physical Society (APS)

Medical practitioners commonly treat organs in isolation, but Boston University physicist Plamen Ivanov wants to usher in a new paradigm. As he will describe at the 2019 APS March Meeting, “It’s time to view health and disease not only from the perspective of individual organs but from the point of view of their integration,” he said. “We need to show how the different systems communicate with each other and stay in sync.” Ivanov calls the field he’s pioneering “network physiology.”

25-Feb-2019 3:55 PM EST
ICED Sociocultural Plenary to Address Eating Disorders in the LGBTQ+ Community
Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)

ICED Sociocultural Plenary to address eating disorders in the LGBTQ+ community

Newswise: The Speedy Secrets of Mako Sharks – ‘Cheetahs of the Ocean’
22-Feb-2019 2:40 PM EST
The Speedy Secrets of Mako Sharks – ‘Cheetahs of the Ocean’
American Physical Society (APS)

To investigate how shortfin mako sharks achieve their impressive speeds, researchers tested real sharkskin samples, using digital particle image velocimetry. They discovered that a “passive bristling” capability of the microscopic surface geometry of the shark’s scales controlled flow separation, which causes pressure drag -- the most influential cause of drag on aircraft. The work will be described at the 2019 APS March Meeting, and could lead to new designs to reduce drag on aircraft.

25-Feb-2019 1:35 PM EST
Let the Sperm Races Begin
American Physical Society (APS)

For best chances of in vitro fertilization success, the most motile sperm are chosen from semen. But current methods of sperm selection are inefficient and can cause fragmentation of the precious DNA carried in sperm heads. Afrouz Ataei has developed an alternative mechanism to sort sperm, which avoids genetic damage while also being faster and more cost-effective. Ataei will describe the device at the 2019 APS March Meeting in Boston.

Newswise: Get to the Root: Tiny Poplar Roots Extract More Water than Their Larger Counterparts after Drought
Released: 1-Mar-2019 2:55 PM EST
Get to the Root: Tiny Poplar Roots Extract More Water than Their Larger Counterparts after Drought
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Researchers link root water uptake to root traits and assess (poor) performance of common models.

Newswise: Ions on the Edge
Released: 1-Mar-2019 1:05 PM EST
Ions on the Edge
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Ions at the edge of water, exposed to air, don’t separate like they do when surrounded by water, offering insights for desalination and corrosion.

Newswise: When it comes to sex and aggression in mice, a cold-sensor tells the brain when “enough is enough!”
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
When it comes to sex and aggression in mice, a cold-sensor tells the brain when “enough is enough!”
Biophysical Society

Researchers at the University of Illinois College of Medicine find that TRPM8, long ago identified as a cold-temperature sensor, regulates aggressive and hypersexual behavior in response to testosterone

Newswise: Python hearts reveal mechanisms relevant to human heart health and disease
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
Python hearts reveal mechanisms relevant to human heart health and disease
Biophysical Society

Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder study fast-growing python hearts, which could provide insights to aid those with diseased heart growth. Their latest work reveals ways to study python heart cells.

Newswise: Ducks offer researchers a unique opportunity to study human touch
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
Ducks offer researchers a unique opportunity to study human touch
Biophysical Society

Researchers at Yale University gain insights into the mechanics of touch by studying the sensitive skin on ducks’ bills, which they found is similar in some ways to the skin on human palms.

Newswise: New area of research: How protein structures change due to normal forces
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
New area of research: How protein structures change due to normal forces
Biophysical Society

Researchers at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory are developing techniques to study how proteins respond to the tiny forces our cells experience.

Newswise: High fat diet causes thickening of arteries down to the cellular level
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
High fat diet causes thickening of arteries down to the cellular level
Biophysical Society

Researchers at the University of Illinois show that the membranes of cells surrounding arteries get stiffer and thicker in response to a high fat diet, due to both LDLs and oxidized LDLs

Newswise: A highly sensitive new blood test can detect rare cancer proteins
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
A highly sensitive new blood test can detect rare cancer proteins
Biophysical Society

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University developed a new blood test that can identify proteins-of-interest down to the sub-femtomolar range with minimal errors

Newswise: New device mimics beating heart with tiny pieces of heart tissue
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
New device mimics beating heart with tiny pieces of heart tissue
Biophysical Society

Researchers at Imperial College London created a bioreactor to allow heart tissue to experience mechanical forces in sync with the beats, like it would in the body, to study the mechanics of healthy and diseased hearts.

Newswise: Researchers develop techniques to track the activity of a potent cancer gene in individual cells
28-Feb-2019 9:00 AM EST
Researchers develop techniques to track the activity of a potent cancer gene in individual cells
Biophysical Society

Researchers at the National Cancer Institute use novel tools to reveal that cancer gene MYC causes global changes in gene activation, with subtle differences between individual cells

22-Feb-2019 5:00 PM EST
Generic Immunosuppressants Have Reduced Costs After Organ Transplantation
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

• Payments by organ transplant recipients and Medicare decreased significantly following the introduction of generic immunosuppressive medications. • Large differences in out-of-pocket payments for immunosuppressive medications between Part D beneficiaries who did and did not qualify for the Medicare low-income subsidy suggest that recipients with resources just above the threshold to qualify for the subsidy may experience considerable financial strain.

Newswise: First Observation of Methane’s Increasing Greenhouse Effect at the Earth’s Surface
Released: 28-Feb-2019 3:10 PM EST
First Observation of Methane’s Increasing Greenhouse Effect at the Earth’s Surface
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Predictions of the direct impacts of greenhouse gases must account for local temperature and humidity conditions.


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