Feature Channels: Marine Science

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Newswise: Simulations show how low gravity on ocean worlds might help to sustain warm water circulation for millions of years
Released: 24-Jun-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Simulations show how low gravity on ocean worlds might help to sustain warm water circulation for millions of years
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

A new study investigates how the influence of low gravity, as found on ocean worlds in our solar system, impacts flows of water and heat below their seafloors.

Newswise: Climatic Warming Has Made Toxic Algal Blooms in Lake Erie More Intense
Released: 21-Jun-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Climatic Warming Has Made Toxic Algal Blooms in Lake Erie More Intense
Stony Brook University

Climate change is causing a series of maladies by warming land and sea. A study published online in Limnology and Oceanography Letters, demonstrates that one consequence of climate change that has already occurred is the spread and intensification of toxic algae blooms in Lake Erie.

Newswise: Westhampton Beach Student's Seaweed Fertilizer Project 'SPARKs' Success
Released: 18-Jun-2024 9:00 AM EDT
Westhampton Beach Student's Seaweed Fertilizer Project 'SPARKs' Success
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Jessica Curran earned fourth prize in the plant science category at Regeneron International Science and Engineering Fair 2024

Newswise: FAU Sea Turtle Experts Provide ‘Best Practices’ During Nesting Season
Released: 17-Jun-2024 8:30 AM EDT
FAU Sea Turtle Experts Provide ‘Best Practices’ During Nesting Season
Florida Atlantic University

Three internationally renowned FAU researchers provide “best practices” and answer some of the most frequently asked questions to help protect Florida’s nesting sea turtles and their hatchlings.

Newswise: FAU Harbor Branch Launches ‘eConch’ to Grow and Conserve the Queen Conch
Released: 11-Jun-2024 8:30 AM EDT
FAU Harbor Branch Launches ‘eConch’ to Grow and Conserve the Queen Conch
Florida Atlantic University

Intensive fishing and habitat degradation from urbanization and climate change have caused queen conch populations to significantly dwindle. “eConch,” a free online training program to grow queen conch, is easy to follow, allows users to move at their own pace, includes high-quality video and provides access to expert advice.

Newswise:Video Embedded two-can-play-that-game-juvenile-dolphins-who-play-together-are-more-successful-as-adults
VIDEO
6-Jun-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Two can play that game: juvenile dolphins who play together are more successful as adults
University of Bristol

Juvenile social play predicts adult reproductive success in male bottlenose dolphins, a new study has found.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-do-you-know-where-a-fish-goes
VIDEO
Released: 6-Jun-2024 10:00 AM EDT
How Do You Know Where a Fish Goes?
Florida Atlantic University

An acoustic transmitter – or tag – emits unique signals or “pings” when scientists want to study the long-distance movement of marine animals. However, this method has limitations. Using a pioneering movement model, researchers reconstructed animal tracks and leveraged an iterative process to measure the accuracy and precision of these reconstructions from acoustic telemetry data.

Newswise: Researchers detect traces of heart meds in fish from West Virginia rivers
Released: 5-Jun-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Researchers detect traces of heart meds in fish from West Virginia rivers
West Virginia University

Statins and beta blockers are working their way into the aquatic ecosystem, according to West Virginia University researchers who have discovered evidence of the cardiovascular drugs in fish collected from two West Virginia rivers.

   
Newswise: Fishy mystery of Bristol marine reptile solved
Released: 5-Jun-2024 4:05 AM EDT
Fishy mystery of Bristol marine reptile solved
University of Bristol

The identity of a local prehistoric marine reptile has finally been revealed after experts discovered that some of its remains actually belonged to fish.

Newswise: Sixty Years of Deep Ocean Research, Exploration, and Discovery   
with Human-Occupied Vehicle Alvin 
Released: 4-Jun-2024 10:00 AM EDT
Sixty Years of Deep Ocean Research, Exploration, and Discovery with Human-Occupied Vehicle Alvin 
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

In June 1964, the world’s first deep-diving submersible dedicated to scientific research was commissioned. What have we learned over the past 60 years?

Newswise: AI goes underwater: transforming coral reef conservation with cutting-edge image analysis
Released: 3-Jun-2024 7:05 AM EDT
AI goes underwater: transforming coral reef conservation with cutting-edge image analysis
Chinese Academy of Sciences

In an era where coral reef ecosystems worldwide are under significant threat, the ability to accurately monitor and assess their health is more crucial than ever. This latest research introduces sophisticated deep learning models to enhance the precision and speed of coral reef imaging analyses, paving the way for more effective conservation strategies.

Newswise: Vessel Strikes Drive Large Whale Strandings
Released: 31-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Vessel Strikes Drive Large Whale Strandings
Stony Brook University

Increased whale strandings on the east coast of the United States remain a concern for biologists and citizens alike. Why this increase has occurred over a number of years is still being debated.

Released: 22-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Coastal ecosystems: cracking the code
University of California, Irvine

UC Irvine associate professor of ecology & evolutionary biology studies how warmer ocean water is affecting marine ecosystems, particularly the alarming reality that climate change often favors invasive species over native ones. Cascade Sorte has spent her career unraveling the mysteries of Earth’s changing oceans.

Newswise: Many Microplastics in the World’s Oceans Have Likely Escaped Detection
Released: 22-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Many Microplastics in the World’s Oceans Have Likely Escaped Detection
Stony Brook University

A new study that investigated the presence of the smallest particles of microplastics (MPs) in ocean waters from the Caribbean to the Arctic found that the most abundant (and tiny) MPs in the ocean are not being detected by net tow surveys.

Newswise:Video Embedded sea-surveillance
VIDEO
Released: 22-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Sea Surveillance
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

Off the southeastern tip of Greenland in mid-June, Hayley DeHart, a genomics and marine scientist at APL, disembarked Lindblad Expedition’s National Geographic Endurance — a 407-foot (124-meter) ice-cutting cruise ship — and stepped into a small Zodiac inflatable motorboat.

   
Released: 22-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
How the ‘home’ environment influences microbial interactions
Ohio State University

New research shows that real-world ocean conditions – specifically, low-phosphate areas – makes a huge difference in how viral infection affects host bacteria.

Newswise: Long-term ocean sampling in Rhode Island's Narragansett Bay reveals plummeting plankton levels: impact uncertain for local food web
Released: 20-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Long-term ocean sampling in Rhode Island's Narragansett Bay reveals plummeting plankton levels: impact uncertain for local food web
University of Rhode Island

Digitizing decades worth of pre-computer files held in storage at the Narragansett Bay campus let oceanographers at the University of Rhode Island get a better picture of Narragansett Bay over time. URI operates the longest-running time series in Rhode Island, which now reveals that the level of phytoplankton in the bay has dropped by half in the last half century.

Newswise: BRI announces publication of in-depth scientific paper on
mercury concentrations in fish and wildlife on a global scale
Released: 20-May-2024 11:10 AM EDT
BRI announces publication of in-depth scientific paper on mercury concentrations in fish and wildlife on a global scale
Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) announces the publication of the scientific paper Global Mercury Concentrations in Biota: Their Use as a Basis for a Global Biomonitoring Framework in the journal Ecotoxicology. The paper describes for the first time currently available mercury data for fish and wildlife on a global scale.

Newswise: After Hundreds of Years, Study Confirms Bermuda Now Home to Cownose Rays
Released: 20-May-2024 8:45 AM EDT
After Hundreds of Years, Study Confirms Bermuda Now Home to Cownose Rays
Florida Atlantic University

Using citizen science, photographs, on-water observations and the combination of morphological and genetic data, researchers are the first to provide evidence that the Atlantic cownose ray has recently made a new home in Bermuda. Results show that after hundreds of years of natural history records, this is a novel migration of Atlantic cownose rays to Bermuda. Findings suggest that cownose rays have been in Bermuda for more than a decade since 2012 and observations of the species continue to be sustained today.

Released: 20-May-2024 8:25 AM EDT
Cloudy waters causes African fish to develop bigger eyes
Ohio State University

Variations in water quality can impact the development of the visual system of one species of African fish, suggests a new study.

Released: 17-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Deep-sea sponge's “zero-energy” flow control could inspire new energy efficient designs, according to research co-led by NYU Tandon School of Engineering
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

The deep-sea Venus flower basket sponge can filter feed using only the faint ambient currents of the ocean depths, no pumping required, new research reveals. This discovery of natural ‘“zero energy” flow could help engineers design more efficient chemical reactors, air purification systems, heat exchangers, hydraulic systems, and aerodynamic surfaces.

Newswise: Equity Must Be Considered In Ocean Governance To Achieve Global Targets By 2030
Released: 14-May-2024 5:05 PM EDT
Equity Must Be Considered In Ocean Governance To Achieve Global Targets By 2030
Wildlife Conservation Society

As the world presses forward with urgency towards reaching global biodiversity and climate targets by 2030, there must be increased attention to center equity in dialogue and practice when designing ocean conservation, adaptation and development interventions.

Newswise: UAH researcher to lead $600K study exploring how lithium-ion batteries degrade, particularly at ocean temperatures, impacting UUVs
Released: 14-May-2024 4:05 PM EDT
UAH researcher to lead $600K study exploring how lithium-ion batteries degrade, particularly at ocean temperatures, impacting UUVs
University of Alabama Huntsville

The Department of Defense (DOD) has announced that a researcher at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) has won a Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (DEPSCoR) award for $600,000 to study how high-energy density lithium-ion batteries degrade over a range of temperatures. The work is particularly relevant to power applications for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs).

Newswise: Simulating diffusion using 'kinosons' and machine learning
Released: 14-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Simulating diffusion using 'kinosons' and machine learning
University Of Illinois Grainger College Of Engineering

Diffusion in solids is the process by which atoms move throughout a material. The production of steel, ions moving through a battery and the doping of semiconductor devices are all things that are controlled by diffusion.

Newswise: New West Coast Offshore Wind Science Consortium Launches
Released: 14-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
New West Coast Offshore Wind Science Consortium Launches
Cal Poly Humboldt

The Pacific Offshore Wind Consortium (POWC) is a joint effort between three university research centers: the Schatz Energy Research Center at Cal Poly Humboldt, the Pacific Marine Energy Center at Oregon State University, and the Center for Coastal Marine Sciences at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. These universities are housed in and support the coastal communities in California and Oregon which are anticipated to host floating offshore wind development.

Newswise: Catch and Release Can Give Sea Turtles the Bends #ASA186
6-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Catch and Release Can Give Sea Turtles the Bends #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Fishers are typically unaware if a sea turtle is caught in their net until it’s completely pulled out of the water. However, releasing sea turtles without veterinary evaluations can be harmful.

Newswise: Rapid oyster reef restoration gives hope for repairing the sea
Released: 8-May-2024 9:05 PM EDT
Rapid oyster reef restoration gives hope for repairing the sea
University of Adelaide

After a century of functional extinction on the Australian mainland, a Flat oyster reef has been successfully restored along a metropolitan Adelaide coastline.

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Newswise: Human Activity Is Causing Toxic Thallium to Enter the Baltic Sea, According to New Study
Released: 2-May-2024 10:00 AM EDT
Human Activity Is Causing Toxic Thallium to Enter the Baltic Sea, According to New Study
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Human activities account for a substantial amount - anywhere from 20% to more than 60% - of toxic thallium that has entered the Baltic Sea over the past 80 years, according to new research by scientists affiliated with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and other institutions.

Released: 2-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Sepcial Issue: Safety of slender composite flexible structures in ocean engineering
Chinese Academy of Sciences

China Ocean Engineering Call for Papers Sepcial Issue: Safety of slender composite flexible structures in ocean engineering

Newswise: Satellite maps boost mangrove conservation in china
Released: 29-Apr-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Satellite maps boost mangrove conservation in china
Chinese Academy of Sciences

In a recent study, researchers utilized time-series imagery from Sentinel-2 satellites to map the distribution of the mangrove species Kandelia obovata across China. This study represents a significant advancement in mangrove management and conservation, aligning with sustainable development goals.

Newswise: mtDNA copy number contributes to growth diversity in allopolyploid fish
Released: 24-Apr-2024 10:50 AM EDT
mtDNA copy number contributes to growth diversity in allopolyploid fish
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Researchers investigated the influence of ploidy level on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number and gene expression in fish. They compared mtDNA copy numbers in liver and muscle of red crucian carp, common carp, and two allotriploid fish across different seasons.

Newswise: Tropical fish are invading Australian ocean water
Released: 22-Apr-2024 9:05 PM EDT
Tropical fish are invading Australian ocean water
University of Adelaide

A University of Adelaide study of shallow-water fish communities on rocky reefs in south-eastern Australia has found climate change is helping tropical fish species invade temperate Australian waters.

Newswise: Marine plankton behaviour could predict future marine extinctions, study finds
15-Apr-2024 5:05 AM EDT
Marine plankton behaviour could predict future marine extinctions, study finds
University of Bristol

Marine communities migrated to Antarctica during the Earth’s warmest period in 66 million years long before a mass-extinction event.

Newswise: New Tagging Method Provides Bioadhesive Interface for Marine Sensors on Diverse, Soft, and Fragile Species
Released: 16-Apr-2024 11:00 AM EDT
New Tagging Method Provides Bioadhesive Interface for Marine Sensors on Diverse, Soft, and Fragile Species
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Newly developed bioadhesive sensors (BIMS) are effective and less invasive than traditional tagging. Scientists can attach them with a thin layer of dried-hydrogel in less than 20 seconds.

Newswise: Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
8-Apr-2024 10:00 AM EDT
Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
Hokkaido University

Meandering ocean currents play an important role in the melting of Antarctic ice shelves, threatening a significant rise in sea levels.

Newswise:Video Embedded fau-lands-1-3-million-grant-to-clean-up-stinky-seaweed-in-florida
VIDEO
Released: 10-Apr-2024 8:30 AM EDT
FAU Lands $1.3 Million Grant to ‘Clean Up’ Stinky Seaweed in Florida
Florida Atlantic University

Once Sargassum deluges beaches, removing, disposing and repurposing the seaweed presents many logistical and economic challenges. Cleaning up these huge piles of annoying seaweed while protecting these critical habitats at the same time is a precarious struggle.

Newswise: Smart vest turns fish into underwater spies: a glimpse into aquatic life like never before
Released: 10-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Smart vest turns fish into underwater spies: a glimpse into aquatic life like never before
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Researchers have introduced an innovative underwater vest equipped with an antioxidant MXene hydrogel for the sensitive recognition of fish locomotion. This novel device aims to deepen our understanding of aquatic life by enabling precise monitoring of fish behavior in their natural habitats.

Newswise: Toothed whale echolocation organs evolved from jaw muscles
Released: 8-Apr-2024 3:00 AM EDT
Toothed whale echolocation organs evolved from jaw muscles
Hokkaido University

Genetic analysis finds evidence suggesting that acoustic fat bodies in the heads of toothed whales were once the muscles and bone marrow of the jaw.

Newswise: Heat stress from ocean warming harms octopus vision
Released: 4-Apr-2024 9:05 PM EDT
Heat stress from ocean warming harms octopus vision
University of Adelaide

While climate change has led to an increase in the abundance of octopuses, heat stress from projected ocean warming could impair their vision and impact the survivability of the species.

Newswise: What Four Decades of Canned Salmon Reveal About Marine Food Webs
Released: 4-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
What Four Decades of Canned Salmon Reveal About Marine Food Webs
University of Washington

By analyzing 42 years worth of canned salmon, University of Washington scientists show that levels a common marine parasite rose in two salmon species in the Gulf of Alaska from 1979 to 2021. The rise may be a sign of ecosystem recovery, possibly influenced by the 1972 Marine Mammal Protection Act.

Newswise: UNC Wilmington Among Universities Receiving Instruments for PFAS Research
Released: 28-Mar-2024 11:05 AM EDT
UNC Wilmington Among Universities Receiving Instruments for PFAS Research
University of North Carolina Wilmington

UNC Wilmington faculty have been equipped with a cutting-edge instrument from the North Carolina Collaboratory and Thermo Fisher Scientific to advance research on the impact of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination on the environment and public health.

Newswise:Video Embedded going-back-to-the-future-to-forecast-the-fate-of-a-dead-florida-coral-reef
VIDEO
Released: 28-Mar-2024 8:30 AM EDT
Going ‘Back to the Future’ to Forecast the Fate of a Dead Florida Coral Reef
Florida Atlantic University

How coral populations expand into new areas and sustain themselves over time is limited by the scope of modern observations. Going back thousands of years, a study provides geological insights into coral range expansions by reconstructing the composition of a Late Holocene-aged subfossil coral death assemblage in S.E. Florida and comparing it to modern reefs throughout the region.

Newswise: Scientists Confirm that Methane-Processing Microbes Produce a Fossil Record
Released: 27-Mar-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Scientists Confirm that Methane-Processing Microbes Produce a Fossil Record
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Microbes called anaerobic methanotrophic archaea form communities with sulfate reducing bacteria. These communities can consume methane in anaerobic environments. This research found that biological processes in these microbial communities can create silica deposits that appear to entomb the communities.

Newswise: Five new hydrothermal vents discovered in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean
Released: 26-Mar-2024 8:55 AM EDT
Five new hydrothermal vents discovered in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ocean scientists discovered the new deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites on the seafloor at 2,550 meters (8366 feet, or 1.6 miles) depth.

Newswise: Severe Hurricanes Boost Influx of Juveniles and Gene Flow in a Coral Reef Sponge
Released: 26-Mar-2024 8:30 AM EDT
Severe Hurricanes Boost Influx of Juveniles and Gene Flow in a Coral Reef Sponge
Florida Atlantic University

A study is the first to evaluate substrate recolonization by sponges in the U.S. Virgin Islands after two catastrophic storms using genetic analyses to understand how much clonality verses sexual recruitment occurs on coral reefs post-storms.

Newswise: Stacy Jupiter Announced to Lead WCS Marine Conservation
Released: 25-Mar-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Stacy Jupiter Announced to Lead WCS Marine Conservation
Wildlife Conservation Society

The following announcement was released today by Joe Walston, Executive Vice President of WCS Global: “I am delighted to announce the appointment of Dr. Stacy Jupiter to lead WCS Marine Conservation. Stacy is currently WCS Regional Director for the Melanesia program and was the outstanding candidate after a long and thorough global recruitment effort.



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