Feature Channels: Marine Science

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Newswise: 3D printed corals provide more fertile ground for algae growth
6-Apr-2020 4:40 PM EDT
3D printed corals provide more fertile ground for algae growth
University of California San Diego

Researchers have 3D printed coral-inspired structures that are capable of growing dense populations of microscopic algae. The work could lead to the development of compact, more efficient bioreactors for producing algae-based biofuels, as well as new techniques to repair and restore coral reefs.

Newswise:Video Embedded hidden-army-how-starfish-could-build-up-numbers-to-attack-coral-reefs
7-Apr-2020 12:25 PM EDT
Hidden army: how starfish could build up numbers to attack coral reefs
University of Sydney

The coral-eating crown of thorns starfish that devastate tropical reefs can lie in wait as harmless young herbivores for more than six years while coral populations recover from previous attacks or coral bleaching, new research has shown.

Newswise: Scientists Develop New Way to Identify the Sex of Sea Turtle Hatchlings
Released: 7-Apr-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Scientists Develop New Way to Identify the Sex of Sea Turtle Hatchlings
Florida Atlantic University

Scientists have developed a new minimally invasive technique that greatly enhances the ability to measure neonate turtle sex ratios. This is the first time that differences in sex-specific protein expression patterns have been identified in blood samples of hatchlings with temperature-dependent sex determination. The technique is a crucial step in assessing the impact of climate change on imperiled turtle species and will enable more accurate estimates of hatchling sex ratios at a population level and on a global scale.

Newswise:Video Embedded ocean-s-biological-pump-captures-more-carbon-than-expected
2-Apr-2020 3:00 PM EDT
Ocean’s ‘biological pump’ captures more carbon than expected
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Scientists have long known that the ocean plays an essential role in capturing carbon from the atmosphere, but a new study from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) shows that the efficiency of the ocean’s “biological carbon pump” has been drastically underestimated, with implications for future climate assessments.

Newswise: How Old are Whale Sharks? Nuclear Bomb Legacy Reveals Their Age
Released: 6-Apr-2020 8:10 AM EDT
How Old are Whale Sharks? Nuclear Bomb Legacy Reveals Their Age
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nuclear bomb tests during the Cold War in the 1950s and 1960s have helped scientists accurately estimate the age of whale sharks, the biggest fish in the seas, according to a Rutgers-led study. It’s the first time the age of this majestic species has been verified. One whale shark was an estimated 50 years old when it died, making it the oldest known of its kind. Another shark was an estimated 35 years old.

Newswise: 228109_web.jpg
Released: 2-Apr-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Discovery of life in solid rock deep beneath sea may inspire new search for life on Mars
University of Tokyo

Newly discovered single-celled creatures living deep beneath the seafloor have given researchers clues about how they might find life on Mars. These bacteria were discovered living in tiny cracks inside volcanic rocks after researchers persisted over a decade of trial and error to find a new way to examine the rocks.

Newswise: Oysters and Clams Can be Farmed Together
Released: 2-Apr-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Oysters and Clams Can be Farmed Together
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Eastern oysters and three species of clams can be farmed together and flourish, potentially boosting profits of shellfish growers, according to a Rutgers University–New Brunswick study. Though diverse groups of species often outperform single-species groups, most bivalve farms in the United States and around the world grow their crops as monocultures, notes the study in the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Newswise:Video Embedded landmark-study-concludes-marine-life-can-be-rebuilt-by-2050
Released: 1-Apr-2020 1:30 PM EDT
Landmark study concludes marine life can be rebuilt by 2050
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

An international study recently published in the journal Nature that was led by KAUST Professors Carlos Duarte and Susana Agustí lays out the essential roadmap of actions required for the planet's marine life to recover to full abundance by 2050.

Newswise:Video Embedded researchers-team-up-with-u-s-coast-guard-to-release-and-track-three-baby-sea-turtles
Released: 1-Apr-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Researchers Team up with U.S. Coast Guard to Release and Track Three Baby Sea Turtles
Florida Atlantic University

Beach closures and other COVID-19 pandemic restrictions required scientists to get creative. They teamed up with the U.S. Coast Guard to make sure that three baby green sea turtles made it home. The turtles were outfitted with small solar powered satellite transmitters. Data will provide information to help scientists preserve sea turtles’ habitats and give them a hint about the effects of warmer temperatures on their offshore behavior.

Newswise: Impact of marine carbon on climate change to be investigated by Warwick Scientists
Released: 31-Mar-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Impact of marine carbon on climate change to be investigated by Warwick Scientists
University of Warwick

185 scientists won part of the European Research Council’s (ERC) €450 million for Europe’s long-term frontier research, one of which was Professor David Scanlan, from the School of Life Sciences at the University of Warwick.

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