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Released: 27-Jan-2023 1:25 PM EST
COVID calculations lead to unexpected solution to long-standing problem in theoretical computer science
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Joachim Kock, mathematician at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), began to experiment with epidemiological models. He did not improve upon the predictions, but unexpectedly he made a mathematical discovery that led to the solution of an old problem in theoretical computer science, open since the 1980s, on Petri nets.

   
Newswise: Chatterboxes: FSU researcher develops new model that shows how bacteria communicate
Released: 25-Jan-2023 4:40 PM EST
Chatterboxes: FSU researcher develops new model that shows how bacteria communicate
Florida State University

In new research published by Biophysical Reports, researchers from Florida State University and Cleveland State University lay out a mathematical model that explains how bacteria communicate within a larger ecosystem. By understanding how this process works, researchers can predict what actions might elicit certain environmental responses from a bacterial community.

Newswise: A Butterfly Flaps Its Wings and Scientists Make Jewelry
19-Jan-2023 3:10 PM EST
A Butterfly Flaps Its Wings and Scientists Make Jewelry
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

In the "butterfly effect," an insect can flap its wings and create a microscopic change in initial conditions that leads to a hurricane halfway around the world. This chaos is seen everywhere, from weather to labor markets to brain dynamics. And now, in the journal Chaos, researchers explored how to turn the twisting, fractal structures behind the science into jewelry with 3D printing. The jewelry shapes are based on the Chua circuit, a simple electronic system that was the first physical, mathematical, and experimental proof of chaos.

Released: 19-Jan-2023 11:20 AM EST
The New York Genome Center Launches the MacMillan Center for the Study of the Non-Coding Cancer Genome
New York Genome Center

The New York Genome Center (NYGC) announced the launch of the MacMillan Center for the Study of the Non-Coding Cancer Genome (MCSNCG) today, a major new initiative in cancer research to study the role and function of the non-coding genome and epigenome in the evolution, progression, and treatment of multiple cancer types, including breast, ovary, pancreas, gastrointestinal, lung, and hematologic cancers.

   
Newswise: Ming Ye: Then and Now / 2012 Early Career Award Winner
Released: 17-Jan-2023 10:05 AM EST
Ming Ye: Then and Now / 2012 Early Career Award Winner
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The DOE Early Career Research Program Award allowed Ming Ye at Florida State University to develop interdisciplinary approaches to quantify and reduce uncertainty in environmental studies.

Newswise: The Latest From The American Astronomical Society Meeting And Other Space News
9-Jan-2023 4:20 PM EST
The Latest From The American Astronomical Society Meeting And Other Space News
Newswise

Below are some of the latest articles that have been added to the Space and Astronomy channel on Newswise, a free source for journalists.

Released: 11-Jan-2023 11:05 AM EST
Researchers Fix ‘Fundamental Flaw,’ Improving Pandemic Prediction Model
North Carolina State University

Researchers identified and addressed a flaw in a commonly used pandemic model that can cause the model to severely underestimate disease spread.

   
Newswise: The optical fiber that keeps data safe even after being twisted or bent
Released: 10-Jan-2023 5:45 PM EST
The optical fiber that keeps data safe even after being twisted or bent
University of Bath

Optical fibres are the backbone of our modern information networks. From long-range communication over the internet to high-speed information transfer within data centres and stock exchanges, optical fibre remains critical in our globalised world.

Released: 9-Jan-2023 7:05 AM EST
How to improve math skills among American children
Ohio State University

In the past two decades, researchers have made great strides in uncovering how children learn math, but little of that new knowledge has trickled down to teachers, according to a new book on math education.

Newswise: RUDN University mathematicians modeled a network with simultaneous signal distribution and physical layer security
Released: 21-Dec-2022 7:05 AM EST
RUDN University mathematicians modeled a network with simultaneous signal distribution and physical layer security
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University mathematicians with colleagues from Portugal, Saudi Arabia and Sri Lanka for the first time investigated a wireless network model with NOMA and PLNC technologies . It allows serving a large number of users at once, while ensuring security.

Newswise: RUDN University mathematician taught a computer to read an ECG
Released: 21-Dec-2022 6:05 AM EST
RUDN University mathematician taught a computer to read an ECG
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

A RUDN University mathematician with colleagues from Egypt, India, Poland and Saudi Arabia taught artificial intelligence to identify pathologies on an electrocardiogram. The model works with almost 100% accuracy and outperforms all previous analogues in efficiency.

Newswise: RUDN University mathematicians improved the underwater sensor network using a drone
Released: 21-Dec-2022 6:05 AM EST
RUDN University mathematicians improved the underwater sensor network using a drone
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University mathematicians with colleagues from Saudi Arabia and China proposed a model of an underwater sensor network with an unmanned vehicle. It allows monitoring, for example, the state of underwater gas pipelines. Compared to analogues, the new system consumes 8 times less energy and at the same time reduces signal delay time.

Released: 14-Dec-2022 10:45 AM EST
Precision insights can be found in wastewater
Washington University in St. Louis

Research from the lab of Fangqiong Ling at Washington University in St. Louis showed earlier this year that the amount of SARS-CoV-2 in a wastewater system was correlated with the burden of disease — COVID-19 — in the region it served.

Released: 8-Dec-2022 1:50 PM EST
Finding simplicity within complexity
University of Houston

Picture a tall stately grandfather clock, its long pendulum swinging back and forth, over and again, keeping rhythm with the time.

Newswise: RUDN Astrophysicists Told the History of Mathematical Cosmology
Released: 19-Nov-2022 3:05 PM EST
RUDN Astrophysicists Told the History of Mathematical Cosmology
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University astrophysicists gathered the most important discoveries of modern cosmology from 1917 to our time. The collected data became an introduction to Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A in two parts

Released: 15-Nov-2022 12:05 AM EST
Researcher lauded for superb solution of algorithmic riddle from the 1950s
University of Copenhagen

For more than half a century, researchers around the world have been struggling with an algorithmic problem known as "the single source shortest path problem".

Newswise: Nikita Nekrasov Awarded 2023 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
Released: 10-Nov-2022 10:05 AM EST
Nikita Nekrasov Awarded 2023 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

AIP and APS are pleased to announce Nikita Nekrasov, a professor at Stony Brook University, as the recipient of the 2023 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics "for the elegant application of powerful mathematical techniques to extract exact results for quantum field theories, as well as shedding light on integrable systems and non-commutative geometry." The annual award acknowledges significant contributions to the field of mathematical physics and will be presented at an upcoming APS meeting.

Newswise: 2022-08-03-9521-0008-hr.jpg
Released: 9-Nov-2022 3:10 PM EST
Brookhaven Lab Integrates the Rising STEM Scholars Program
Brookhaven National Laboratory

As a way to give students the resources and momentum to embark on a deeper exploration of their interests throughout high school, Brookhaven Lab’s Office of Educational Programs (OEP) began hosting the DOE Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS)-funded Rising STEM Scholars program.

   
Newswise: Statistical Analysis Reveals Unexpected Trends in US Gun Violence Incidents
28-Oct-2022 8:45 AM EDT
Statistical Analysis Reveals Unexpected Trends in US Gun Violence Incidents
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Although gun violence is a challenging problem in the U.S., few in-depth statistical studies have been carried out on a state-by-state basis. In Chaos, mathematicians provide a thorough analysis of gun violence incidents from early 2018 to mid-2022 in all 50 states and compare their results to historical events during that period. The investigators analyzed data provided by the Gun Violence Archive, using time series analysis, paying particular attention to the summer of 2020 when the national media reported widespread violence due to a combination of COVID-19 shutdowns, the murder of George Floyd, and subsequent protests and unrest.

Released: 31-Oct-2022 4:55 PM EDT
Mathematicians Explain How Some Fireflies Flash in Sync
University of Pittsburgh

A new study by Pitt mathematicians shows that math borrowed from neuroscience can describe how swarms of these unique insects coordinate their light show, capturing key details about how they behave in the wild.

Newswise: RUDN Mathematician Proposes an Effective System for IoT
Released: 31-Oct-2022 12:15 PM EDT
RUDN Mathematician Proposes an Effective System for IoT
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

A RUDN University mathematician with colleagues from Egypt, China and Saudi Arabia proposed a new network model for the Internet of Things. It consists of three steps and makes the system safer, faster and more reliable.

Newswise: RUDN Mathematicians Find Balance between Reliability and Energy Consumption of 5G Networks
Released: 31-Oct-2022 12:05 PM EDT
RUDN Mathematicians Find Balance between Reliability and Energy Consumption of 5G Networks
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University mathematicians have built a 5G network model, which allows you to achieve a balance between energy costs and connection reliability.

Newswise: Mathematician Increased Communication Efficiency for IoT 1.5 times Using Light
Released: 31-Oct-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Mathematician Increased Communication Efficiency for IoT 1.5 times Using Light
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

A RUDN University mathematician with colleagues from Egypt and Saudi Arabia proposed using light data transmission technology for the Internet of Things. LEDs replace router, high-frequency flashing replace radio waves. The network efficiency increases by 67% compared to the usual one.

Newswise: RUDN Mathematicians Make 5G/6G Communication More Reliable for Drones
Released: 31-Oct-2022 11:05 AM EDT
RUDN Mathematicians Make 5G/6G Communication More Reliable for Drones
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN mathematicians proposed a model for calculating the probability of a 5G/6G disconnection with a drone. New model can increase the reliability of the connection for example, by placing the base stations at the right height.

Newswise: RUDN Mathematicians Improve Performance of Blockchain System by 1.5 times
Released: 31-Oct-2022 10:05 AM EDT
RUDN Mathematicians Improve Performance of Blockchain System by 1.5 times
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN University mathematicians have improved the performance of the blockchain system. The researchers managed to increase the throughput of the system by almost 1.5 times and reduce the delay time.

Released: 27-Oct-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Music class in sync with higher math scores — but only at higher-income schools, PSU study finds
Portland State University

Daniel Mackin Freeman, a doctoral candidate in sociology, and Dara Shifrer, an associate professor of sociology, used a large nationally representative dataset to see which types of arts classes impact math achievement and how it varies based on the socio-economic composition of the school.

Released: 24-Oct-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Registration Now Open for Energy Department’s National Science Bowl
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Registration is open for the 33rd National Science Bowl® (NSB), hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science. Thousands of students compete in the contest annually as it has grown into one of the largest academic math and science competitions in the country.

Released: 22-Oct-2022 6:05 AM EDT
Balance Training Helped Overcome the Differences Between the Dominant and Non-dominant Sides of the Body
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

Together with colleagues from Innopolis University, scientists from Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University developed a mathematical model to describe the process of stabilizing an unstable position to a state of equilibrium. Based on the model, researchers determined that short balance training sessions help reduce the differences between the right and left limbs.

   
Released: 20-Oct-2022 12:05 AM EDT
Number-crunching maths models may give policy makers major headache
University of Birmingham

Mathematical models that predict policy-driving scenarios - such as how a new pandemic might spread or the future amount of irrigation water needed worldwide - may be too complex and delivering ‘wrong’ answers, a new study reveals.

Newswise: Machine Learning Accelerates Development of Advanced Manufacturing Techniques
Released: 17-Oct-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Machine Learning Accelerates Development of Advanced Manufacturing Techniques
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Scientists are pioneering approaches in the branch of artificial intelligence known as machine learning to design and train computer software programs that guide the development of new manufacturing processes.

Released: 4-Oct-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Researcher retrieved archival information that attributes a pseudonymous astronomical treatise to Galileo Galilei
Ca' Foscari University of Venice

A researcher at the Department of Philosophy and Cultural Heritage of Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Dr Matteo Cosci, has retrieved archival information which confirms that the treatise Considerazioni Astronomiche di Alimberto Mauri (1606) was in fact written by Galileo Galilei, the illustrious mathematician from Pisa. Galileo used a pseudonym and the author’s uncertain identity had not been confirmed until now. Dr Cosci closely examined original documents preserved at the National Central Library of Florence for the purpose.

Newswise: Coronavirus Race for Survival in the Epithelium: the Fastest Autowave Wins the Competition of Viral Strains
Released: 29-Sep-2022 11:00 AM EDT
Coronavirus Race for Survival in the Epithelium: the Fastest Autowave Wins the Competition of Viral Strains
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

Scientists from the Nikol'skii Mathematical Institute of RUDN University built a mathematical model that describes the self-sustaining propagation of virus concentration waves – autowaves – in a tissue or cell culture, taking into account their competition for resources, that is the infected cells. The authors applied the constructed model to study variants of the new coronavirus, Delta and Omicron. It turned out that the autowave with the higher speed of spatial propagation wins, while the slow autowave dies. The studied processes relate to the competition and evolution of viral strains in the upper respiratory tract in vivo. In addition, the proposed approaches can be used when creating new methods for studying viruses in vitro.

   
Newswise: RUDN Mathematicians Built a Fair Queue Model With Prioritization
Released: 28-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
RUDN Mathematicians Built a Fair Queue Model With Prioritization
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN mathematicians have built a model of a queue of requests with different priorities. Unlike analogues, it is more fair to low-priority tasks. The calculations will be useful for calculating the optimal parameters of real systems, for example, in telecommunications.

Released: 26-Sep-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $56 Million for Research on Mathematical Multifaceted Integrated Capability Centers
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $56 million in funding for four projects in fundamental mathematics research on problems of interest to DOE that require the integration of multiple mathematical topic areas.

Released: 26-Sep-2022 9:40 AM EDT
CUR’s MCS Division Announces New Name
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

On September 13, 2022, the Council on Undergraduate Research’s (CUR) Executive Board moved to approve the submitted name rephrasing to the formerly known Mathematics and Computer Sciences Division effective immediately. The approval comes with a Divisional name change: the Mathematical, Computing, and Statistical Sciences Division (MCS).

Released: 20-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
Mathematics enable scientists to understand organization within a cell’s nucleus
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Rogel researchers have developed a new mathematical technique to begin to understand how a cell’s nucleus is organized. They hope this understanding will expose vulnerabilities that can be targeted to reprogram a cell to stop cancer or other diseases.

Newswise: High school students with disabilities achieve better outcomes in inclusive academic settings
Released: 15-Sep-2022 12:25 PM EDT
High school students with disabilities achieve better outcomes in inclusive academic settings
Indiana University

Indiana high school students with disabilities who spent more time in general education classrooms scored higher on state assessments and were better prepared for postsecondary education and employment opportunities than their peers in less inclusive settings, according to a new study.

Released: 7-Sep-2022 8:05 AM EDT
The Way You Talk to Your Child About Math Matters
University of Georgia

“You’re so smart!” - This encouraging response may actually do more harm than good to children’s math performance, according to a new study by the University of Georgia. Co-conducted by Michael Barger, an assistant professor in the Mary Frances Early College of Education’s Department of Educational Psychology, the study found that encouraging children with responses related to their personal traits or innate abilities may dampen their math motivation and achievement over time.

Newswise: Pioneering mathematical formula paves way for exciting advances in health, energy, and food industry
5-Sep-2022 7:05 AM EDT
Pioneering mathematical formula paves way for exciting advances in health, energy, and food industry
University of Bristol

A groundbreaking mathematical equation has been discovered, which could transform medical procedures, natural gas extraction, and plastic packaging production in the future.

Released: 6-Sep-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Department of Energy Announces $35 Million for Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Partnership in Nuclear Physics
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $35 million for three joint projects in Nuclear Physics (NP) and Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) via a partnership program of Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC).

Newswise: The fans are right: When it comes to football, momentum is real
Released: 29-Aug-2022 8:00 AM EDT
The fans are right: When it comes to football, momentum is real
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Researchers built a mathematical model that proves the phenomenon of “momentum” in a single NFL game is real rather than random. The model also predicts a game’s outcome based on the research team's definition of momentum.

Newswise: FSU expert: Parents, schools can help children with math learning, anxiety
Released: 24-Aug-2022 10:05 AM EDT
FSU expert: Parents, schools can help children with math learning, anxiety
Florida State University

By: Bill Wellock | Published: August 24, 2022 | 9:01 am | SHARE: Across the country, students are starting a new school year. For many students, their return to math class comes with anxiety and frustration.But it doesn’t have to be that way.Florida State University Associate Professor Robert C. Schoen studies how to improve mathematics teaching and learning at the elementary and secondary school levels.

Released: 18-Aug-2022 1:25 PM EDT
WashU Expert: Comparing annual inflation changes each month can distort reality
Washington University in St. Louis

John Horn, an economics expert at Washington University in St. Louis, explains the math of inflation and why focusing on the annual rate of change, rather than month-to-month inflation changes, makes an already bad situation look worse.

Newswise: Rensselaer Researchers to Address Big Data Challenges
Released: 11-Aug-2022 9:30 AM EDT
Rensselaer Researchers to Address Big Data Challenges
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Dr. Yangyang Xu, assistant professor of mathematical sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has received a $250,000 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to research challenges associated with distributed big data in machine learning.Machine learning algorithms allow computers to make decisions, predictions, and recommendations on the basis of input training data without being explicitly told what information to look for in the data.

Newswise: New Neural Network Detects Fakes in Social Media
Released: 11-Aug-2022 4:05 AM EDT
New Neural Network Detects Fakes in Social Media
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

Mathematician in collaboration with scientists from Korea, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, created a neural network that can detect fakes in news reports on social media. Unlike analogues, the new model takes into account more characteristics, such as post readability and user popularity.

Newswise: 5G Reliability Improved in Vehicular Networks
Released: 11-Aug-2022 2:05 AM EDT
5G Reliability Improved in Vehicular Networks
Russian Foundation for Basic Research

RUDN mathematicians in collaboration with scientists from Egypt have improved the 5G protocol for communication between cars or between a car and a road.

Newswise:Video Embedded math-error-a-new-study-overturns-100-year-old-understanding-of-color-perception
VIDEO
Released: 10-Aug-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Math error: A new study overturns 100-year-old understanding of color perception
Los Alamos National Laboratory

A new study corrects an important error in the 3D mathematical space developed by the Nobel Prize–winning physicist Erwin Schrödinger and others and used by scientists and industry for more than 100 years to describe how your eye distinguishes one color from another. The research has the potential to boost scientific data visualizations, improve TVs and recalibrate the textile and paint industries.

Newswise: UAH-developed public health tool predicts effects of a pandemic and mitigation efforts
Released: 10-Aug-2022 10:05 AM EDT
UAH-developed public health tool predicts effects of a pandemic and mitigation efforts
University of Alabama Huntsville

Epidemiologists and public health officials have a new predictive tool to analyze the course of pandemics, thanks to a mathematical formula derived by a University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) professor in partnership with a collaborator who is a UAH alumnus.

   
Newswise: Journal of Mathematical Physics Announces 2021 Young Researcher Award
Released: 8-Aug-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Journal of Mathematical Physics Announces 2021 Young Researcher Award
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

The Journal of Mathematical Physics has recognized Sam Collingbourne as the winner of its 2021 Young Researcher Award. His work on the stability properties of space-times in high dimensions culminated in the winning publication, "The Gregory-Laflamme instability of the Schwarzschild black string exterior." The judges selected Collingbourne from a pool of JMP authors and the prize includes $3,000. Collingbourne explores solutions to the Einstein equation, which relates the curvature and geometry of space-time to the matter content in space-time.


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