Feature Channels: Mathematics

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Newswise: Julia Programming Language Tackles Differential Equation Challenges
21-Jun-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Julia Programming Language Tackles Differential Equation Challenges
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Emerging open-source programming language Julia is designed to be fast and easy to use. Since it is particularly suited for numerical applications, scientists are using it to explore the challenges in transitioning to all-renewable power generation. Decarbonization implies a radical restructuring of power grids, which will become even more complex, so new computational tools are needed. In Chaos, researchers describe a software package they built to enable the simulation of general dynamical systems on complex networks.

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Released: 14-Jun-2021 2:50 PM EDT
New model accounts for the effect of behavior changes to predict COVID-19 cases
Brown University

By adding behavioral components to an infectious disease model, Brown University researchers have developed a new modeling approach that captures the peaks and valleys in new COVID-19 cases seen over the past 16 months.

Newswise: CUR Mathematics and Computer Sciences Division Announces 2021 Faculty Mentor Awardees
Released: 10-Jun-2021 8:30 AM EDT
CUR Mathematics and Computer Sciences Division Announces 2021 Faculty Mentor Awardees
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

The Mathematics and Computer Sciences Division of the Council on Undergraduate Research announces the 2021 recipients of its Faculty Mentor Awards, which honor mentors for their success in mentoring undergraduate researchers.

Newswise: Applying mathematics takes ‘friendship paradox’ beyond averages
Released: 7-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
Applying mathematics takes ‘friendship paradox’ beyond averages
Santa Fe Institute

In network science, the famous "friendship paradox" describes why your friends are (on average) more popular, richer, and more attractive than you are. But a slightly more nuanced picture emerges when we apply mathematics to real-world data.

Newswise: Intern talks about his upcoming summer of research and fusion energy with Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm
Released: 2-Jun-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Intern talks about his upcoming summer of research and fusion energy with Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

An intern about to start a Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internship (SULI) at PPPL and another University of Texas-Dallas student kicked off their summer with a friendly online chat with U.S. Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm about their plans for the summer.

Newswise: DOE names six Argonne scientists to receive Early Career Research Program awards
Released: 27-May-2021 1:40 PM EDT
DOE names six Argonne scientists to receive Early Career Research Program awards
Argonne National Laboratory

Six Argonne scientists receive Department of Energy’s Early Career Research Program Awards.

Released: 25-May-2021 5:05 AM EDT
Scientists recognise intruders in noise
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Tupolev Kazan National Research Technological University is developing a mathematical apparatus that could lead to a breakthrough in network security. The results of the work have been published in the journal Mathematics.

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Released: 14-May-2021 2:50 PM EDT
Scientists Check the Math for Improved Models of Liquids and Gases in Earth’s Atmosphere
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Discretization is the process of converting continuous models and variables, such as wind speed, into discrete versions to make equations that are compatible with computer analysis. Energy consistent discretization ensures that the method does not have any inaccurate sources of energy that can lead to unstable and unrealistic simulations. In this research, scientists provided a discretization for equations used by global models of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Released: 12-May-2021 2:20 PM EDT
New research may explain shortages in STEM careers
University of Georgia

A new study by the University of Georgia revealed that more college students change majors within the STEM pipeline than leave the career path of science, technology, engineering and mathematics altogether.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-to-thermally-cloak-an-object
VIDEO
11-May-2021 11:50 AM EDT
How to thermally cloak an object
University of Utah

Researchers report a theoretical way of mimicking thermal objects or making objects invisible to thermal measurements. And it doesn’t require a Romulan cloaking device or Harry Potter’s invisibility cloak.

Newswise: A Solution to the Stable Marriage Problem: Emily Riehl webcast
Released: 11-May-2021 8:05 AM EDT
A Solution to the Stable Marriage Problem: Emily Riehl webcast
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

In her May 12 webcast as part of the Perimeter Institute Public Lecture Series, Emily Riehl will explore the fascinating mathematics providing solutions to a matchmaker’s dilemma.

Newswise: Morphogenesis: Geometry, Physics, and Biology - L. Mahadevan webcast
Released: 5-May-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Morphogenesis: Geometry, Physics, and Biology - L. Mahadevan webcast
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

On Wednesday, May 5 at 7 pm ET, Perimeter Institute presents a special public talk by Harvard University’s L. Mahadevan, who will explain how the intersections of physics, biology, and mathematics are unveiling the amazing complexity of life.

Released: 3-May-2021 11:35 AM EDT
DOE Awards $17.3 Million for Student and Faculty Research Opportunities and to Foster Workforce Diversity
Department of Energy, Office of Science

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $17.3 million for college internships, research opportunities, and research projects that connect talented science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) students and faculty with the world-class resources at DOE’s National Laboratories.

Newswise: Overcoming barriers to mathematics learning
Released: 26-Apr-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Overcoming barriers to mathematics learning
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

A new online mathematics tutoring program at West Virginia University is helping students navigate virtual learning.

Newswise:Video Embedded finding-what-makes-catalysts-tick
VIDEO
Released: 19-Apr-2021 3:20 PM EDT
Finding What Makes Catalysts Tick
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Computational chemist Samantha Johnson, who is searching for combinations to bolster energy future, is among the PNNL scientists preparing to move into the Energy Sciences Center. The new $90 million, 140,000-square-foot facility, is under construction on the PNNL campus and will accelerate innovation in energy research using chemistry, materials science, and quantum information sciences to support the nation’s climate and clean energy research agenda.

Newswise: Using sound waves to make patterns that never repeat
Released: 14-Apr-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Using sound waves to make patterns that never repeat
University of Utah

Mathematicians and engineers at the University of Utah have teamed up to show how ultrasound waves can organize carbon particles in water into a sort of pattern that never repeats. The results, they say, could result in materials called “quasicrystals” with custom magnetic or electrical properties.

Released: 1-Apr-2021 2:30 PM EDT
Pandemic is pushing women in STEM ‘past the point of no return’
University of Notre Dame

During a virtual briefing held by the Women in STEM Caucus and The Science Coalition, Notre Dame's Patricia Clark said that women in science are being pushed past the point of no return due to the pandemic and longstanding structural barriers — threatening permanent damage to their careers.

Newswise: Students Discover the World Through a Smartphone Microscope
Released: 24-Mar-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Students Discover the World Through a Smartphone Microscope
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Science kits containing PNNL’s smartphone microscope provide immersive STEM activities for historically underserved and rural students

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Released: 22-Mar-2021 5:45 PM EDT
Its curvature foreshadows the next financial bubble
Max Planck Society (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft)

An international team of interdisciplinary researchers has identified mathematical metrics to characterize the fragility of financial markets. Their paper "Network geometry and market instability" sheds light on the higher-order architecture of financial systems and allows analysts to identify systemic risks like market bubbles or crashes.

Released: 11-Mar-2021 9:50 AM EST
Read to succeed ─ in math. Study shows how reading skill shapes more than just reading
University at Buffalo

These findings clearly demonstrate how the cooperative areas of the brain responsible for reading skill are also at work during apparently unrelated activities, such as multiplication, suggesting that reading, writing and arithmetic, the foundational skills informally identified as the three Rs, might actually overlap in ways not previously imagined, let alone experimentally validated.

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Released: 8-Mar-2021 11:05 AM EST
Establishing the origin of solar-mass black holes and the connection to dark matter
Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe

What is the origin of black holes and how is that question connected with another mystery, the nature of dark matter? Dark matter comprises the majority of matter in the Universe, but its nature remains unknown.

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Released: 5-Mar-2021 1:45 PM EST
New quantum theory heats up thermodynamic research
University of Nottingham

Researchers have developed a new quantum version of a 150-year-old thermodynamical thought experiment that could pave the way for the development of quantum heat engines.

Released: 3-Mar-2021 11:50 AM EST
How math can help us understand the human body
Ohio State University

In presentations at the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s annual meeting, researchers argued that mathematics can help explain and predict those breakdowns, potentially offering new ways of treating the systems to prevent or fix them when things go wrong.

Newswise: Nature's funhouse mirror: understanding asymmetry in the proton
23-Feb-2021 1:10 PM EST
Nature's funhouse mirror: understanding asymmetry in the proton
Argonne National Laboratory

The results of a new experiment could shift research of the proton by reviving previously discarded theories of its inner workings.

Released: 22-Feb-2021 2:15 PM EST
BIDMC researchers develop model to estimate false-negative rate for COVID-19 tests
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

A team of researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) has developed a mathematical means of assessing tests’ false-negative rate.

Released: 17-Feb-2021 5:10 PM EST
Quantum collaboration gives new gravity to the mysteries of the universe
University of Nottingham

Scientists have used cutting-edge research in quantum computation and quantum technology to pioneer a radical new approach to determining how our Universe works at its most fundamental level.

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Released: 17-Feb-2021 2:05 PM EST
UCI researchers eavesdrop on cellular conversations
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 17, 2020 — An interdisciplinary team of biologists and mathematicians at the University of California, Irvine has developed a new tool to help decipher the language cells use to communicate with one another. In a paper published today in Nature Communications, the researchers introduce CellChat, a computational platform that enables the decoding of signaling molecules that transmit information and commands between the cells that come together to form biological tissues and even entire organs.

Newswise: In Response to Stephen Colbert, FAU Professor Says ‘Spice it Up’
Released: 17-Feb-2021 8:30 AM EST
In Response to Stephen Colbert, FAU Professor Says ‘Spice it Up’
Florida Atlantic University

A research professor gives a “shout out” to comedian Stephen Colbert. His motivation? Colbert previously referred to mathematical equations as the devil’s sentences and an unnatural commingling of letters and numbers – the worst being the quadratic equation – an infernal salad of numbers, letters and symbols. In response, the professor suggests that mathematics education needs to be enlivened so that students will recognize that this discipline is not merely a necessary evil, but a vibrant, exciting and fascinating subject.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-icebergs-really-melt-and-what-this-could-mean-for-climate-change
VIDEO
Released: 16-Feb-2021 4:05 PM EST
How Icebergs Really Melt – and What This Could Mean for Climate Change
University of Sydney

Current models wrongly assume icebergs melt uniformly in warming oceans

Released: 15-Feb-2021 9:25 AM EST
Moffitt Researchers Use Mathematical Modeling to Identify Factors that Determine Adaptive Therapy Success
Moffitt Cancer Center

In a new article featured on this month’s cover of Cancer Research, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers, in collaboration with Oxford University, report results from their study using mathematical modeling to show that cell turnover impacts drug resistance and is an important factor that governs the success of adaptive therapy.

Released: 5-Feb-2021 3:15 PM EST
The Ramanujan Machine
American Technion Society

Using AI and computer automation, Technion researchers have developed a “conjecture generator” that creates mathematical conjectures, which are considered to be the starting point for developing mathematical theorems. They have already used it to generate a number of previously unknown formulas.

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Released: 5-Feb-2021 2:40 PM EST
Chinese scientists use knowledge from climate system modeling to develop a global prediction system for the COVID-19 pandemic
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

At the time of writing, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is seriously threatening human lives and health throughout the world.

Newswise: New Queen’s scholarship opportunities will explore impact of AI on science and society
Released: 5-Feb-2021 12:05 AM EST
New Queen’s scholarship opportunities will explore impact of AI on science and society
Queen's University Belfast

Thirty funded postdoctoral scholarships announced by Queen’s University Belfast are set to provide a unique opportunity to explore the challenges of Artificial intelligence (AI) for every area of science and society.

Released: 4-Feb-2021 4:10 PM EST
'Audeo' teaches artificial intelligence to play the piano
University of Washington

A University of Washington team created Audeo, a system that can generate music using only visual cues of someone playing the piano.

Released: 4-Feb-2021 1:50 PM EST
48 Finalists Named for the 2021 Hertz Fellowships
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation today announced 48 finalists for the 2021 Hertz Fellowship in applied science, mathematics, and engineering.

Released: 3-Feb-2021 1:05 PM EST
State-funded pre-K may enhance math achievement
University of Georgia

Students who attend the Georgia Prekindergarten Program are more likely to achieve in mathematics than those who do not attend pre-K, according to a new study by the University of Georgia.

Released: 28-Jan-2021 3:15 PM EST
"Liquid" machine-learning system adapts to changing conditions
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

MIT researchers have developed a type of neural network that learns on the job, not just during its training phase.

Released: 28-Jan-2021 2:40 PM EST
Risk analysis helps contend with uncertainty of in-person activities
Washington University in St. Louis

People now have access to better real-time information about COVID-19 infection and transmission rates, but they still have to decide what is safe to do. A new model co-authored by mathematician John McCarthy at Washington University in St. Louis helps to contend with the uncertainty.

Newswise: Sport may fast-track numeracy skills for Indigenous children
22-Jan-2021 8:10 AM EST
Sport may fast-track numeracy skills for Indigenous children
University of South Australia

Greater sports participation among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children is linked with better academic performance, according to new research from the University of South Australia.

Newswise: Future of mathematics on global stage looks brighter thanks to £20 million funding boost
20-Jan-2021 12:10 PM EST
Future of mathematics on global stage looks brighter thanks to £20 million funding boost
University of Bristol

A £20 million investment to champion innovation and nurture the greatest minds in mathematical sciences across the UK has been awarded today to the Heilbronn Institute for Mathematical Research (HIMR).

Newswise: Connected Moments for Quantum Computing
Released: 12-Jan-2021 1:20 PM EST
Connected Moments for Quantum Computing
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Connected moments math shortcut shaves time and cost of quantum calculations while maintaining accuracy

Released: 5-Jan-2021 11:50 AM EST
Seeing Multiple Forecasts in Verbal Rather than Numerical Form Causes People to Make More Confident Predictions of Outcome
Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

A forthcoming research paper by Johns Hopkins Carey Business School Assistant Professor Robert Mislavsky, a marketing expert, looks at a little-examined area of probability forecasting.

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Released: 28-Dec-2020 10:05 AM EST
Modeling can help balance economy, health during pandemic
Washington University in St. Louis

An interdisciplinary team led by faculty at the McKelvey School of Engineering has developed a model to help navigate the delicate line between maintaining the economy and limiting the spread and mortality rate of COVID-19.

Released: 18-Dec-2020 1:05 PM EST
'Poverty line' concept debunked by new machine learning model
Aston University

Mathematicians have used machine learning to develop a new model for measuring poverty in different countries that junks old notions of a fixed 'poverty line'.

Released: 14-Dec-2020 1:20 PM EST
Model could help determine quarantine measures needed to reduce Covid-19's spread
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

As Covid-19 infections soar across the U.S., some states are tightening restrictions and reinstituting quarantine measures to slow the virus' spread.

Released: 1-Dec-2020 11:10 AM EST
‘Fairmandering’ data tool makes redistricting more representative
Cornell University

A new mathematical method developed by Cornell University researchers can inject fairness into the fraught process of political redistricting – and proves that it takes more than good intent to create a fair and representative district.

Newswise: Mathematicians Seek to Unravel Mysteries Hinted at by M. C. Escher
Released: 30-Nov-2020 9:25 AM EST
Mathematicians Seek to Unravel Mysteries Hinted at by M. C. Escher
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

A workshop hosted by Rutgers mathematician Alex Kontorovich will ask, among other things, what a famous M. C. Escher illustration would look like in 1,001 dimensions. Welcome to the world of "hyperbolic reflection groups."

Newswise: SLU Engineer Tackles the Digital Graphics Accessibility Gap in STEM
Released: 24-Nov-2020 3:25 PM EST
SLU Engineer Tackles the Digital Graphics Accessibility Gap in STEM
Saint Louis University

Abstract STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) concepts are often conveyed visually. Intricate graphics of mathematical data trends and interactive simulations of molecules and electricity help students visualize and understand these concepts in a more concrete way.


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