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Released: 16-Sep-2020 10:15 AM EDT
Biometric Data, Algorithms To Unlock Key Information About Circadian Clock
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute anticipate a future in which a combination of smart wearables and algorithms assess each person’s circadian rhythm and provide personalized feedback as to what light, sleep, and work schedule would be ideal for their particular internal clock. In a foundational step toward that goal, a team of engineers aims to develop reliable mathematical models that can estimate individuals’ circadian rhythms. With the support of a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the team will also develop wearable hardware and software that incorporate various sensors capable of capturing useful biometric information. That data will be used to help build and test the team’s mathematical models.

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8-Sep-2020 12:45 PM EDT
A new method for directed networks could help multiple levels of Science
University of Warwick

Many complex systems have underlying networks: they have nodes which represent units of the system and their edges indicate connections between the units.

Released: 8-Sep-2020 1:15 PM EDT
To Meet Future Wireless Needs, Spectrum Sharing Policies Need an Upgrade
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

With the support of a new National Science Foundation grant, Alhussein Abouzeid, a professor of electrical, computer, and systems engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, will develop a series of mathematical models that will help optimize policies governing spectrum use nationwide.

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Released: 3-Sep-2020 1:25 PM EDT
New mathematical method shows how climate change led to fall of ancient civilization
Rochester Institute of Technology

A Rochester Institute of Technology researcher developed a mathematical method that shows climate change likely caused the rise and fall of an ancient civilization.

Newswise: Scientists use reinforcement learning to train quantum algorithm
Released: 26-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Scientists use reinforcement learning to train quantum algorithm
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists are investigating how to equip quantum computers with artificial intelligence and machine learning approaches.

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Released: 25-Aug-2020 12:15 PM EDT
Mathematically Modeling the Return to College Campuses in the Time of COVID-19
Michigan Technological University

A student-built simulation shows why college campuses are particularly prone to rapid spreading of COVID-19 and reinforces the need for quick testing and symptom reporting to find and isolate infected individuals.

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Released: 21-Aug-2020 2:05 PM EDT
'Selfies' could be used to detect heart disease
European Society of Cardiology

Sending a "selfie" to the doctor could be a cheap and simple way of detecting heart disease, according to the authors of a new study published today (Friday) in the European Heart Journal

Released: 21-Aug-2020 11:50 AM EDT
New Mexicans invited to virtual job fair August 26, 2020
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos and Sandia national laboratories and six other U.S. Department of Energy institutions are hiring in a variety of areas via a virtual job fair Wednesday, August 26, from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. (MDT) to help fill more than 600 open positions. Of those, 54 are at Los Alamos.

Released: 20-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT
2021 Hertz Fellowship Application Now Open
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation today announced that it is accepting applications for the 2021 Hertz Fellowship awards. The Hertz Fellowship provides financial and lifelong professional support for graduate students in the applied physical and biological sciences, mathematics, and engineering.

Released: 19-Aug-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Safe busing during COVID-19: The science behind U-M's changes
University of Michigan

In an effort to design a safe campus bus system for the fall semester in light of COVID-19, University of Michigan researchers simulated how aerosol particles exhaled from passengers sitting in any seat would travel through the vehicle under different conditions.

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Released: 17-Aug-2020 2:30 PM EDT
Future mental health care may include diagnosis via brain scan and computer algorithm
University of Tokyo

Most of modern medicine has physical tests or objective techniques to define much of what ails us.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 4:35 PM EDT
Research finds TSA may have missed thousands of firearms at checkpoints in 2014-2016
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has reported that it found 4,432 firearms in carry-on baggage at airport security checkpoints in 2019, and more than 20,000 firearms since 2014.

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Released: 12-Aug-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Research captures how human sperm swim in 3D
University of Bristol

This press release was updated and reissued on 12 August following concerns about some of the mathematical conclusions*.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Researchers show mathematically how to best reopen your business after lockdown

In the USA, where the curve of infections has not yet flattened since the beginning of the pandemic, 158,000 people have died from Covid-19 already.

Released: 11-Aug-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Study: Machine learning can predict market behavior
Cornell University

Machine learning can assess the effectiveness of mathematical tools used to predict the movements of financial markets, according to new Cornell research based on the largest dataset ever used in this area.

Newswise: Story Tips: Pandemic impact, root studies, neutrons confirm, lab on a crystal and modeling fusion
Released: 4-Aug-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Story Tips: Pandemic impact, root studies, neutrons confirm, lab on a crystal and modeling fusion
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

ORNL Story Tips: Pandemic impact, root studies, neutrons confirm, lab on a crystal and modeling fusion

Released: 3-Aug-2020 11:45 AM EDT
Can a quantum strategy help bring down the house?
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

In a paper published this week in the journal Physical Review A, the researchers lay out a theoretical scenario in which two players, playing cooperatively against the dealer, can better coordinate their strategies using a quantumly entangled pair of systems.

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Released: 3-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Novel magnetic stirrer speaks to lab equipment
University of Warwick

A current problem for a wide range of chemists is when stirring a solution in the laboratory there is a need to check the properties of the solution and monitor how they change.

Newswise: Virtual lecture series finale connects interns to ongoing COVID-19 research
Released: 29-Jul-2020 6:55 PM EDT
Virtual lecture series finale connects interns to ongoing COVID-19 research
Argonne National Laboratory

Students attending the last 2020 Office of Science Summer Internship Virtual Lecture Series seminar learned about how national laboratories are coming together to fight COVID-19.

Released: 27-Jul-2020 3:45 PM EDT
Randomness theory could hold key to internet security
Cornell University

In a new paper, Cornell Tech researchers identified a problem that holds the key to whether all encryption can be broken – as well as a surprising connection to a mathematical concept that aims to define and measure randomness.

Newswise: Can Social Unrest, Riot Dynamics Be Modeled?
20-Jul-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Can Social Unrest, Riot Dynamics Be Modeled?
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Episodes of social unrest rippled throughout Chile in 2019. Researchers specializing in economics, mathematics and physics in Chile and the U.K. banded together to explore the surprising social dynamics people were experiencing. In the journal Chaos, the team reports that social media is changing the rules of the game, and previously applied epidemic-like models, on their own, may no longer be enough to explain current rioting dynamics.

Newswise: Uncovering the invisible universe
Released: 20-Jul-2020 8:40 AM EDT
Uncovering the invisible universe
West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

Physicist Sean McWilliams has created an exact mathematical formula to explain the gravitational wave signals that have been observed from colliding black holes, which serve as a key validation of Albert Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity.

Released: 14-Jul-2020 6:20 PM EDT
What Numbers Can—and Can’t—Tell Us About the Pandemic
New York University

Andrew Gordon Wilson and Jonathan Niles-Weed, assistant professors at NYU’s Center for Data Science and Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, outline some principles to keep in mind when evaluating COVID-19-related figures cited in the news.

Newswise: Current Clinical Trial Assessing Potential of CBD in Treatment of Autism
Released: 14-Jul-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Current Clinical Trial Assessing Potential of CBD in Treatment of Autism
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine are recruiting eligible children between the ages of seven and fourteen years for a Phase III clinical trial to determine whether cannabidiol (CBD) reduces severe behavior problems in children with autism spectrum disorder.

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Released: 14-Jul-2020 4:20 PM EDT
The new tattoo: Drawing electronics on skin
University of Missouri, Columbia

One day, people could monitor their own health conditions by simply picking up a pencil and drawing a bioelectronic device on their skin. In a new study, University of Missouri engineers demonstrated that the simple combination of pencils and paper could be used to create devices that might be used to monitor personal health.

Newswise: Detection of electrical signaling between tomato plants raises interesting questions
Released: 9-Jul-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Detection of electrical signaling between tomato plants raises interesting questions
University of Alabama Huntsville

The soil beneath our feet is alive with electrical signals being sent from one plant to another, according to research in which a University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) distinguished professor emeritus in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering participated.

Newswise: Research Shows Telehealth is an Important Tool
For Rural Hospitals in Treating COVID-19 Patients
Released: 1-Jul-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Research Shows Telehealth is an Important Tool For Rural Hospitals in Treating COVID-19 Patients
Florida Atlantic University

A study of 3,268 hospitals in the U.S. shows that rural hospitals are more likely than urban facilities to have access to telehealth, a once-underused service that now is playing a key role in treating coronavirus patients. The research can help U.S. hospitals understand the extent to which they are prepared for another wave of the pandemic.

29-Jun-2020 9:00 AM EDT
An ethical eye on AI - new mathematical idea reins in AI bias towards making unethical and costly commercial choices
University of Warwick

Researchers from the University of Warwick, Imperial College London, EPFL (Lausanne) and Sciteb Ltd have found a mathematical means of helping regulators and business manage and police Artificial Intelligence systems’ biases towards making unethical, and potentially very costly and damaging commercial choices - an ethical eye on AI.

Newswise: Countries Group into Clusters as COVID-19 Outbreak Spreads
29-Jun-2020 1:25 PM EDT
Countries Group into Clusters as COVID-19 Outbreak Spreads
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Mathematicians based in Australia and China have developed a method to analyze the large amount of data accumulated during the COVID-19 pandemic. The technique, described in the journal Chaos, can identify anomalous countries -- those that are more successful than expected at responding to the pandemic and those that are particularly unsuccessful. The investigators analyzed the data with a variation of a statistical technique known as a cluster analysis.

Newswise: Respiratory Droplet Motion, Evaporation and Spread of COVID-19-Type Pandemics
26-Jun-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Respiratory Droplet Motion, Evaporation and Spread of COVID-19-Type Pandemics
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

It is well established the COVID-19 virus is transmitted via respiratory droplets. Consequently, much research targets better understanding droplet motion and evaporation. In Physics of Fluids, researchers developed a mathematical model for the early phases of a COVID-19-like pandemic using the aerodynamics and evaporation characteristics of respiratory droplets. The researchers modeled the pandemic dynamics with a reaction mechanism and then compared the droplet cloud ejected by an infected person versus one by a healthy person.

Released: 24-Jun-2020 3:55 PM EDT
Unexpected Mental Illnesses Found in a Spectrum of a Rare Genetic Disorder
UC Davis Health

UC Davis MIND Institute researchers found an unexpected spectrum of mental illnesses in patients with a rare gene mutation. These patients had a “double hit” condition that combined features and symptoms of fragile X syndrome and premutation disorder, in addition to a range of psychiatric symptoms. The findings revealed the need for clinicians to consider the complexities of the co-existing conditions of patients with both psychological and fragile X associated disorders.

Released: 24-Jun-2020 2:55 PM EDT
MD Anderson and UT Austin Create Unique Data-Driven Collaboration to Eliminate Cancer Using Novel Mathematical and Computational Approaches
University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and two institutions at The University of Texas at Austin – the Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences and the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) – today announced a new initiative to build a strong collaboration in Oncological Data and Computational Science.

Released: 23-Jun-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Herd immunity threshold could be lower according to new study
University of Nottingham

Herd immunity to Covid-19 could be achieved with less people being infected than previously estimated according to new research.

Released: 22-Jun-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Smokers good at math are more likely to want to quit
Ohio State University

For smokers who are better at math, the decision to quit just adds up, a new study suggests. Researchers found that smokers who scored higher on a test of math ability were more likely than others to say they intended to quit smoking.

Newswise: An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling
Released: 19-Jun-2020 6:10 AM EDT
An ant-inspired approach to mathematical sampling
University of Bristol

In a paper published by the Royal Society, a team of Bristol researchers observed the exploratory behaviour of ants to inform the development of a more efficient mathematical sampling technique.

Newswise:Video Embedded academic-achievement-isn-t-the-reason-there-are-more-men-than-women-majoring-in-physics-engineering-and-computer-science
16-Jun-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Academic Achievement isn’t the Reason There are More Men than Women Majoring in Physics, Engineering and Computer Science
New York University

While some STEM majors have a one-to-one male-to-female ratio, physics, engineering and computer science (PECS) majors consistently have some of the largest gender imbalances among U.S. college majors – with about four men to every woman in the major. In a new study published today in the peer-reviewed research journal, Science, NYU researchers find that this disparity is not caused by higher math or science achievement among men. On the contrary, the scholars found that men with very low high-school GPAs in math and science and very low SAT math scores were choosing these math-intensive majors just as often as women with much higher math and science achievement.

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Released: 16-Jun-2020 2:40 PM EDT
COVID-19 pandemic could decimate outdoor environmental, science education programs
University of California, Berkeley

The COVID-19 pandemic threatens the survival of organizations nationwide that provide critical outdoor environmental and science education to K-12 students, with an alarming 63% of such groups uncertain about their ability to ever reopen their doors, according to a study released this week by the Lawrence Hall of Science at the University of California, Berkeley.

Released: 16-Jun-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Study settles the score on whether the modern world is less violent
University of York

While the first half of the twentieth century marked a period of extraordinary violence, the world has become more peaceful in the past 30 years, a new statistical analysis of the global death toll from war suggests.

Newswise: Could We Run Out of Sand? Scientists Adjust How Grains Are Measured
10-Jun-2020 9:30 AM EDT
Could We Run Out of Sand? Scientists Adjust How Grains Are Measured
University of Sydney

New models will help manage impacts of sea-level rise on vulnerable coast

Newswise: The Math of Epidemics: Q&A with Dalin Li, PhD
Released: 10-Jun-2020 7:05 AM EDT
The Math of Epidemics: Q&A with Dalin Li, PhD

How can epidemics spread so quickly among entire populations? The Newsroom asked an expert, Cedars-Sinai research scientist Dalin Li, PhD, to explain the math behind the spread of COVID-19. Li was the first author of a recent study that showed how just a few infected individuals who came to the U.S could have generated more than 9,000 COVID-19 (coronavirus) cases.

Newswise: Survival of Coronavirus in Different Cities, on Different Surfaces
2-Jun-2020 10:25 AM EDT
Survival of Coronavirus in Different Cities, on Different Surfaces
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

One of the many questions researchers have about the COVID-19 virus is how long it remains alive after someone infected coughs or sneezes. In Physics of Fluids, researchers examine the drying time of respiratory droplets from COVID-19-infected subjects on various surfaces in six cities around the world. Using a model well established in the field of interface science, the drying time calculations showed ambient temperature, type of surface and relative humidity play critical roles.

Released: 2-Jun-2020 6:05 AM EDT
RIT scientists develop method to help epidemiologists map spread of COVID-19
Rochester Institute of Technology

Rochester Institute of Technology scientists have developed a method they believe will help epidemiologists more efficiently predict the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Newswise: Argonne’s new menu of data storage software helps scientists realize findings earlier
Released: 1-Jun-2020 7:25 PM EDT
Argonne’s new menu of data storage software helps scientists realize findings earlier
Argonne National Laboratory

A research team, led by Argonne, is developing a new data navigation system called Mochi that will provide scientists with a menu of data services they can rapidly combine and customize to suit the particular needs of a specific science domain.

Released: 29-May-2020 4:10 PM EDT
Algorithm quickly simulates a roll of loaded dice
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

The fast and efficient generation of random numbers has long been an important challenge. For centuries, games of chance have relied on the roll of a die, the flip of a coin, or the shuffling of cards to bring some randomness into the proceedings.

Released: 28-May-2020 6:10 PM EDT
Balancing the economy while saving the planet
Technical University of Denmark

If you make your bio-product 100% sustainable it may be way too expensive to produce.

Newswise: Argonne offers mentorship and resources to students in Department of Energy-sponsored graduate student research
Released: 26-May-2020 1:40 PM EDT
Argonne offers mentorship and resources to students in Department of Energy-sponsored graduate student research
Argonne National Laboratory

As part of the Department of Energy’s Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program, 62 graduate students were chosen to conduct thesis research across the national laboratory complex, including 12 students at Argonne.

Released: 22-May-2020 3:20 PM EDT
Viewing COVID-19 through the lens of data science
MIT Press

Multidisciplinary study of the COVID-19 pandemic and its wide-ranging impact has become an urgent endeavor worldwide. To further and deepen global understanding of the crisis, the Harvard Data Science Review (an open access platform of the Harvard Data Science Initiative) is publishing a special issue examining the novel coronavirus and its impact through the lens of data science.

20-May-2020 8:00 AM EDT
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Announces 2020 Fellows
The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to empowering the most promising innovators in science and technology, has announced the 2020 recipients of the Hertz Fellowship. This year’s fellowships will fund 16 researchers whose goals range from developing drugs more quickly, cheaply, and effectively, to advancing artificial intelligence to creating a carbon-neutral future.

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Released: 15-May-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Social good creates economic boost
Queensland University of Technology

As unemployment rates skyrocket around the world in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a world-first study has found social venture start-ups not only alleviate social problems but also are much more important for job creation than previously thought.

Released: 7-May-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Rutgers’ Greg Moore Elected to National Academy of Sciences
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Professor Gregory W. Moore, a renowned physicist who seeks a unified understanding of the basic forces and fundamental particles in the universe, has been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences. Moore, Board of Governors Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Rutgers University–New Brunswick, joins 119 other new academy members and 26 international members this year who were recognized for their distinguished and ongoing achievements in original research.

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