Curated News: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

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Newswise: COVID-19 Fattens Up Our Body’s Cells to Fuel Its Viral Takeover
Released: 28-Jun-2022 12:00 AM EDT
COVID-19 Fattens Up Our Body’s Cells to Fuel Its Viral Takeover
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

The virus that causes COVID-19 takes over the body’s fat-processing system and boosts cellular triglycerides as it causes disease.

29-Apr-2022 9:25 AM EDT
Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals May Impair Bone Health in Male Teens
Endocrine Society

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and phthalates (two types of endocrine-disrupting chemicals) may be associated with lower bone mineral density in male teens, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Newswise: Eight substances added to 15th Report on Carcinogens
21-Dec-2021 10:25 AM EST
Eight substances added to 15th Report on Carcinogens
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Eight substances have been added to the Report on Carcinogens, bringing the total list to 256 substances that are known, or reasonably anticipated, to cause cancer in humans. This is the 15th Report on Carcinogens, which is a cumulative report, mandated by Congress and prepared by the National Toxicology Program (NTP).

   
Released: 10-Dec-2021 1:10 PM EST
Chemicals from Hair and Beauty Products Impact Hormones, Especially During Pregnancy
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Use of certain personal care products during pregnancy may impact maternal hormone levels, according to a new Rutgers study.

Newswise: pressrelease_nov15.jpg
Released: 15-Nov-2021 4:05 PM EST
Researchers target a mouse’s own cells, rather than using antibiotics, to treat pneumonia
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered a therapy that targets host cells rather than bacterial cells in treating bacterial pneumonia in rodents. The method involves white blood cells of the immune system called macrophages that eat bacteria, and a group of compounds that are naturally produced in mice and humans.

   
Newswise: JHU2988-768x512.jpg
Released: 6-Oct-2021 8:45 AM EDT
Johns Hopkins Finds Thousands of Unknown Chemicals in E-Cigarettes
Johns Hopkins University

Vaping aerosols contain thousands of unknown chemicals and substances not disclosed by manufacturers, including industrial chemicals and caffeine, Johns Hopkins University researchers found.

Released: 26-Apr-2021 2:40 PM EDT
$1.4M NIH grant helps FSU researchers clean carcinogens from groundwater
Florida State University

A Florida State University researcher will lead a study into how bacteria can be used to remove carcinogens from groundwater thanks to a $1.4 million grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Released: 11-Mar-2021 4:30 PM EST
Preterm birth, prolonged labor influenced by progesterone balance
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

New research by the National Institutes of Health found that unbalanced progesterone signals may cause some pregnant women to experience preterm labor or prolonged labor. The study in mice — published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences — provides novel insights for developing treatments.

Released: 10-Mar-2021 12:05 PM EST
Study of mosquito protein could lead to treatments against life-threatening viruses
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

The mosquito protein AEG12 strongly inhibits the family of viruses that cause yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Zika and weakly inhibits coronaviruses, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health and their collaborators. They found that AEG12 works by destabilizing the viral envelope, breaking its protective covering.

   
Released: 5-Mar-2021 9:25 AM EST
Antibiotic-Resistant Strains of Staph Bacteria May Be Spreading Between Pigs Raised in Factory Farms and People in North Carolina
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

DNA sequencing of bacteria found in pigs and humans in rural eastern North Carolina, an area with concentrated industrial-scale pig-farming, suggests that multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains are spreading between pigs, farmworkers, their families and community residents, and represents an emerging public health threat, according to a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Released: 13-Nov-2020 9:55 AM EST
New Saliva-Based Antibody Test for SARS-CoV-2 Highly Accurate in Initial Study
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A new saliva-based test developed by a team at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has been found to accurately detect the presence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

Released: 28-Jul-2020 10:45 AM EDT
Higher BPA Levels Linked to More Asthma Symptoms in Children
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Children in low-income neighborhoods in Baltimore tended to have more asthma symptoms when levels of the synthetic chemical BPA (Bisphenol A) in their urine were elevated, according to a study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and School of Medicine.

21-Jul-2020 6:35 PM EDT
Jet Aircraft Exhaust Linked to Preterm Births
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

Researchers from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health have found that pregnant women exposed to high levels of ultrafine particles from jet airplane exhaust are 14% more likely to have a preterm birth than those exposed to lower levels.

13-Jul-2020 5:45 PM EDT
Study of Natural Gas Flaring Finds High Risks to Babies
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

UCLA & USC study of natural gas flaring finds high risks to babies; researchers found exposure was associated with 50% higher odds of preterm birth compared with no exposure.

4-May-2020 5:10 PM EDT
NIH Statement on World Asthma Day 2020
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Today on World Asthma Day, the National Institutes of Health stands with patients, families, advocates, researchers, and health care professionals to raise awareness about this common chronic respiratory disease, the people it affects, and the research that improves its prevention and treatment.

Released: 5-Mar-2020 11:00 AM EST
The Complex Biology Behind Your Love (or Hatred) of Coffee
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Why do some people feel like they need three cups of coffee just to get through the day when others are happy with only one? Why do some people abstain entirely? New research suggests that our intake of coffee – the most popular beverage in America, above bottled water, sodas, tea, and beer – is affected by a positive feedback loop between genetics and the environment.

   
Released: 26-Sep-2019 8:00 AM EDT
Researchers Discover New, Treatable Pathway Known to Cause Hypertension in Obese People
Johns Hopkins Medicine

There’s no question that as body weight increases, so too does blood pressure. Now, in a study of mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have revealed exactly which molecules are likely responsible for the link between obesity and blood pressure. Blocking one of these molecules — a signaling channel that’s found in a tiny organ on the side of your neck — effectively lowers blood pressure in obese mice, the researchers reported recently in the journal Circulation Research.

12-Sep-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Flavoring Ingredient Exceeds Safety Levels in E-Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco
Duke Health

A potential carcinogen that has been banned as a food additive is present in concerningly high levels in electronic cigarette liquids and smokeless tobacco products, according to a new study from Duke Health.


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