Curated News: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

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27-Jul-2022 4:05 PM EDT
UCLA researchers provide new framework for studying brain organization
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers and colleagues at Emory University and other research centers have combined data simulation and experimental observation to bridge a gap between two major properties of large-scale organization of the human brain – stationary and traveling waves of activity.

Newswise: Beyond the blood-brain barrier: HIV research at Texas Biomed gets NIH funding boost
Released: 27-Jul-2022 12:10 PM EDT
Beyond the blood-brain barrier: HIV research at Texas Biomed gets NIH funding boost
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Texas Biomed has received a $3.9 million NIH grant to explore how gene-editing technology may help eradicate HIV in the brain.

Released: 8-Jul-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Brain Ripples May Help Bind Information across the Human Cortex
UC San Diego Health

Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine provide some of the first empirical evidence that brain ripples exist. These electrical waves have long been hypothesized as a way for the brain to integrate and encode memories.

Newswise: Suicidal Thoughts, Behaviors Linked to Hormone-Sensitive Brain Disorder
Released: 13-Jun-2022 12:15 PM EDT
Suicidal Thoughts, Behaviors Linked to Hormone-Sensitive Brain Disorder
University of Illinois Chicago

A global study published in BMC Psychiatry reports that 34% of people with premenstrual dysphoric disorder have attempted suicide. The findings offer the strongest scientific evidence to date that the disorder is likely an independent contributor to suicidal thoughts and actions.

9-May-2022 12:45 PM EDT
Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy Not Linked to Epilepsy in Children
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study suggests that antidepressant use by mothers during the first trimester of pregnancy does not increase the chances of epilepsy and seizures in babies. The research is published in the May 11, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Newswise: UCI Researchers Reveal Possible Molecular Blood Signature for Suicide in Major Depression
Released: 5-May-2022 2:15 PM EDT
UCI Researchers Reveal Possible Molecular Blood Signature for Suicide in Major Depression
University of California, Irvine

A University of California, Irvine-led team of researchers, along with members of the Pritzker Research Consortium, have developed an approach to identify blood biomarkers that could predict the suicide risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients.

Released: 27-Apr-2022 3:30 PM EDT
New research finds the risk of psychotic-like experiences can start in childhood
University of Rochester Medical Center

It has long been understood that environmental and socio-economic factors – including income disparity, family poverty, and air pollution – increase a person’s risk of developing psychotic-like experiences, such as subtle hallucinations and delusions that can become precursors to a schizophrenia diagnosis later in life.

Newswise:Video Embedded for-neurons-where-they-begin-isn-t-necessarily-where-they-end
VIDEO
Released: 20-Apr-2022 3:05 PM EDT
For Neurons, Where They Begin Isn’t Necessarily Where They End
UC San Diego Health

Scientists at UC San Diego School of Medicine and Rady Children’s Institute of Genomic Medicine describe novel methods for inferring the movement of human brain cells during fetal development by studying healthy adult individuals who have recently passed away from natural causes.

Newswise: UCI participates in landmark study that reveals clearest genetic signals yet for schizophrenia risk
Released: 12-Apr-2022 4:55 PM EDT
UCI participates in landmark study that reveals clearest genetic signals yet for schizophrenia risk
University of California, Irvine

Researchers from the University of California, Irvine, participated with the international SCHEMA (SCHizophrenia Exome Meta-Analysis) Consortium in a landmark genetic study of more than 121,000 people which has identified extremely rare protein-disrupting mutations in 10 genes that strongly increase an individual's risk of developing schizophrenia — in one instance, by more than 20-fold.

4-Apr-2022 3:25 PM EDT
CHOP Researchers Create Reference Model for Brain Growth over Human Lifespan
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

An international team including researchers from the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBI) of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania have created a new tool that benchmarks brain development over the human lifespan, based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from more than 100,000 individuals. The work was jointly led by LiBI researchers and colleagues at the University of Cambridge. Described today in Nature, the interactive open resource, known as BrainChart, harmonizes brain images in a way that will allow researchers to measure brain development against reference charts like those used for evaluating children’s height and weight.

14-Mar-2022 5:20 PM EDT
When the Brain Sees a Familiar Face
Cedars-Sinai

Researchers have uncovered new information about how the area of the brain responsible for memory is triggered when the eyes come to rest on a face versus another object or image.

16-Mar-2022 8:00 AM EDT
Harassment of Public Health Officials Widespread During The Initial Phase of The COVID-19 Pandemic
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The study provides scope and context to departures of public health officials during the first phase of the pandemic.

   
Newswise: UCI study reveals neurobiological processes occurring during puberty that trigger sex differences in learning and memory
Released: 9-Feb-2022 4:55 PM EST
UCI study reveals neurobiological processes occurring during puberty that trigger sex differences in learning and memory
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 9, 2022 — New research from the University of California, Irvine reveals that sex differences in learning and memory mechanisms are triggered by biological events occurring during puberty. Findings show prepubescent female rodents have much better hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and spatial learning than same-age males, but puberty has opposite consequences for synaptic plasticity in the two sexes.

Released: 27-Jan-2022 11:35 AM EST
CHOP Researchers Develop New Method for Measuring Movement Behavior in Children with Autism
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Researchers have developed a new method of measuring motor imitation, adding to a growing set of computational behavior analysis tools that can detect and characterize motor differences in children with autism.

Newswise: Pressing Reset on Depression
Released: 26-Jan-2022 10:20 AM EST
Pressing Reset on Depression
UC San Diego Health

Transcranial magnetic stimulation offers hope for antidepressant-resistant psychiatric disorders at UC San Diego Health.

12-Nov-2021 11:05 AM EST
Medical training takes a mental toll, but less than a decade ago
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A 13-year effort to track the mental health of new doctors in their most stressful time of training shows signs that things have gotten better. But those first-year residents, also called interns, still have a sizable risk of developing depression. And many who do still don’t seek help.

Newswise: MSHS-Newsroom-Prenatal-2col-770x420.jpg
11-Nov-2021 10:15 AM EST
Cannabis Use During Pregnancy Impacts the Placenta and May Affect Subsequent Child Development
Mount Sinai Health System

Women who use cannabis during pregnancy, potentially to relieve stress and anxiety, may inadvertently predispose their children to stress susceptibility and anxiety, according to a study conducted by researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the City University of New York published Monday, November 15, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS).

Newswise: GrantNews_photo3%20web.jpg
Released: 9-Nov-2021 1:45 PM EST
UCI Center for Neural Circuit Mapping Investigators receive funding from three federal awards for a total of more than $7M
University of California, Irvine

The University of California, Irvine Center for Neural Circuit Mapping (CNCM) has been awarded three new grants: a four year, $4.8M grant from the National Institute on Aging; a three year, $1.8M grant from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and, a one year, $.5M grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. The grants will support the efforts of CNCM Investigators to develop powerful new molecular tools and will enhance resources offered by the Center to neurosciences researchers worldwide.

Newswise: Unusual visual examination of objects may indicate later autism diagnosis in infants
Released: 24-Sep-2021 1:15 PM EDT
Unusual visual examination of objects may indicate later autism diagnosis in infants
UC Davis Health

Unusual visual inspection of objects in infants may precede the development of the social symptoms characteristic of autism syndrome disorder, a UC Davis Health study has found.

Released: 14-Sep-2021 2:40 PM EDT
Study examines teens’ thoughts, plans around suicide
University of Washington

New research by the University of Washington and New York University explored gender, racial and ethnic differences among teens who think about and/or attempt suicide, as well as associated behavioral and environmental factors.

Newswise: Do Genetics Control Who Our Friends Are? It Seems So with Mice.
Released: 1-Sep-2021 8:00 AM EDT
Do Genetics Control Who Our Friends Are? It Seems So with Mice.
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Have you ever met someone you instantly liked, or at other times, someone who you knew immediately that you did not want to be friends with, although you did not know why? Now, a new study from the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) suggests that there may be a biological basis behind this instantaneous compatibility reaction.

Released: 11-Aug-2021 11:35 AM EDT
NIBIB-Funded Bioengineers Hit Neurons with Targeted Ultrasound in Approach to Inhibit Pain
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NIH-funded researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated the potential of a neuromodulation approach that uses low-intensity ultrasound energy, called transcranial focused ultrasound—or tFUS.

   
27-Jul-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Virginia Tech Scientists Tie Improved Learning Processes to Reduced Symptoms of Depression
Virginia Tech

In a Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry study led by Pearl Chiu and Brooks King-Casas of the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at VTC, brain imaging and mathematical modeling reveal previously unreported mechanistic features of symptoms associated with major depressive disorder.

   
Released: 19-Jul-2021 3:15 PM EDT
New High-Tech Portal Launched to Speed Hearing Loss Innovations
University of Maryland Medical Center

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) launched a new online tool that could more quickly advance medical discoveries to reverse progressive hearing loss. The tool enables easy access to genetic and other molecular data from hundreds of technical research studies involving hearing function and the ear.

Released: 11-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
University of Washington School of Medicine

Researchers successfully used a protein called parapinopsin to turn off brain circuits. This protein is found in lamprey – an ancient lineage of jawless fish similar to eel. Researchers said the ability to inhibit neurons could eventually lead to turning off mood disorders and unwanted behaviors like depression and addiction.

Released: 10-May-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Early Screening Tool Leads to Earlier Diagnosis and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder
UC San Diego Health

Chemotherapy can induce a painful peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), a chronic condition and common adverse effect for cancer patients undergoing treatment. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues elsewhere, have used a mouse model to demonstrate the pivotal role of cholesterol in CIPN, and proposed a novel therapeutic approach to reverse it.

Released: 6-May-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Blanks for the Memory
UC San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers report that one kind of perceptual learning can occur in memory-impaired persons who do not actually remember what they learned.

Released: 12-Apr-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Psychedelic Experience May Not be Required for Psilocybin’s Antidepressant-like Benefits, UM School of Medicine Study Shows
University of Maryland School of Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers have shown that psilocybin—the active chemical in “magic mushrooms”— still works its antidepressant-like actions, at least in mice, even when the psychedelic experience is blocked.

Released: 5-Apr-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Unique mini-microscope provides insight into complex brain functions
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities College of Science and Engineering and Medical School have developed a unique head-mounted mini-microscope device that allows them to image complex brain functions of freely moving mice in real time over a period of more than 300 days. The groundbreaking study provides new insight into fundamental research that could improve human brain conditions such as concussions, autism, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease, as well as better understanding the brain’s role in addiction.

   
Released: 25-Mar-2021 12:40 PM EDT
Wisdom, Loneliness and Your Intestinal Multitude
UC San Diego Health

UC San Diego scientists have taken the connection between wisdom, loneliness and biology one step further, reporting that wisdom and loneliness appear to influence — and/or be influenced by — microbial diversity of the gut.

Released: 12-Mar-2021 12:20 PM EST
Study finds adolescents with autism may engage neural control systems differently
UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis Health researchers studying executive control in adolescents and young adults with autism have published new research that suggests a unique approach, rather than impairment.

Released: 8-Mar-2021 12:30 PM EST
UCLA-led Study Reveals ‘Hidden Costs’ of Being Black in the U.S.
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

A new UCLA-led study analyzed a national sample of the views of Black men and white men found that Black men of all income levels reported experiencing higher levels of discrimination than their white counterparts.

Released: 5-Mar-2021 1:05 PM EST
How Does Your Brain Process Emotions? Answer Could Help Address Loneliness Epidemic
UC San Diego Health

In a study published in the March 5, 2021 online edition of Cerebral Cortex, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that specific regions of the brain respond to emotional stimuli related to loneliness and wisdom in opposing ways.

1-Mar-2021 5:30 PM EST
Opioid overdose reduced in patients taking buprenorphine
Washington University in St. Louis

The drug buprenorphine is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder, but many who misuse opioids also take benzodiazepines — drugs that treat anxiety and similar conditions. Many treatment centers hesitate to treat patients addicted to opioids who also take benzodiazepines. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis studied overdose risk in people taking buprenorphine and found that the drug lowered risk, even in people taking benzodiazepines.

1-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EST
Researchers Identify Brain Ion Channel as New Approach to Treating Depression
Mount Sinai Health System

Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified a drug that works against depression by a completely different mechanism than existing treatments.

Released: 1-Mar-2021 12:00 AM EST
Financial Incentives for Hospitals Boost Rapid Changes to Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

In a study at Penn researchers found that Pennsylvania’s financial incentive policy encouraged hospitals to enact rapid changes to support treatment for opioid use disorder for patients visiting the ED, and evaluates the efficacy of the Opioid Hospital Quality Improvement Program.

Released: 10-Feb-2021 8:30 AM EST
Depressed Moms Who Breastfeed Boost Babies’ Mood, Neuroprotection and Mutual Touch
Florida Atlantic University

Feeding method and affectionate touch patterns in depressed and non-depressed mothers and babies as well as infant’s EEG activity showed that mother-infant affectionate touch differed as a function of mood and feeding method (breastfeeding and bottle-feeding). Infants in the depressed and bottle-fed group reduced touch toward their mothers while breastfeeding had a positive effect on both mother and baby. Infants of depressed and breastfeeding mothers showed neither behavioral nor brain development dysregulation previously found in infants of depressed mothers.

Released: 26-Jan-2021 3:10 PM EST
At three days old, newborn mice remember their moms
Cell Press

For mice, the earliest social memories can form at three days old and last into adulthood, scientists report on January 26 in the journal Cell Reports.

Released: 3-Dec-2020 8:05 AM EST
Potential Means Of Improving Learning And Memory In People With Mental Illnesses
Johns Hopkins Medicine

More than a dozen drugs are known to treat symptoms such as hallucinations, erratic behaviors, disordered thinking and emotional extremes associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other severe mental illnesses. But, drug treatments specifically able to target the learning, memory and concentration problems that may accompany such disorders remain elusive.

Released: 23-Nov-2020 12:15 PM EST
Scientists Identify Brain Cells that Help Drive Bodily Reaction to Fear, Anxiety
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

This research helps illuminate the neural roots of emotions, and points to the possibility that a population of arousal-related neurons might be a target of future treatments for anxiety disorders and other illnesses involving abnormal arousal responses.

   
Released: 10-Nov-2020 2:25 PM EST
Teens with autism to learn job skills from virtual training tool
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and tech-training company SIMmersion received a $3 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to develop a virtual reality training tool for youth with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, to improve their social skills as they transition from high school to the workforce.

   
Released: 3-Nov-2020 8:20 AM EST
Where you get depression care matters, study finds
University of Washington School of Medicine

Research shows that collaborative care programs in which primary-care providers work with a depression care manager and a designated psychiatric consultant can more than double the likelihood of improving depression outcomes. But a new study published in Health Affairs shows that not all care is equal.

Released: 13-Oct-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Source of Rare Intellectual Disability Syndrome Discovered
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

New findings from scientists at Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago have revealed previously unknown information about the genetic basis for Armfield XLID syndrome, a rare intellectual disability linked to genetic defects in the X chromosome.

9-Oct-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Scientists Report Role for Dopamine and Serotonin in Human Perception and Decision-making
Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist

Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have recorded real time changes in dopamine and serotonin levels in the human brain that are involved with perception and decision-making. These same neurochemicals also are critical to movement disorders and psychiatric conditions, including substance abuse and depression.

Released: 15-Sep-2020 3:25 PM EDT
UIC researcher to test voice-activated AI to manage mental health symptoms
University of Illinois Chicago

Researchers at University of Illinois Chicago are studying a novel approach to delivering care to those with moderate depression and anxiety: through artificial intelligence, or AI. The first part of the two-phase, five-year project will develop and test a voice-enabled, AI virtual agent named Lumen, trained to deliver Problem Solving Therapy (PST), for patients with moderate, untreated depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. This first phase is awarded for two years.

   
Released: 9-Sep-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Penn Medicine Receives $3.6 Million National Institute of Mental Health Grant for Firearm Safety Research
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A $3.6 million NIMH grant awarded to the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania will help improve the implementation of an evidence-based firearm safety program and identify the best approach for deploying this program as a suicide prevention strategy.

27-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Which OCD treatment works best? New brain study could lead to more personalized choices
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

New research could improve the odds that people with obsessive-compulsive disorder will receive a therapy that really works for them – something that eludes more than a third of those who currently get OCD treatment. The study suggests the possibility of predicting which of two types of therapy will help people with OCD: One that exposes them to the subject of their obsessive thoughts and behaviors, or one that focuses on stress reduction and problem-solving.

Released: 12-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Short-Term Use of HIV-Prevention Medication Protects At-Risk Men on Vacation
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Men at particular risk for HIV are very likely to consistently take prevention medication during vacations when their odds of contracting the virus are higher, according to a new study.

Released: 15-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Learning The Wiring Diagram For Autism Spectrum Disorders
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A team led by UT Southwestern researchers has identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The findings, published online this week in Nature Neuroscience, could lead to new therapies for these relatively prevalent disorders.


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