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Newswise: Virginia Tech Scientists Tie Improved Learning Processes to Reduced Symptoms of Depression
27-Jul-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Virginia Tech Scientists Tie Improved Learning Processes to Reduced Symptoms of Depression
Virginia Tech

In a Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry study led by Pearl Chiu and Brooks King-Casas of the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute at VTC, brain imaging and mathematical modeling reveal previously unreported mechanistic features of symptoms associated with major depressive disorder.

Released: 19-Jul-2021 3:15 PM EDT
New High-Tech Portal Launched to Speed Hearing Loss Innovations
University of Maryland Medical Center

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) launched a new online tool that could more quickly advance medical discoveries to reverse progressive hearing loss. The tool enables easy access to genetic and other molecular data from hundreds of technical research studies involving hearing function and the ear.

Newswise: Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
Released: 11-May-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Study: Researchers use eel-like protein to control brain
University of Washington School of Medicine

Researchers successfully used a protein called parapinopsin to turn off brain circuits. This protein is found in lamprey – an ancient lineage of jawless fish similar to eel. Researchers said the ability to inhibit neurons could eventually lead to turning off mood disorders and unwanted behaviors like depression and addiction.

Newswise: Early Screening Tool Leads to Earlier Diagnosis and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Released: 10-May-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Early Screening Tool Leads to Earlier Diagnosis and Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder
University of California San Diego Health

Chemotherapy can induce a painful peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), a chronic condition and common adverse effect for cancer patients undergoing treatment. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues elsewhere, have used a mouse model to demonstrate the pivotal role of cholesterol in CIPN, and proposed a novel therapeutic approach to reverse it.

Newswise: Blanks for the Memory
Released: 6-May-2021 10:50 AM EDT
Blanks for the Memory
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego researchers report that one kind of perceptual learning can occur in memory-impaired persons who do not actually remember what they learned.

Newswise: Psychedelic Experience May Not be Required for Psilocybin’s Antidepressant-like Benefits, UM School of Medicine Study Shows
Released: 12-Apr-2021 5:05 PM EDT
Psychedelic Experience May Not be Required for Psilocybin’s Antidepressant-like Benefits, UM School of Medicine Study Shows
University of Maryland School of Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers have shown that psilocybin—the active chemical in “magic mushrooms”— still works its antidepressant-like actions, at least in mice, even when the psychedelic experience is blocked.

Newswise:Video Embedded unique-mini-microscope-provides-insight-into-complex-brain-functions
VIDEO
Released: 5-Apr-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Unique mini-microscope provides insight into complex brain functions
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

Researchers from the University of Minnesota Twin Cities College of Science and Engineering and Medical School have developed a unique head-mounted mini-microscope device that allows them to image complex brain functions of freely moving mice in real time over a period of more than 300 days. The groundbreaking study provides new insight into fundamental research that could improve human brain conditions such as concussions, autism, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease, as well as better understanding the brain’s role in addiction.

Newswise: Wisdom, Loneliness and Your Intestinal Multitude
Released: 25-Mar-2021 12:40 PM EDT
Wisdom, Loneliness and Your Intestinal Multitude
University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego scientists have taken the connection between wisdom, loneliness and biology one step further, reporting that wisdom and loneliness appear to influence — and/or be influenced by — microbial diversity of the gut.

Released: 12-Mar-2021 12:20 PM EST
Study finds adolescents with autism may engage neural control systems differently
UC Davis MIND Institute

UC Davis Health researchers studying executive control in adolescents and young adults with autism have published new research that suggests a unique approach, rather than impairment.

Newswise: UCLA-led Study Reveals ‘Hidden Costs’ of Being Black in the U.S.
Released: 8-Mar-2021 12:30 PM EST
UCLA-led Study Reveals ‘Hidden Costs’ of Being Black in the U.S.
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

A new UCLA-led study analyzed a national sample of the views of Black men and white men found that Black men of all income levels reported experiencing higher levels of discrimination than their white counterparts.

Newswise: How Does Your Brain Process Emotions? Answer Could Help Address Loneliness Epidemic
Released: 5-Mar-2021 1:05 PM EST
How Does Your Brain Process Emotions? Answer Could Help Address Loneliness Epidemic
University of California San Diego Health

In a study published in the March 5, 2021 online edition of Cerebral Cortex, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that specific regions of the brain respond to emotional stimuli related to loneliness and wisdom in opposing ways.

Newswise: Researchers Identify Brain Ion Channel as New Approach to Treating Depression
1-Mar-2021 10:05 AM EST
Researchers Identify Brain Ion Channel as New Approach to Treating Depression
Mount Sinai Health System

Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified a drug that works against depression by a completely different mechanism than existing treatments.

Newswise: Opioid overdose reduced in patients taking buprenorphine
1-Mar-2021 5:30 PM EST
Opioid overdose reduced in patients taking buprenorphine
Washington University in St. Louis

The drug buprenorphine is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder, but many who misuse opioids also take benzodiazepines — drugs that treat anxiety and similar conditions. Many treatment centers hesitate to treat patients addicted to opioids who also take benzodiazepines. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis studied overdose risk in people taking buprenorphine and found that the drug lowered risk, even in people taking benzodiazepines.

Released: 1-Mar-2021 12:00 AM EST
Financial Incentives for Hospitals Boost Rapid Changes to Opioid Use Disorder Treatment
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

In a study at Penn researchers found that Pennsylvania’s financial incentive policy encouraged hospitals to enact rapid changes to support treatment for opioid use disorder for patients visiting the ED, and evaluates the efficacy of the Opioid Hospital Quality Improvement Program.

Newswise: Depressed Moms Who Breastfeed Boost Babies’ Mood, Neuroprotection and Mutual Touch
Released: 10-Feb-2021 8:30 AM EST
Depressed Moms Who Breastfeed Boost Babies’ Mood, Neuroprotection and Mutual Touch
Florida Atlantic University

Feeding method and affectionate touch patterns in depressed and non-depressed mothers and babies as well as infant’s EEG activity showed that mother-infant affectionate touch differed as a function of mood and feeding method (breastfeeding and bottle-feeding). Infants in the depressed and bottle-fed group reduced touch toward their mothers while breastfeeding had a positive effect on both mother and baby. Infants of depressed and breastfeeding mothers showed neither behavioral nor brain development dysregulation previously found in infants of depressed mothers.

Newswise: 254176_web.jpg
Released: 26-Jan-2021 3:10 PM EST
At three days old, newborn mice remember their moms
Cell Press

For mice, the earliest social memories can form at three days old and last into adulthood, scientists report on January 26 in the journal Cell Reports.

Newswise: Potential Means Of Improving Learning And Memory In People With Mental Illnesses
Released: 3-Dec-2020 8:05 AM EST
Potential Means Of Improving Learning And Memory In People With Mental Illnesses
Johns Hopkins Medicine

More than a dozen drugs are known to treat symptoms such as hallucinations, erratic behaviors, disordered thinking and emotional extremes associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other severe mental illnesses. But, drug treatments specifically able to target the learning, memory and concentration problems that may accompany such disorders remain elusive.

Newswise: Scientists Identify Brain Cells that Help Drive Bodily Reaction to Fear, Anxiety
Released: 23-Nov-2020 12:15 PM EST
Scientists Identify Brain Cells that Help Drive Bodily Reaction to Fear, Anxiety
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

This research helps illuminate the neural roots of emotions, and points to the possibility that a population of arousal-related neurons might be a target of future treatments for anxiety disorders and other illnesses involving abnormal arousal responses.

Released: 10-Nov-2020 2:25 PM EST
Teens with autism to learn job skills from virtual training tool
Michigan State University

A team of researchers from Michigan State University, University of Michigan and tech-training company SIMmersion received a $3 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to develop a virtual reality training tool for youth with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, to improve their social skills as they transition from high school to the workforce.

Released: 3-Nov-2020 8:20 AM EST
Where you get depression care matters, study finds
University of Washington School of Medicine

Research shows that collaborative care programs in which primary-care providers work with a depression care manager and a designated psychiatric consultant can more than double the likelihood of improving depression outcomes. But a new study published in Health Affairs shows that not all care is equal.

Released: 13-Oct-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Source of Rare Intellectual Disability Syndrome Discovered
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

New findings from scientists at Stanley Manne Children’s Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago have revealed previously unknown information about the genetic basis for Armfield XLID syndrome, a rare intellectual disability linked to genetic defects in the X chromosome.

9-Oct-2020 3:50 PM EDT
Scientists Report Role for Dopamine and Serotonin in Human Perception and Decision-making
Wake Forest Baptist Health

Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have recorded real time changes in dopamine and serotonin levels in the human brain that are involved with perception and decision-making. These same neurochemicals also are critical to movement disorders and psychiatric conditions, including substance abuse and depression.

Released: 15-Sep-2020 3:25 PM EDT
UIC researcher to test voice-activated AI to manage mental health symptoms
University of Illinois Chicago

Researchers at University of Illinois Chicago are studying a novel approach to delivering care to those with moderate depression and anxiety: through artificial intelligence, or AI. The first part of the two-phase, five-year project will develop and test a voice-enabled, AI virtual agent named Lumen, trained to deliver Problem Solving Therapy (PST), for patients with moderate, untreated depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. This first phase is awarded for two years.

Released: 9-Sep-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Penn Medicine Receives $3.6 Million National Institute of Mental Health Grant for Firearm Safety Research
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

A $3.6 million NIMH grant awarded to the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania will help improve the implementation of an evidence-based firearm safety program and identify the best approach for deploying this program as a suicide prevention strategy.

Newswise: Which OCD treatment works best? New brain study could lead to more personalized choices
27-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Which OCD treatment works best? New brain study could lead to more personalized choices
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

New research could improve the odds that people with obsessive-compulsive disorder will receive a therapy that really works for them – something that eludes more than a third of those who currently get OCD treatment. The study suggests the possibility of predicting which of two types of therapy will help people with OCD: One that exposes them to the subject of their obsessive thoughts and behaviors, or one that focuses on stress reduction and problem-solving.

Newswise: Short-Term Use of HIV-Prevention Medication Protects At-Risk Men on Vacation
Released: 12-Aug-2020 1:05 PM EDT
Short-Term Use of HIV-Prevention Medication Protects At-Risk Men on Vacation
Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Men at particular risk for HIV are very likely to consistently take prevention medication during vacations when their odds of contracting the virus are higher, according to a new study.

Newswise: Learning The Wiring Diagram For Autism Spectrum Disorders
Released: 15-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Learning The Wiring Diagram For Autism Spectrum Disorders
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A team led by UT Southwestern researchers has identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The findings, published online this week in Nature Neuroscience, could lead to new therapies for these relatively prevalent disorders.

Newswise: Immune from Chronic Stress? Limit Inflammatory Signaling to Specific Brain Circuits
Released: 4-Jun-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Immune from Chronic Stress? Limit Inflammatory Signaling to Specific Brain Circuits
Florida Atlantic University

Chronic stress is associated with the pathogenesis of psychological disorders such as depression. A study is the first to identify the role of a neuronal receptor that straddles the intersection between social stress, inflammation, and anxiety in rodent models of stress. Findings suggest the possibility of developing better medications to treat the consequences of chronic stress by limiting inflammatory signaling not just generally, which may not be beneficial in the long run, but to specific brain circuits.

Newswise: 226855_web.jpg
Released: 13-Mar-2020 2:55 PM EDT
How associative fear memory is formed in the brain
University of California, Riverside

How does the brain form "fear memory" that links a traumatic event to a particular situation? A pair of researchers at the University of California, Riverside, may have found an answer

Released: 19-Feb-2020 11:00 AM EST
Machine Learning Identifies Personalized Brain Networks in Children
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Machine learning is helping Penn Medicine researchers identify the size and shape of brain networks in individual children, which may be useful for understanding psychiatric disorders. In a new study published in Neuron, a multidisciplinary team showed how brain networks unique to each child can predict cognition. The study is the first to show that functional neuroanatomy can vary greatly among kids, and is refined during development.

Released: 7-Feb-2020 12:40 PM EST
HU investigates role-playing therapy
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Led by Dr. Adams Greenwood-Ericksen, Associate Professor of Game Studies and User Experience, Dr. Tamara Peyton, Social Computing and HCI Professor, and Anthony Ortega, Production Coordinator for HU’s Center for Advanced Entertainment and Learning Technologies, and corporate faculty for their Interactive Media Program, the project is titled “Investigating the use of tabletop role-playing games as a potential therapeutic intervention for at-risk youth.”

Newswise: Schizophrenia Is A Disease, Not An Extreme of Normal Variation
Released: 29-Jan-2020 8:00 AM EST
Schizophrenia Is A Disease, Not An Extreme of Normal Variation
Johns Hopkins Medicine

“Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, and many other types of mental illness, are diseases of the brain and should be treated and studied as such,” say Johns Hopkins researchers.

Newswise: Community-based counselors help mitigate grief, stress among children orphaned in East Africa
Released: 22-Jan-2020 12:20 PM EST
Community-based counselors help mitigate grief, stress among children orphaned in East Africa
University of Washington

A University of Washington-led clinical trial involving more than 600 children in Kenya and Tanzania, in which community members were trained to deliver mental health treatment, showed improvement in participants’ trauma-related symptoms up to a year after receiving therapy.

Newswise: Lonely in a Crowd: Overcoming Loneliness with Acceptance and Wisdom
8-Jan-2020 2:35 PM EST
Lonely in a Crowd: Overcoming Loneliness with Acceptance and Wisdom
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found the main characteristics of loneliness in a senior housing community and the strategies residents use to overcome it.

Released: 17-Dec-2019 2:15 PM EST
In Some Children with Autism, “Social” and “Visual” Neural Circuits Don’t Quite Connect
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers combined eye gaze research with brain scans to discover that in a common subtype of autism, in which ASD toddlers prefer images of geometric shapes over those of children playing, brain areas responsible for vision and attention are not controlled by social brain networks, and so social stimuli are ignored.

24-Oct-2019 1:40 PM EDT
In the long run, drugs & talk therapy hold the same value for people with depression, study finds
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Spending an hour in talk therapy with a trained counselor costs much more, and takes more time, than swallowing an inexpensive antidepressant pill. But for people with a new diagnosis of major depression, the costs and benefits of the two approaches end up being equal after five years, a new study shows.

2-Oct-2019 3:05 PM EDT
The Propensity to Hear “Voices” in Schizophrenia May Be Established by Infancy, Many Years Before Symptom Onset
Mount Sinai Health System

Findings reveal how auditory hallucinations may arise in patients with schizophrenia and provide potential new targets for early detection and treatment

Released: 17-Sep-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Religion and the Brain – Studies Seek 'Neurobiological Correlates' of Religion and Spirituality
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Evidence suggests that religious and spiritual states and behaviors are related to certain structures and processes in the brain, concludes a research review in the September/October issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.


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