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Newswise: Learning The Wiring Diagram For Autism Spectrum Disorders
Released: 15-Jul-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Learning The Wiring Diagram For Autism Spectrum Disorders
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A team led by UT Southwestern researchers has identified brain circuitry that plays a key role in the dysfunctional social, repetitive, and inflexible behavioral differences that characterize autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The findings, published online this week in Nature Neuroscience, could lead to new therapies for these relatively prevalent disorders.

Newswise: Immune from Chronic Stress? Limit Inflammatory Signaling to Specific Brain Circuits
Released: 4-Jun-2020 8:30 AM EDT
Immune from Chronic Stress? Limit Inflammatory Signaling to Specific Brain Circuits
Florida Atlantic University

Chronic stress is associated with the pathogenesis of psychological disorders such as depression. A study is the first to identify the role of a neuronal receptor that straddles the intersection between social stress, inflammation, and anxiety in rodent models of stress. Findings suggest the possibility of developing better medications to treat the consequences of chronic stress by limiting inflammatory signaling not just generally, which may not be beneficial in the long run, but to specific brain circuits.

Newswise: 226855_web.jpg
Released: 13-Mar-2020 2:55 PM EDT
How associative fear memory is formed in the brain
University of California, Riverside

How does the brain form "fear memory" that links a traumatic event to a particular situation? A pair of researchers at the University of California, Riverside, may have found an answer

Released: 19-Feb-2020 11:00 AM EST
Machine Learning Identifies Personalized Brain Networks in Children
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Machine learning is helping Penn Medicine researchers identify the size and shape of brain networks in individual children, which may be useful for understanding psychiatric disorders. In a new study published in Neuron, a multidisciplinary team showed how brain networks unique to each child can predict cognition. The study is the first to show that functional neuroanatomy can vary greatly among kids, and is refined during development.

Released: 7-Feb-2020 12:40 PM EST
HU investigates role-playing therapy
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

Led by Dr. Adams Greenwood-Ericksen, Associate Professor of Game Studies and User Experience, Dr. Tamara Peyton, Social Computing and HCI Professor, and Anthony Ortega, Production Coordinator for HU’s Center for Advanced Entertainment and Learning Technologies, and corporate faculty for their Interactive Media Program, the project is titled “Investigating the use of tabletop role-playing games as a potential therapeutic intervention for at-risk youth.”

Newswise: Schizophrenia Is A Disease, Not An Extreme of Normal Variation
Released: 29-Jan-2020 8:00 AM EST
Schizophrenia Is A Disease, Not An Extreme of Normal Variation
Johns Hopkins Medicine

“Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, and many other types of mental illness, are diseases of the brain and should be treated and studied as such,” say Johns Hopkins researchers.

Newswise: Community-based counselors help mitigate grief, stress among children orphaned in East Africa
Released: 22-Jan-2020 12:20 PM EST
Community-based counselors help mitigate grief, stress among children orphaned in East Africa
University of Washington

A University of Washington-led clinical trial involving more than 600 children in Kenya and Tanzania, in which community members were trained to deliver mental health treatment, showed improvement in participants’ trauma-related symptoms up to a year after receiving therapy.

Newswise: Lonely in a Crowd: Overcoming Loneliness with Acceptance and Wisdom
8-Jan-2020 2:35 PM EST
Lonely in a Crowd: Overcoming Loneliness with Acceptance and Wisdom
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found the main characteristics of loneliness in a senior housing community and the strategies residents use to overcome it.

Released: 17-Dec-2019 2:15 PM EST
In Some Children with Autism, “Social” and “Visual” Neural Circuits Don’t Quite Connect
University of California San Diego Health

Researchers combined eye gaze research with brain scans to discover that in a common subtype of autism, in which ASD toddlers prefer images of geometric shapes over those of children playing, brain areas responsible for vision and attention are not controlled by social brain networks, and so social stimuli are ignored.

24-Oct-2019 1:40 PM EDT
In the long run, drugs & talk therapy hold the same value for people with depression, study finds
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Spending an hour in talk therapy with a trained counselor costs much more, and takes more time, than swallowing an inexpensive antidepressant pill. But for people with a new diagnosis of major depression, the costs and benefits of the two approaches end up being equal after five years, a new study shows.

2-Oct-2019 3:05 PM EDT
The Propensity to Hear “Voices” in Schizophrenia May Be Established by Infancy, Many Years Before Symptom Onset
Mount Sinai Health System

Findings reveal how auditory hallucinations may arise in patients with schizophrenia and provide potential new targets for early detection and treatment

Released: 17-Sep-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Religion and the Brain – Studies Seek 'Neurobiological Correlates' of Religion and Spirituality
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Evidence suggests that religious and spiritual states and behaviors are related to certain structures and processes in the brain, concludes a research review in the September/October issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.


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