Curated News: Neurology (journal)

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21-Sep-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Exposure to Air Pollution Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke Within 5 Days
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Short-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to an increased risk of stroke, according to a meta-analysis published in the September 27, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Short-term exposure was defined as occurring within five days of the stroke.

21-Sep-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Is a Longer Reproductive Lifespan Good for Your Brain?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with a higher cumulative estrogen exposure throughout their life may have a lower risk of cerebral small vessel disease, according to a new study published in the September 27, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

19-Sep-2023 11:05 AM EDT
A Brighter Brain Future for All: AAN Sets New Vision for Brain Health by 2050
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Do you want to improve your brain health? Neurologists, the experts in brain health, have a plan. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the world’s largest association of neurologists and neuroscience professionals with over 40,000 members, is sharing its vision to improve the nation’s brain health by 2050.

8-Sep-2023 8:05 AM EDT
Study Finds 1 in 5 People on Medicare Travel 50 or More Miles to See a Neurologist
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Nearly one in five people on Medicare travel 50 or more miles one way to see a neurologist, a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the brain and nervous system, according to research published in the September 13, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN).

31-Aug-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Concussions Early in Life Tied to Late Life Cognitive Decline
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A study of twins shows that having a concussion early in life is tied to having lower scores on tests of thinking and memory skills decades later as well as having more rapid decline in those scores than twins who did not have a concussion, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study is published in the September 6, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

24-Aug-2023 5:00 PM EDT
Can Taking Statins After a Bleeding Stroke Lower Risk of Another Stroke?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have had a stroke called an intracerebral hemorrhage who take cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins may have a lower risk of having another stroke, especially ischemic stroke, compared to people who also had an intracerebral hemorrhage but were not taking statins, according to a new study published in the August 30, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

17-Aug-2023 4:00 PM EDT
Small Study Suggests Long COVID May Affect More People than Previously Thought
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Millions of Americans were exposed to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, early in the pandemic but could not get diagnosed due to testing limitations. Many of those people developed a post-viral syndrome with symptoms similar to those of long COVID.

14-Aug-2023 3:05 PM EDT
Small Percentage of People with Early Dementia Eligible for New Alzheimer’s Drugs
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Only a small percentage of older adults who are in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease meet the eligibility criteria to receive new monoclonal antibody treatments, drugs that target amyloid-ß plaques in the brain, an early sign of Alzheimer’s disease. The new research is published in the August 16, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Clinical trial results for these drugs are only available in people in the early symptomatic stages of the disease, mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease.

3-Aug-2023 4:00 PM EDT
Long-Term Use of Certain Acid Reflux Drugs Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who take acid reflux medications called proton pump inhibitors for four-and-a-half years or more may have a higher risk of dementia compared to people who do not take these medications, according to new research published in the August 9, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. This study does not prove that acid reflux drugs cause dementia; it only shows an association.

31-Jul-2023 1:45 PM EDT
Study defines disparities in memory care
Washington University in St. Louis

Members of minoritized racial or ethnic groups and people who live in less affluent neighborhoods are less likely than others to receive specialized care for dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates.

31-Jul-2023 12:55 PM EDT
Study Finds Black People Less Likely to Be Seen at Memory Clinic Than White People
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Black people and people living in less affluent neighborhoods—areas with higher poverty levels and fewer educational and employment opportunities— may be less likely to be seen at a memory care clinic compared to white people and people living in neighborhoods with fewer disadvantages, according to new research published in the August 2, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

31-Jul-2023 12:55 PM EDT
Bullying, Suicidal Thoughts Linked to More Frequent Headaches in Teens
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Teens who have been bullied by their peers, or who have considered or attempted suicide, may be more likely to have more frequent headaches than teens who have not experienced any of these problems, according to a study published in the August 2, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that bullying or thoughts of suicide cause headaches; it only shows an association.

Released: 26-Jul-2023 4:05 PM EDT
AAN Issues Guidance on New Treatments for Early Alzheimer’s Disease
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

New therapies for early Alzheimer’s disease, monoclonal antibodies that remove amyloid-β plaques in the brain, are bringing hope to people whose lives have been affected by the disease. To help neurologists discuss these therapies with patients and caregivers, the American Academy of Neurology has developed an Emerging Issues in Neurology article, published online on July 26, 2023, in Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

21-Jul-2023 2:30 PM EDT
People with Increased Genetic Risk of Alzheimer’s May Lose Sense of Smell First
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who carry the gene variant associated with the strongest risk for Alzheimer’s disease may lose their ability to detect odors earlier than people who do not carry the gene variant, which may be an early sign of future memory and thinking problems, according to a study published in the July 26, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The gene variant associated with this increased risk of Alzheimer’s is called APOE e4.

17-Jul-2023 3:10 PM EDT
Do Certain Amino Acids Modify the Risk of Dementia Linked to Air Pollution?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Higher levels of vitamin B-related amino acids may be linked to the risk of dementia associated with a certain type of air pollutants called particulate matter, according to a study published in the July 19, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that pollution or amino acids cause dementia, but it suggests a possible link among them.

17-Jul-2023 2:30 PM EDT
Treatment at the First Signs of MS Could Mean Lower Risk of Disability Later
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who start taking medication soon after the first signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) may have a lower risk of disability later, according to a study published in the July 19, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

7-Jul-2023 12:50 PM EDT
Social Isolation Linked to Lower Brain Volume
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Older people who have little social contact with others may be more likely to have loss of overall brain volume, and in areas of the brain affected by dementia, than people with more frequent social contact, according to a study published in the July 12, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

30-Jun-2023 2:05 PM EDT
Fluctuating Levels of Cholesterol and Triglycerides Linked to Increased Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Older people who have fluctuating levels of cholesterol and triglycerides may have a higher risk of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias compared to people who have steady levels, according to new research published in the July 5, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. While the study found a link, it does not prove that fluctuating levels of cholesterol and triglycerides cause dementia.

30-Jun-2023 2:00 PM EDT
Taking Good Care of Your Teeth May Be Good for Your Brain
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking good care of your teeth may be linked to better brain health, according to a study published in the July 5, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study found that gum disease and tooth loss were linked to brain shrinkage in the hippocampus, which plays a role in memory and Alzheimer’s disease. The study does not prove that gum disease or tooth loss causes Alzheimer’s disease; it only shows an association.

23-Jun-2023 11:30 AM EDT
Among Professional Fighters, New Criteria Can Identify Who May Develop CTE
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a degenerative brain disease linked to repeated head impacts that athletes get from contact sports. However, the definitive diagnosis of the disease can be made only after death through an autopsy.

Released: 22-Jun-2023 7:05 AM EDT
Novel genetic scoring system helps determine ALS disease risk
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A newly created polygenic scoring system — one that weighs the combined effects of common genetic variants — can improve the ability to predict an individual’s risk of developing ALS, a study shows.

16-Jun-2023 1:40 PM EDT
Is TBI a Chronic Condition?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with TBI may continue to improve or decline years after their injury, making it a more chronic illness, according to a study published in the June 21, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

16-Jun-2023 1:20 PM EDT
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Linked to Slower Decline in ALS
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who eat more foods high in certain omega-3 fatty acids like flaxseed oil, walnuts, canola oil and pumpkin seeds may have a slower physical decline from the disease and may have a slightly extended survival. The study, which looked at the survival of people with ALS over the course of 18 months, was published in the June 21, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers also found an omega-6 fatty acid may be beneficial. The study does not prove that these omega fatty acids slow decline of ALS or extend survival; it only shows an association.

9-Jun-2023 3:05 PM EDT
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are more likely to have a stroke than people without the disease, according to a study published in the June 14, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that IBD causes stroke; it only shows an association.

1-Jun-2023 1:45 PM EDT
Seizures While Driving and Why It’s Important to Diagnose Epilepsy ASAP
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Prior to being diagnosed with epilepsy, 5% of people with a type of epilepsy called focal epilepsy had a seizure while driving, according to a new study published in the June 7, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

1-Jun-2023 1:45 PM EDT
Trouble Falling Asleep, Staying Asleep Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have insomnia symptoms such as trouble falling asleep, staying asleep and waking up too early, may be more likely to have a stroke, according to a study published in the June 7, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. In addition, researchers found the risk was much higher in people under 50 years old. The study does not prove that insomnia symptoms cause stroke; it only shows an association.

26-May-2023 4:00 PM EDT
What Is the Relationship Between Sleep Apnea and Brain Volume?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Studies have shown that sleep apnea is related to an increased risk of dementia. A new study looks at the relationship between sleep apnea and brain volume. The study is published in the May 31, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

19-May-2023 4:10 PM EDT
Does Having Alzheimer’s Genes Increase Your Risk of Epilepsy?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with a genetic predisposition for Alzheimer’s disease may have an increased risk of epilepsy and people with a certain type of epilepsy may have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study published in the May 24, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

16-May-2023 3:20 PM EDT
Worldwide Stroke Deaths Expected to Increase to Nearly 5 Million by 2030
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

The number of deaths worldwide from ischemic stroke increased from 2 million in 1990 to more than 3 million in 2019, and is expected to increase to nearly 5 million by 2030, according to a study published in the May 17, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study focused on ischemic stroke, which is caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain and is the most common type of stroke.

15-May-2023 4:10 PM EDT
Can Exercise Lower the Risk of Developing Parkinson’s Disease?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Getting regular exercise such as cycling, walking, gardening, cleaning and participating in sports may decrease the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, according to new research published in the May 17, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study found female participants who exercised the most had a 25% lower rate of Parkinson’s disease when compared to those who exercised the least. The study does not prove that exercise lowers the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. It only shows an association.

4-May-2023 12:55 PM EDT
Sleep Apnea, Lack of Deep Sleep Linked to Worse Brain Health
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have sleep apnea and spend less time in deep sleep may be more likely to have brain biomarkers that have been linked to an increased risk of stroke, Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline, according to new research published in the May 10, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that these sleep disturbances cause the changes in the brain, or vice versa. It only shows an association.

28-Apr-2023 6:00 PM EDT
How Is Sleep Affected by Changing Clocks and Seasons?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

How are you sleeping? A new study has found the transition from daylight saving time to standard time, when one hour is gained overnight, was associated with a brief increase in sleep disorders such as difficulty going to sleep or staying asleep, but there was no such association when an hour is lost in the change from standard time to daylight saving time. The study is published in the May 3, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. It also found a small difference in the amount of sleep people get depending on the season.

25-Apr-2023 4:05 PM EDT
Long COVID Sufferers with Cognitive Complaints and Mental Health Issues Have Changes in Brain Function, New Study Suggests
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Those who experience brain fog, memory issues or other neuropsychiatric symptoms for months after a COVID-19 diagnosis were found to have abnormal brain activity during memory tests on functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to a new study led by University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) researchers.

26-Apr-2023 1:05 PM EDT
Changes in Brain Function Persist for Months in Those with Long COVID
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Months after COVID-19, previously infected people with persistent neuropsychiatric symptoms had abnormal brain activity during memory tests, with less activity in brain regions normally used for the memory tasks, but more activity in other areas of the brain, according to new research published in the April 26, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

14-Apr-2023 4:20 PM EDT
Simple Test May Predict Cognitive Impairment Long Before Symptoms Appear
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

In people with no thinking and memory problems, a simple test may predict the risk of developing cognitive impairment years later, according to a study published in the April 19, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

14-Apr-2023 4:15 PM EDT
For People with Epilepsy, Neighborhood May Be Tied to Memory, Mental Health
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with epilepsy living in disadvantaged neighborhoods—areas with higher poverty levels and fewer educational and employment opportunities— may be more likely to have memory, thinking, and mental health problems compared to people with epilepsy living in neighborhoods with fewer disadvantages, according to new research published in the April 19, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that living in disadvantaged neighborhoods causes memory and mental health problems. It only shows an association.

Released: 18-Apr-2023 9:00 AM EDT
Stereotactic radiosurgery is effective for treatment of vestibular schwannomas in neurofibromatosis type 2
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

Vestibular schwannomas related to neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) are difficult to manage and are sometimes treated with a noninvasive option, stereotactic radiosurgery. A retrospective study conducted by an international, multicenter team found that stereotactic radiosurgery is effective for patients with these tumors while preserving serviceable hearing and not causing radiation-related tumor development or malignant transformation.

7-Apr-2023 3:25 PM EDT
Is the Language You Speak Tied to Outcome After Stroke?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Studies have shown that Mexican Americans have worse outcomes after a stroke than non-Hispanic white Americans. A new study looks at whether the language Mexican American people speak is linked to how well they recover after a stroke. The study is published in the April 12, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology

31-Mar-2023 4:10 PM EDT
For People with Parkinson’s Disease, Quality of Life Linked to Race, Ethnicity
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Among those living with Parkinson’s disease, Black, Hispanic and Asian people were found to have a lower health-related quality of life than white people, according to a new study published in the April 5, 2023, online issue of Neurology® , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

31-Mar-2023 4:00 PM EDT
Sleep Problems? You May Have An Increased Risk of Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have sleep problems may be more likely to have a stroke, according to a study published in the April 5, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Sleep problems included getting too much or too little sleep, taking long naps, having poor quality sleep, snoring, snorting and sleep apnea. In addition, those who had five or more of these symptoms had an even greater risk of stroke. The study does not show that sleeping problems cause stroke. It only shows an association.

23-Mar-2023 5:55 PM EDT
Do Your Headaches Happen at the Same Time of Day?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Both cluster headache and migraine have strong links to the circadian system, the internal clock that regulates body processes, according to a meta-analysis published in the March 29, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

17-Mar-2023 11:05 AM EDT
In Epilepsy, Higher Risk of Early Death Varies Based on Severity, Other Factors
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study has found that people with epilepsy have an increased risk of early death and the increased risk varies depending on where they live, the number of medications they take and what other diseases they may have. The study is published in the March 22, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

17-Mar-2023 11:05 AM EDT
Is Bone Health Linked to Brain Health?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have low bone density may have an increased risk of developing dementia compared to people who have higher bone density, according to a study published in the March 22, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study does not prove that low bone density causes dementia. It only shows an association.

13-Mar-2023 10:05 AM EDT
Good News for Those with MS—Fertility Treatments Not Linked to Increase in Relapses
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

There’s good news for those with multiple sclerosis (MS). A new study has found that female participants were no more likely to have a flare-up of the disease after receiving fertility treatments than they were before their treatments. The study is published in the March 15, 2023, online issue of Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation, an official journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Earlier studies had shown conflicting results. The study also found a link between the use of MS medications and a lack of increase in relapses during fertility treatments.

3-Mar-2023 11:05 AM EST
MIND and Mediterranean Diets Associated with Fewer Alzheimer’s Plaques and Tangles
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who eat diets rich in green leafy vegetables as well as other vegetables, fruits, whole grains, olive oil, beans, nuts and fish may have fewer amyloid plaques and tau tangles in their brain—signs of Alzheimer’s disease—than people who do not consume such diets, according to a study published in the March 8, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

3-Mar-2023 11:05 AM EST
People with Symptoms of Depression May Have an Increased Risk of Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have symptoms of depression may have an increased risk of having a stroke, according to a study published in the March 8, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers also found that people with symptoms of depression were more likely to have worse recovery after a stroke.

23-Feb-2023 5:10 PM EST
High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Linked to Thinking Problems Later
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

High blood pressure disorders during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of thinking problems later in life, according to a study published in the March 1, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 23-Feb-2023 1:35 PM EST
Why migraine frequently occurs during menstruation
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

When women suffer migraine attacks, it is often just before or during their monthly period.

17-Feb-2023 12:55 PM EST
Study: People Who Regularly Use Laxatives May Have an Increased Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who regularly use laxatives, a common treatment for constipation, may have more than a 50% increased risk of developing dementia than people who do not use laxatives, according to a study published in the February 22, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers also found people who used only osmotic laxatives, a type of laxative that attracts water to the colon to soften stool, had an even greater risk. Other types of laxatives are bulk-forming, stool-softening, and stimulating. The study does not prove that laxatives cause dementia. It only shows an association.

17-Feb-2023 12:55 PM EST
Low Estrogen Levels Paired with Higher CGRP Levels May Jump Start Migraine
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

As estrogen levels fluctuate, a new study has found for female participants with migraine, their levels of the protein calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) that plays a key role in starting the migraine process also fluctuate. The study is published in the February 22, 2023, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.



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