Feature Channels: Pollution

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Newswise: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Plans Transition to Net-Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Released: 25-May-2022 6:10 PM EDT
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Plans Transition to Net-Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PNNL will demonstrate how new technologies, innovative approaches and partnering with others can lead to net-zero emissions and decarbonization of operations.

Released: 25-May-2022 5:05 PM EDT
What a load of trash: New study finds UK litter is dominated by plastics and drinks packaging
Loughborough University

A new study looking at litter in the UK has revealed the types of materials and products being dumped in our hedgerows and waterways.

20-May-2022 10:30 AM EDT
Does the Size of Air Pollution Particles Affect a Person’s Risk of Death from Stroke?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Living in areas with higher air pollution is associated with an increased risk of in-hospital death from stroke, and the risk varies depending on the size of the air pollution particles, according to a new study published in the May 25, 2022, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 23-May-2022 4:05 PM EDT
Target CO2 and non-carbon pollutants to slow climate change
Cornell University

Policies that focus solely on decarbonization will not be sufficient to keep the Earth’s temperature below the “tipping point” threshold scientists have long warned could result in a runaway greenhouse warming effect, according to research published May 23 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Newswise: Researchers succeed in monitoring the
Released: 23-May-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Researchers succeed in monitoring the "journey" of microplastics through the intestine of a living organism
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

A UAB research team has managed to track the behaviour of microplastics during their "journey" through the intestinal tract of a living organism and illustrate what happens along the way.

Newswise: Light pollution can disorient monarch butterflies
Released: 21-May-2022 12:05 PM EDT
Light pollution can disorient monarch butterflies
University of Cincinnati

Besides planting milkweed in the garden, people interested in helping monarch butterflies might want to turn off the porch light.

Newswise: 'Traffic calming' boosts breeding on coral reefs
Released: 20-May-2022 12:40 PM EDT
'Traffic calming' boosts breeding on coral reefs
University of Exeter

Coral reef fish breed more successfully if motorboat noise is reduced, new research shows.

Released: 18-May-2022 6:05 PM EDT
Pollution responsible for nine million deaths in 2019, with little progress in four years
Lancet

An update to The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health reveals that there were nine million deaths attributable to pollution in 2019 (equivalent to one in six deaths worldwide), the same number as in 2015.

Released: 18-May-2022 6:05 PM EDT
On the road to cleaner, greener, and faster driving
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

No one likes sitting at a red light. But signalized intersections aren’t just a minor nuisance for drivers; vehicles consume fuel and emit greenhouse gases while waiting for the light to change.

Newswise: Conservationists Find High DDT and PCB Contamination Risk for Critically Endangered California Coastal Condors
Released: 18-May-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Conservationists Find High DDT and PCB Contamination Risk for Critically Endangered California Coastal Condors
San Diego State University

A new study has found contaminants that were banned decades ago are still imperiling critically endangered California condors.

Newswise: Survey Will Help Gauge How Track Fans Check On Air Quality
Released: 18-May-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Survey Will Help Gauge How Track Fans Check On Air Quality
University of Oregon

University of Oregon researchers seek to understand public tolerance for poor air quality and preferred methods for receiving event updates

Newswise: Increase in Global Deaths From Modern Pollution Offsets Reductions in Pollution Deaths Associated with Extreme Poverty
Released: 18-May-2022 9:55 AM EDT
Increase in Global Deaths From Modern Pollution Offsets Reductions in Pollution Deaths Associated with Extreme Poverty
Indiana University

According to a new report published in The Lancet Planetary Health, pollution was responsible for 9 million deaths in 2019 -- equivalent to 1 in 6 deaths worldwide -- a number virtually unchanged since the last analysis in 2015.

Released: 18-May-2022 7:05 AM EDT
At-risk sea life in the Atlantic needs better protection from an increase in shipping
University of Portsmouth

New research from the University of Portsmouth has shown a dramatic increase in shipping in the North East Atlantic. Scientists now warn that more monitoring in the area is required to help protect sea life on the at-risk register.

Newswise: China's terrestrial carbon sequestration in 2060 could offset 13–18% of energy-related peak CO2 emissions
Released: 17-May-2022 11:15 AM EDT
China's terrestrial carbon sequestration in 2060 could offset 13–18% of energy-related peak CO2 emissions
Science China Press

President Xi of China announced in September 2020 that China will “aim to have CO2 emissions peak before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060”.

Newswise: Rocket Engine Exhaust Pollution Extends High into Earth's Atmosphere
11-May-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Rocket Engine Exhaust Pollution Extends High into Earth's Atmosphere
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

In Physics of Fluids, researchers assessed the potential impact of a rocket launch on atmospheric pollution by investigating the heat and mass transfer and rapid mixing of the combustion byproducts. The team modeled the exhaust gases and developing plume at several altitudes along a typical trajectory of a standard present-day rocket. They did this as a prototypical example of a two-stage rocket to transport people and payloads into Earth's orbit and beyond and found the impact on the atmosphere locally and momentarily in the mesosphere can be significant.

Newswise: ACI to Congress: Ensure EPA Chemical Safety Office Has Necessary Funding
Released: 17-May-2022 10:05 AM EDT
ACI to Congress: Ensure EPA Chemical Safety Office Has Necessary Funding
American Cleaning Institute

The American Cleaning Institute (ACI) urged congressional leaders to ensure that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP) receives the funding necessary to ensure that new, innovative and safe cleaning products can reach consumers quickly.

Released: 12-May-2022 4:20 PM EDT
The 2030 Project to Marshal Faculty to Solve Climate Crisis
Cornell University

Declaring this the “decisive decade” for climate action, Cornell launched The 2030 Project: A Climate Initiative, which will mobilize world-class faculty to develop and accelerate tangible solutions to the climate challenge.

Newswise: Fashion faux pas: fashion trends are costing the environment
Released: 10-May-2022 9:05 PM EDT
Fashion faux pas: fashion trends are costing the environment
University of South Australia

University of South Australia researchers are encouraging buyers to reconsider flighty purchases and take a moment to better understand trending of ‘fast’ fashion and its impact on the environment.

Released: 10-May-2022 2:55 PM EDT
Exposure to wildfires increases risk of cancer
McGill University

A new study from McGill University finds higher incidence of lung cancer and brain tumors in people exposed to wildfires.

Newswise: image0-768x317.jpeg
Released: 6-May-2022 2:30 PM EDT
Emissions Tied to the International Trade of Agricultural Goods Are Rising
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., May 6, 2022 – Earth system scientists at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions have drawn the clearest line yet connecting consumers of agricultural produce in wealthier countries in Asia, Europe and North America with a growth in greenhouse gas emissions in less-developed nations, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere.

Released: 4-May-2022 1:30 PM EDT
New report assesses global anti-deforestation measures
International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)

Reducing deforestation and forest degradation and their associated carbon emissions (REDD+) is part of the solution to climate change.

Released: 4-May-2022 12:30 PM EDT
Many eco-friendly children’s products found to contain toxic PFAS chemicals
Silent Spring Institute

With more consumers demanding products free of toxic ingredients, discerning which ones might be harmful and which ones are safe isn’t easy.

Newswise: Hydroponic native plants to detox PFAS-contaminated water
Released: 1-May-2022 9:05 PM EDT
Hydroponic native plants to detox PFAS-contaminated water
University of South Australia

New research from the University of South Australia is helping to remediate the ‘indestructible’ PFASs as scientists show that Australian native plants can significantly remediate PFAS pollutants through floating wetlands to create healthier environments for all.

Newswise: Research discovers new bacteria that stick to plastic in the deep sea to travel around the ocean
Released: 29-Apr-2022 2:35 PM EDT
Research discovers new bacteria that stick to plastic in the deep sea to travel around the ocean
Newcastle University

Newcastle University scientists have found new types of plastic loving bacteria that stick to plastic in the deep sea that may enable them to ‘hitchhike’ across the ocean.

Released: 28-Apr-2022 5:05 PM EDT
Scientists call for cap on production to end plastic pollution
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Now, after the United Nations’ historic decision to adopt a global treaty to end plastic pollution earlier this year, governmental negotiations on the agreement are set to begin on May 30th.

Newswise: New Study Could Help Reduce Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Released: 28-Apr-2022 7:00 AM EDT
New Study Could Help Reduce Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emissions
University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

A team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has significantly improved the performance of numerical predictions for agricultural nitrous oxide emissions. The first-of-its-kind knowledge-guided machine learning model is 1,000 times faster than current systems and could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.

Released: 26-Apr-2022 12:55 PM EDT
Finding Terra Incognita
King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST)

A combination of atmospheric measurements and fine-scale simulations has improved understanding of the modeling anomalies that arise when the model resolution approximates the length scale of turbulence features — an atmospheric simulation problem known as Terra Incognita.

Newswise: COVID-19 Lockdown Measures Affect Air Pollution from Cities Differently
21-Apr-2022 10:25 AM EDT
COVID-19 Lockdown Measures Affect Air Pollution from Cities Differently
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

In Chaos, researchers in China created a network model drawn from the traffic index and air quality index of 21 cities across six regions in their country to quantify how traffic emissions from one city affect another. They leveraged data from COVID-19 lockdown procedures to better explain the relationship between traffic and air pollution and turned to a weighted climate network framework to model each city as a node using data from 2019 and 2020. They added a two-layer network that incorporated different regions, lockdown stages, and outbreak levels.

Newswise: Pathogens can hitch a ride on plastic to reach the sea
Released: 26-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Pathogens can hitch a ride on plastic to reach the sea
University of California, Davis

Microplastics are a pathway for pathogens on land to reach the ocean, with likely consequences for human and wildlife health, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.

Released: 26-Apr-2022 9:55 AM EDT
Study reveals stream restoration trade-offs: Higher environmental benefits to be had where homeowners are less willing to pay
University of Maryland, College Park

Although stream restoration filters pollutants out of local waterways and improves the health of the Chesapeake Bay, Baltimore area neighborhoods where it would do the most for water quality are far less willing to pay for such projects, according to a new study by a University of Maryland environmental economist and an interdisciplinary team of colleagues.

Released: 25-Apr-2022 2:05 PM EDT
Offspring weakens, when parents are given antibiotics
University of Southern Denmark

Antibiotics have once proclaimed the salvation of the world. Today, researchers fear that antibiotics could become a threat to public health and the natural environment.

Newswise: LLNL partners with city of Livermore to reduce carbon emissions
Released: 25-Apr-2022 1:15 PM EDT
LLNL partners with city of Livermore to reduce carbon emissions
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the city of Livermore to collaborate on advancing climate action in Livermore and build community-wide resilience to climate change impacts.

Released: 22-Apr-2022 3:50 PM EDT
Lesser known ozone layer’s outsized role in planet warming
University of California, Riverside

New research has identified a lesser-known form of ozone playing a big role in heating the Southern Ocean — one of Earth’s main cooling systems.

Newswise:Video Embedded iowa-state-team-receives-xprize-carbon-removal-milestone-award-for-innovative-vision-to-remove-carbon-from-the-atmosphere
VIDEO
Released: 22-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Iowa State team receives XPRIZE Carbon Removal milestone award for innovative vision to remove carbon from the atmosphere
Iowa State University

An Iowa State University research team has received a $1 million XPRIZE milestone award for its efforts to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to combat climate change. The carbon removal team at the Bioeconomy Institute will use the award to advance its vision of using pyrolysis to turn biomass from crop residues and other sources into a soil amendment and other valuable products.

Newswise: Greening Food Preservation Nourishes the Environment
Released: 21-Apr-2022 1:05 PM EDT
Greening Food Preservation Nourishes the Environment
Cornell University

As consumers seek fewer preservatives in packaged food – while the environment needs less plastic waste – Cornell University scientists are finding ways to make active packaging materials with a biologically-derived polymer that helps salad dressings, marinades and beverages last longer in the fridge.

Newswise: Wrapped with Inspiration this Earth Day 2022
Released: 21-Apr-2022 12:25 PM EDT
Wrapped with Inspiration this Earth Day 2022
Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack University Medical Center donates blue surgical wrap to North Bergen High School where students transform the medical grade material into magnificent fashion in honor of healthcare workers and Earth Day 2022!

Newswise: Scientists build microporous MOF traps for mitigating toxic gases
Released: 20-Apr-2022 12:00 PM EDT
Scientists build microporous MOF traps for mitigating toxic gases
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Researchers from Sandia, ORNL, and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville used neutron scattering and additional experimental techniques to study a series of materials called metal organic frameworks (MOFs) made from the entire list of rare earth elements. The researchers established a comprehensive approach to evaluating large numbers of MOFs and also made an important discovery about a defect that can be useful in building technologies to mitigate toxic gases such as nitrogen and sulfur dioxides.

Newswise: Using Hundred-Year-Old Chemistry to Capture Carbon Directly From Air
Released: 20-Apr-2022 10:00 AM EDT
Using Hundred-Year-Old Chemistry to Capture Carbon Directly From Air
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab are working on new approaches to achieve direct air capture of carbon dioxide. Andrew Haddad, a researcher in Berkeley Lab’s Energy Technologies Area with a Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry, talks about how a Nobel Prize-winning chemistry concept from more than a century ago inspired his idea for efficiently capturing CO2.

Newswise: UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have impact on textile wastewater pollution research
Released: 20-Apr-2022 9:00 AM EDT
UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have impact on textile wastewater pollution research
Digital Science

The world’s research effort into wastewater pollution caused by the textiles industry has increased threefold over the past five years, according to a new analysis released this week in the lead up to Earth Day (Friday 22 April).

Newswise: How air pollution alters lung tissue, increasing cancer susceptibility
Released: 20-Apr-2022 2:05 AM EDT
How air pollution alters lung tissue, increasing cancer susceptibility
eLife

Scientists have identified a mechanism that explains how fine air pollution particles might cause lung cancer, according to a study published today in eLife.

Released: 19-Apr-2022 3:05 PM EDT
Pacific Northwest wildfires alter air pollution patterns across North America
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

Increasingly large and intense wildfires in the Pacific Northwest are altering the seasonal pattern of air pollution and causing a spike in unhealthy pollutants in August, new research finds.

Newswise: Three Gorges Dam: Friend or foe of riverine greenhouse gases?
Released: 19-Apr-2022 2:30 PM EDT
Three Gorges Dam: Friend or foe of riverine greenhouse gases?
Science China Press

Dams are conventionally regarded as emitters of GHGs in large rivers. A team from Peking University of China, however, has disrupted this perception, based on whole system thinking applied to the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) on the Yangtze River in China.

Newswise: Microplastics in the food chain
Released: 18-Apr-2022 1:00 PM EDT
Microplastics in the food chain
Flinders University

Plastic rubbish is everywhere and now broken-down microplastics have been found in variable concentrations in blue mussels and water within the intertidal zone at some of southern Australia’s most popular and more remote beaches.

Released: 18-Apr-2022 10:05 AM EDT
Government Law Center at Albany Law School exploring “New York's New Green Amendment: Mountain or Molehill?”
Albany Law School

Held monthly from February through May, the Warren M. Anderson programs feature experts who address major legal and policy issues pending before New York State government.

Newswise: New Evidence Suggests California’s Environmental Policies Preferentially Protect Whites
Released: 12-Apr-2022 1:55 PM EDT
New Evidence Suggests California’s Environmental Policies Preferentially Protect Whites
University of California San Diego

Asian and Hispanic communities experience significantly more air pollution from economic activity compared to predominantly white neighborhoods across the state of California, according to new research from the University of California San Diego’s School of Global Policy and Strategy.

Released: 11-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
Chemists Harness the Sun to Upcycle Plastic Waste
Cornell University

Chemists at Cornell University have discovered a way to use light and oxygen to upcycle polystyrene – a type of plastic found in many common items – into benzoic acid, a product stocked in undergraduate and high school chemistry labs and also used in fragrances, food preservatives, and other ubiquitous products.

Released: 6-Apr-2022 1:20 PM EDT
Global Experts Meet to Discuss Plastic Pollution Crisis
University of Portsmouth

Experts from around the world are coming together this week to discuss the success of policies designed to tackle the global plastic pollution crisis.

Released: 6-Apr-2022 11:05 AM EDT
New IPCC Report: we can halve emissions by 2030
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

There is increasing evidence of the success of climate action, say scientists in the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report.


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