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Newswise: WVU engineers seek ways to prevent rockfalls on rural roads
Released: 2-Dec-2021 11:40 AM EST
WVU engineers seek ways to prevent rockfalls on rural roads
West Virginia University

Two engineers at West Virginia University have studied countermeasures to mitigate rockfalls on the Mountain State's rural roads.

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Embargo will expire: 8-Dec-2021 8:00 AM EST Released to reporters: 30-Nov-2021 3:45 PM EST

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Newswise: Adding Sound to Electric Vehicles Improves Pedestrian Safety #ASA181
17-Nov-2021 11:05 AM EST
Adding Sound to Electric Vehicles Improves Pedestrian Safety #ASA181
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Electric vehicles are so quiet they can create a safety concern. To address this, many governments have mandated artificial sounds be added. In the U.S., regulations require vehicle sounds to be detectable at certain distances for various speeds, and researchers have tested how well people detect electric vehicle sounds in terms of these requirements. Participants in the study were seated adjacent to a lane of the test facility and pressed a button upon hearing an approaching electric vehicle. This allowed the researchers to measure the probability of detection versus distance from the vehicle.

Newswise:Video Embedded world-first-product-will-be-a-lifesaving-traffic-stopper
VIDEO
Released: 29-Nov-2021 8:20 AM EST
World-first product will be a lifesaving traffic stopper
University of South Australia

Game-changing technology to design traffic lights that absorb kinetic energy, stopping them from crumpling when hit by a vehicle, will prevent thousands of fatalities and injuries each year and make our roads much safer.

Newswise: Over the Top: Car Jump Study Turns Over Old Physics Problem
Released: 24-Nov-2021 11:40 AM EST
Over the Top: Car Jump Study Turns Over Old Physics Problem
American Institute of Physics (AIP)

If an automobile is moving at a steady speed over a hill in the shape of a vertical circular arc, what is the maximum speed it can attain without losing contact with the road at the crest of the hill? In The Physics Teacher, Carl Mungan demonstrates that, despite numerous textbook references stating otherwise, a car will leave the ground on the downside of a peak. The study presents three cases to illustrate the nuances of the different physics principles at play and Mungan ultimately presents a compelling argument, dispelling the long-held notion a car can leave the road at the top of a smooth hill.

Released: 24-Nov-2021 8:30 AM EST
Transit Network Frequency Setting With Multi-Agent Simulation to Capture Activity-Based Mode Substitution
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering and the C2SMART Tier 1 University Transportation Center propose a simulation-based transit network design model for bus frequency planning in large-scale transportation network with activity-based behavioral responses.

Newswise: Optimizing FDNY Ambulance Response
Released: 23-Nov-2021 5:05 PM EST
Optimizing FDNY Ambulance Response
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Researchers at Columbia Engineering have teamed up with the Fire Department of New York to upgrade the FDNY's ambulance Emergency Medical Services (EMS) response operations and optimize hospital capacity balancing, so that hospitals aren’t overwhelmed in future by an unprecedented patient surge like the one that occurred in the early months of the pandemic.

Released: 17-Nov-2021 3:55 PM EST
ASA Press Conferences Livestreamed from Seattle, Washington, Dec. 1 #ASA181
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Press conferences at the 181st Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America will be held Wednesday, Dec. 1, in room 505 at the Hyatt Regency Seattle. The media availabilities will focus on wide range of newsworthy sessions at the upcoming meeting from killer whales spending more time in the Arctic Ocean to knocking over Lego minifigures with time reversal focused vibration. For more information, contact AIP Media.

Newswise:Video Embedded testing-sensors-in-fog-to-make-future-transportation-safer
VIDEO
Released: 17-Nov-2021 1:05 PM EST
Testing sensors in fog to make future transportation safer
Sandia National Laboratories

Self-flying drones and autonomous taxis that can safely operate in fog may sound futuristic, but new research at Sandia National Laboratories’ fog facility is bringing the future closer. Fog can make travel by water, air and land hazardous when it becomes hard for both people and sensors to detect objects. Researchers at Sandia’s fog facility are addressing that challenge through new optical research in computational imaging and by partnering with NASA researchers working on Advanced Air Mobility, Teledyne FLIR and others to test sensors in customized fog that can be measured and repeatedly produced on demand.

Newswise: Electric vehicles dominate list of efficient cars in 2022 Fuel Economy Guide
Released: 17-Nov-2021 10:00 AM EST
Electric vehicles dominate list of efficient cars in 2022 Fuel Economy Guide
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

As the holiday road trip season approaches and more workers are headed back to offices and daily commutes, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has released the federal government’s new 2022 Fuel Economy Guide. The report provides the latest fuel efficiency stats and money-saving tips for new and used vehicles. For the first time, two electric vehicles with a 500-mile driving range sit at the top of the guide’s 10 most fuel-efficient vehicles.

Newswise: Many older Americans plan to take long trips soon, but may alter plans if COVID spikes at their destination
16-Nov-2021 9:00 AM EST
Many older Americans plan to take long trips soon, but may alter plans if COVID spikes at their destination
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Nearly one in three older adults plans a long trip far from home in the next year, and many look forward to holiday travel in the next two months, a new poll finds. But many said they would consider local COVID-19 case rates at their destination.

5-Nov-2021 8:50 AM EDT
Worldwide Risk of Death in Road Crashes Caused by Drinking is Higher for Men, Younger People, Motorcyclists, and Europeans
Research Society on Alcoholism

Men, young adults, motorcyclists, and people in European and other reasonably well-developed countries are more likely to die in road crashes caused by drinking, according to a novel review of global data. Researchers found that the risk of dying in a road crash attributed to alcohol consumption varied markedly around the world and across population groups. The new review may be the first to provide detailed information on the rate of fatal injury in traffic crashes caused by alcohol use and its variation by location, the sex and age of victims, or transit circumstances. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2018, one in four road deaths worldwide were attributable to drinking. For the review in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, investigators in Mexico explored how these fatalities are distributed, geographically and demographically. This more granular information can potentially help target prevention resources at locations and communities where they may most eff

4-Nov-2021 9:20 AM EDT
Cutting ammonia emissions is a cost-effective way to prevent air pollution deaths
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Tackling pollution from the emission of nitrogen compounds, particularly ammonia, could reduce many of the 23.3 million years of life that were lost prematurely across the world in 2013 due to nitrogen-related air pollution.

Released: 3-Nov-2021 4:40 PM EDT
Government action needed to ensure insurance against major hacking of driverless vehicles, experts warn
University of Exeter

Government action is needed so driverless vehicles can be insured against malicious hacks which could have potentially catastrophic consequences, a study says.

Released: 27-Oct-2021 12:30 PM EDT
Bridging the lithium battery supply chain gap — a new alliance in the U.S.
Argonne National Laboratory

By building bridges between the public and private sector, Li-Bridge aims to accelerate the development of a robust and secure domestic supply chain for lithium-based batteries.

Released: 26-Oct-2021 12:10 PM EDT
Memorial Hermann Joins the Healthcare Anchor Network; Increases Investment in Community to Address Housing, Employment and Other Social Determinants of Health
Memorial Hermann Health System

Memorial Hermann Health System in Houston is making a multi-million dollar investment that will focus on housing instability, food insecurity, transportation, access to health care, income, and employment in underserved neighborhoods in Southwest Houston and Greater Heights.

Newswise: First-Person Science: Jacqueline Chen on Modeling Combustion Engines
Released: 18-Oct-2021 10:40 AM EDT
First-Person Science: Jacqueline Chen on Modeling Combustion Engines
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Jacqueline Chen harnesses some of the nation’s most powerful computers to model the complex interactions in combustion engines. Her research illustrates how much our computing power and understanding of these processes has evolved over decades of work.

Newswise: WVU experts encourage safety and training to help reduce ATV accidents, deaths
Released: 15-Oct-2021 2:40 PM EDT
WVU experts encourage safety and training to help reduce ATV accidents, deaths
West Virginia University

All-terrain vehicle instructors based at West Virginia University can offer safety tips for riding ATVs.

Released: 12-Oct-2021 3:00 PM EDT
The claim that Southwest Airline cancellations are ‘a direct consequence’ of federal vaccine mandate is not supported
Newswise

Tucker Carlson claimed the cancellation of thousands of flights by Southwest Airlines was “a direct consequence” of the Biden administration’s vaccination mandate for federal workers. Disruptions to Southwest flights began shortly after the airline’s pilots association asked a federal court to block the airline’s own vaccine mandate. The "vaccine mandate" issued by the Biden administration only pertains to Federal agencies, not privately owned corporations. The claim that the cancellations were due directly to a federal mandate on COVID-19 vaccinations is unsupported.

6-Oct-2021 11:35 AM EDT
Helmet Use Reduces Moderate or Severe Head Injuries in Youths Riding ATVs and Dirt Bikes
Journal of Neurosurgery

Authors examined cases of young people involved in recreational vehicle crashes to see what difference helmet use makes in the severity of head injuries.

Released: 11-Oct-2021 11:40 AM EDT
How recovery from COVID-19’s impact on energy demand could help meet climate targets
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

The pandemic-related drop in greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 was likely the largest on record in a single year, but how our recovery might affect future emissions is less clear. New modeling examines alternative scenarios and how they could impact climate mitigation targets.

Released: 5-Oct-2021 8:50 AM EDT
Low-income people saw smallest drop in travel during COVID-19
Ohio State University

Low-income people were the least likely to reduce their local travel during the COVID-19 lockdown, probably because they still had to go to work, a case study in Columbus suggests.

Newswise: 614247fb6f1cc_02.JPG
Released: 1-Oct-2021 2:00 PM EDT
The latest research news in Archaeology and Anthropology
Newswise

“Throw me the idol; I’ll throw you the whip!” - From Raiders of the Lost Ark

Newswise: Pump the brakes: Rough roads reduce traffic speeds and safety, based on WVU research
Released: 30-Sep-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Pump the brakes: Rough roads reduce traffic speeds and safety, based on WVU research
West Virginia University

New research based on transportation data Brad Humphreys and Alexander Cardazzi, economists at West Virginia University, shows that rough roads reduce traffic speeds and safety.

Released: 29-Sep-2021 1:20 PM EDT
Machine Learning Tests Abilities of Rare-Earth Phosphates Given Atmospheric Extremes
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Materials and mechanical scientists are using machine learning to rapidly vet combinations of elements that could be used in next-generation environmental barrier coatings needed to protect vehicles traveling in the extreme conditions of aerospace and space environments.

Released: 28-Sep-2021 9:55 AM EDT
Deadly auto crashes more likely during pandemic lockdown
Ohio State University

With fewer people on the road during the early days of the pandemic, more drivers were speeding and driving recklessly, resulting in more crashes being deadly, a new study found.

Newswise:Video Embedded revolution-cleaner-powerful-engines-when-they-can-t-be-electric
VIDEO
Released: 27-Sep-2021 12:35 PM EDT
REVolution: Cleaner, Powerful Engines When They Can’t Be Electric
Michigan Technological University

The Advanced Power Systems Research Center (APS LABS) partnered with Strange Development to test the REVolution engine, which uses a rotary exhaust valve to clean up what were previously some of the dirtiest engines on the market like drones and powersport vehicles.

Newswise: Laser treatment shows potential for reducing industrial chemical processing for vehicles
Released: 23-Sep-2021 2:05 PM EDT
Laser treatment shows potential for reducing industrial chemical processing for vehicles
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

A multidisciplinary team from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has applied a laser-interference structuring technique that makes significant strides toward eliminating the need for hazardous chemicals for corrosion protection in military vehicles and aircraft systems.

Newswise: Forward-thinking white paper charts R&D path to give electric aviation industry wings
Released: 20-Sep-2021 6:10 PM EDT
Forward-thinking white paper charts R&D path to give electric aviation industry wings
Argonne National Laboratory

U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center and other experts aim to make electric aviation a reality.

Released: 16-Sep-2021 5:15 PM EDT
Argonne teams up with GEVO to apply lab's GREET Model to company's net-zero project
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne recently teamed up with a Colorado-based biofuel company to perform a critical lifecycle analysis of its Next Gen technology to produce renewable jet fuel from corn grain in what could be a game-changer in biofuel industry.

Released: 15-Sep-2021 3:45 PM EDT
For Aviation, an ‘Unprecedented Opportunity’
University of Maryland, Robert H. Smith School of Business

Air transportation policy and logistics expert Martin Dresner says the post-COVID period will provide the aviation industry with a tremendous opportunity to build back better and greener, and this hinges on cooperative initiatives under centralized leadership.

Newswise: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s remotely operated vehicle Jason assists with the successful recovery of two other underwater vehicles
Released: 3-Sep-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s remotely operated vehicle Jason assists with the successful recovery of two other underwater vehicles
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

On Thursday, September 2, the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Jason succeeded in helping recover two other underwater vehicles, ROV Hercules and Argus, that were stranded on the seafloor off the coast of British Columbia last week when their tether to the surface broke.

Newswise: Riveting Technology Enables Lightweight Magnesium Fasteners for Fuel Efficiency
Released: 2-Sep-2021 6:25 PM EDT
Riveting Technology Enables Lightweight Magnesium Fasteners for Fuel Efficiency
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Rotational Hammer Riveting, developed by PNNL, joins dissimilar materials quickly without preheating rivets. The friction-based riveting enables use of lightweight magnesium rivets and also works on aluminum and speeds manufacturing.

Newswise: Biofuels offer a cost-effective way to lower shipping emissions
Released: 1-Sep-2021 8:40 AM EDT
Biofuels offer a cost-effective way to lower shipping emissions
Argonne National Laboratory

Substituting biofuel could reduce the amount of greenhouse gases and other pollutants entering the air from ocean shipping, according to a study from researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy and Department of Transportation.

Released: 30-Aug-2021 2:10 PM EDT
Forecasting e-scooter substitution of direct and access trips by mode and distance
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Researchers created forecast models for motorized stand-up scooters (e-scooters) in four U.S. cities based on user age, population, land area, and the number of scooters.

Newswise: High-power wireless vehicle charging technology licensed by HEVO
Released: 30-Aug-2021 10:45 AM EDT
High-power wireless vehicle charging technology licensed by HEVO
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has licensed its wireless charging technology for electric vehicles to Brooklyn-based HEVO.

Newswise: Do Passengers Want Self-driving Cars to Behave More or Less Like Them?
Released: 25-Aug-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Do Passengers Want Self-driving Cars to Behave More or Less Like Them?
Florida Atlantic University

Researchers asked participants about their personal driving behaviors such as speed, changing lanes, accelerating and decelerating and passing other vehicles. They also asked them the same questions about their expectations of a self-driving car performing these very same tasks. The objective of the study was to examine trust and distrust to see if there is a relationship between an individual’s driving behaviors and how they expect a self-driving car to behave.

Newswise:Video Embedded breakthrough-cases-and-covid-boosters-live-expert-panel-for-august-18-2021
VIDEO
Released: 19-Aug-2021 3:00 PM EDT
VIDEO AND TRANSCRIPT AVAILABLE: Breakthrough Cases and COVID Boosters: Live Expert Panel for August 18, 2021
Newswise

Expert Q&A: Do breakthrough cases mean we will soon need COVID boosters? The extremely contagious Delta variant continues to spread, prompting mask mandates, proof of vaccination, and other measures. Media invited to ask the experts about these and related topics.


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