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Released: 21-Aug-2019 7:05 AM EDT
Mosquitoes push northern limits with time-capsule eggs to survive winters
Washington University in St. Louis

Invasive mosquitoes at the northern limit of their current range are surviving conditions that are colder than those in their native territory. This new evidence of rapid local adaptation could have implications for efforts to control the spread of this invasive species.

Released: 3-Jun-2019 11:05 AM EDT
New $2 million DOD Grant Funds Zika Vaccine Testing at Texas Biomed
Texas Biomedical Research Institute

As part of a program called the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program, the DOD is awarding Texas Biomedical Research Institute $2 million over the next three years to study a promising experimental Zika vaccine.

Released: 23-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
National Geographic's THE HOT ZONE shows biosecurity's importance
Kansas State University

Ron Trewyn, Kansas State University NBAF liaison, writes to encourage people to watch THE HOT ZONE, a National Geographic limited series inspired by two Kansas State University veterinarians and leaders and their work during the 1989 Ebola-related outbreak in Virginia.

5-Dec-2018 8:05 PM EST
15 percent of babies exposed to Zika before birth had severe abnormalities in first 18 months of life
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

By age 12 to 18 months, 6.25% of children exposed to Zika during their mothers’ pregnancies had eye abnormalities, 12.2% had hearing problems, and 11.7% had severe delays in language, motor skills and/or cognitive function. In all, 14.5% had at least one of the three abnormalities.

30-Jul-2018 1:15 PM EDT
Maternal Dengue Immunity Protects Against Fetal Damage in Mice Following Zika Virus Infection
La Jolla Institute for Immunology

A mouse mother's prior dengue immunity would protects her unborn pups from devastating brain defects such as microencephaly associated with ZIKV. These findings could guide development of more effective flavivirus vaccines and hint at what types of immune responses are maximally protective against fetal brain damage after Zika invasion.

Released: 3-Jul-2018 12:05 PM EDT
UNC, RTI International Researchers Assess US Travelers’ Knowledge of Zika Virus, Willingness to Take Hypothetical Vaccine
RTI International

A collaboration between researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, RTI International and the UNC School of Medicine has resulted in the first study to assess and compare United States travelers’ knowledge levels about the Zika virus across three regions

29-Jan-2018 12:05 PM EST
Like Zika, West Nile Virus Causes Fetal Brain Damage, Death in Mice
Washington University in St. Louis

Two viruses closely related to Zika – West Nile and Powassan – can spread from an infected pregnant mouse to her fetuses, causing brain damage and fetal death, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings suggest that Zika may not be unique in its ability to cause miscarriages and birth defects.

1-Jan-2018 10:05 PM EST
How Zika Infection Drives Fetal Demise
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)

An interferon cell receptor spurs cell suicide in fetuses infected with the Zika virus and could play a role in certain pregnancy complications.

Released: 5-Dec-2017 3:00 PM EST
Good News from Trio of Phase One Zika Vaccine Trials
Saint Louis University Medical Center

More than 90 percent of study volunteers in the 3 trials who received the investigational vaccine demonstrated an immune response to Zika virus.

Released: 21-Nov-2017 5:05 PM EST
Rainfall Can Indicate That Mosquito-Borne Epidemics Will Occur Weeks Later
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A new study demonstrates that outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses Zika and Chikungunya generally occur about three weeks after heavy rainfall. Researchers also found that Chikungunya will predominate over Zika when both circulate at the same time.

Released: 17-Nov-2017 5:00 AM EST
Anti-Malaria Drug Shows Promise as Zika Virus Treatment
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute and UC San Diego School of Medicine

California researchers have discovered that a medication used to prevent and treat malaria may also be effective for Zika virus. The drug, called chloroquine, has a long history of safe use during pregnancy, and is relatively inexpensive. The research was published today in Scientific Reports.

Released: 2-Nov-2017 5:05 PM EDT
Protecting the Wild: Baylor Professor Helps to Minimize Recreation Disturbance to Wildlife
Baylor University

In a cover story published this week in the Ecological Society of America’s premier journal, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Kevin J. Gutzwiller, Ph.D., professor of biology in Baylor University’s College of Arts & Sciences, and co-authors harnessed existing technology to help recreation ecologists and managers better understand and minimize those recreation disturbances to wildlife.

Released: 27-Oct-2017 2:05 PM EDT
Zika Virus Infects Developing Brain by First Infecting Cells Meant to Defend Against It
UC San Diego Health

Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, report that the Zika virus is transmitted from mother to fetus by infected cells that, ironically, will later develop into the brain’s first and primary form of defense against invasive pathogens.

Released: 10-Oct-2017 10:00 AM EDT
Better ‘Mini Brains’ Could Help Scientists Identify Treatments for Zika-Related Brain Damage
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

UCLA researchers have developed an improved technique for creating simplified human brain tissue from stem cells. Because these so-called “mini brain organoids” mimic human brains in how they grow and develop, they’re vital to studying complex neurological diseases.

Released: 15-Aug-2017 4:05 PM EDT
Can Previous Exposure to West Nile Alter the Course of Zika?
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso

EL PASO, Texas - West Nile virus is no stranger to the U.S.-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could this previous exposure affect how intensely Zika sickens someone now?

31-Jul-2017 2:05 PM EDT
Zika Infections Unlikely to Be Passed by Kissing, Casual Contact
University of Wisconsin–Madison

According to researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison who conducted studies with monkeys, casual contact like kissing or sharing a fork or spoon is not enough for the virus to move between hosts. Their findings were published today (Aug. 1, 2017) in the journal Nature Communications.

Released: 26-Jul-2017 8:55 AM EDT
On Track Towards a Zika Virus Vaccine
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Antibody’s molecular structure reveals how it recognizes the Zika virus

Released: 19-Jul-2017 4:05 PM EDT
UW-Led Center Plays Key Role in Finding Zika-Transmitting Mosquito in State
University of Wisconsin–Madison

The new Upper Midwestern Center of Excellence in Vector Borne Diseases, led by the University of Wisconsin–Madison, this week identified the Asian tiger mosquito, which can spread the Zika virus, for the first time in Wisconsin.

Released: 7-Jun-2017 9:05 AM EDT
New Test Lets UF Scientist and Team Find Zika Faster
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

A University of Florida entomologist is working with other scientists to detect the Zika virus in minutes, rather than days or weeks, allowing for faster and more targeted mosquito control practices and detection in patient samples.

Released: 17-Apr-2017 8:05 AM EDT
UF/IFAS Scientists Find Zika RNA in a Second Mosquito Species
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

UF/IFAS entomology associate professor Chelsea Smartt led a research team that found Zika RNA in Aedes albopictus. That’s not the species -- known as Aedes aegypti -- most often associated with Zika. But scientists have never discounted Aedes albopictus as another possible carrier of the potentially deadly virus.

Released: 27-Mar-2017 3:05 PM EDT
Zika Virus Protein Mapped to Speed Search for Cure
Indiana University

A study published today reports that a team led by Indiana University scientists has mapped a key protein that causes the Zika virus to reproduce and spread.

Released: 23-Mar-2017 2:05 PM EDT
What Does Congenital Zika Syndrome Look Like?
UC San Diego Health

In a new paper, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, along with colleagues in Brazil and Spain, describe the phenotypic spectrum or set of observable characteristics of congenital Zika (ZIKV) syndrome, based upon clinical evaluations and neuroimaging of 83 Brazilian children with presumed or confirmed ZIKV congenital infections.

10-Mar-2017 4:15 PM EST
Pre-Existing Immunity to Dengue Virus Shapes Zika-Specific T Cell Response
La Jolla Institute for Immunology

Although Zika and dengue are considered different virus “species,” they are so closely related that the immune system treats Zika just like another version of dengue, report researchers at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology. Their latest study, published in the March 13, 2017, advance online edition of Nature Microbiology, shows that pre-existing immunity to dengue virus modulates the magnitude and breadth of the immune system’s T cell response to Zika.

Released: 28-Feb-2017 8:05 AM EST
More Mosquito Species Than Previously Thought May Transmit Zika
University of Georgia

Zika virus could be transmitted by more mosquito species than those currently known, according to a new predictive model created by ecologists at the University of Georgia and the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.

Released: 1-Feb-2017 2:05 PM EST
Zika: Where Are We Now?
University of Notre Dame

It’s been one year since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika a public health emergency.The virus, transmitted through the Aedes aegypti mosquito, has since been declared to be a long-term problem rather than an emergency, but Zika continues to concern health professionals. At the Eck Institute for Global Health at the University of Notre Dame – a global leader in the study of Aedes aegypti – the vector-borne illness is one researchers hope to better understand.

Released: 12-Jan-2017 9:05 AM EST
T Cells Join the Fight Against Zika
La Jolla Institute for Immunology

The worst of the global Zika virus outbreak may be over but many key questions remain, such as why the virus persists in certain tissues after the systemic infection has cleared; how does the immune system counteract the virus and protect against reinfection; what determines the likelihood of long-term complications?

Released: 10-Jan-2017 12:05 PM EST
Iowa State University 2016 Surveillance: No Zika-Associated Mosquitoes Found in State
Iowa State University

Mosquito surveillance efforts led by Iowa State University in 2016 found neither of the two species associated with the transmission of Zika virus. West Nile virus appeared more frequently in 2016 than it did in 2015.

Released: 29-Dec-2016 2:05 PM EST
Scientists Engineer Gene Pathway to Grow Brain Organoids with Surface Folding
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Whitehead Institute researchers provide insight into a specific gene pathway that appears to regulate the growth, structure, and organization of the human cortex. They also demonstrate that 3D human cerebral organoids can be effective in modeling the molecular, cellular, and anatomical processes of human brain development.

Released: 15-Dec-2016 2:05 PM EST
What You Should Know About Zika
Texas A&M University

According to the World Health Organization, Zika is no longer a global emergency. However, in South Texas, we now have the first case of Zika transmitted by mosquitoes locally. This is only the second state in the United States to report a case of local transmission of the disease.

Released: 13-Dec-2016 11:05 AM EST
Public Skepticism Would Likely Greet a New Zika Vaccine, UGA Study Says
University of Georgia

As scientists race to create a vaccine for the Zika virus, new research from the University of Georgia suggests almost half of Americans wouldn’t be interested in getting the shot even if public health officials recommended it for them.

Released: 22-Nov-2016 8:05 AM EST
New Mouse Model Reveals Extensive Postnatal Brain Damage Caused by Zika Infection
University of Georgia

A team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Georgia has developed a new mouse model that closely mimics fetal brain abnormalities caused by the Zika virus in humans.

4-Nov-2016 11:00 AM EDT
Early Study Finds Antibody That 'Neutralizes' Zika Virus
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, have isolated a human monoclonal antibody that in a mouse model "markedly reduced" infection by the Zika virus.

3-Nov-2016 11:00 AM EDT
Antibody Protects Developing Fetus From Zika Virus, Mouse Study Shows
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Vanderbilt University School of Medicine have identified a human antibody that prevents, in pregnant mice, the fetus from infection and the placenta from damage. The antibody also protects adult mice from Zika disease.

27-Oct-2016 1:05 PM EDT
Zika Infection Causes Reduced Fertility, Low Testosterone in Male Mice
Washington University in St. Louis

A new study shows that Zika targets the male reproductive system, at least in mice. Three weeks after Zika infection, male mice had shrunken testicles, low levels of sex hormones and reduced fertility. The results suggest that Zika infection may interfere with men’s ability to have children.

4-Oct-2016 8:00 AM EDT
New Evidence Supports Biological Link Between Zika Infection, Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a collaborative effort with scientists at six Colombian hospitals, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report what they believe to be the strongest biological evidence to date linking Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Released: 22-Sep-2016 8:20 AM EDT
Wolters Kluwer Launches Zika Resource Portal Providing a Trusted Information Source for Evolving Clinical Knowledge on Rapidly Spreading Virus
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott

The Health division of Wolters Kluwer, a leading global provider of information and point of care solutions for the healthcare industry, has launched the Zika Resource Portal, a single point of access to trusted clinical knowledge and current information to help healthcare professionals worldwide stay up-to-date on the rapidly spreading virus. The portal provides complimentary access to leading evidence-based point of care clinical, learning and research solutions from Wolters Kluwer, as well as continuous updates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO).

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