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Article ID: 702931

Researchers Ground-Breaking Discovery Finds New Link Between Autoimmune Diseases and a Gut Bacterium

Queen's University Belfast

Could microbes in our guts be sending out the wrong message? Queen’s University researchers have, for the first time, found a specific microbe in the gut that pumps out protein molecules that mimic a human protein, causing the human defence system to turn on its own cells by mistake.

Released:
29-Oct-2018 10:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 700166

‘Mindful People’ Feel Less Pain; MRI Imaging Pinpoints Supporting Brain Activity

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Ever wonder why some people seem to feel less pain than others? A study conducted at Wake Forest School of Medicine may have found one of the answers – mindfulness.

Released:
6-Sep-2018 3:50 PM EDT
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Article ID: 699166

In Teen Friendships, Misery Does Love Company

Florida Atlantic University

A study examined anxiety, depression, social withdrawal, and submissiveness to predict the end of teen friendships. Do friendships end because of one child’s mental health problems or do they end because of differences between friends on the degree to which each friend suffers from these problems? A key finding shows that children’s personal struggles need not adversely impact their social relationships, and mental health issues do not necessarily ruin their chances of making and maintaining worthwhile friendships.

Released:
20-Aug-2018 9:00 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    19-Jul-2018 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697483

‘Good Cholesterol’ May Not Always be Good for Postmenopausal Women

Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Postmenopausal factors may have an impact on the heart-protective qualities of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) – also known as ‘good cholesterol.’ The findings bring into question the current use of total HDL cholesterol to predict heart disease risk.

Released:
17-Jul-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 697508

Researchers Show Impact of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare More Lasting

University of New Hampshire

Mental health and substance abuse issues in adolescents have become major societal problems, forcing parents and health providers to look for innovative treatment options that may better suit some teens. However, some proven therapy programs, like Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare (OBH), can be challenging to access because many are not covered by insurance companies – creating an enormous cost burden for parents. Now, a landmark study by researchers at the University of New Hampshire has found that parents of youth who went through an outdoor behavioral program report that their children showed almost three times the improvement after one year than youth who remained in their communities for more traditional treatment.

Released:
17-Jul-2018 8:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    29-Jun-2018 6:30 PM EDT

Article ID: 696756

Air Pollution Contributes Significantly to Diabetes Globally

Washington University in St. Louis

New research links outdoor air pollution — even at levels deemed safe — to an increased risk of diabetes globally, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. The findings raise the possibility that reducing pollution may lead to a drop in diabetes cases in heavily polluted countries such as India and less polluted ones such as the United States.

Released:
28-Jun-2018 9:00 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    27-Jun-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 696596

Don’t Let Depression Keep You From Exercising

UT Southwestern Medical Center

Exercise may be just as crucial to a depression patient’s good health as finding an effective antidepressant.

Released:
27-Jun-2018 11:00 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    3-Jun-2018 7:30 AM EDT

Article ID: 695398

Landmark Study Finds More Breast Cancer Patients Can Safely Forgo Chemotherapy

Loyola University Health System

A 21-gene test could enable most patients with the most common type of early breast cancer to safely forgo chemotherapy, according to a landmark study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Loyola Medicine oncologist Kathy Albain, MD, is among the main co-authors.

Released:
31-May-2018 1:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    29-May-2018 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 695155

Brain Scientists Identify ‘Cross Talk’ Between Neurons That Control Touch in Mice

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Scientists report they have uncovered a previously overlooked connection between neurons in two distinct areas of the mammalian brain. The neurons, they say, control the sense of touch, and their experiments in mice offer insights into mapping brain circuitry that is responsible for normal and abnormal perception and movements linked to touch.

Released:
29-May-2018 8:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-May-2018 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 694390

The Opioid Epidemic Has Boosted the Number of Organs Available for Transplant

University of Utah Health

The researchers examined 17 years of transplantation records and found no significant change in the recipients’ chance of survival when the organ donation came from victims of drug intoxication. The study publishes online on May 17 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Released:
11-May-2018 10:00 AM EDT

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