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Article ID: 713035

Particulate matter from aircraft engines affects airways

University of Bern

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), seven million people worldwide die as a consequence of air pollution every year.

Released:
16-May-2019 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 712975

Particles from aircraft engines affect airways

Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

In a unique experimental setup, Swiss researchers have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. The cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. The study also showed that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines.

Released:
16-May-2019 8:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 712084

Iceland Volcano Eruption in 1783-84 Did Not Spawn Extreme Heat Wave

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

An enormous volcanic eruption on Iceland in 1783-84 did not cause an extreme summer heat wave in Europe. But, as Benjamin Franklin speculated, the eruption triggered an unusually cold winter, according to a Rutgers-led study. The study, in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, will help improve predictions of how the climate will respond to future high-latitude volcanic eruptions.

Released:
15-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT
Embargo will expire:
22-May-2019 1:45 PM EDT
Released to reporters:
14-May-2019 10:55 AM EDT

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  • Embargo expired:
    13-May-2019 2:30 PM EDT

Article ID: 712591

Signals to Noise in Acoustic Vehicles Alerting Systems

Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

If you’ve ever wished for a quieter commute, you may be in luck: The low-emission electric vehicles of tomorrow are expected to lower noise pollution as well as air pollution. The prospect of a future powered by environmentally friendly electric vehicles is leading experts to consider the benefits -- and the risks -- of quieter traffic. Two acoustics experts, Klaus Genuit and Rene Weinandy, will present their work studying acoustic vehicle alerting systems, or AVAS, at the 177th ASA Meeting, May 13-17.

Released:
9-May-2019 9:40 AM EDT

Article ID: 712773

With uncanny accuracy, computer model predicts how certain policies impact air pollution

The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

To better understand the environmental impact of the American shipping industry, a new computer model connects everything from the chemical intricacies of diesel exhaust to the geography and economics of our truck-dependent shipping infrastructure.

Released:
13-May-2019 12:05 PM EDT

Law and Public Policy

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Article ID: 712649

Study questions current regulations on light pollution and calls for paradigm shift

University of Granada

An international study involving researchers from the University of Granada (UGR), Spain, and the University of Krakow (Poland) has found that Spain's current regulations on light pollution are inadequate

Released:
9-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 712463

Antibiotics in Wastewater: UB Chemist Investigates a Disturbing Trend

University at Buffalo

Diana Aga's research examines how sewage treatment systems help — or don’t help — to eliminate antimicrobial drugs and their remnants, called residues, from wastewater before it’s discharged into rivers and lakes.

Released:
7-May-2019 9:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    7-May-2019 5:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712369

Global Health Benefits of Climate Action Offset Costs

University of Vermont

New research in Nature Communications reports that immediate, dramatic cuts in carbon emissions – aggressive enough to meet the Paris Climate Agreement – are economically sound if human health benefits are factored in.

Released:
3-May-2019 3:15 PM EDT
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Article ID: 712383

Plastic Gets a Do-Over: Breakthrough Discovery Recycles Plastic From the Inside Out

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A team of researchers at Berkeley Lab has designed a recyclable plastic that, like a Lego playset, can be disassembled into its constituent parts at the molecular level, and then reassembled into a different shape, texture, and color again and again without loss of performance or quality.

Released:
6-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT

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