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Article ID: 642718

New Enzyme Therapy Shows Proof of Concept as Treatment for Cocaine Overdose

American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS)

A long-acting enzyme that rapidly and safely metabolizes cocaine in the blood stream is currently being investigated in animal models as a possible treatment for cocaine overdose. This research is being presented Oct. 29 at the 2015 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) Annual Meeting and Exposition, the world’s largest pharmaceutical sciences meeting in Orlando, Fla. Oct. 25–29.

Released:
9-Nov-2015 11:05 AM EST
Newswise: Kicking Substance Addiction in Teens: Tobacco Dependence Should Be Treated with Same Urgency as Other Drugs, Study Says

Article ID: 642527

Kicking Substance Addiction in Teens: Tobacco Dependence Should Be Treated with Same Urgency as Other Drugs, Study Says

University of Georgia

Substance abuse treatments that target main issues such as serious drug and alcohol addiction are not frequently being used to also wean adolescents from tobacco, a University of Georgia study finds.

Released:
3-Nov-2015 3:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

  • Embargo expired:
    28-Oct-2015 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 642060

On the Rise: Painkiller Abusers Who Also Use Heroin​

Washington University in St. Louis

Drug abusers are not completely abandoning prescription opioids for heroin, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Instead, many use the two concurrently based on their availability. The findings also reveal regional variations in the use of heroin and prescription painkillers.

Released:
26-Oct-2015 6:30 PM EDT

Article ID: 642120

New Finding Helps Explain Why Many Alcohol Drinkers Also Are Smokers

University of Missouri Health

Alcohol and nicotine use have long been known to go hand in hand. Previous research shows that more than 85 percent of U.S. adults who are alcohol-dependent also are nicotine-dependent. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found that nicotine cancels out the sleep-inducing effects of alcohol. It’s a finding that sheds light on the reason alcohol and nicotine usage are so closely linked.

Released:
27-Oct-2015 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 641858

Researcher Finds Key Clues About “Betel Nut” Addiction That Plagues Millions Worldwide

University of Florida

For hundreds of millions of people around the world, chewing betel nut produces a cheap, quick high but also raises the risk of addiction and oral cancer. Now, new findings by a University of Florida Health researcher reveal how the nut’s psychoactive chemical works in the brain and suggest that an addiction treatment may already exist.

Released:
22-Oct-2015 9:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    16-Oct-2015 3:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 641509

Brief Interventions in Primary Care Clinics Could Curb Patients’ Drug Use

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A few minutes of counseling in a primary care setting could help steer people away from risky drug use, and possibly full-fledged addiction. In a clinical trial called Project QUIT, researchers found that this sort of intervention helped patients reduce their risky drug use by one-third.

Released:
15-Oct-2015 5:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Washu Expert: Time for Tobacco-State Politicians to Make ‘Adult Choice’ on Pacific Trade Agreement

Article ID: 641439

Washu Expert: Time for Tobacco-State Politicians to Make ‘Adult Choice’ on Pacific Trade Agreement

Washington University in St. Louis

If Republican senators from tobacco-growing southern states believe in social responsibility, they would fully explore the TransPacific (TPP) trade agreement’s potential impact on countries around the world — including provisions that influence the ability of American tobacco corporations to flood the globe with cheap, cancer-causing cigarettes — suggests the author of a book on the history, social costs and global politics of the tobacco industry.

Released:
14-Oct-2015 5:05 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    13-Oct-2015 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 641166

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Disorders, Deaths Increase in the U.S.

JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

From 2003 to 2013, the percentage of nonmedical use of prescription opioids decreased among adults in the U.S., while the prevalence of prescription opioid use disorders, frequency of use, and related deaths increased, according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

Released:
9-Oct-2015 11:05 AM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    13-Oct-2015 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 641167

Substance Abuse Treatment Remains Low for Opioid Use Disorders

JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

During the decade from 2004 to 2013, use of treatment remained low for individuals with opioid use disorders, according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

Released:
9-Oct-2015 11:05 AM EDT
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Article ID: 640999

Many Use Prescription Painkillers, Most See Abuse as Major Health Concern

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

More than one in four Americans has taken prescription painkillers in the past year, even as a majority say that abuse of these medications is a very serious public health concern, according to new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research.

Released:
7-Oct-2015 10:00 AM EDT

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