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Article ID: 700541

Study Confirms Adopting Truth Commissions and Justice Measures in Post-Authoritarian Regimes Lowers Homicide Rates

University of Notre Dame

According to new research led by Notre Dame Associate Professor Guillermo Trejo, nations that adopt transitional justice measures, such as truth commissions and judicial prosecutions for past human rights violations, experience lower homicide rates and lower levels of criminal violence.

Released:
13-Sep-2018 4:45 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 700271

Blast Tube Tests at Sandia Simulate Shock Wave Conditions Nuclear Weapons Could Face

Sandia National Laboratories

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — Sandia National Laboratories researchers are using a blast tube configurable to 120 feet to demonstrate how well nuclear weapons could survive the shock wave of a blast from an enemy weapon and to help validate computer modeling.

Released:
10-Sep-2018 2:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 700000

People Who Embrace Traditional Masculinity Beliefs Less Likely to Report Rape to Authorities

Binghamton University, State University of New York

Even in cases where a rape has clearly taken place, traditional beliefs and assumptions about masculinity can cause both witnesses and victims to be uncertain about reporting it, according to new research conducted at Binghamton University, State University at New York.

Released:
5-Sep-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 699666

Tree swallow study: Stressful events have long-term health impacts

Cornell University

Little is known about how brief yet acute stressors – such as war, natural disasters and terror attacks – affect those exposed to them, though human experience suggests they have long-term impacts. Two recent studies of tree swallows uncover long-term consequences of such passing but major stressful events. Both studies provide information on how major stressful events have lasting effects and why some individuals are more susceptible to those impacts than others.

Released:
28-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 699637

S&T Develops the First Line of Defense Against Acts of Targeted Violence

Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Since 2010, the U.S. government has invested more than $20 million into understanding all forms of radicalization to violence, as well as effective prevention and intervention measures. Federal agencies such as the DHS Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) are at the forefront of this work.

Released:
28-Aug-2018 10:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 699450

APA Voices Opposition to Using Federal Funds for Schools to Buy Guns

American Psychological Association (APA)

WASHINGTON – The American Psychological Association called on Congress and the administration to back away from a reported plan to allow states to use federal funding to purchase guns for educators.

Released:
23-Aug-2018 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 699048

Prenatal Exposure to Violence Leads to Increased Toddler Aggression Toward Mothers, Study Finds

University of Notre Dame

Babies whose mothers experience interpersonal violence during pregnancy are more likely to exhibit aggression and defiance toward their mothers in toddlerhood, according to new research by Laura Miller-Graff and Jennifer Burke Lefever.

Released:
15-Aug-2018 1:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 698823

Are U.S. Cities Getting More or Less Violent? New Database Offers Mixed, But Optimistic, Picture

New York University

Violence has fallen in nearly all major U.S. cities since 1991. However, recent fluctuations in violence in selected cities point to temporary disruptions in this 17-year decline.

Released:
13-Aug-2018 12:00 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 698765

Bad Policing, Bad Law, not ‘Bad Apples,’ Behind Disproportionate Killing of Black Men by Police

Rutgers University

Killings of unarmed black men by white police officers across the nation have garnered massive media attention in recent years, raising the question: Do white law enforcement officers target minority suspects?

Released:
9-Aug-2018 10:00 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

Article ID: 698426

Psychologists Discuss Aspects of Violent Behavior

American Psychological Association (APA)

Violence will be a featured topic at the 126th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, with psychologists discussing community violence, gender-based violence, the role of race/ethnicity in the study of violence, intimate partner violence and the role of masculinity its perpetration. Following is a list of relevant sessions.

Released:
1-Aug-2018 3:00 PM EDT

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