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  • Embargo expired:
    14-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712745

Take two (attempts): Hope for overcoming substance use disorders

Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol and drug problems are often described as ‘chronically relapsing’ conditions, implying that multiple recovery attempts are needed before an addiction can be overcome for good. However, a new study by researchers at Harvard Medical School indicates that most people with an alcohol or drug problem achieve resolution after a surprisingly small number of serious quit attempts.

Released:
13-May-2019 12:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 712818

Coffee addicts really do wake up and smell the coffee

University of Portsmouth

Regular coffee drinkers can sniff out even tiny amounts of coffee and are faster at recognising the aroma, compared to non-coffee drinkers, new research has found.

Released:
14-May-2019 9:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    14-May-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712651

Historically 'safer' tramadol more likely than other opioids to result in prolonged use

Mayo Clinic

Surgical patients receiving the opioid tramadol have a somewhat higher risk of prolonged use than those receiving other common opioids, new Mayo Clinic research finds. However, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies tramadol as a Schedule IV controlled substance, meaning it's considered to have a lower risk of addiction and abuse than Schedule II opioids, such as oxycodone and hydrocodone.

Released:
9-May-2019 2:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 712718

Significant unmet mental health care needs exist in current and former smokers with COPD

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Anand S. Iyer, M.D.Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham have published new information that stresses the need for increased mental health care for current and former smokers, especially those who suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, physician scientists from the UAB Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine in partnership with researchers across the country say smokers with and without COPD have significant unmet mental health care needs, particularly anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Released:
10-May-2019 1:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    10-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712513

Opioid Doctor and Pharmacy “Shoppers” May Also Shop at Home, Study Suggests

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

As states crack down on doctor and pharmacy “shopping” by people who misuse opioids, a new study reveals how often those individuals may still be able to find opioids to misuse in their family medicine cabinets. For every 200 patients prescribed opioids, one had a family member whose opioid-misuse problem led them to seek the drugs from multiple prescribers and multiple pharmacies.

Released:
7-May-2019 2:15 PM EDT
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Article ID: 712596

New Grant Focuses on Research to Tackle Problem Gambling

University of Maryland, Baltimore

University of Maryland School of Social Work’s Financial Social Work Initiative and Maryland-based non-profit Consumer Credit Counseling Services of Maryland and Delaware, Inc. (CCCSMD)

Released:
8-May-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 712559

Research highlights role of psychological distress and emotional eating in obesity

University of Liverpool

New research, published in the research journal Obesity, has found that people on lower incomes may be more likely to have obesity due to psychological distress

Released:
8-May-2019 11:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    8-May-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712459

Stark Racial, Financial Divides Found in Opioid Addiction Treatment

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Escaping the grip of opioid addiction doesn’t come easily for anyone. But a new study reveals sharp racial and financial divides in which Americans receive effective treatments for opioid addiction. Those differences have only grown larger as the national opioid crisis has intensified, the research shows.

Released:
7-May-2019 8:05 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    7-May-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 712334

Blackout or pass-out? What twins tell us about sensitivity to alcohol

Research Society on Alcoholism

A new study involving more than three thousand adult twins from Australia has investigated the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to blacking and passing out after drinking. Twins are an important resource for health research, including alcohol studies. By comparing the frequency of an outcome ─ such as blackout ─ among pairs of identical twins (who share all their genes) and non-identical twins (who share only half of their genes but many aspects of their environment), researchers can better understand the roles of genetic and enviromental factors in influencing the outcome.

Released:
3-May-2019 2:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 712295

Survey shatters misconceptions about American Indian mothers

South Dakota State University

During pregnancy, American Indian mothers are less likely to consume alcohol and no more likely to smoke than white mothers in South Dakota after adjusting for socioeconomic factors.

Released:
2-May-2019 2:40 PM EDT

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