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Newswise: Pig Experiment Raises Ethical Questions Around Brain Damage

Article ID: 711573

Pig Experiment Raises Ethical Questions Around Brain Damage

Case Western Reserve University

The brain is more resilient than previously thought. In a groundbreaking experiment published in this week’s issue of Nature, neuroscientists created an artificial circulation system that successfully restored some functions and structures in donated pig brains—up to four hours after the pigs were butchered at a USDA food processing facility. Though there was no evidence of restored consciousness, brains from the pigs were without oxygen for hours, yet could still support key functions provided by the artificial system. The result challenges the notion that mammalian brains are fully and irreversibly damaged by a lack of oxygen.

Released:
18-Apr-2019 12:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Changing Strategies to Save Nature

Article ID: 711529

Changing Strategies to Save Nature

University of California San Diego

The UC San Diego Institute for Practical Ethics welcomes environmental journalist Emma Marris to campus April 24 for an optimistic talk about new methods in conservation, the second keynote address for the new campus institute.

Released:
17-Apr-2019 4:05 PM EDT

Arts and Humanities

Article ID: 711453

New Algorithm Allows for Faster, Animal-Free Chemical Toxicity Testing

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The use of animals to test the toxicity of chemicals may one day become outdated thanks to a low-cost, high-speed algorithm developed by researchers at Rutgers and other universities.

Released:
16-Apr-2019 3:50 PM EDT
  • Embargo expired:
    16-Apr-2019 12:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 711277

Large Federal Program Aimed at Providing Better Health Care Underfunds Primary Care

Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Despite a mandate to help patients make better-informed health care decisions, a ten-year research program established under the Affordable Care Act has funded a relatively small number of studies that examine primary care, the setting where the majority of patients in the U.S. receive treatment.

Released:
14-Apr-2019 5:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Transparency From Charities About How Funds Are Used Builds Trust and Increases Giving

Article ID: 711187

Transparency From Charities About How Funds Are Used Builds Trust and Increases Giving

Indiana University

Charitable and humanitarian organizations are increasingly tapping into a $30 billion crowdfunding market, not only to raise funds but to build donors' trust by being more transparent, according to research from Indiana University's Kelley School of Business.

Released:
15-Apr-2019 12:05 AM EDT

Law and Public Policy

Newswise: UC San Diego Philosophy Professor Awarded $1.2 Million Grant to Advance Research on Free Will and Responsibility

Article ID: 711208

UC San Diego Philosophy Professor Awarded $1.2 Million Grant to Advance Research on Free Will and Responsibility

University of California San Diego

University of California San Diego Department of Philosophy professor Manuel Vargas and Santiago Amaya of the Universidad de los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia have been awarded a $1.2 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation to advance understanding of agency, free will and responsibility — three interrelated concepts at the core of everyday life.

Released:
11-Apr-2019 3:05 PM EDT

Arts and Humanities

Newswise: Ethical questions raised on body donation after medically-assisted death

Article ID: 710529

Ethical questions raised on body donation after medically-assisted death

McMaster University

There are issues about the appropriateness of accepting or using MAID body donations; communication with donors including consenting processes, and the transparency surrounding MAID donation with staff, faculty and students.

Released:
1-Apr-2019 10:05 AM EDT
Newswise: Climate Change Communication: Building Consensus

Article ID: 709919

Climate Change Communication: Building Consensus

DePaul University

From frigid cold in the Midwestern U.S. to melting heat in Australia, extreme weather and climate change are making news around the world. Yet, the topic of climate change continues to be politicized, and journalists often struggle to cover it in a way that’s accurate and evidence-based, according to Jill Hopke, an assistant professor of journalism in DePaul University’s College of Communication.

Released:
19-Mar-2019 4:55 PM EDT
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Article ID: 709604

Literature Review and Meta-Analysis Analyzes How DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria For Autism May Affect Diagnosis Rate

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

A five-year follow-up systematic review and meta-analysis of 33 studies—conducted to determine changes in the frequency of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis since the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5)—was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 7:30 AM EDT

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