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Article ID: 708812

Study reveals structure of 2nd human cannabinoid receptor

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

There are two cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) in the human body that can be targeted to alleviate certain pathological conditions, including chronic pain. While the CB1 receptors are mostly found in the nervous system and are responsible for psychoactive effects, the CB2 receptors are predominantly present in the immune system. Studies indicate that CB2 is a promising target for immunotherapy, as well as treating inflammatory and neuropathic pain, and neurodegenerative diseases. It has also been shown that molecules blocking CB2 can reduce tumor growth.

Released:
27-Feb-2019 2:45 PM EST

Article ID: 708813

Women with alcohol dependency tend to believe more than men the problem will take care of itself

University of Iowa

University of Iowa study is the first to dig deep into the differences in the way men and women handle excessive alcohol consumption.

Released:
27-Feb-2019 2:40 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    27-Feb-2019 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 708773

“Why are women less likely than men to seek alcohol treatment?”

Research Society on Alcoholism

Only a minority of adults with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) seek treatment for it. Although women are more likely than men to seek treatment for most medical or psychiatric disorders, men are more likely to seek alcohol treatment. To understand the basis for differences in alcohol service use, researchers used a national, longitudinal study that included data on treatment utilization, the perceived need for help, and reasons for not seeking help for an AUD. They analyzed data from nearly 2,600 white, African-American, or Hispanic adults with a diagnosis of alcohol abuse or dependence in 2000-2001 who were re-interviewed in 2004-2005.

Released:
26-Feb-2019 9:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 708784

APQ Calls on Attorney General to Break Logjam Surrounding Applications From Cannabis Growers to Enable Needed Research

American Psychological Association (APA)

The American Psychological Association has asked the U.S. attorney general to act immediately to evaluate the more than two dozen cannabis grower applications that have been languishing for more than two years at the Department of Justice, noting that the scientific community is eager to advance the research on both the harmful and therapeutic effects of marijuana and its derivatives.

Released:
27-Feb-2019 9:55 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    25-Feb-2019 1:00 PM EST

Article ID: 708318

Robust and specific gene regulation tool developed for primary brain neurons

University of Alabama at Birmingham

A powerful tool is available to investigate brain development, memory and learning, and brain dysregulation in neuropsychiatric diseases like addiction, depression, schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s. This molecular biology tool can selectively and robustly turn on genes in brain neurons of living rats.

Released:
19-Feb-2019 1:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 708606

Chicago Parents Identify Top 10 Social Issues for Youth in the City

Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

In a new survey released by Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH), Chicago parents identified gun violence, bullying and poverty as the biggest social problems for children and adolescents in the city. The survey included parents from all 77 community areas in Chicago.

Released:
25-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    22-Feb-2019 7:30 PM EST

Article ID: 708431

UNC Experts Call for More Action from FDA on E-Cigarette Flavors

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

UNC School of Medicine professor and prominent tobacco researcher, Dr. Adam Goldstein, suggests the effect of e-cigarette flavors on youth tobacco product use is so great, the FDA should consider banning the sale of flavors.

Released:
20-Feb-2019 9:05 PM EST

Article ID: 708414

Artificial Intelligence can Identify Trauma Patients Who Misuse Alcohol

Loyola University Health System

An artificial intelligence technique that combs electronic medical records can identify trauma patients who misuse alcohol, a study has found. In 78 percent of cases, the technique was able to differentiate between patients who misused alcohol and those who did not.

Released:
20-Feb-2019 3:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 708373

Program Gives UC San Diego Health New Resources to Combat Opioid Epidemic

University of California San Diego Health

UC San Diego Health is among 31 health facilities selected from across the state to participate in the California Bridge Program, an accelerated, 18-month training program for health care providers to enhance access to around-the-clock treatment for patients with opioid use disorder.

Released:
20-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST

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