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  • Embargo expired:
    19-Feb-2019 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 708135

Study Finds Inadequate FDA Oversight of Prescribing of Fentanyl Products

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

A study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and manufacturers did not take action when evidence emerged that potentially lethal fentanyl products were being inappropriately prescribed to patients.

Released:
14-Feb-2019 4:30 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    18-Feb-2019 1:00 AM EST

Article ID: 707943

Parents: Keep medical marijuana dispensaries away from children

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Seven in 10 parents think they should have a say in whether dispensaries are located near their child’s school or daycare and most say they should be banned within a certain distance of those facilities.

Released:
12-Feb-2019 9:40 AM EST

Article ID: 708187

Heavy Smoking Can Damage Vision, Rutgers Researcher Finds

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day can damage your vision, a study co-authored by a Rutgers researcher finds.

Released:
17-Feb-2019 11:05 PM EST
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Article ID: 707961

Time for a talk about vaping?

UT Southwestern Medical Center

With new findings that show an unprecedented jump in nicotine-containing electronic cigarette usage among teens, many parents wonder how best to approach the topic.

Released:
12-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST
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Article ID: 707935

Paying Low-Income Smokers to Quit? New Study Shows Financial Incentives for Tobacco Quit Phone Line Engagement Are Cost-Effective

ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR, announced the publication of new research showing that the use of financial incentives to encourage engagement with tobacco quit line treatment is a cost-effective option to enhance smoking cessation rates for low-income smokers.

Released:
12-Feb-2019 8:15 AM EST
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Article ID: 707867

Scientists to Test Light Therapy as Relief From Painful Side Effect of Cancer Treatment

University at Buffalo

University at Buffalo researchers have received part of a $1.5 million grant to investigate light therapy as a replacement for prescription opioids in treating oral mucositis, painful ulcers and swelling in the mouth that result from chemotherapy and radiation treatment for cancer.

Released:
11-Feb-2019 12:05 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Feb-2019 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 707694

Increases in the Percentage of Alcohol in Beverages may Contribute to Underestimates of the U.S. Drinking Level

Research Society on Alcoholism

There have been dramatic increases in the United States in alcohol-related problems. During the past decade the death rate from all types of alcoholic liver disease increased by more than 40%, alcohol-related emergency department visits increased by 62%, and the prevalence of alcohol use disorder among adults increased by nearly 50%. Despite these increases in alcohol-related morbidity and mortality, there have not been notable increases seen in U.S. per capita alcohol consumption.

Released:
7-Feb-2019 8:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    8-Feb-2019 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 707604

Low Levels of Blood Alcohol Produce Measurable Physiological and Subjective Effects in Social Drinkers

Research Society on Alcoholism

Subtle physiological changes involving the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems after exposure to alcohol are difficult to perceive in humans, particularly at lower alcohol levels. Researchers sought to determine the effect of acute intravenous alcohol infusion on skin blood flow (SBF) response and associated subjective responses in 24 social drinkers who participated in an alcohol self-administration study. SBF was measured at the fingertip and earlobe at four timepoints: at baseline, and 0 minutes, 10 minutes, and 20 minutes after beginning an intravenous form of alcohol self-administration. The exposure produced relatively low breath alcohol levels of approximately 30 mg% (0.03%, compared with a reading of 0.08%, at which point an individual is considered legally intoxicated). Subjective responses were measured using questionnaires previously developed for studies such as this.

Released:
6-Feb-2019 6:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    7-Feb-2019 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 707522

Higher Prices and Non-alcoholic Beverages Reduce Drinking in French and American University Students

Research Society on Alcoholism

Behavioral economics is the study of the individual, cultural, and social factors that influence economic decisions. Behavioral economic approaches have identified several characteristics that determine individuals’ demand for alcoholic beverages and have been applied to university students, among whom drinking is an important public health problem. Considerable behavioral economic research has been conducted among students in the United States. Studies have shown that the price of alcohol is strongly linked to consumption. Until now, however, behavioral economics approaches have not been used to examine alcohol demand among students outside of the United States.

Released:
4-Feb-2019 6:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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