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Article ID: 711384

Cotinine may play a role in nicotine addiction

South Dakota State University

Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, may be amplifying or contributing to the addictive properties of nicotine.

Released:
15-Apr-2019 5:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 711377

Indicators of Despair Rising Among Gen X-ers Entering Middle Age

Vanderbilt University

In 2016, a surprising decline in life expectancy was ascribed to "deaths of despair" among working-class middle-aged white men displaced by a changing economy. However, new research shows indicators of despair are rising among Americans approaching middle age regardless of race, education and gender.

Released:
15-Apr-2019 4:25 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    15-Apr-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711100

Sniffing Pleasant Odors May Decrease Cigarette Craving

American Psychological Association (APA)

Smokers who are trying to quit may not always have to reach for a piece of nicotine gum to stave off a craving. Deliberately inhaling a pleasant aroma may be enough to reduce the urge to light up, at least temporarily, and could be used as part of an effective smoking cessation strategy, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Released:
10-Apr-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711538

Medicaid Could Save $2.6 Billion Within a Year if Just 1 Percent of Recipients Quit Smoking

UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center

Reducing smoking, and its associated health effects, among Medicaid recipients in each state by just 1 percent would result in $2.6 billion in total Medicaid savings the following year, according to new research by UC San Francisco.

Released:
12-Apr-2019 8:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    11-Apr-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 710971

Not a Trace: Blackout Drinking Reduced by Brief Counseling

Research Society on Alcoholism

Drinking too much too quickly can have many harmful consequences, including alcohol-induced blackouts – where the individual continues to function and make decisions, but later has little or no memory of the events. Blackout drinking is associated with accidents and risky behaviors, may have long-term effects on brain development and function, and is linked to increased risk for alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms in the future. College students ─ who report higher levels of alcohol use than the general population ─ are at particular risk of experiencing alcohol-induced blackouts and their damaging consequences. This calls for a simple, cost-effective intervention to reduce blackout drinking in this group.

Released:
8-Apr-2019 7:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 710951

Preventing addiction with insight from scruffy dogs and ancient meditation

University of Utah

A new study shows that mindfulness training—a practice rooted in ancient meditative traditions—disrupts the development of conditioned behaviors. Based on the results, the study’s authors suggest that mindfulness training may protect individuals from developing the conditioned behaviors that sustain unhealthy habits.

Released:
9-Apr-2019 12:40 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 711018

Novel study compares opioid deaths to treatment capacity by region to illustrate disadvantaged areas nationwide

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Ohio, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia have the highest disparity between opioid-related deaths and access to treatment providers for opioid use disorder (OUD) in the U.S. That finding comes from a first-of-its-kind research study.

Released:
9-Apr-2019 12:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    8-Apr-2019 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 710487

Performance-enhancing Drugs May Increase Risk of Teen Cocaine Abuse, Impair Fertility

American Physiological Society (APS)

Performance-enhancing steroid use could increase the risk of cocaine use and addiction in teens, according to a new rodent study. The combination of these drugs could also impair fertility in young women. The research will be presented today at the American Physiological Society’s (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2019 in Orlando, Fla.

Released:
1-Apr-2019 8:00 AM EDT

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