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Article ID: 709604

Literature Review and Meta-Analysis Analyzes How DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria For Autism May Affect Diagnosis Rate

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

A five-year follow-up systematic review and meta-analysis of 33 studies—conducted to determine changes in the frequency of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis since the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5)—was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 7:30 AM EDT
Newswise: Insulin Signaling Failures in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Article ID: 707912

Insulin Signaling Failures in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Joslin Diabetes Center

Scientists continue to find evidence linking Type 2 diabetes with Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia and the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. However, little is understood about the mechanism by which the two are connected.Now, researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have demonstrated that impaired insulin signaling in the brain negatively affects cognition, mood and metabolism, all components of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Released:
13-Mar-2019 12:20 PM EDT
Newswise: More Than a Single Answer: Problem Solving Skills and Qualities Students Need to Be Ready for the Jobs of the Future

Article ID: 709106

More Than a Single Answer: Problem Solving Skills and Qualities Students Need to Be Ready for the Jobs of the Future

Nord Anglia Education

Testing an accepted belief knowing it can be disproved at any time is the foundation of science and scientific discovery. The process relies on people being curious; exploring deeply by asking challenging, even probing questions in order to find answers.

Released:
12-Mar-2019 8:55 AM EDT

Education

Newswise: For Infants, Distinguishing Between Friends and Strangers Is a Laughing Matter
  • Embargo expired:
    11-Mar-2019 6:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 709306

For Infants, Distinguishing Between Friends and Strangers Is a Laughing Matter

New York University

Infants as young as five months can differentiate laughter between friends and that between strangers, finds a new study. The results suggest that the ability to detect the nature of social relationships is instilled early in human infancy, possibly the result of a detection system that uses vocal cues.

Released:
7-Mar-2019 3:15 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 708892

Brain Processes Concrete and Abstract Words Differently

American Physiological Society (APS)

A new review explores the different areas of the brain that process the meaning of concrete and abstract concepts. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP).

Released:
28-Feb-2019 3:05 PM EST

Article ID: 708803

How Listening to Music 'Significantly Impairs' Creativity

Lancaster University

The popular view that music enhances creativity has been challenged by researchers who say it has the opposite effect.

Released:
27-Feb-2019 12:05 PM EST

Arts and Humanities

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  • Embargo expired:
    19-Feb-2019 5:00 PM EST

Article ID: 708272

Young Children May See Nationality as Biological, New Study Suggests

New York University

Young children see national identity, in part, as biological in nature, a perception that diminishes as they get older, finds a new study by psychology researchers. But despite changes in views of nationality as we age, the work suggests the intriguing possibility that the roots of nationalist sentiments are established early in life.

Released:
19-Feb-2019 8:05 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Article ID: 707988

New Parenting Podcast Offers Advice and Understanding From Experts, Parents and Teens

Safe Kids Worldwide

I’ve always thought of parenting as a team sport. It works better when we can support each other, learn from each other, and understand that we’re not alone. That’s what The Parent Pep Talk podcast is all about, which you can download today on iTunes or your podcast app.

Released:
14-Feb-2019 8:00 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Article ID: 707955

UCI gets $5 million to establish first national R&D center on improving writing skills

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., Feb. 12, 2019 — The University of California, Irvine has received a five-year, $5 million Institute of Education Sciences grant from the U.S. Department of Education to establish the first national research and development center focused on improving the writing skills of middle and high school students. The Writing Research to Improve Teaching and Evaluation Center for Secondary Students will conduct a study on academic writing in English language arts, science and history – in collaboration with researchers and subjects from the nearby Tustin Unified School District – and then create a professional development intervention program for teachers.

Released:
12-Feb-2019 11:05 AM EST

Education

  • Embargo expired:
    6-Feb-2019 2:00 PM EST

Article ID: 707325

Effects of Teenage Motherhood May Last Multiple Generations

PLOS

The grandchildren of adolescent mothers have lower school readiness scores than their peers, according to a study published February 6, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Elizabeth Wall-Wieler of Stanford University, USA, and colleagues at the University of Manitoba.

Released:
31-Jan-2019 11:00 AM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences


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