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Article ID: 713996

Replicating Fetal Bone Growth Process Could Help Heal Large Bone Defects

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

To treat large gaps in long bones, like the femur, that often eventually result in amputation, researchers developed a process that partially recreates the bone growth process that occurs before birth.

Released:
5-Jun-2019 3:30 PM EDT
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Article ID: 713998

Recreating embryonic conditions at break sites can help bones heal faster

University of Illinois at Chicago

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania have developed a unique technique that uses stem cells and flexible implantable bone-stabilizing plates to help speed the healing of large breaks or defects. The technique allows the stem cells applied to break sites to experience some mechanical stress, as they do in developing embryos.

Released:
5-Jun-2019 3:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 714000

Nanotechnology treatment shows promise against multiple sclerosis

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 5, 2019 — A nanotechnology treatment derived from bone marrow stem cells has reversed multiple sclerosis symptoms in mice and could eventually be used to help humans, according to a new study led by University of California, Irvine researchers.  “Until now, stem cell therapies for autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases have produced mixed results in clinical trials, partly because we don’t know how the treatments work,” said corresponding author Weian Zhao, an associate professor of pharmaceutical sciences and biomedical engineering who is affiliated with the Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center.

Released:
5-Jun-2019 3:05 PM EDT
Newswise: To Fight TB Infection, Early Protection Is Crucial
  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jun-2019 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 713943

To Fight TB Infection, Early Protection Is Crucial

Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Africa Health Research Institute have identified a master cell that coordinates the body’s immune defenses in the crucial early days after infection. Boosting the activity of such cells could help reduce the millions of new infections that occur worldwide every year.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Researchers Discover What Makes Deep-Sea Dragonfish Teeth Transparent
  • Embargo expired:
    5-Jun-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 713948

Researchers Discover What Makes Deep-Sea Dragonfish Teeth Transparent

University of California San Diego

A team of researchers led by the University of California San Diego have discovered what’s responsible for making the teeth of the deep-sea dragonfish transparent. This unique adaptation, which helps camouflage the dragonfish from their prey, results from their teeth having an unusually crystalline nanostructure mixed with amorphous regions. The findings could provide “bioinspiration” for researchers looking to develop transparent ceramics.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 5:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 713942

Researchers Restore Beta-Cell Function by Deleting Old Cells

Joslin Diabetes Center

Research from Joslin Diabetes Center has shown in mice that insulin resistance increases the proportion of aged beta-cells which are dysfunction. Such an increase in aged beta-cells could lead to type 2 diabetes. These researchers confirmed similarly increased proportion of aged beta-cells in islets recovered from humans with type2 diabetes.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 4:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Cancer researchers earn $4.1 million Cancer Moonshot grant to develop immunotherapy treatments for children, adolescents

Article ID: 713852

Cancer researchers earn $4.1 million Cancer Moonshot grant to develop immunotherapy treatments for children, adolescents

Indiana University

A team of researchers from Indiana University and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have been awarded a $4.1 million National Cancer Institute “Cancer Moonshot” grant to develop immunotherapy treatments for cancer in children and adolescents, especially those with leukemia.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 3:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Snout Dated: Slow-Evolving Elephant Shark Offers New Insights into Human Physiology

Article ID: 713934

Snout Dated: Slow-Evolving Elephant Shark Offers New Insights into Human Physiology

University of California San Diego Health

Slow-evolving elephant shark reveals hormonal adaptation and offers new insights into human physiology.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 2:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Researchers discover cells that change their identity during normal development

Article ID: 713928

Researchers discover cells that change their identity during normal development

University of Virginia

A new study by researchers at the University of Virginia and other institutions has discovered a type of pigment cell in zebrafish that can transform after development into another cell type.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Salmon get a major athletic boost via a single enzyme

Article ID: 713916

Salmon get a major athletic boost via a single enzyme

University of British Columbia

Salmon species, known for undertaking arduous upstream migrations, appear to owe a good deal of their athletic ability to the presence of a single enzyme.

Released:
4-Jun-2019 12:40 PM EDT

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