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Newswise: Trained musicians perform better -- at paying attention

Article ID: 710373

Trained musicians perform better -- at paying attention

Elsevier

Musical training produces lasting improvements to a cognitive mechanism that helps individuals be more attentive and less likely to be distracted by irrelevant stimuli while performing demanding tasks.

Released:
28-Mar-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Education

Newswise: Measurement of thoughts during knowledge acquisition

Article ID: 710164

Measurement of thoughts during knowledge acquisition

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences

In a recent learning study they were able to show that new conceptual information is stored along spatial dimensions in form of a mental map located in the hippocampus. Together with colleagues from the Donders Institute at Radboud University in Nijmegen, they observed brain activity patterns that support the idea that the neural mechanisms that support navigation in physical space might also be involved in conceptual learning.

Released:
25-Mar-2019 12:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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    25-Mar-2019 12:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 709967

Does Story Time with an E-Book Change Parent-Toddler Interaction?

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Traditional print books may have an edge over e-books when it comes to quality time shared between parents and their children, a new study suggests.

Released:
20-Mar-2019 2:05 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: How Team Sports Change a Child's Brain

Article ID: 710042

How Team Sports Change a Child's Brain

Washington University in St. Louis

Adult depression has long been associated with shrinkage of the hippocampus, a brain region that plays an important role in memory and response to stress. Now, new research from Washington University in St. Louis has linked participation in team sports to larger hippocampal volumes in children and less depression in boys ages 9 to 11.

Released:
21-Mar-2019 1:55 PM EDT
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Article ID: 710039

Breathe in Before Answering: Cognitive Function Tied to Inhalation

Weizmann Institute of Science

Prof. Noam Sobel's team at the Weizmann Institute of Science has shown that we do better on tests when we inhale at the same time we’re presented with a problem. The findings shed light on the evolution of the brain, and may lead to ways of helping people who have attention and learning disorders improve their skills.

Released:
21-Mar-2019 1:30 PM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Newswise: AI and MRIs at birth can predict cognitive development at age 2, UNC study finds

Article ID: 709685

AI and MRIs at birth can predict cognitive development at age 2, UNC study finds

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine used MRI brain scans and machine learning techniques at birth to predict cognitive development at age 2 years with 95 percent accuracy.

Released:
15-Mar-2019 8:05 AM EDT

Article ID: 709662

The Sweet Spot: Scientists Discover Taste Center of Human Brain

Cornell University

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a new method of statistical analysis, researchers have discovered the taste center in the human brain by uncovering which parts of the brain distinguish different types of tastes.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 2:30 PM EDT
Newswise: Simple Directions From Parents Can Guide Children’s Discovery

Article ID: 709641

Simple Directions From Parents Can Guide Children’s Discovery

University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Whether it’s probing a child’s understanding of a topic through questions or engaging in hands-on activities alongside them, parents can guide their children to learn in new ways through simple directions, according to a study by psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 11:05 AM EDT

Education

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Article ID: 709604

Literature Review and Meta-Analysis Analyzes How DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria For Autism May Affect Diagnosis Rate

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

A five-year follow-up systematic review and meta-analysis of 33 studies—conducted to determine changes in the frequency of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnosis since the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5)—was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Released:
14-Mar-2019 7:30 AM EDT
Newswise: Insulin Signaling Failures in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Article ID: 707912

Insulin Signaling Failures in the Brain Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Joslin Diabetes Center

Scientists continue to find evidence linking Type 2 diabetes with Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia and the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. However, little is understood about the mechanism by which the two are connected.Now, researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have demonstrated that impaired insulin signaling in the brain negatively affects cognition, mood and metabolism, all components of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Released:
13-Mar-2019 12:20 PM EDT

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