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Article ID: 716718

Dangers of E-Cigarette Usage and the Vaping Trend

Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Vaping and e-cigarettes have quickly become popular among teens today, but Michigan Medicine pulmonary expert, Wassim Walid Labaki, M.D., warns that vaping won’t mitigate risks to your health, and could be responsible for creating them.

Released:
31-Jul-2019 12:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    31-Jul-2019 10:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 716586

Heavier drinking linked to structural brain differences among young men in large brain imaging study

Research Society on Alcoholism

Chronic misuse of alcohol can cause damage to the structure and function of the brain, and this in turn can impair decision-making and further exacerbate problem drinking. The cerebral cortex – a folded layer of cells that forms the outer layer of the brain ─ is of particular interest, as this is where a majority of information processing takes place. Neuroimaging studies have revealed that greater alcohol intake is associated with a thinner cortex. However, when comparing the thickness of different regions of the cortex, findings have differed across studies ─ possibly because of modest sample sizes, and because many studies did not account for potential differences between males and females. Researchers from the McMaster University’s Peter Boris Centre for Addictions Research in Ontario, Canada and the University of Georgia, USA have now published new findings in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research on the association between the thickness of different regions of

Released:
30-Jul-2019 2:05 AM EDT

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    31-Jul-2019 8:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 716371

One in 10 Older Adults Currently Binge Drinks

New York University

More than a tenth of adults age 65 and older currently binge drink, putting them at risk for a range of health problems, according to a study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine and the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU College of Global Public Health.

Released:
25-Jul-2019 9:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 716639

Teens falling victim to the Juul effect

UW Medicine

"We were seeing a real drop-off in youth smoking, but now we're seeing an increase," says Dr. Beth Ebel, a UW Medicine pediatrician and researcher with the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center. Among teens as young as middle-school age, vaping with products that have nicotine "predisposes you to cigarette smoking later on." Nicotine, once derived from tobacco plants to kill insects, works by altering the nervous system. "We've used it, refined it, concentrated it, and now we have a pure form of one of the most addictive substances known," Ebel says in downloadable video soundbites (2:22).

Released:
30-Jul-2019 1:05 PM EDT
Newswise: Midwives and nurse-midwives may underestimate the dangers of prenatal alcohol use

Article ID: 716564

Midwives and nurse-midwives may underestimate the dangers of prenatal alcohol use

Wayne State University Division of Research

Alcohol use during pregnancy can have harmful consequences on the fetus including restricted growth, facial anomalies, and neurobehavioral problems. No amount of alcohol use during pregnancy has been proven safe. Yet a recent survey of midwives and nurses who provide prenatal care showed that 44% think one drink per occasion is acceptable while pregnant, and 38% think it is safe to drink alcohol during at least one trimester of pregnancy.

Released:
29-Jul-2019 3:05 PM EDT

Article ID: 716425

Researchers discover the science behind giving up

UW Medicine

What happens when we give up? Inside the brain, a group of cells known as nociceptin neurons get very active before a mouse's breakpoint. They emit nociceptin, a complex molecule that suppresses dopamine, a chemical largely associated with motivation.

Released:
25-Jul-2019 5:35 PM EDT
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Article ID: 716324

Half of young drinkers are unaware of health messages on alcohol packaging

University of Stirling

Just half of 11-19 year old drinkers recall seeing health messages or warnings on alcohol packaging - despite being an important target market for this information, according to new research.

Released:
24-Jul-2019 12:05 PM EDT

Research Results

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Addiction, Alcohol and Alcoholism, All Journal News, Public Health

Languages:

English

Newswise: Brain Protein Mutation From Child with Autism Causes Autism-Like Behavioral Changes in Mice

Article ID: 716278

Brain Protein Mutation From Child with Autism Causes Autism-Like Behavioral Changes in Mice

University of Alabama at Birmingham

A de novo gene mutation that encodes a brain protein in a child with autism has been placed into the brains of mice. These mice then showed severe alterations of specific behaviors that closely resemble those seen in human autism spectrum disorder, or ASD.

Released:
23-Jul-2019 4:55 PM EDT

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