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Article ID: 704477

Fatty Liver Disease

Houston Methodist

Millions of Americans have no idea that they have fatty liver disease. This growing problem will soon be the number one reason for liver transplantation, overtaking hepatitis C. Holiday overindulgence in alcohol and food could make the problem dramatically worse.

Released:
27-Nov-2018 12:05 PM EST
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  • Embargo expired:
    26-Nov-2018 11:00 AM EST

Article ID: 704337

Alcohol Dependence, Psychiatric Disorders Share Genetic Links

Washington University in St. Louis

An international team of researchers has identified a gene that regulates how quickly the body metabolizes alcohol as a key risk factor for alcohol dependence. The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and several other institutions, also linked genetic factors associated with alcohol dependence to other psychiatric disorders.

Released:
23-Nov-2018 5:00 PM EST

Article ID: 704358

Drug Use, Religion Explain ‘Reverse Gender Gap’ on Marijuana

North Carolina State University

Women tend to be more conservative than men on political questions related to marijuana. A recent study finds that this gender gap appears to be driven by religion and the fact that men are more likely to have used marijuana.

Released:
26-Nov-2018 10:05 AM EST

Law and Public Policy

  • Embargo expired:
    21-Nov-2018 10:00 AM EST

Article ID: 704169

Working-Memory Training May Help Individuals with an Alcohol Use Disorder

Research Society on Alcoholism

Executive functions of the brain’s frontal lobes help individuals regulate their behavior and work toward long-term goals. Working memory (WM), the ability to maintain and process information during short periods of time, is a critical executive function. Alcohol is known to impair executive functioning, which can in turn contribute to alcohol use disorder (AUD) progression and to poorer treatment outcomes. This study investigated whether WM training could reduce alcohol use through improved cognitive functioning.

Released:
16-Nov-2018 6:05 PM EST

Social and Behavioral Sciences

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  • Embargo expired:
    20-Nov-2018 6:30 PM EST

Article ID: 702919

As Vaping Increased in Popularity, Use of Cigarettes Declined

Georgetown University Medical Center

Cigarette smoking dramatically decreased between 2013 and 2017 just as e-cigarette use became more popular, according to a comprehensive analysis examining the relationship between vaping and smoking among youth and young adults led by a Georgetown University investigator.

Released:
19-Nov-2018 10:05 AM EST

Article ID: 704262

Vaping no boost to quit rates in smokers, study suggests

Ohio State University

People who vape and smoke cigarettes are no more likely to drop the nicotine habit than those who just smoke, a new study suggests. Researchers at The Ohio State University studied 617 tobacco users and found no differences in quit rates for “dual users” of both traditional and electronic cigarettes.

Released:
20-Nov-2018 9:00 AM EST

Article ID: 704221

Mount Sinai Researchers Study Second-Hand Marijuana Smoke in Children

Mount Sinai Health System

In a study designed to evaluate second-hand marijuana smoke exposure among children—a topic that scientists have not yet widely addressed—researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai found that nearly half of children whose parents smoked marijuana showed evidence of second-hand marijuana smoke exposure. The study appears in the December issue of Pediatrics.

Released:
19-Nov-2018 2:00 PM EST
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Article ID: 704203

Research Focuses on a New Frontier in Circadian Rhythms

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

A new frontier in the science of circadian rhythms – whose disruption is linked to major diseases like cancer and diabetes – suggests a previously unknown mechanism at work in our daily biological cycle.

Released:
19-Nov-2018 11:05 AM EST
  • Embargo expired:
    16-Nov-2018 12:00 AM EST

Article ID: 703460

Secondhand Marijuana Smoke Causes Asthma Symptoms in Child Allergic to Cannabis

American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI)

New research shows it’s possible for both children and adults with uncontrolled asthma to find their symptoms worsening due to cannabis allergy and exposure to marijuana smoke.

Released:
8-Nov-2018 8:00 AM EST

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