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Released to reporters:
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Article ID: 711794

Major Deep Carbon Sink Linked to Microbes Found Near Volcano Chains

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Up to about 19 percent more carbon dioxide than previously believed is removed naturally and stored underground between coastal trenches and inland chains of volcanoes, keeping the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere, according to a study in the journal Nature. Surprisingly, subsurface microbes play a role in storing vast amounts of carbon by incorporating it in their biomass and possibly by helping to form calcite, a mineral made of calcium carbonate, Rutgers and other scientists found.

Released:
24-Apr-2019 1:00 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711632

Global Warming Hits Sea Creatures Hardest

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Global warming has caused twice as many ocean-dwelling species as land-dwelling species to disappear from their habitats, a unique Rutgers-led study found. The greater vulnerability of sea creatures may significantly impact human communities that rely on fish and shellfish for food and economic activity, according to the study published in the journal Nature.

Released:
24-Apr-2019 1:00 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    24-Apr-2019 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 711709

Exposing Cancer’s Metabolic Addictions

University of California San Diego Health

University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers and collaborators describe a new set of “rules” that predict how the tissue of origin influences critical aspects of the genetic makeup of tumors, with potentially important therapeutic implications.

Released:
22-Apr-2019 1:05 PM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    24-Apr-2019 1:00 PM EDT

Article ID: 711728

Researchers Create the First Maps of Two Melatonin Receptors Essential for Sleep

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

An international team of researchers used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to create the first detailed maps of two melatonin receptors that tell our bodies when to go to sleep or wake up and guide other biological processes. A better understanding of how they work could enable researchers to design better drugs to combat sleep disorders, cancer and Type 2 diabetes. Their findings were published in two papers today in Nature.

Released:
22-Apr-2019 3:50 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711856

Can we solve the riddle of the coral reef halos?

University of Hawaii at Manoa

Coral reefs worldwide are threatened by a variety of human impacts. Fishing is among the most pressing threats to reefs

Released:
24-Apr-2019 12:05 PM EDT
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Article ID: 711816

New Synthesis Strategy Speeds Identification of Simpler Versions of a Natural Product

Baylor University

A new chemical synthesis strategy to harvest rich information found in natural products has led to identifying simpler derivatives with potential to selectively protect neurons -- important for such diseases as Alzheimer’s -- or to prevent the immune system from rejecting organ transplants.

Released:
24-Apr-2019 11:30 AM EDT
Embargo will expire:
26-Apr-2019 2:00 PM EDT
Released to reporters:
24-Apr-2019 11:05 AM EDT

EMBARGOED

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 26-Apr-2019 2:00 PM EDT

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Article ID: 711801

Hopkins Researchers ID Neurotransmitter That Helps Cancers Progress

Johns Hopkins Medicine

Using human cancer cells, tumor and blood samples from cancer patients, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine have uncovered the role of a neurotransmitter in the spread of aggressive cancers. Neurotransmitters are chemical “messengers” that transmit impulses from neurons to other target cells.

Released:
24-Apr-2019 11:00 AM EDT
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  • Embargo expired:
    24-Apr-2019 11:00 AM EDT

Article ID: 711584

The Neurobiology of Noshing: Why is it so easy to overeat calorie-rich tasty foods?

University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Ever wonder why you really don’t want to stop eating delicious food even though you know you’ve eaten enough? UNC School of Medicine researchers may have found the reason – a specific cellular network motivated mice to keep eating tasty food even though their basic energy needs had been met.

Released:
18-Apr-2019 3:00 PM EDT

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