AMES, Iowa – Calling all citizen scientists.
An Iowa State University scientist has launched a crowdsourcing effort to catalog thousands of organisms contained in a collection at Iowa Lakeside Laboratory, a facility run by the Iowa Board of Regents near West Okoboji Lake in Milford. The newly cataloged data will be stored in an ISU database that could help scientists make new discoveries regarding biodiversity. Anyone with access to the internet can contribute to the project, said Lori Biederman, an adjunct assistant professor of ecology, evolution and organismal biology, and neither a scientific background nor degree is necessary. Just a little time and attention to detail.
Biederman spent time working at the Lakeside Lab over the summer, and said she started “poking around” in some of the cabinets. She found numerous preserved specimens from plants, birds and mammals. Biederman asked around and learned many of the records cataloging the specimens had been lost or never existed in the first place. Most of the specimens have labels, but there’s no central database to allow scientists to easily search the collection.
So Biederman asked Sydney Weldon, an ISU senior studying biology, to take photos of each specimen in the collection. The photos were uploaded to Zooniverse.org (https://www.zooniverse.org/projects/lbiederman/lakeside-dark-data), a website that provides a platform for volunteers to conduct research, and made available to the public last week. Anyone interested in contributing to the project can log onto the website and access photos from the collection. The volunteers then record the information contained in the labels in the photographs in a database. Cataloging a single specimen takes a few minutes, Biederman said, and each specimen will be shown to six volunteers to reduce data-entry errors.
So what’s in the collection? Biederman said there are 910 nonvascular plants (mosses), 5,786 vascular plants and 365 birds. The collection also contains numerous insects, as well as 156 preserved skin specimens and 43 skull specimens from mammalian species. Most of the samples originate from species native to northwest Iowa, but some of the samples were donated to the laboratory after being collected in exotic locales decades ago.
There’s no way to tell what you might find going through the collection except to examine each specimen one by one, Biederman said.
“We have no idea what’s in these collections, so it’s a great way to find cool things and make discoveries that were once known but have been lost to the world,” she said. “It’s a great way to get to know biodiversity and make discoveries without leaving your living room.”
Biederman said the loss of biodiversity the world has experienced in recent years makes efforts like this, to record and disseminate the contents of the collection via an easily searchable database, even more important.
“It’s like saving a little bit of biodiversity that’s been lost,” she said. “We’re trying to make it available so it can make some kind of contribution to science.”