Abstract: Summary: DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) is a frequently mutated gene in many hematological malignancies, indicating that it may be essential for hematopoietic differentiation. Here, we addressed the functional relevance of DNMT3A for differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by knocking out exon 2, 19, or 23. Exon 19-/- and 23-/- lines revealed absence of almost the entire de novo DNA methylation during mesenchymal and hematopoietic differentiation. Yet, differentiation was only slightly reduced in exon 19-/- and increased in exon 23-/- lines, whereas there was no significant impact on gene expression in hematopoietic progenitors (iHPCs). Notably, DNMT3A-/- iHPCs recapitulate some DNA methylation differences of acute myeloid leukemia with DNMT3A mutations. Furthermore, multicolor genetic barcoding revealed competitive growth advantage of exon 23-/- iHPCs. Our results demonstrate that de novo DNA methylation during hematopoietic differentiation of iPSCs is almost entirely dependent on DNMT3A and exon 23-/- iHPCs even gained growth advantage.
Journal Link: 10.1101/2021.12.15.472782 Journal Link: Publisher Website Journal Link: Download PDF Journal Link: Google Scholar