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Newswise:Video Embedded i-m-a-public-health-physician-and-scientist-and-i-m-blocking-the-path-of-an-oil-pipeline-to-protect-health
VIDEO
Released: 7-Aug-2020 3:50 PM EDT
I'm a public health physician and scientist and I'm blocking the path of an oil pipeline to protect health
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

As a doctor, I didn’t expect to find myself living in a tree at the age of 63, but here I am: 82 feet (25 meters) off the ground in a lovely grove of old cotton wood trees trying to stop construction on an oil pipeline.

Newswise: Scientists Discover Curious Clues in the War Between CF Bacteria
Released: 7-Aug-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Scientists Discover Curious Clues in the War Between CF Bacteria
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

This research shows that both Pseudomonas and Burkholderia use toxic weaponry, called Type VI Secretion Systems (T6SS), to compete with and establish dominance over each other. It could be possible to target or mimic this weaponry to defeat the bacteria before they cause irreparable lung damage.

Newswise: 239509_web.jpg
Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Algal symbiosis could shed light on dark ocean
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

New research has revealed a surprise twist in the symbiotic relationship between a type of salamander and the alga that lives inside its eggs.

Newswise: 239651_web.jpg
Released: 7-Aug-2020 1:10 PM EDT
Electric cooker an easy, efficient way to sanitize N95 masks, study finds
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Owners of electric multicookers may be able to add another use to its list of functions, a new study suggests: sanitization of N95 respirator masks.

Newswise: Supercomputers Simulate Environmental Changes in Chesapeake Bay
Released: 7-Aug-2020 12:55 PM EDT
Supercomputers Simulate Environmental Changes in Chesapeake Bay
University of California San Diego

Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) researchers used supercomputer simulations to examine impacts of both regional and global changes affecting the Chesapeake Bay. They discovered that historical increases in fertilizers and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations have forced the bay to behave increasingly like a small sea on a continental shelf rather than a traditional estuary.

Newswise: Wayne State receives DOE grant to develop catalysts for renewable energy generation
Released: 7-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
Wayne State receives DOE grant to develop catalysts for renewable energy generation
Wayne State University Division of Research

This research will focus on the development of efficient electrochemical systems for energy generation and storage. The proposed work will have a significant impact on the development of efficient energy conversion systems.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 11:55 AM EDT
COVID recovery choices shape future climate
University of Leeds

A post-lockdown economic recovery plan that incorporates and emphasises climate-friendly choices could help significantly in the battle against global warming, according to a new study.

Newswise: Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
3-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT
Scientists use CRISPR to knock down gene messages early in development
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City, Missouri, and the Andalusian Center of Developmental Biology at Pablo de Olavide University in Seville, Spain, have harnessed the technology to target gene messages (messenger RNA) involved in early vertebrate development.

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Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 7-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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Newswise: Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Released: 7-Aug-2020 10:50 AM EDT
Florida Current is Weaker Now Than at Any Point in the Past Century
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

A key component of the Gulf Stream has markedly slowed over the past century—that’s the conclusion of a new research paper in Nature Communications published on August 7.

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Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT
New Zealand's Southern Alps glacier melt has doubled
University of Leeds

Glaciers in the Southern Alps of New Zealand have lost more ice mass since pre-industrial times than remains today, according to a new study.

Released: 7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
ACSM Publishes Call to Action Addressing COVID-19 and Return to Sports and Physical Activity
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

ACSM published a call to action statement addressing COVID-19 and safely returning to sports and exercise. Authored by ACSM subject matter experts, the statement highlights the current science around COVID-19 and provides 12 action steps to consider. “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity” is ACSM’s first call to action statement and published in the August issue of Current Sports Medicine Reports.

Newswise: University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
7-Aug-2020 9:00 AM EDT
University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute expert leads call to action for harnessing exercise’s health benefits during the pandemic
University of Miami Health System, Miller School of Medicine

To address and overcome the challenges so Americans can return to or sustain physical activity safely, Thomas M. Best, M.D., Ph.D., FACSM, professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and research director of the UHealth Sports Medicine Institute, and sports medicine colleagues from around the U.S. wrote “COVID-19: Considerations for Sports and Physical Activity,” published August 7 in Current Sports Medicine Reports, an American College of Sports Medicine journal.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:50 PM EDT
DHS S&T Innovation Programs Share Partnership With Oakland-Based Start-Up
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T SVIP and the DHS SBIR program are leveraging their innovative funding mechanisms to further develop a critical cybersecurity technology from CryptoMove, Inc., a start-up based in Oakland, California.

Newswise: UAH gets $1.1 million grant as lead in research on safe use of drones in disasters
Released: 6-Aug-2020 4:45 PM EDT
UAH gets $1.1 million grant as lead in research on safe use of drones in disasters
University of Alabama Huntsville

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) will receive $1.1 million of the $3.3 million in research, education and training grants awarded to universities that comprise the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE).

Newswise: Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Released: 6-Aug-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Study Finds High Levels of Toxic Pollutants in Stranded Dolphins and Whales
Florida Atlantic University

Researchers examined toxins in tissue concentrations and pathology data from 83 stranded dolphins and whales from 2012 to 2018. They looked at 11 different animal species to test for 17 different substances. The study is the first to report on concentrations in blubber tissues of stranded cetaceans of atrazine, DEP, NPE and triclosan. It also is the first to report concentrations of toxicants in a white-beaked dolphin and in Gervais’ beaked whales.

Newswise: New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
New Science Behind Algae-based Flip-flops
University of California San Diego

UC San Diego researchers formulated polyurethane foams, made from algae oil, to meet commercial specifications for midsole shoes and the foot-bed of flip-flops. Their latest result, in a series of recent research publications, offers a complete solution to the plastics problem—at least for polyurethanes.

Newswise: New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in  ocean
6-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT
New paper addresses mix of contaminants in Fukushima wastewater, highlights risks of dumping in ocean
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Ten years after the Tohoku-oki earthquake and tsunami devastated Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, radiation levels have fallen in all but the waters closest to the plant. But a new hazard exists and is growing every day in the number of storage tanks on land surrounding the power plant that hold contaminated wastewater.

Newswise: Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Released: 6-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Take a guided ‘tour’ of SuperCam on the new Mars rover
Los Alamos National Laboratory

NASA’s new Perseverance rover, which just started its seven-month journey to Mars, carries on board what is likely the most versatile instrument ever created to understand the planet’s past habitability: SuperCam—and a new podcast will tell listeners all about it.

4-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
DNA from an ancient, unidentified ancestor was passed down to humans living today
PLOS

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

Newswise: Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Released: 6-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Horizon31 startup licenses ORNL global communication system for drones
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Horizon31, LLC, of Knoxville, Tenn., has exclusively licensed a novel communication system that allows users to reliably operate unmanned vehicles such as drones from anywhere in the world using only an internet connection.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:50 PM EDT
COVID-19 Disrupts Important Research Projects, Shutters Labs Indefinitely
American Physiological Society (APS)

The coronavirus has halted critical physiological research and shuttered labs across the nation.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Nanoparticle system captures heart-disease biomarker from blood for in-depth analysis
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison have developed a method combining sticky nanoparticles with high-precision protein measurement to capture and analyze a common marker of heart disease to reveal details that were previously inaccessible.

Newswise: Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Released: 6-Aug-2020 12:40 PM EDT
Natalie Roe Named Berkeley Lab’s Associate Director for Physical Sciences
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Natalie Roe, who joined Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) as a postdoctoral fellow in 1989 and has served as Physics Division director since 2012, has been named the Lab’s Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for the Physical Sciences Area. Her appointment was approved by the University of California. The announcement follows an international search.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT
Brookhaven Lab Partners in New $40 M Research Center to Convert Sunlight to Liquid Fuels
Brookhaven National Laboratory

UPTON, NY--The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has announced $40M in funding over five years for a new research center aimed at developing hybrid photoelectrodes for converting sunlight into liquid fuels. Chemists from DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory will be key partners in this effort, dubbed the Center for Hybrid Approaches in Solar Energy to Liquid Fuels (CHASE), which will be led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) and includes additional collaborators at Emory University, North Carolina State University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale.

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Embargo will expire: 13-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:55 AM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 12-Aug-2020 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 10:05 AM EDT

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Newswise: A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
A Closer Look at Water-Splitting’s Solar Fuel Potential
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) have gained important new insight into how the performance of a promising semiconducting thin film can be optimized at the nanoscale for renewable energy technologies such as solar fuels.

Newswise: Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Released: 6-Aug-2020 10:00 AM EDT
Hubble Uses Earth as a Proxy for Identifying Oxygen on Potentially Habitable Planets Around Other Stars
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Astronomers used Hubble during a total lunar eclipse to detect ozone in our planet’s atmosphere by looking at Earthlight reflected off the Moon in ultraviolet wavelengths. This method serves as a proxy for how astronomers will observe Earth-like exoplanets in search of life.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Understanding Alcohol-Related Violence: What is its Place and Role in the Wider Context of Aggression?
Research Society on Alcoholism

Aggressive behavior often, but not always, occurs alongside alcohol and drug misuse. Indeed, alcohol and drugs contribute to at least 40% of violent acts. However, despite the importance of substance misuse to understanding aggression, the relationships between alcohol-related, drug-related, and non-substance-related aggression are unclear. In particular, it is not known if these are three different facets of an individual’s overall aggressive tendency, or if they are three distinct and separate entities. A new analysis reported in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has probed this question using statistical modeling.

3-Aug-2020 5:40 PM EDT
Challenging Dogma, Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorder Can Sometimes Include Heavy Drinking
Research Society on Alcoholism

Recovering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) can sometimes involve drinking reductions that do not come close to abstinence, according to recent research — challenging the dogma that recovery from AUD requires abstinence or infrequent drinking. In a new study, one in five participants achieved stable recovery while occasionally drinking heavily. These participants reported success in various measures of life satisfaction, functioning, and health several years after treatment for AUD, according to the study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Their experience highlights the value of any drinking reduction. This study expands a body of work that is calling into question the longstanding emphasis — in research and recovery programs, including Alcoholics Anonymous — on drinking practices as a primary measure of success. A similar shift is taking place around other psychiatric disorders, with recovery increasingly measured by improved health and functioning over the absence of

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
Embargo will expire: 11-Aug-2020 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 6-Aug-2020 9:50 AM EDT

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Newswise:Video Embedded poison-control-chasing-the-antidote
VIDEO
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Poison control: Chasing the antidote
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

A fast-acting antidote to mitigate the effects of organophosphate poisoning requires a reactivator that can effectively and efficiently cross the blood-brain barrier, bind loosely to the enzyme, chemically snatch the poison and then leave quickly. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is using neutron diffraction data towards improving a novel reactivator design.

Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Algorithm Created By “Deep Learning” Identifies Potential Therapeutic Targets Throughout Genome
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

A team of researchers have developed an algorithm through machine learning that helps predict sites of DNA methylation – a process that can change the activity of DNA without changing its overall structure – and could identify disease-causing mechanisms that would otherwise be missed by conventional screening methods.

Newswise: FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT
FAU’s ‘Fantastic Four’ Researchers Receive Prestigious NSF CAREER Awards
Florida Atlantic University

Four FAU researchers have received the coveted NSF Early Career (CAREER) award for research to develop a low-cost, disposable point-of-care platform to detect current and emerging infectious diseases; for a cognitive screening tool for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease using wearables and a smartphone; for mathematical tools and new ways of coding to enhance cybersecurity; and to better understand how marine animals tune, or dynamically adjust their movements using their skin and skeletons.

Newswise: First Food-Grade Intermediate Wheatgrass Released
Released: 6-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
First Food-Grade Intermediate Wheatgrass Released
American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

University of Minnesota researchers report the release of the first commercially available intermediate wheatgrass cultivar

Newswise: Sanford Burnham Prebys awarded $4.5 million NIH grant for mental illness therapeutics
4-Aug-2020 5:00 AM EDT
Sanford Burnham Prebys awarded $4.5 million NIH grant for mental illness therapeutics
Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute has been awarded a $4.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to identify new therapies for mental health disorders. The research will be headed by Layton Smith, Ph.D., and Michael Jackson, Ph.D., of the Institute’s Conrad Prebys Center for Chemical Genomics. The funding supports the discovery of new classes of drugs that target “orphan” receptors to treat psychological conditions such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety and substance abuse.

Newswise: Study sheds new light on vein formation in plants
Released: 6-Aug-2020 6:25 AM EDT
Study sheds new light on vein formation in plants
University of Adelaide

An international team of researchers including the University of Adelaide, has found plant hormones known as strigolactones suppress the transportation of auxin, the main plant hormone involved in vein formation, so that vein formation occurs slower and with greater focus.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 10:05 PM EDT
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health

UCLA Fielding School of Public Health team leading California state study of air pollution and COVID-19. A research team led by UCLA Fielding School of Public Health faculty has been awarded a contract to study connections between air pollution and the COVID-19 pandemic, officials said.

Newswise: UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:15 PM EDT
UIC physicist earns innovation award from Microscopy Today
University of Illinois at Chicago

Groundbreaking approach in high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy has been judged to be one of the 10 best microscopy innovations in the 2020 Microscopy Today Innovation Award competition.

Newswise: Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Released: 5-Aug-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Promising new research identifies innovative approach for controlling defects in 3D printing
Argonne National Laboratory

Argonne scientists use temperature data to tune — and fix — defects in 3D-printed metallic parts.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:35 PM EDT
To bond with nature, kids need solitary activities outdoors
North Carolina State University

A new study found solitary activities like fishing, hunting or exploring outside are key to building strong bonds between children and nature. Activities like these encourage children to both enjoy being outside and to feel comfortable there.

Newswise: Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Released: 5-Aug-2020 3:05 PM EDT
Turning carbon dioxide into liquid fuel
Argonne National Laboratory

University reports a new electrocatalyst that converts carbon dioxide and water into ethanol with very high energy efficiency, high selectivity for the desired final product and low cost.

Newswise: noirlab2019a.jpg
Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:35 PM EDT
Astronomers Sink Their Teeth Into Special Supernova
NSF’s National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory

Astronomers using several telescopes at NOIRLab, including the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) Telescope, have obtained critical data on a particular type of exploding star that produces copious amounts of calcium. The calcium produced in this unique type of supernova explosion is the same calcium found in our bones and teeth and these events account for up to half of the calcium found in the Universe.

Released: 5-Aug-2020 2:15 PM EDT
Ammonia sparks unexpected, exotic lightning on Jupiter
Cornell University

NASA’s Juno spacecraft – orbiting and closely observing the planet Jupiter – has unexpectedly discovered lightning in the planet’s upper atmosphere, according to a multi-institutional study led by the NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), which includes two Cornell University researchers.

Newswise: Molecular Storytelling Helps Diverse Audiences Understand Biomolecular Science
28-Jul-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Molecular Storytelling Helps Diverse Audiences Understand Biomolecular Science
American Crystallographic Association (ACA)

Reducing the barriers preventing everyone from exploring the science behind biomolecular interactions and structures is the goal of molecular storytelling, a combination of visual and interactive methods used to explain the complex subject of structural biology. Through a 20-year partnership with the RCSB Protein Data Bank, researcher David Goodsell and a team of scientists have developed the Molecule of the Month series, which uses visual and interactive storytelling as an educational bridge for a wide audience of students, educators and the public.

Newswise: Surgery Milestone Reached for Rutgers Cancer Institute Urologic Oncology Leader at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
Released: 5-Aug-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Surgery Milestone Reached for Rutgers Cancer Institute Urologic Oncology Leader at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Urologic Oncology chief marks a major milestone in completing his 2,000th robotic prostatectomy at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, an RWJBarnabas Health facility and one of the few hospitals in the state designated to teach surgeons about this technique.


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