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Newswise: Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Released: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Molecular Connections from Plants to Fungi to Ants
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Leaf-cutter ants tend fungal gardens that convert lipids in leaves into lipids the ants can use for energy, building cells, and communication between organisms. New research has found that different regions of the ants’ fungal gardens were enriched with different lipids. This helps scientists understand communications between organisms in different kingdoms of life.

Newswise: Solar energy from the deep repository
Released: 22-Jun-2021 7:05 AM EDT
Solar energy from the deep repository
Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

During the winter months, renewable energy is in short supply throughout Europe. An international project is now considering an unconventional solution: Renewable hydrogen and carbon dioxide are pumped into the ground together, where naturally occurring microorganisms convert the two substances into methane, the main component of natural gas.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 6:05 AM EDT
The Humidity of Flowers Acts As An Invisible Attractor For Bumblebees
University of Bristol

As well as bright colours and subtle scents, flowers possess many invisible ways of attracting their pollinators, and a new study shows that bumblebees may use the humidity of a flower to tell them about the presence of nectar, according to scientists at the Universities of Bristol and Exeter.

Released: 22-Jun-2021 5:05 AM EDT
What Facebook Can Tell Us About Dietary Choices
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A new IIASA-led study set out to understand the full potential of behavior change and what drives such changes in people’s choices across the world using data from almost two billion Facebook profiles.

Newswise: New Crab Species with Asymmetrical Reproductive Units Identified by NUS Researchers and Their Japanese Collaborators
Released: 21-Jun-2021 10:05 PM EDT
New Crab Species with Asymmetrical Reproductive Units Identified by NUS Researchers and Their Japanese Collaborators
National University of Singapore

Researchers from the National University of Singapore and University of the Ryukyus have recently identified and described a new genus and species of xanthid crab found in Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Named Mabui calculus, it is the first among the 7,800 species of known crabs to have strongly asymmetrical male and female reproductive structures.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 6:05 PM EDT
Researchers trace dust grain's journey through newborn solar system
University of Arizona

A research team led by the University of Arizona has reconstructed in unprecedented detail the history of a dust grain that formed during the birth of the solar system more than 4.5 billion years ago.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:25 PM EDT
The Science of tsunamis
University of California, Santa Barbara

The word "tsunami" brings immediately to mind the havoc that can be wrought by these uniquely powerful waves.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:10 PM EDT
Study examines how breast implant surfaces affect immune response
Rice University

Rice University bioengineers collaborated on a six-year study that systematically analyzed how the surface architecture of breast implants influences the development of adverse effects, including an unusual type of lymphoma.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 4:05 PM EDT
Poaching Affects Behavior Of Endangered Capuchin Monkeys In Brazilian Biological Reserve
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

A study conducted in the Una Biological Reserve in the state of Bahia, Brazil, shows that in a habitat with high hunting pressure the risk of predation has such a significant impact on the behavior of the Yellow-breasted capuchin monkey Sapajus xanthosternos that it even avoids areas offering an abundant supply of plant biomass and invertebrates, its main sources of food.

Newswise: IMG_1266-Ocotillo-Coyote-Mt-and-Santa-Rosa-Mountains-FB-copy-768x513.jpg
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:50 PM EDT
Climate Change Is Driving Plant Die-Offs In Southern California, UCI Study Finds
University of California, Irvine

Irvine, Calif., June 21, 2021 – A shift is happening in Southern California, and this time it has nothing to do with earthquakes. According to a new study by scientists at the University of California, Irvine, climate change is altering the number of plants populating the region’s deserts and mountains. Using data from the Landsat satellite mission and focusing on an area of nearly 5,000 square miles surrounding Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, the research team found that between 1984 and 2017, vegetation cover in desert ecosystems decreased overall by about 35 percent, with mountains seeing a 13 percent vegetation decline.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Modeling A Circular Economy For Electronic Waste
University of Pittsburgh

Think about how many different pieces of technology the average household has purchased in the last decade.

Newswise: ‘Pack Ice’ Tectonics Reveal Venus’ Geological Secrets
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
‘Pack Ice’ Tectonics Reveal Venus’ Geological Secrets
North Carolina State University

A new analysis of Venus’ surface shows evidence of tectonic motion in the form of crustal blocks that have jostled against each other like broken chunks of pack ice.

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Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:30 PM EDT
New method for molecular functionalization of surfaces
University of Münster

One vision that is currently driving material scientists is to combine organic molecules (and their diverse functionalities) with the technological possibilities offered by extremely sophisticated semiconductor electronics.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:05 PM EDT
Unifying Research: DHS S&T Hosts Virtual Whole-of-Government R&D Showcase
Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

DHS S&T is convening U.S. government research organizations for the Virtual Whole-of-Government R&D Showcase, a unique four-part virtual content series that kicks off today and will run through August.

Newswise: In Lonely Desert Landscapes, Hunting For Clues About Pyroclastic Surges
Released: 21-Jun-2021 3:05 PM EDT
In Lonely Desert Landscapes, Hunting For Clues About Pyroclastic Surges
University at Buffalo

The history of pyroclastic surges is written in the landscapes they ravage. Volcanic dunes and other deposits hold debris from ancient eruptions, as do craters marking sites of ancient blasts. This study focuses on Ubehebe and El Elegante.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 1:40 PM EDT
NAU Geochemist on New Study Confirming Cause of Greatest Mass Extinction Event
Northern Arizona University

Associate professor Laura Wasylenki co-authored a new paper in Nature Communications that presents the results of nickel isotope analyses on Late Permian sedimentary rocks. The results demonstrate the power of nickel isotope analyses, which are relatively new, to solve long-standing problems in the geosciences.

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Embargo will expire: 24-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 21-Jun-2021 12:30 PM EDT

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Newswise: Study Suggests that Smoother Silicone Breast Implants Reduce Severity of Immune System Reactions
Released: 21-Jun-2021 12:15 PM EDT
Study Suggests that Smoother Silicone Breast Implants Reduce Severity of Immune System Reactions
Johns Hopkins Medicine

According to researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Rice University in Houston, silicone breast implants with a smoother surface design have less risk of producing inflammation and other immune system reactions than those with more roughly textured coatings. Results of the experiments using mice, rabbits and samples of human breast tissue advance knowledge of how the body responds to such implants, providing new information to physicians and affirming the benefits of certain smoother surfaces, the researchers say.

Newswise: UAlbany Announced as Partner on $208 Million NOAA Severe Weather Research Institute
Released: 21-Jun-2021 11:05 AM EDT
UAlbany Announced as Partner on $208 Million NOAA Severe Weather Research Institute
University at Albany, State University of New York

The institute will be led by the University of Oklahoma and comprised of a number of partnering institutions including UAlbany, Howard University, Penn State and Texas Tech.

Newswise: RegeneratOR Test Bed to Launch Start Ups, Advance Regenerative Medicine Ecosystem
Released: 21-Jun-2021 11:00 AM EDT
RegeneratOR Test Bed to Launch Start Ups, Advance Regenerative Medicine Ecosystem
Wake Forest School of Medicine

The RegenMed Development Organization (ReMDO), a non-profit foundation headquartered in Winston-Salem, NC, and dedicated to advancing the regenerative medicine field nationwide, and the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM), the largest regenerative medicine institute in the world, announce the launch of the RegeneratOR Test Bed.

Newswise: Inkjet Printing “Impossible Materials”
17-Jun-2021 10:35 AM EDT
Inkjet Printing “Impossible Materials”
Tufts University

Engineers developed inexpensive methods to make “impossible materials” that interact in unusual ways with microwave energy. Thin film polymers inkjet printed with tiny component patterns collect or transmit energy with much greater selectivity, sensitivity, and power than conventional materials.

Released: 21-Jun-2021 10:20 AM EDT
Data Breaches: Most Victims Unaware When Shown Evidence of Multiple Compromised Accounts
University of Michigan

It's been nine years since the LinkedIn data breach, eight years since Adobe customers were victims of cyber attackers and four years since Equifax made headlines for the exposure of private information of millions of people.

Newswise: Argonne’s turning 75: Join the celebration!
Released: 21-Jun-2021 10:05 AM EDT
Argonne’s turning 75: Join the celebration!
Argonne National Laboratory

Three virtual public events during the week of June 28 will mark Argonne’s 75th anniversary. Events will spotlight U.S. Department of Energy national user facilities; the next 75 years; the road to decarbonization; and a lighthearted look at the lab.

Newswise: 2021 Jansky Lectureship Awarded to Mexican Astronomer
Released: 21-Jun-2021 10:00 AM EDT
2021 Jansky Lectureship Awarded to Mexican Astronomer
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

The 2021 Jansky Lectureship has been awarded to Professor Luis F. Rodriguez of the National University of Mexico, in recognition of his accomplishments as a scientist, an educator, a popularizer of astronomy and a mentor.

Newswise: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution appoints new Chief Scientist for National Deep Submergence Facility
Released: 21-Jun-2021 9:50 AM EDT
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution appoints new Chief Scientist for National Deep Submergence Facility
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), a world leader in ocean exploration, discovery, and education, has named a new Chief Scientist for Deep Submergence (CSDS) for its National Deep Submergence Facility (NDSF). Dr. Anna Michel, an associate scientist in the Department of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering, will be the first woman to serve in this high-profile role effective July 1, 2021.

Newswise: Alex Harris Named Energy Sciences Director at Brookhaven Lab
Released: 21-Jun-2021 8:05 AM EDT
Alex Harris Named Energy Sciences Director at Brookhaven Lab
Brookhaven National Laboratory

UPTON, NY—The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has named Alex Harris as Director of the Lab’s Energy Sciences Department, effective May 1, 2021. In his new position, Harris will manage several divisions of the Laboratory, including the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, the Chemistry Division, and the Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Division.

13-Jun-2021 1:05 PM EDT
Leveraging Technology to Track Recovery and Relapse in Individuals with Alcohol Use Disorders
Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcohol researchers have long known that excessive drinking can cause detrimental changes in cardiovascular functioning. Recent advances in technologies can facilitate data collection that identifies altered cardiovascular functioning even before a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. These results and others will be shared at the 44th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA), which will be held virtually this year from the 19th - 23rd of June 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Newswise: Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Released: 18-Jun-2021 5:25 PM EDT
Do Stickleback Fish Provide a Roadmap of Rapid Species Evolution?
Stony Brook University

The Threespine stickleback fish is known to have evolved independently from its marine ancestors, a process called parallel evolution. A new study details the genomic changes that drive their rapid evolution, the findings from which may shed light on the process of natural selection in other species.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:55 PM EDT
Earlier flood forecasting could help avoid disaster in Japan
University of Tokyo

In Japan, thousands of homes and businesses and hundreds of lives have been lost to typhoons. But now, researchers have revealed that a new flood forecasting system could provide earlier flood warnings, giving people more time to prepare or evacuate, and potentially saving lives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:35 PM EDT
Surprising spider hair discovery may inspire stronger adhesives
Frontiers

Just how do spiders walk straight up -- and even upside-down across -- so many different types of surfaces? Answering this question could open up new opportunities for creating powerful, yet reversible, bioinspired adhesives.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:55 PM EDT
Climate Warming Can Influence Fungal Communities on Oak Leaves Across the Growing Season
Stockholm University

Climate warming plays a larger role than plant genes in influencing the number and identity of fungal species on oak leaves, especially in autumn.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:40 PM EDT
Imaging at the tip of a needle
University of Exeter

Scientists have developed a new technique that could revolutionise medical imaging procedures using light.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 3:35 PM EDT
Orphaned Chimpanzees Do Not Suffer From Chronic Stress
CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique / National Center of Scientific Research)

The loss of a loved one can be a defining moment, even in the animal world. In chimpanzees, for example, individuals whose mothers die when they are young are smaller than their counterparts, reproduce less and are also more likely to die at a young age.

Newswise: Accelerating the Speed of Science
Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:35 PM EDT
Accelerating the Speed of Science
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Researchers will be able to design their own computer accelerators for faster analysis of large datasets

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:30 PM EDT
VIMS study uncovers new cause for intensification of oyster disease
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

A new paper in Scientific Reports led by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science challenges increased salinity and seawater temperatures as the established explanation for a decades-long increase in the prevalence and deadliness of a major oyster disease in the coastal waters of the mid-Atlantic.

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Released: 18-Jun-2021 2:10 PM EDT
The Earth has a pulse -- a 27.5-million-year cycle of geological activity
New York University

Geologic activity on Earth appears to follow a 27.5-million-year cycle, giving the planet a "pulse," according to a new study published in the journal Geoscience Frontiers.

Released: 18-Jun-2021 4:05 AM EDT
Atomic-scale tailoring of graphene approaches macroscopic world
University of Vienna

Properties of materials are often defined by imperfections in their atomic structure, especially when the material itself is just one atom thick, such as graphene. Researchers at the University of Vienna have now developed a method for controlled creation of such imperfections into graphene at length scales approaching the macroscopic world. These results, confirmed by atomically resolved microscope images and published in the journal Nano Letters, serve as an essential starting point both for tailoring graphene for applications and for the development of new materials.

Newswise: Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Released: 17-Jun-2021 5:50 PM EDT
Driving clean-energy research in the right direction
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Fuel cells, part of a promising path toward zero-emission vehicles, are making progress at overcoming some specific challenges on the road to powering heavy-duty vehicles.

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Released: 17-Jun-2021 4:40 PM EDT
When tyrannosaurs dominated, medium-sized predators disappeared
University of Maryland, College Park

New UMD study suggests that everywhere tyrannosaurs rose to dominance, their juveniles took over the ecological role of medium-sized carnivores

Newswise: Physicist Wins Early Career Grant To Study Nuclear Physics, Quantum Phenomena
Released: 17-Jun-2021 3:25 PM EDT
Physicist Wins Early Career Grant To Study Nuclear Physics, Quantum Phenomena
Iowa State University

The U.S. Department of Energy has selected Iowa State's Srimoyee Sen for an early career award that will help her study nuclear physics and quantum phenomena. The research could lead to the discovery of new materials that could one day contribute to speedy quantum computing or other applications.

Newswise:Video Embedded managed-retreat-all-options-on-the-table
VIDEO
Released: 17-Jun-2021 2:05 PM EDT
War against climate change must include managed retreat – now
University of Delaware

Climate change will shape the future of coastal communities, with flood walls, elevated structures and possibly floating cities used to combat sea level rise. New research has found that managed retreat must be part of the solution now, and not a last resort.

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Embargo will expire: 24-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 17-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 24-Jun-2021 2:00 PM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:45 PM EDT
Changing a 2D Material’s Symmetry Can Unlock Its Promise
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

In research published today in Nature Nanotechnology, a team of materials scientists and engineers, led by Jian Shi, an associate professor of materials science and engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, used a strain gradient in order to break inversion symmetry, creating a novel optoelectronic phenomenon in the promising material molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) — for the first time.

Newswise: Saint Louis University Student Searches for Possible Origins of Life on Saturn’s Largest Moon
Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:35 PM EDT
Saint Louis University Student Searches for Possible Origins of Life on Saturn’s Largest Moon
Saint Louis University

Chemistry grad student Steven Skaggs was recently selected for funding by the Future Investigators in NASA Earth and Space Science and Technology (FINESST) program.

Released: 17-Jun-2021 1:10 PM EDT
Chobani Scholars Program Supports Future NYS Dairy Leaders
Cornell University

Four undergraduates from New York state who are majoring in animal science each received $20,000 scholarships this past year through the Chobani Scholars Program, to help them achieve their dairy career ambitions across four years of study.


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