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Newswise: Study: Oriole Hybridization Is a Dead End
Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:55 AM EDT
Study: Oriole Hybridization Is a Dead End
Cornell University

A half-century of controversy over two popular bird species may have finally come to an end. In one corner: the Bullock's Oriole, found in the western half of North America. In the other corner: the Baltimore Oriole, breeding in the eastern half. Where their ranges meet in the Great Plains, the two mix freely and produce apparently healthy hybrid offspring. But according to scientists from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, hybridization is a dead end and both parent species will remain separate.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:35 AM EDT
Evaluating the effectiveness of travel bans
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A new study sheds light on how COVID-19 spreads regionally and between countries, as well as on how effective governmental measures to curb the spread of the pandemic have been to date.

Newswise: New Study on Development of Parkinson’s Disease is ‘On the Nose’
Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:30 AM EDT
New Study on Development of Parkinson’s Disease is ‘On the Nose’
Florida Atlantic University

Scientists suggest that the initial impact of environmental toxins inhaled through the nose may induce inflammation in the brain, triggering the production of Lewy bodies that can then be spread to other brain regions. However, the relationship linking olfactory dysfunction and Parkinson’s disease development remains unclear. New findings from a study add weight to this theory and identify a critical signaling molecule that may be key to the domino effect kicked off by nasal inflammation.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
PhRMA Foundation Highlights Updated Mission, New Funding Categories and Awardee Achievements in 2019 Annual Report
PhRMA Foundation

The PhRMA Foundation has released its 2019 annual report, highlighting a year of activity that included updating its mission and priorities, the launch of new funding programs and an expansion of its efforts to improve the effectiveness of value assessment in health care.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:10 AM EDT
Updated ILSI Nutrition Reference Captures Latest Research in Context
International Life Sciences Institute North America

The 11th edition of Present Knowledge in Nutrition, the latest update of ILSI's major nutrition reference source will be useful to dieticians, librarians, medical nutritionists and others in the nutrition field.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Baby boomers show concerning decline in cognitive functioning
Ohio State University

In a reversal of trends, American baby boomers scored lower on a test of cognitive functioning than did members of previous generations, according to a new nationwide study.

Newswise: Engineers developing no-touch, mail-in, fast-scan test for COVID-19, other outbreaks
Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Engineers developing no-touch, mail-in, fast-scan test for COVID-19, other outbreaks
Iowa State University

Engineers are developing a no-touch, mail-in, fast-scan diagnostic sensing system that could be used to quickly test for COVID-19 or other outbreaks. The system would also produce a real-time outbreak map with demographic details.

Newswise: Challenges in Diagnosing Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Addressed in Latest Guidelines for Clinicians
Released: 3-Aug-2020 8:00 AM EDT
Challenges in Diagnosing Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Addressed in Latest Guidelines for Clinicians
American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Aug. 3, 2020─ More than 30 years after the last guidance on the clinical evaluation of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), the American Thoracic Society – in collaboration with the Asociación Latinoamericana de Tórax or ALAT and the Japanese Respiratory Society– has developed new guidelines for clinicians. The guidelines are available online ahead of print in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Newswise: Cannabinoids may affect activity of other pharmaceuticals
31-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Cannabinoids may affect activity of other pharmaceuticals
Penn State College of Medicine

Cannabinoid-containing products may alter the effects of some prescription drugs, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Released: 3-Aug-2020 6:00 AM EDT
Simply Expanding Medicaid Coverage Can’t Solve This Leading Public Health Challenge
American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

New research shows significantly more people with diabetes got their critical annual dilated eye exam during the first two years following Medicaid expansion under the under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, this encouraging increase in the exam rate did not persist beyond two years.

Newswise: Atrium Health Tele-ICU Evolves to Meet COVID-19 Challenges
30-Jul-2020 1:55 PM EDT
Atrium Health Tele-ICU Evolves to Meet COVID-19 Challenges
American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

Atrium Health’s tele-ICU quickly adjusted its patient-centered focus to include supporting and protecting bedside nurses caring for patients in isolation, as part of the system’s planning and preparations for the pandemic.

Newswise: ISPOR Announces Virtual ISPOR Asia Pacific 2020
Released: 3-Aug-2020 12:05 AM EDT
ISPOR Announces Virtual ISPOR Asia Pacific 2020
ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research announced its Virtual ISPOR Asia Pacific 2020 event programming today. Registration is now open for the virtual event that will be held 14-16 September 2020.

Newswise:Video Embedded survey-finds-american-s-social-media-habits-changing-as-national-tensions-rise
VIDEO
30-Jul-2020 7:30 PM EDT
Survey Finds American's Social Media Habits Changing As National Tensions Rise
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

As national tensions rise, a new national survey of 2,000 people commissioned by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center finds more Americans are adjusting how they use social media platforms.

Newswise: New studies show how to save parasites and why it’s important
31-Jul-2020 7:15 AM EDT
New studies show how to save parasites and why it’s important
University of Washington

An international group of scientists published a paper Aug. 1 in a special edition of the journal Biological Conservation that lays out an ambitious global conservation plan for parasites. A related paper found that responses of parasites to environmental change are likely to be complex, and that a changing world probably will see both outbreaks of some parasites and a total loss of other parasite species.

1-Aug-2020 8:05 AM EDT
Updated ILSI Nutrition Reference Captures Latest Research in Context
International Life Sciences Institute North America

The 11th edition of Present Knowledge in Nutrition, the latest update of ILSI's major nutrition reference source will be useful to dieticians, librarians, medical nutritionists and others in the nutrition field.

Newswise: Digital Twin program brings new life to old aircraft
Released: 31-Jul-2020 5:35 PM EDT
Digital Twin program brings new life to old aircraft
Wichita State University

Wichita State University's National Institute for Aviation Research (NIAR)'s Digital Twin program is using two Blackhawk helicopters and a B-1 Bomber to help the military maintain and repair similar aircraft.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 5:05 PM EDT
Looking up to the Joneses: Consequences of the perceptions of white wealth
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Before the era of COVID-19, research suggested that premature deaths among white Americans were rising. Even before the era of COVID-19, these findings were surprising.

Newswise: 238996_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:55 PM EDT
Pooling strategy in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic: A solution for mass population screening of SARS-CoV-2
Elsevier

In a report in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, published by Elsevier, researchers at Augusta University and PerkinElmer Genomics describe a cheaper, rapid, and accurate pooling strategy for the RT-PCR-based detection of SARS-CoV-2 in clinical samples.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:50 PM EDT
Education May Be Protective for People with Gene for Familial Early Onset Alzheimer’s
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Even for people who carry the gene for early onset Alzheimer’s disease, more years of education may slow the development of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain that are associated with the disease, according to a new study published in the August 5, 2020, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:40 PM EDT
No racial disparities seen in response to remdesivir treatment of COVID-19
University of Chicago Medical Center

A new analysis by University of Chicago Medicine faculty, staff and collaborators around the world found remdesivir appears to be equally beneficial to patients regardless of race, supporting the need for early intervention and aggressive care for all patients in the fight against COVID-19.

Newswise: Magnum Venus Products licenses ORNL co-developed additive manufacturing technologies
Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:30 PM EDT
Magnum Venus Products licenses ORNL co-developed additive manufacturing technologies
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has licensed two additive manufacturing-related technologies that aim to streamline and ramp up production processes to Knoxville-based Magnum Venus Products, Inc., a global manufacturer of fluid movement and product solutions for industrial applications in composites and adhesives.

Newswise: Safer, longer-lasting energy storage requires focus on interface of advanced materials
Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:25 PM EDT
Safer, longer-lasting energy storage requires focus on interface of advanced materials
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

More studies at the interface of battery materials, along with increased knowledge of the processes at work, are unleashing a surge of knowledge needed to more quickly address the demand for longer-lasting portable electronics, electric vehicles and stationary energy storage for the electric grid.

Newswise: 239008_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Obesity linked to social ties in older women, more so than in men
University of British Columbia

Women who lack social ties have a greater likelihood of being obese, according to new UBC research published today in PLOS One. Men, on the other hand, were less likely to be obese if they lived alone and had a smaller social network.

Newswise:Video Embedded ground-system-for-nasa-s-roman-space-telescope-completes-major-review
VIDEO
Released: 31-Jul-2020 4:15 PM EDT
Ground System for NASA’s Roman Space Telescope Completes Major Review
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

NASA’s Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope has just successfully completed a preliminary design review of the mission’s ground systems, including the Science Operations Center that will be hosted by the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, Maryland. This means the plan for science operations has met all of the design, schedule, and budget requirements. The mission will now proceed to the next phase: building the newly designed systems that will enable planning and scheduling of Roman observations and managing the resulting data.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:50 PM EDT
SARS-CoV-2 screening strategies for safe reopening of college campuses
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

What The Study Did: This study defines the screening performance standards for SARS-CoV-2 tests that would permit the safe return of students to U.S. residential college campuses this fall. Authors: A. David Paltiel, Ph.D., of the Yale School of Public Health in New Haven, Connecticut, is the corresponding author. To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website at this link https://media.jamanetwork.com/ (doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16818) Editor's Note: The article includes funding/support disclosures. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, conflict of interest and financial disclosures, and funding and support. ### Media advisory: The full study and commentary are linked to this news release. Embed this link to provide your readers free access to the full-text article This link will be live at the embargo time http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/1

Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:35 PM EDT
Targetable biological mechanisms implicated in emergent psychiatric conditions associated with SARS-CoV-2
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

Targetable biological mechanisms implicated in emergent psychiatric conditions associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection are discussed in this Viewpoint.

Newswise: 239035_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:25 PM EDT
Surprising number of exoplanets could host life
University of California, Riverside

Our solar system has one habitable planet -- Earth. A new study shows other stars could have as many as seven Earth-like planets in the absence of a gas giant like Jupiter.

Newswise: 239048_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 3:10 PM EDT
Tiny plants crucial for sustaining dwindling water supplies: Global analysis
University of New South Wales

A global meta-analysis led by UNSW scientists shows tiny organisms that cover desert soils - so-called biocrusts - are critically important for supporting the world's shrinking water supplies.

Newswise: Continuing online instruction could contribute to widening achievement gaps by family income or socioeconomic status
Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:50 PM EDT
Continuing online instruction could contribute to widening achievement gaps by family income or socioeconomic status
University of Notre Dame

The latest research from Notre Dame's Chloe Gibbs explores how time spent in school affects children’s cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes. This research finds that more instructional time in the early years has important benefits for children over the short- and long-term, particularly children learning English and those from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:25 PM EDT
Physicists Find Misaligned Carbon Sheets Yield Unparalleled Properties
University of Texas at Dallas

A material composed of two one-atom-thick layers of carbon has grabbed the attention of physicists worldwide for its intriguing — and potentially exploitable — conductive properties.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:15 PM EDT
COVID-19 Community Relief Funds raised more than $1 billion across U.S., research led by Lilly Family School of Philanthropy professor Laurie Paarlberg finds
Indiana University

COVID-19 relief funds at local United Ways and community foundations across the United States raised more than $1.05 billion and distributed at least $589 million to financially vulnerable individuals and nonprofits leading the pandemic response in their communities as of June 30.

Newswise: Texas Cave Sediment Upends Meteorite Explanation for Global Cooling
Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:05 PM EDT
Texas Cave Sediment Upends Meteorite Explanation for Global Cooling
Baylor University

Texas researchers from the University of Houston, Baylor University and Texas A&M University have discovered evidence for why the earth cooled dramatically 13,000 years ago, dropping temperatures by about 3 degrees Centigrade. The evidence is buried in a Central Texas cave, where horizons of sediment have preserved unique geochemical signatures from ancient volcanic eruptions — signatures previously mistaken for extraterrestrial impacts, researchers say.

Newswise: GettyImages%20Back%20to%20school%20mask.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 2:00 PM EDT
COVID-19: Should children skip back-to-school checkups and vaccinations this year?
LifeBridge Health

Even if your child will be doing virtual learning in the fall, annual checkups and vaccinations he or she would normally get around back-to-school time should not be deferred.

Newswise:Video Embedded how-human-sperm-really-swim-new-research-challenges-centuries-old-assumption
VIDEO
26-Jul-2020 9:00 PM EDT
How human sperm really swim: New research challenges centuries-old assumption
University of Bristol

A breakthrough in fertility science by researchers from Bristol and Mexico has shattered the universally accepted view of how sperm ‘swim’.

Newswise: 239074_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 1:45 PM EDT
Study reveals COVID-19 transmission rate on trains
University of Southampton

A study by scientists from the University of Southampton has examined the chances of catching COVID-19 in a train carriage carrying an infectious person.

Newswise: 239082_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 1:20 PM EDT
Memory loss reversed or abated in those with cognitive decline
IOS Press

Latest research from Affirmativ Health succeeds in treating cognitive decline using personalized, precision medicine.

Newswise: 239087_web.jpg
Released: 31-Jul-2020 1:00 PM EDT
Pandemic leads to higher depression, anxiety and fear, studies show
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The COVID-19 pandemic led to higher levels of depression, anxiety, suicidal tendencies and psychological trauma among American adults during the early months of its spread, according to three new studies published by University of Arkansas sociologists.

Newswise: Scientists Explore Signals for a Quantum Universe
Released: 31-Jul-2020 12:45 PM EDT
Scientists Explore Signals for a Quantum Universe
University of California San Diego

New research findings about the origin of structure in the universe could lead to more connections between cosmology and the study of quantum information.

Newswise:Video Embedded newswise-expert-panels-on-covid-19-pandemic-notable-excerpts-quotes-and-videos-available
VIDEO
Released: 31-Jul-2020 12:20 PM EDT
Newswise Expert Panels on COVID-19 Pandemic: Notable excerpts, quotes and videos available
Newswise

Newswise is hosting a series of Expert Panels discussion on unique aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. This tip sheet includes some notable quotes from the panelists.

Newswise: NIH delivering new COVID-19 testing technologies to meet U.S. demand
Released: 31-Jul-2020 11:45 AM EDT
NIH delivering new COVID-19 testing technologies to meet U.S. demand
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

The National Institutes of Health is investing $248.7 million in new technologies to address challenges associated with COVID-19 testing (which detects SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus).

Newswise: Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Receives Prestigious American Hospital Association Award for Community Health Work
Released: 31-Jul-2020 11:20 AM EDT
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine Receives Prestigious American Hospital Association Award for Community Health Work
Hackensack Meridian Health

The AHA Dick Davidson NOVA Award honors hospital-led collaborative efforts improving community health. The Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine was honored for its contributions through the Human Dimension program.

Newswise: National Farmers Market Week Kicks Off Sunday, and D.C. Ranks #1 in the U.S.
Released: 31-Jul-2020 10:55 AM EDT
National Farmers Market Week Kicks Off Sunday, and D.C. Ranks #1 in the U.S.
American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Aug. 2-8 marks National Farmers Market Week! D.C. ranks number one for farmers markets among the 100 largest U.S. cities according to the 2020 American Fitness Index rankings published by ACSM and the Anthem Foundation. More than 8,600 farmers markets currently operate across the U.S., stimulating the local economy and providing access to nourishing food.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 10:20 AM EDT
Youth with Diabetes Who are Involved in the Decision to Start Continuous Glucose Monitoring are More Likely to Continue Using It
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

In a new study published in Diabetes Care, researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have found that youth who are involved with the decision to start CGM are more likely to continue using the monitoring technology more than two months after starting. The findings suggest that children and adolescents who do not have a role in the decision are less likely to be satisfied with the device and use the device consistently.

Newswise: NASA’s Webb Telescope Will Study Jupiter, Its Rings, and Two Intriguing Moons
Released: 31-Jul-2020 10:15 AM EDT
NASA’s Webb Telescope Will Study Jupiter, Its Rings, and Two Intriguing Moons
Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope will have a challenging early assignment in the solar system: observe the largest, fastest-rotating planet—Jupiter—as well as its faint rings and two of the four Galilean satellites: icy Ganymede and fiery Io. In addition to laying groundwork for the rest of Webb’s mission, the ambitious program should yield new scientific insights, not only into the Jovian system, but also the geological history of Earth and exoplanet science.

Newswise: Fat-Based Molecules are Key to Zika Virus Infection
Released: 31-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Fat-Based Molecules are Key to Zika Virus Infection
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Researchers from PNNL have helped colleagues at OHSU identify lipid molecules required for Zika infection in human cells. The specific lipids involved could also be a clue to why the virus primarily infects brain tissue.

Released: 31-Jul-2020 9:00 AM EDT
Wayne State-led team explores link between diabetes, obesity and liver disease
Wayne State University Division of Research

Faculty from Wayne State University’s Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences are leading a team of researchers to understand the causal relationships between diabetes, obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in hopes of developing a treatment.


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